China News

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: REPORTS OF DETENTIONS OF SENIOR PLA AND CCP LEADERS AND LETTER ADDRESSED BY 'PRINCELINGS' TO CCP MEMBERS URGING XI JINPING'S OUSTER
Rumours have been circulating in Beijing that Chinese President Xi Jinping has been having serious problems with senior sections in the CCP leadership. On January 5 a report from Hongkong claimed that ex-President Hu Jintao's son Hu Haifung, who was said to be due for elevation as a central Vice Minister, had 'disappeared' and been missing for two days. His name is banned on the Chinese internet. Around the same time, other reports said former Vice Chairman of the CMC and PLAAF Commander Xu Qiliang had been placed under detention and is under investigation. Former PLAAF Commander Ding Laiheng is reportedly also under investigation for corruption in construction of an airfield in Beijing. Reports also claim that Liu He, till recently Chinese President Xi Jinping's economic advisor and probably one of his oldest, trusted friends, has been arrested. Liu He has not been seen in public for three weeks and his arrest is said to be the result of discussions with Liu Yuan, son of former Chinese President Liu Shaoqi, to stop Xi Jinping's personal dictatorship. An article in Taiwan's Liberty Times (January 10) claimed that Liu Yuan is the 'leader' of the second generation 'Red Princelings'. ii) Meanwhile, General Liu Yuan, son of former Chinese President Li Xiannian, was placed under detention. Reports say that he was instrumental in drafting and submitting a petition signed by the 'princelings’ expressing displeasure with Xi Jinping and urging Xi Jinping's removal. The petition has been addressed to all members of the CCP. Prominent among the signatories are: Deng Xiaoping 's son Deng Pufang, Zhou Enlai's children, Chen Yun's children, Marshal Ye Jianying's children, Hu Yaobang's son Hu Deping, Bo Xiali's siblings, etc. A number of PLA Generals are said to be among those who have signed the petition. (Comment: The 'princelings' have earlier too, in March 2020, called for Xi Jinping's removal. Their calling again for Xi Jinping's removal together with a number of PLA Generals suggests that problems are serious this time.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING STRESSES LOYALTY TO PARTY AND PARTY DISCIPLINE AT CENTRAL FOREIGN AFFAIRS WORK CONFERENCE
Addressing China's diplomats at the once-in-five-year China Foreign Affairs Work Conference held in Beijing on December 27-28, 2023, Chinese President Xi Jinping urged them to forge a "diplomatic iron army" loyal to the Communist Party "with a posture of readiness and a firm will to defy strong powers". According to state-owned CCTV, he asked them to "Dare to be good at struggle and to become defenders of the national interest. It is necessary to... resolutely safeguard the interests of national sovereignty, security and development with a posture of readiness and a firm will to defy strong powers." He also urged envoys to adhere to Party discipline, repeating the word "strict" seven times. He said, "It is necessary to put rules and discipline in front, strictly discipline oneself, take strict responsibility... and create a diplomatic iron army that is loyal to the Party... dares to and is good at struggle, and observes strict discipline." A Xinhua commentary clarified that the diplomats "were not being urged to put on a menacing face before the world. Instead, they were being encouraged to act on their best behaviour and not bend the rules." Xi Jinping said "Loyalty to the Party, the country and the people is the glorious tradition of the diplomatic front" and “It is necessary to build a strong line of ideological defence... and be an astute person with firm political beliefs who strictly complies with rules and discipline." He also emphasised the need for China to increase its international influence to combat what he believes are the West's attempts to contain and suppress China, repeating the word "struggle" five times. Xi Jinping said "We must make broad and deep friendships, and the fight to win people's hearts must be carried out at all levels. We must use foreign language and methods to tell the China story well." Xi Jinping also lashed out against the West's "bullying" and "hegemony", urging diplomats and officials to "carry forward our fighting spirit".

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING ATTENDS CDIC'S THIRD PLENARY SESSION (JANUARY 8-10) IN BEIJING
Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the third plenary session of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) held in Beijing from January 8-10, 2023. Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi attended the session where Xi Jinping delivered an "important" speech. Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the CDIC, Li Xi presided over the session. The session adopted a communique which highlighted "the importance of upholding Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and the Party Central Committee's authority and its centralized, unified leadership". The communique called for enhancing political oversight and prompt actions to remove all potential political dangers and underlined the need to eliminate the breeding ground of corruption. It called for efforts to constantly intensify the fight against corruption, continue to focus on the key issues, give priority to punishing corruption involving the collusion between officials and businesspeople, tackling cross-border corruption, and deepening the implementation of the central Party leadership's eight-point decision on improving conduct on a regular basis and in a long-term manner. It highlighted the need for strict steps to tighten Party discipline, and called for Party discipline education and hard work to resolve issues such as paying inadequate attention to, failing to comprehend or failing to master Party rules and discipline.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA DAILY HIGHLIGHTS CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S NATIONWIDE TOURS LAST YEAR
The China Daily (January 12) highlighted that last year Chinese President Xi Jinping made 16 domestic fact-finding trips nationwide last year, traveling to 15 provincial-level regions and outlining key steps for rural modernization, ecological protection, self-reliance in science and technology, and the drive for common prosperity.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: REPORT MENTIONS 'SHANDONG FACTION' AS RISING IN CCP
A report states that Chinese President Xi Jinping’s wife, Peng Liyuan's Shandong faction ( she is from Yuncheng, Shandong) appears to be on the rise in China's Communist Party (CCP). Among the 205 full members of the Party's Central Committee, the appointees from Shandong are the most numerous, with 32 members. In the CCP CC Politburo at least two are identified with Peng Liyuan. The report mentions Hu Zhongming, who took over as PLA Navy Commander and was promoted to admiral on December 25, 2023,and is a member of the 20th Central Committee; Sun Yeli, Minister of Culture and Tourism; Dong Jun who was appointed Minister of Defense; Hu Heping, the current Executive Deputy Minister of the Propaganda Department of the CCP CC who resigned as Minister of Culture and Tourism; Li Qun, the current Vice Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and Director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage; and Du Jiang, the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. The report lists many others with connections to Shandong.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG TO ATTEND DAVOS AND VISIT SWITZERLAND AND IRELAND
Chinese Premier Li Qiang will attend the WEF annual meeting at Davos and visit Switzerland and Ireland from January 14-17.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI TO VISIT EGYPT, TUNISIA, TOGO, COTE D'IVORE, BRAZIL AND JAMAICA
Beijing Daily (January 11) reported that Chinese Foreign Minister and Politburo member Wang Yi will visit Egypt, Tunisia, Togo, Cote d'Ivoire from January 13-18 and thereafter visit Brazil, and Jamaica from January 18-22. Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) spokesperson said this is also the first visit to Africa by a Chinese foreign minister for 34 consecutive years.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CMC VICE CHAIRMAN GENERAL HE WEIDONG MEETS NEWLY ELECTED ACADEMICIANS OF CAS AND CAE
Politburo member and CMC Vice Chairman General He Weidong, met in Beijing on January 10 with newly elected academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) from the military. He stressed that academicians from the military should take the lead for combat readiness, and pioneer scientific and technological innovation. General He Weidong stated that academicians from the military should seek breakthroughs in innovation, insist on actual-combat orientation and cost-effective innovation, and strive to seize the commanding heights of the scientific and technological competition and accelerate the effective supply of advanced combat power. They should also be adept at fostering high-level scientific and technological innovation talents. General He Weidong stressed that the competent CMC organs should provide them with support in work and care in life to motivate them to make contributions to the cause of building a strong military. Admiral Miao Hua, member of the CMC and director of the CMC's Political Work Department, also attended the meeting.

Jan 2024

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: LIU ZHENMIN HAS TAKEN OVER AS CHINA'S SPECIAL ENVOY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
The Beijing Daily (January 12) reported that Liu Zhenmin, former Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Secretary General in the U.N., took over as China's Special Envoy for Climate Change. The former Envoy, Xie Zhenhua resigned on grounds of health.

Jan 2024

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: SI YONG APPOINTED NEW DEPUTY SECRETARY GENERAL OF JIANGSU
Si Yong, Secretary of the Jiangsu Provincial Committee of the Communist Youth League, was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the Jiangsu Provincial Government on January 9, 2023. Born in December 1979 in Zhumadian, Henan Province, he has a postgraduate degree and a master's degree. He joined the Communist Party of China in December 1998 and started working in August 2004. Si Yong graduated from Dalian University of Technology in 2001 and later studied for a master's degree in the Department of Precision Instruments and Mechanics of Tsinghua University.

Jan 2024

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: ZHU XINKAI APPOINTED EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT OF CHINA'S RENMIN UNIVERSITY
The official website of Renmin University of China disclosed that Zhu Xinkai (born in December 1974, from Peixian County, Jiangsu Province) has been appointed as a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee and Executive Vice President of Renmin University of China.

Jan 2024

CHINA-CCP: CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON CULTURE IN PEOPLE'S DAILY
The People's Daily (January 11) published a lengthy article titled ‘Deeply understand the rich connotations of Xi Jinping’s cultural thoughts (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping’s socialist thoughts with Chinese characteristics for a new era)' by the CCP CC Party School College Affairs Committee, which asserted that "Culture is related to the foundation and destiny of the country. When culture flourishes, the country flourishes, and when culture is strong, the nation is strong". It stressed "Upholding the party's cultural leadership is a major matter related to the future and destiny of the party and the country."

Jan 2024

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: XI'AN INTERMEDIATE PEOPLE'S COURT SENTENCES FORMER TAR VICE CHAIRMAN ZHANG YONGZE TO 14 YEARS IN PRISON
On January 10, the Xi'an Intermediate People's Court of Shaanxi Province publicly sentenced Zhang Yongze, a former party member and Vice Chairman of the People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region, for accepting bribes. Zhang Yongze was sentenced to 14 years in prison for accepting bribes and fined RMB 5 One million yuan. The court ruled that the stolen money, stolen goods and their interest that have been seized, detained, and frozen shall be recovered in accordance with the law and turned over to the state treasury. Zhang Yongze pleaded guilty in court and would not appeal.

Jan 2024

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: SENIOR CCP CADRES AND CHAIRMAN OF CHINA'S EVERBRIGHT GROUP EXPELLED FROM CCP
The People's Daily (January 6) disclosed that Tang Shuangning, former Party chief and Chairman of China Everbright Group, has been expelled from the Communist Party of China (CCP) over serious violations of discipline and law. The political verdict of expelled former Party Secretary of Everbright, Tang Shuangning notes that he had "inadequately prevented and resolved financial risks" and that he also "brought publications with serious political issues into the country and read them." ii) The People's Daily (January 6) reported that Chen Jixing, a former Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Guangdong Provincial People's Congress, has been expelled from the Communist Party of China (CCP) over serious violations of discipline and law. iiii) Wang Heqing, former Party Secretary of Chongqing's Research Institute for Culture and History has been expelled from the Party and handed over to prosecutors for, among other things, being associated with "political fraudsters" for political opportunism. (Comment: Analysts have noted that the term "political fraudsters" has not been used often but its use is becoming more common. It was used 2 times in 2021; 3 times in 2022; and 12 times in 2023 out of a dataset of 10,259 political verdicts.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: STATE-OWNED CCTV PUBLICISES VIGOROUS DRIVE AGAINST CORRUPTION AND 'TWO-FACED PEOPLE', POWERFUL INTEREST GROUPS ETC
The state-owned CCTV (January 6) telecast a report asserting that 'Corruption is the biggest cancer that harms the vitality and combat effectiveness of the party, and anti-corruption is the most thorough self-revolution'. It stated that in his report to the CCP's 20th National Congress, Chinese President Xi Jinping made 'comprehensive arrangements for resolutely winning the tough and protracted battle against corruption on the new journey' and said 'The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has carried forward a thorough selfrevolutionary spirit, continued to make efforts and deepen the anti-corruption struggle, and continued to purify the political ecology within the party. The situation of the anti-corruption struggle remains severe and complex, and the task of containing the increase and clearing out the existing remains arduous'. Asserting that 'disciplinary inspection and supervision agencies at all levels will adhere to a zero-tolerance attitude towards anti-corruption' and that they will 'punish evil, strictly investigate key issues, resolutely investigate and deal with corruption where political issues and economic issues are intertwined, resolutely prevent leading cadres from becoming spokespersons and agents of interest groups and powerful groups, and resolutely prevent political and business collusion and capital from infiltrating into the political field from damaging the political ecology and economic development environment'. It stressed that the Party 'will continue to focus on the "seven problems", resolutely eliminate the "twofaced people" who have degenerated politically and are disloyal and dishonest to the party, and severely crack down on those so-called "background" political liars; Carry out special rectification on systemic and regional corruption issues' and listed the cases of some senior cadres punished for corruption. It noted that in 2023, the website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission publicly released news that 45 central management cadres were subject to review and investigation. From January to November 2023, disciplinary inspection and supervision agencies at all levels kept a close eye on "corruption" around the people, investigated and dealt with 67,000 cases of unhealthy practices and corruption in the field of people's livelihood, and criticized, educated and punished 96,000 people. The "Skynet 2023" operation recovered a total of 1,278 fugitives, including 140 party members and state workers, and 48 "red notice personnel", and recovered 2.912 billion yuan in stolen money. A series of data strongly indicate that the overwhelming victory in the fight against corruption continues to be consolidated. ii) A People's Daily (January 11) Commentary titled 'Deeply study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important thoughts on the Party’s self-revolution' declared that "The third plenary session of the 20th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection is an important meeting to further promote the party's self-revolution and comprehensively and strictly govern the party on the new journey" adding that Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the plenary session. It said he "profoundly elaborated on the party's important thought of self-revolution makes strategic arrangements for continued efforts and in-depth advancement of the anti-corruption struggle, and provides fundamental guidance for the new era and new journey to further promote comprehensive and strict governance of the party, the construction of party style and clean government, and the anti-corruption struggle. Party organizations and party members and cadres at all levels must thoroughly study and implement the spirit of the conference, deeply understand the decisive significance of the "two establishments", strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", achieve "two safeguards", and effectively implement the ideological and actions should be unified with the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speeches and the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, and carry out the Party’s self-revolution to the end". It underscored "We must adhere to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee as the fundamental guarantee, and always make unified planning, deployment, and advancement under the leadership of the Party Central Committee to ensure that we move in the right direction." iii) The state-owned CCTV (January 11) carried a special report on the meeting where it said "From the perspective of coordinating the overall strategy of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the world's major changes unseen in a century, he profoundly summarized the comprehensive aspects of the new era". It quoted Xi Jinping as saying "We must be more rigorous and make the self-revolution on every front and every link concrete and in-depth"iv) The People's Daily (January 11) reprinted a Xinhua (January 11) despatch stating that "the Party has found a second answer to the question of how to escape the historical cycle of rise and fall: self-reform. Placing the government under the supervision of the people is the first answer. The problem of lax and weak self-governance in Party organisations has been addressed at the root, and a political atmosphere of integrity within the Party has been steadily fostered and developed. By doing so, it has been ensured that the Party will never change its nature, its conviction, or its character". iv) On January 10, the website of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission and the State Supervision Commission disclosed that Du Jintao, the former Party Secretary and General Manager of the Shenzhen Branch of Taiping Life Insurance Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "Taiping Life"), is under investigation for suspected serious violations of discipline and law.

Jan 2024

CHINA-MINERAL RESOURCES: NPC STANDING COMMITTEE RELEASES DRAFT MINERAL RESOURCES LAW FOR PUBLIC COMMENT
On January 3, the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) released the draft revision of the Mineral Resources Law for public comment. The amended text puts domestic mineral resources, like nickel, lithium, and rare earth elements feeding China’s most critical high-tech industries – from tech and defense to energy and transportation, at the heart of economic security. To safeguard these sectors, the law calls for massive expansion of domestic resource extraction and promises government support for new exploration and development. (Comment: China is the world’s top processor of many critical minerals, but remains largely dependent on raw material imports.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-AGRICULTURE: GUANGMING DAILY INTERVIEW HIGHLIGHTS POOR QUALITY OF CHINA'S LAND RESOURCES AND PLANS TO BUILD MORE GRAIN FIELDS INTO FERTILE FARMLAND
The Guangming Daily (January 11) published an interview with Guo Yongtian, Director of the Farmland Construction and Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, under the caption 'Build high-standard farmland to turn more grain fields into fertile farmland'. It recalled last year's Central Economic Work Conference and quoted Guo Yongtian as stating that "China’s natural endowment of cultivated land resources is relatively poor. The overall quality of cultivated land is not high. The proportion of good light, heat and soil matching is not high. There are many sloping cultivated lands and fragmented cultivated lands. The soil is relatively infertile. In addition, the rapid advancement of industrialization and urbanization has resulted in the decline of cultivated land. Changes in spatial layout and the previous high-input and high-output use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have led to the degradation of cultivated land quality in some areas. Overall, China's cultivated land protection and construction still faces some difficulties and challenges" and that "To strengthen a country, we must first strengthen agriculture, and only then can the country be strong" Talking about steps to improve grain production, he said 79.27 million acres of high-standard farmland will be built, renovated and upgraded, completing 99% of the annual task and 13 major grainproducing provinces have built high-standard farmland, accounting for about 70% of the country's built-up area..

Jan 2024

CHINA-ECONOMY: CCP CC AND STATE COUNCIL ISSUE JOINT ORDERS MANDATING THAT BY 2027 NEW ENERGY VEHICLES WILL ACCOUNT FOR 45 PER CENT OF TOTAL IN CHINA
The Beijing Evening News (January 11) reported that the CCP CC and the State Council issued opinions on comprehensively promoting the construction of a beautiful China, which proposed that by 2027, new energy vehicles will account for 45% of new vehicles, old diesel locomotives will be basically eliminated, and the rail-water intermodal transport volume of port containers will remain rapid. growth; by 2035, railway freight turnover will account for about 25% of the total turnover.

Jan 2024

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA LABOUR BULLETIN CLAIMS NUMBER OF PROTESTS IN CHINA DOUBLED IN 2023
China Labor Bulletin (CLB), a Hong Kong non-profit organization said that 1,779 protests were reported as of December 31 amid massive layoffs, reduced wages, and business closures in the country. It said Chinese workers staged twice as many protests to defend their rights in 2023 compared to the previous year, and cited China observers say that such widespread demonstrations could lead to the downfall of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

Jan 2024

CHINA-S&T: NON-STATE COMMERCIAL SPACE COMPANY 'ORIENSPACE' LAUNCHED THREE SATELLITES FROM A SHIP ON JANUARY 11
According to its post in Shandong on January 11, OrienSpace, a non-state commercial space company in China just sent satellites into space using its own rocket. Founded in 2020, it sent three satellites from a ship in eastern China's Shandong Province on January 11. The post said at 13:30 on January 11, 2024, China's Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center used the Gravity-1 (Yao-1) Heilan Home launch vehicle in the sea near Haiyang, Shandong, and will carry 18-20 Yunyao-1 satellites. A total of three satellites were successfully put into the predetermined orbit, and the flight test mission was a complete success.

Jan 2024

CHINA-S&T: CHINESE SCIENTISTS CLAIM TO HAVE DEVELOPED A 'REVOLUTIONARY' AIR-BREATHING ENGINE
The Hongkong-based South China Morning Post said that Chinese scientists claimed a breakthrough in hypersonic tech with the development of a "revolutionary" air-breathing engine detailed in a peer reviewed paper. The engine, designed by a team led by Zhang Yining at the Beijing Power Machinery Institute, operates in two modes rotating detonation below Mach 7 and oblique detonation above Mach 7, enabling an ac to reach speeds 16 times the speed of sound. It said the development highlights China's ongoing progress in hypersonic tech, marking a competitive edge in the global aerospace arena.

Jan 2024

CHINA-SECURITY: MOSS UNCOVERS FOREIGN ESPIONAGE EFFORT AT ''CRITICAL" NAVAL BASE
The Global Times (December 27) said that China's Ministry of State Security (MoSS) recently exposed a 'substantial national security threat' posed by a foreign company suspected of espionage near a critical naval base, which houses advanced weaponry. The discovery includes strategically placed covert surveillance equipment emitting a green light, intended for the remote observation of China's military assets. The MSS is urging collaborative efforts between the government and citizens to protect national interests, emphasizing the continuous diligence required to uphold the integrity of the country's defence capabilities in the face of evolving security challenges.

Jan 2024

CHINA-OVERSEAS SECURITY: CHINA CONTEMPLATING BOOSTING SECURITY FOR FIRMS OPERATING ABROAD
An article in the South China Morning Post (December 24) said that China is building up private security to protect overseas interests in hostile, unstable regions. It said conflicts may be further reinforcing the need for Beijing to make new contingency plans to safeguard Chinese interests abroad while ensuring that trade routes continue to bring home critical goods such as valuable minerals. However, given Beijing’s limited military presence overseas – it has only one overseas base, in the Horn of Africa; contributes to a UN peacekeeping force; and uses naval warships in anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. It cited analysts to say that diplomacy and the use of private security firms will be increasingly relied on, particularly in facilitating the China-led Belt and Road Initiative. At a seminar in early December, jointly held by the China-Africa Business Council and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, participants raised the bar for Chinese security firms – pushing for them to become more internationalised, more localised with regional staff and political support, and more commercialised. “Outbound Chinese investors face security challenges and a complex environment,” said an official statement summarising the meeting. “A tailor-made approach is needed for international security projects. It must differ depending on the industry or country.” It noted that the African continent is one of the regions China is invested heavily in, where the number of China-invested companies accounts for 7.1 per cent of the global total. It said most of China's new investment in the past decade flowed to countries included in China’s belt and road plans, despite many being relatively high-risk regions. China is the world’s major seaborne buyer of iron ore, copper, soybeans and many other commodities, while more than 1 million Chinese students are studying overseas and tens of millions of Chinese travel worldwide every year. For their part, private security firms in China tend to fly under the radar. However, the seminar this month drew some of the domestic security heavyweights together, including Huayuan Security Guard; Dewe Security, a subsidiary of Hong Kong-listed Frontier Services Group; Huaxin Zhongan Group; Shanghai-listed Anbang Save- Guard Group; officials from China’s foreign ministry; representatives from the China Security Association; and dozens of other Chinese firms. A Belt and Road Initiative working group issued an official document in late November highlighting the need to “hammer out the safety protection in a detailed way”, state media Xinhua reported. In an online statement published last month, the Ministry of State Security also vowed to ensure the security of China’s overseas mining projects, personnel and assets. “It is set to ensure the safety of Chinese companies ‘going global’, and safeguard the security of key mineral-resource supply chains,” it said, without elaborating on how. Even though some of China’s security firms are privately owned, they often have historical ties with the army or police forces. Take Huaxin Zhongan, for instance. It was set up by military veterans in 2004, and 70 per cent of its mid-level or top management are veterans. To serve more than 60 overseas clients in countries such as Uganda, Malaysia and Pakistan, the company has more than 800 employees overseas, of which 660 are expatriates, according to its website. The company specialises in escorting shipments and countering lowaltitude drones, but its main business involves providing security guards for Chinese projects, along with risk assessments and consulting.

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: PLA DAILY COMMENTARY HIGHLIGHTS NEED TO TACKLE CORRUPTION IN PLA
A PLA Commentary (January 12) titled 'The more effective the military is in fighting corruption, the more effective it will be' called on the authorities to "Continue to make efforts to advance the anti-corruption struggle in depth". The Commentary said “We must have a clear understanding of the new situations and new trends in the fight against corruption, as well as the soil and conditions that create corruption problems. With tenacity and persistence that is always on the road, we must exert precise and sustained efforts to resolutely win the fight against corruption. The fight against corruption must be a protracted one." It said also that "Corruption is the biggest cancer that harms the vitality and combat effectiveness of the party and is the biggest threat our party faces". It asserted: "The military is armed with guns, and corruption cannot have a place in the party, especially in our military. The more powerful the military is in fighting corruption, the purer and more effective it will be" and that the "entire military must" ... "make the Party’s self-revolution ideas and measures more rigorous, and solidly promote Strict governance of the Party and the military will be developed in an allround way. We must focus on preparing for war, improve the system and mechanism to prevent the spread of corruption, insist on advancing in an integrated way if we dare not corrupt, cannot corrupt, and do not want to corrupt".

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: WASHINGTON-BASED CSIS REPORT REVEALS THAT INDIAN OCEAN IS BECOMING ONE OF THE BIGGEST DOMAINS FOR CHINESE OCEANIC SURVEYS
Writing in the Washington Post (January 10) defence correspondent Cate Cadell cited a report prepared by the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), which analyses hundreds of thousands of hours of shipping data since 2020 and shows that the Indian Ocean is fast becoming one of the biggest domains for Chinese oceanic surveys, which are ostensibly civilian in nature but tied to the PLA and Beijing’s military-civil fusion program. It notes that while the types of ocean surveys carried out by the vessels have research applications for energy resources and marine environments, but the data collected can also be used for military purposes, including how to manoeuvre and obscure submarines during conflict. The CSIS report found that of the 13 vessels undertaking the bulk of survey and research activity in the Indian Ocean since 2020, all have links to China’s military — including organizational ties to the PLA — and have displayed suspicious behaviour including docking at Chinese military ports or temporarily turning off tracking devices. Matthew Funaiole, a senior fellow at CSIS who worked on the report, said “The Indian Ocean is critical to China’s strategic and economic interests, as well as its geopolitical rivalry with India.” “Beijing is serious about fielding a blue-water navy, one that will be active in the Indian Ocean, and blurring the lines between its research ecosystem and its national security apparatus will help it get there.” The CSIS report said that at least 80 percent of China's 64 civilian research vessels operating globally since 2020 have displayed “warning indicators” that their work is tied to military objectives. Over half of those suspect vessels operated in the South China Sea, but their growing presence in the Indian Ocean has also stoked tensions. It noted that the previous week, Sri Lanka declared a moratorium on Chinese research vessels entering its waters under what analysts say was intense pressure from India. New Delhi has aired concerns that the research vessels — some of which have previously docked in Sri Lanka — are being used to monitor waters and instalments in India’s sphere of influence. Sri Lanka, which took on nearly $12 billion in Chinese loans between 2000 and 2020, has struggled to balance the competing demands of Beijing and New Delhi, analysts say.

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: PLA EXERCISES IN TIBET AND WESTERN THEATRE COMMAND
i) A report in Huaxia (January 3) revealed that in a proactive initiative in the Lhasa Garrison District of Tibet, a Regiment is currently undergoing rigorous winter trg to enhance the skills of its officers and soldiers. The focus lies on specialized areas such as assassination training and combined operations in the challenging alpine mountains. Notably, during tactical training, the infantry squad exhibited adaptability in squad attack, squad defence, and vigilance, carrying over 20 kgs of weaponry through the demanding alpine terrain. ii) China showcased its cutting-edge military technology with the debut of the Type 625 integrated air defence system during a live-fire exercise in the Western Theater Command. Termed a "drone killer," the system represents an upgrade from the "Armor" S1 air defence system, featuring an 8-wheel off-road tactical chassis for enhanced mobility. Armed with six 25mm "Gatling" cannons and four short-range surface-to-air missiles, the Type 625 is specifically designed to counter low altitude threats such as drones and FPV flying machines. Its advanced fire control unit, including a 360° rotating active phased array radar, ensures robust firepower and several capabilities against airborne adversaries. iii) CCTV (December 28) reported that the PLA Western Theatre Command Air Force recently conducted a significant training exercise between the Y-20 and Y-9 transport aircraft to improve their precision delivery capabilities. The evaluation involved tactical exercises, simulations, and assessments, with a focus on optimizing functions like cargo drops, paratrooper deployments, and logistical support efficiency. The exercises provided a platform for aircrew and ground support personnel to share best practices, enhancing overall operational effectiveness.

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: CHINA'S ARMED FORCES LAUNCH ANNUAL TRAINING SESSIONS FOR 2024 WITH FOCUS ON IMPROVING COMBAT CAPABILITY
China Daily (January 5) disclosed that the Chinese military has opened its annual training sessions for 2024, focusing on improving combat capability. It said the PLA Ground Force held a launch ceremony at a training ground in Guangdong on January 2 to mark the beginning of the annual training. General Li Qiaoming, Commander of the PLA Ground Force, and General Qin Shutong, the force's Political Commissar, took part in the ceremony and addressed more than 3,000 troops from a combined brigade. Combat ships, submarines and aircraft from the PLA Navy have been mobilized for live-fire exercises. Sailors and naval aviators honed their skills in gunfire, missile launching, electronic warfare operations and air-defense and antisubmarine tasks. The PLA Air Force said its aviation and air-defense units have taken part in intense drills since the beginning of the new year, publishing a video showing aircraft, radars and missile launchers in action. The People's Armed Police Force also organized mass gatherings at its units' training grounds across the country, putting officers and soldiers in realistic battle scenarios. Meanwhile, all of the PLA's regional theatre commands — central, northern, eastern, southern and western — have ordered forces under their direct control to carry out training and exercises according to the latest annual plans. Commanders stressed that troops must continue to improve their joint operational capabilities. In another development, the PLA Southern Theater Command announced that it has organized naval and air forces to conduct routine patrols in the South China Sea on January 4 and 5.

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: CHINESE PLA DEFECTOR CLAIMS FIFTY PERCENT OF PLARF OFFICERS WANT TO LEAVE THEIR JOBS
Yao Cheng, former Lieutenant Colonel staff officer of the Chinese Navy Command, posted on the 'X' platform on the 7th of January that the PLA Rocket Force is currently disorganized and more than half of its Captain-level officers want to change jobs.

Jan 2024

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG GOVERNOR PRESIDES OVER PARTY LEADERSHIP GROUP MEETING
The Nanfang Daily (January 11) reported that on January 11, Wang Weizhong, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the Provincial Government and Governor, presided over a meeting of the Party Leadership Group of the Provincial Government to convey and learn from General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech at the meeting of the Politburo Standing Committee. The meeting resolved that the spirit of the important speeches in the work report of the Party Group and the work report of the Central Secretariat shall be implemented, and the instructions and requirements of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee shall be implemented. The meeting emphasized that "we must deeply understand the decisive significance of the "two establishments", strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", achieve "two safeguards", and persist in using Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era We must thoroughly study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speeches and important instructions during his inspection of Guangdong". It said "it is necessary to effectively shoulder the responsibility of a major economic province to really take the lead" and "adopt the attitude of "starting with a sprint, starting with a decisive battle", and doing a good job in task division, fund allocation, project promotion etc. and strive to achieve a good start in the first quarter. "It is necessary to conscientiously do a good job in various tasks at the beginning of the year and during the Spring Festival". It also asserted that "All comrades of the party group should conscientiously implement "one post, two responsibilities"." ii) Nanfang Daily (January 11) disclosed that on January 11, the Guangdong Party Secretary Huang Kunming and Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor Wang Weizhong met Zheng Yanxiong, Director of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and his delegation in Guangzhou. They discussed deepening cooperation between Guangdong and Hong Kong and jointly promoting Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. In-depth exchange of views on Bay Area construction.

Jan 2024

CHINA-SHANXI: DATONG MUNICIPALITY OF SHANXI PROVINCE CELEBRATES FOURTH CHINESE PEOPLE'S POLICE DAY ON JANUARY 10
Shanxi Province's Datong News (January 11) reported that on January 10, the Datong Municipal Public Security Bureau held a grand special event to celebrate the Fourth Chinese People's Police Day with the theme of "Resolutely Fulfill the Original Aspiration and Work Hard to Strive for a New Journey" and with the honorary retirement of police officers and the oath of all police officers as the main content. At 8:30 a.m. that day, the conference hall on the third floor of the Municipal Public Security Bureau was packed with more than 260 police representatives wearing police uniforms and in high spirits.

Jan 2024

CHINA-WUHAN: WUHAN APPOINTS NEW DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC SECURITY
The 14th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th Wuhan Municipal People's Congress on January 10, decided to appoint Dong Yuhua as the deputy mayor of the Wuhan Municipal People's Government and the Director of the Wuhan Municipal Public Security Bureau. Born in June 1970, he graduated from the People's Public Security University of China in 1992. In 2010, Dong Yuhua was transferred to the Hubei Provincial Public Security Department, and later served as deputy captain of the Hubei Provincial Public Security Department’s Network Security Corps and director of the Science and Technology Information Division.

Jan 2024

CHINA-TAIWAN: INVESTMENT BY TAIWANESE IN MAINLAND CHINESE ENTERPRISES HAS DROPPED TO A 30-YEAR LOW
A Deutsche Welles (January 5) report stated that investment in Chinese enterprises from people in Taiwan has hit a 30-year low. In fact, Taiwan’s investment in the US & Germany in 2023 has exceeded investment in mainland China.

Jan 2024

CHINA-BANGLADESH: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS MESSAGE CONGRATULATING SHEIKH HASINA
The Beijing Daily (January 11) front paged a report that Chinese President Xi Jinping had sent a message congratulating Sheikh Hasina on her re-election.

Jan 2024

CHINA-MALDIVES: MALDIVES PRESIDENT MUIZZU PAYS 5-DAY VISIT TO BEIJING AND MEETS CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING
China and Maldives signed 20 treaties and agreements during Maldives President Muizzu's 5- day (January 8-12) visit to Beijing. He also met Chinese President Xi Jinping on January 10. The two heads of state announced the elevation of bilateral ties to a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership during the talks. Xi Jinping called on the two sides to strengthen cooperation in such areas as the economy, trade and investment, agricultural parks, and the blue, green and digital economies. He also called for expanded cooperation on marine ecological and environmental protection, as well as strengthened people-to-people exchanges. He said China will support more Maldivian students to study in China and promote more direct flights between the two countries. Muizzu said he was honoured to pay his first state visit to China with a number of important cabinet ministers and become the first foreign head of state that China has hosted this year. The China Daily (January 11) observed that Xi Jinping had "rolled out the red carpet for Muizzu at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing with a welcoming ceremony that included a review of a guard of honour and a 21-gun salute". It said Xi Jinping had "underscored that China respects and supports the Maldives in exploring a development path that suits its national conditions, and firmly supports the Indian Ocean nation in safeguarding its national sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national dignity". The Global Times (January 11) quoted Zhao Gancheng, a research fellow at the Shanghai Institute for International Studies, as saying (January 10) that although Maldives is a small country in terms of land area and population, in terms of geopolitics, it has very high strategic significance. "The Indian Ocean is far from us, but it's extremely important to the economic and energy security of our country, as well as the BRI, so China needs to try its best to make friends in the region." It quoted Hu Zhiyong, a research fellow at the Institute of International Relations at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, as saying (January 11) that Muizzu's visit to China shows that Maldives sincerely wants to develop ties with China and strengthen existing cooperation. He said "Muizzu's pledge to the Maldivian people that there will be 'no foreign military presence,' makes India angry, so the newly elected president will surely hope China can help his country deal with the pressure from New Delhi." The Global Times added "China-Maldives relations do not target any third party, but due to India's aggressive stance against its neighbour, countries in the region will definitely want to diversify their ties to preserve their national dignity and sovereignty via cooperation with other major powers like China, said Chinese experts. This is why the normal development of ties between China and Maldives is making some India elites and decision-makers anxious, although it is unnecessary and exposes New Delhi's intention to suppress its neighbours, said analysts".

Jan 2024

CHINA-US: PLA MAJOR GENERAL PUBLISHES ARTICLE IN BEIJING DAILY RECALLING CHINESE VICTORY IN THE KOREAN WAR ASSERTING IT AVE A LESSON TO THE U.S. NOT TO OFFEND THE CHINESE PEOPLE
The Beijing Daily (January 11) published a lengthy article titled 'Mao Zedong’s strategic guidance in the great war to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea' by Mao Xinyu, a professional and technical PLA Major General at the Academy of Military Sciences. The article stated "The use of superb war guidance art to defeat the superior and defeat powerful enemies is a fine tradition and military magic weapon forged by the Chinese Communist Party in its long-term war practice. At the beginning of the founding of New China, Mao Zedong and the leaders of the Party Central Committee made the historic decision to resist U.S. aggression, aid Korea, and defend the country." Recalling Mao's strategy, it said "We must persist in using local wars to prevent larger-scale aggressive wars". It said, "By giving a severe lesson to the "United Nations Army" led by the US military, they have a deep understanding that it is "difficult to offend the Chinese people". This is truly the goal of ending war with war was achieved." The article also said: "Persist in counterattack operations from external lines to achieve strategic defense objectives. From a practical point of view, most of the several border self-defense counterattacks conducted after the founding of the People's Republic of China insisted that the enemy could come, and we could go. After the enemy launched a military invasion against us and we obtained the power of self-defense counterattack, we adopted external counterattacks to defeat the enemy." In conclusion the article said: "Mao Zedong’s experience and practice in carrying out people’s war has profoundly inspired us: Although there are many ways to win modern war, the most fundamental thing is to rely closely on the people and maximize the advantages of the country’s total war. At present, conflicts among major powers are very intense, and the risk of war is on the rise. We must hold high the banner of just war, adhere to the integration of military struggle with political, economic, and diplomatic struggles, and strive to consolidate and improve the integrated national strategic system and capabilities."

Jan 2024

CHINA-US: CCP CC ILD CHIEF LIU JIANCHAO VISITS U.S.
Liu Jianchao's, Head of the CCP CC's International Liaison Department, spoke at the Council on Foreign Relations on January 9, 2024, where he reportedly "dazzled, enlightened, and entertained, with audience members laughing along with his answers on Xi Jinping’s promise to return pandas to the U.S." He also met UN Secretary-General António Guterres

Jan 2024

CHINA-US: CHINA AND U.S. HOLD 2-DAY DEFENCE POLICY COORDINATION TALKS IN WASHINGTON
The China Daily (January 11) reported, after the 2-day 17th defense policy coordination talks between China and the US co-chaired by an official from the Central Military Commission's International Cooperation Office and US Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Michael Chase, which were held in Washington earlier this week, that China is willing to develop healthy and stable military-to-military relations with the United States on the basis of equality and respect, and jointly implement the military-related consensus reached by the two heads of state during their meeting in San Francisco in November. Noting that this was the first such meeting since Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan, it added that it comes as China and the US are resuming military communication at various levels. It said China reiterated its position on the Taiwan question and the South China Sea issue adding that 'the country will never compromise on the Taiwan question and called on the US side to abide by the one-China principle, implement its relevant commitments, stop arming Taiwan and oppose "Taiwan independence". It said 'China also urged the US to reduce its military deployment and provocative actions in the South China Sea and stop providing support to certain countries that have infringed on China's territorial integrity and caused provocations. The US should fully recognize the root causes of maritime and air security risks, strictly restrain its front-line troops and stop hyping up problems'.

Jan 2024

CHINA-A.I.: CHINESE AND U.S. HI-TECH COMPANIES HOLD BACK-CHANNEL TALKS IN GENEVA
The Financial Times (January 11) reported that Open AI, Anthropic and Cohere held backchannel talks in Geneva with Chinese state-backed companies. It said, "Those involved in the talks said Chinese AI companies such as ByteDance, Tencent and Baidu did not participate; while Google DeepMind was briefed of the details of the discussions, it did not attend".

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER PBSC MEETING ON JANUARY 4
Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over the Politburo Standing Committee meeting on January 3 held to hear a series of work reports. The reports were from leading Party members groups of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), the State Council, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the Supreme People's Court, and the Supreme People's Procuratorate, as well as from the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee. It was the first time that the Politburo Standing Committee heard such work reports since the Party's 20th National Congress.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI PUBLISHES FOR FIRST TIME CHINESE PRESDENT XI JINPING'S SPEECH ON ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE
The latest issue of the Party theoretical fortnightly Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth; 2024/01 dated December 31) published Xi Jinping's speech on the environment and climate, originally delivered at the National Ecological Environmental Protection Conference on July 17, 2023, and titled 'Comprehensively promote the modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature with the construction of Beautiful China'. A key point was: "a high-quality ecological environment underpins high-quality development" and rejuvenation. Briefly, Xi Jinping urged: "promote the clean and efficient use of coal, ensuring it plays a role in providing basic energy security", "vigorously develop wind and solar power, balance hydropower with conservation,...develop nuclear power". Xi Jinping also said: "Promote self-reliance and selfimprovement in green and low-carbon technology, making climate change mitigation and new pollutant control key areas of national basic research and technological innovation. Focus on key core technology breakthroughs". An important point made by Xi Jinping was: "implement the overall national security concept, actively and effectively address various risks and challenges to ensure that the natural environment and conditions upon which our survival and development depend are not threatened or harmed."

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDED OVER ANNUAL 'DEMOCRATIC LIFE' MEETING OF POLITBURO
Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over and delivered an important speech at the CCP CC Politburo held its annual special meeting on 'democratic life' on December 28 and 29, 2023. Xinhua described the purpose of this meeting as “criticism and self-criticism” with the focus on the "theoretical study program on the study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era". It said: “The meeting followed the specific objectives of strengthening cohesion and forging the Party’s soul as the fundamental, tempering personal character and loyalty, promoting development through hard work and fulfilling duties, acting on the Party's purpose to work for the well-being of the people, and establishing a clean and upright work style. Following the important requirements of using learning to strengthen political awareness, increase intellect, rectify conduct, and promote implementation, the meeting was meant to sum up achievements, find out deficiencies and carry out criticism and self-criticism on the work of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, on whether the bureau has taken the lead in being politically conscious, in understanding and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, in carrying out the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee, in acting on the Party's purpose to work for the well-being of the people, and in fulfilling its duties when it comes to full and rigorous Party self-governance.” Prior to the meeting, Politburo members “had discussions with leading officials of relevant departments, listened to their opinions and suggestions and thereby prepared speeches.” Xinhua said they presented reports on how the eight-point decision on conduct has been implemented and spoke on “conducting serious self-examination and profound analysis in accordance with the Regulations of the Political Bureau on Strengthening and Upholding the Centralized and Unified Leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the Detailed Rules of the Political Bureau for Enforcing the CPC Central Committee's Eight-Point Decision on Conduct. The meeting’s atmosphere was serious and lively, the discussions were open and frank, and it has achieved the expected results.” The Politburo members focussed on 6 aspects: • “First, they have become more conscious and firm in studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. • Second, they have become more conscious and firm in upholding the CPC Central Committee’s authority and centralized, unified leadership. • Third, they have become more conscious and firm in acting on the Party’s purpose to serve the people. • Fourth, they have become more conscious and firm in being pragmatic and ensuring effective implementation of the Thought. • Fifth, they have become more conscious and firm in playing an exemplary role in maintaining integrity and self-discipline, and firmly opposing privilege-seeking mindset and phenomena, keeping themselves clean, upright and corruption-free. • Sixth, they have become more conscious and firm in performing political duties for exercising full and rigorous self-governance of the Party, maintaining constant vigilance and determination in addressing the unique challenges faced by our large Party, and persistently advancing the Party’s self-revolution.” “Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee unanimously believe that the practice over the past year has once again verified that the affirmation of Xi Jinping's core position on the CPC Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and the affirmation of the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era have been of decisive significance to our response to various risks and challenges and to advancing Chinese modernization. The whole Party, the entire military, and the people must deeply understand the decisive significance of the Two Affirmations, become more conscious of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership, strengthen confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and uphold General Secretary Xi Jinping's core position on the CPC Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, uphold the CPC Central Committee's authority and its centralized, unified leadership, and resolutely implement the policies and work arrangements of the CPC Central Committee.” – (Basically, this is reaffirming the Two Establishments, two safeguards, four self-confidences and four consciousnesses) “Next year marks the 75th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China and is a critical year for achieving the goals and tasks of the 14th Five-Year Plan. It is imperative to follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era" .... and it is "also essential to boost economic vitality, prevent and mitigate risks, improve social expectations, consolidate and promote the momentum of economic recovery, and make further progress in building China into a strong country and realizing the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation through a path to Chinese modernization.” Xi Jinping made the following points: • “This criticism and self-criticism meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee has produced expected results, achieving the purpose of undergoing a political check-up, sweeping away political dust, and purifying political souls.” • The Politburo “must take the lead in consolidating and expanding the achievements of the (Xi Thought study and implementation) program, establish a long-term mechanism, intensify self-improvement, and play a leading and exemplary role in this regard throughout the entire Party.” • Politburo members “should play an exemplary and leading role in studying and implementing the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, make a thorough understanding of its scientific system, core essence, and practical requirements, and enhance their political capacity and leadership through improving their ideological and theoretical level. Upholding the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee is concrete rather than abstract, and it must first materialize in firmly upholding the authority of the Party Central Committee, and in action through enhancing the consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership, staying confident in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and upholding Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and upholding the Central Committee's authority and its centralized, unified leadership.” • Politburo members should “take the lead in implementing democratic centralism, think carefully and express their opinions fully when participating in the Party Central Committee's deliberations on major decisions. They must tell the real situation learned in the work in a timely, objective and comprehensive manner, instead of reporting only what is positive while concealing what is negative. They should attach importance to promoting democracy in the sectors or localities under their charge, and encourage others to express opinions freely. They should be good at summarizing correctly and able to identify the correct opinions that comply with the laws governing things' development and represent the fundamental interests of the people so as to ensure sound decision-making. They should also discover in a timely manner wrong acts that violate democratic centralism, and resolutely rectify them.” • He said that China was facing a “complex international and domestic situation” and added that Politburo members “should have high degree of political acumen that enables them to be sharp-sighted and see what is coming from a small clue. They should be good at analyzing the changes and trends of development of situations from a political perspective and seeing the essence through the phenomenon to grasp the internal rule governing development. They should also be able to accurately identify time and momentum, crisis and opportunity as well as advantages and disadvantages, proactively identify, respond to and steer changes, accurately grasp opportunities, effectively respond to risks, and never act hastily before decisions are made. Whether it is planning major strategies, making major decisions or arranging major tasks, it is imperative to maintain correct political orientation and meet political requirements. When resolving disputes and problems, it is essential to pay attention to preventing and defusing political risks with a sharp sight and quick actions, and identify risks as early as possible, so as to remove all kinds of hidden political dangers in a timely manner. It is imperative to attach great importance to and cut the channels where risks from different sectors could transform so as to prevent non-political risks from becoming political ones.” • Politburo members “should take the lead in adhering to a people-centered development philosophy, pushing ahead with high-quality development, and refraining from pursuing excessive scale, blindly following foreign examples as well as taking reckless actions. They should pay attention to taking concrete measures for solid outcomes, and guard against flashy and impractical approaches and falsification of statistics. They should focus on laying a solid foundation for delivering long-term benefits while opposing short-sighted practices that harm the interest of the people and drain our resources. With high-quality development as the top priority in building China into a modern socialist country in all respects, adherence to highquality development should serve as a significant component of leading officials' understanding of what it means to perform well. It is imperative to improve the performance assessment methods for promoting high-quality development, and thereby effectively guide and encourage leaderships at all levels to earnestly put into practice the correct understanding of what it means to perform well and follow a correct orientation in conducting their work.” • Politburo members “must inherit and carry forward the Party's fine traditions, find ways to inspire, motivate, and appeal to the people with the Party's goals, mobilize all possible positive factors, unite all available forces, and make it possible for Party members, officials and the masses to be of one mind in pursuing our cause…” • In the last two points, he talked about maintaining close ties with the people and addressing their concerns, along with the need to maintain “personal integrity and selfdiscipline.” He added: Politburo members “must set strict rules for their family members, relatives, and staff workers around them when it comes to the efforts against corruption.” (Comment: The "democratic life" meetings are an important institution of the CCP and used often to engage in "criticism" and "self-criticism". Such detailed reporting on a CCP democratic life meeting is unusual and reflects that Party discipline is being accorded high priority. Interesting are Xi Jinping's specific references to China "facing a “complex international and domestic situation” and "it is essential to pay attention to preventing and defusing political risks with a sharp sight and quick actions, and identify risks as early as possible, so as to remove all kinds of hidden political dangers in a timely manner .... where risks from different sectors could transform so as to prevent non-political risks from becoming political ones.”)

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER CAI QI DELIVERS SPEECH AT PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT CONFERENCE
PBSC member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi, at a meeting of China's Propaganda officials on January 3 called for the thorough study and full implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Culture. He called on the officials to focus on the foremost political task of equipping Party members and educating the people with the Party's new theories. He said that related efforts should be made to provide solid ideological guarantees, powerful inspiration and favourable cultural conditions for building China into a stronger country and rejuvenating the Chinese nation on all fronts. Cai Qi underlined the importance of consolidating and building on the achievements of the Party's theoretical study program, and of focusing on confidenceboosting and consensus-building to create new momentum in mainstream public opinion. He also called for efforts to apply China's core socialist values. Politburo member and Head of the CCP CC Propaganda Department Li Shulei presided over the meeting and delivered work plans.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA'S FOREIGN AFFAIRS WORK CONFERENCE (DECEMBER 27-28) ASSERTS COMMITTMENT TO REJUVENATION ETC.
China's Foreign Affairs Work Conference held in Beijing on December 27 and 28 was presided over by Chinese President Xi Jinping. He delivered an "important" speech which "highlighted the unwavering commitment to the centralization of foreign affairs authority within the CCP Central Committee and emphasized the need to strengthen the system and mechanisms for the Party's leadership over foreign affairs". It said Foreign affairs work "must be guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, especially Xi Jinping Diplomatic Thought" and it is “essential to strengthen ideological and theoretical education...promote development of diplomatic workforce".

Jan 2024

CHINA-PERSONNEL: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST ARTTICLE APPEARS TO HINT AT ILD CHIEF LIU JIANCHAO TAKING OVER AS FOREIGN MINISTER
An article in the South China Morning Post (January 3) by Shi Jiangtao, identified as a former MFA diplomat, appeared to praise CCP CC ILD's 59-year old Chief Liu Jianchao as having been very active in bolstering the country’s image abroad. It said since he took charge in June last year, Liu Jianchao has toured Asia, Europe and Africa. He has also met more than 200 foreign dignitaries and diplomats in Beijing, including two meetings this year with Nicholas Burns, the US ambassador to China. It said observers described Liu Jianchao as a trusted aide to Xi Jinping and generally spoke positively of his high-profile engagement and activities. Liu Jianchao chaired a “Track 1.5 dialogue” – talks that typically involve governmental officials, speaking in a non-official capacity, and non-government figures – with the Asia Society, an American think tank in October, shortly before President Xi Jinping met his US counterpart Joe Biden in San Francisco last November. (Comment: China observer Neil Thomas described Liu Jianchao as “a tactful diplomat who speaks sophisticated English made him well-suited to play a supporting role in Xi’s attempt over recent months to ease diplomatic tensions with the West”. He added “Liu appears to be a trusted diplomatic lieutenant of the Xi era, having previously spearheaded Xi’s campaign to track down corrupt officials abroad, then working in Xi’s old power base of Zhejiang province, and now holding a seat on the [Communist Party] Central Committee”.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-CCP: CAIXIN EDITORIAL DELETED BY CCP CC PROPAGANDA AUTHORITIES
On December 25, Caixin Weekly published an editorial titled "Revisiting the Ideological Line of Seeking Truth from Facts," reviewing the ideological line of "seeking truth from facts" put forward by Deng Xiaoping, the former leader of the Communist Party of China (chief architect of reform and opening up). It also quoted Xi Jinping's original words - "History has repeatedly proved that if we insist on seeking truth from facts, we can rejuvenate the party and the country; if we violate the principle of seeking truth from facts, we will harm the party and the country." It also uses some historical examples to explain, but by the end of day on December 25 the editorial, which sparked widespread discussion on platforms both inside and outside the wall, had been censored and the next Weibo post posted by @caixin.com had also been deleted.

Jan 2024

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY EXPLAINS CCP'S REVISED REGULATIONS ON DISCIPLINARY PUNISHMENTS
The People's Daily (December 29) publicised the CCP's revised Regulations on Party Disciplinary Punishments, which were approved by the Politburo on December 8. It explained the current revision “is an inevitable requirement for the whole party to profoundly understand the decisive significance of the ‘two establishments’ and resolutely achieve the ‘two safeguards’. It is a concrete/tangible step taken to implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, a practical need to adhere to problem orientation, and a realistic requirement to govern the entire party with strict discipline. It also summarizes the experience of strict Party governance and meets the practical requirements of keeping pace with the times.” The revised Regulations have a total of 158 articles. Compared with the 2018 Regulations, there are 16 new ones and 76 revised ones. “In the section on political discipline, there is an improvement in disciplinary provisions to ensure the smooth implementation of the directives from the Central Committee. Additional disciplinary measures have been introduced for actions that disregard the overall interests of the Party and the country, as well as behaviours promoting departmental or local protectionism". “Disciplinary provisions regarding disloyalty and dishonesty to the Party, as well as actions that undermine the unity of the Party, have been enriched. Additional disciplinary measures have been introduced for behaviours such as engaging in political opportunism/clinging (政治攀附, i.e., essentially this is associating with factions or creating patron-client relations) and associating with political fraudsters/swindlers (政治骗⼦). In response to issues identified in disciplinary supervision, new provisions have been added to address actions involving reading, browsing, or listening to publications, books, audio-visual materials, electronic publications, and online information with serious political problems without prior permission. Disciplinary provisions for behaviours with severe implications have been further refined, aiming to enhance the measures for handling the conduct of Party members involving religious beliefs and engaging in superstitious activities at a personal level.” It calls for "strengthened all-round management and regular supervision of Party members and cadres, put forward strict requirements for them after leaving their posts and while in office", and says that the regulations “improve the punishment provisions for behaviours that violate the eight-point central regulations, and additional provisions have been added to address actions involving disguised gift-giving in the form of lecture fees, research project fees, consulting fees, etc. The regulations have been enriched to cover disciplinary measures for violations such as improper receptions, indiscriminate distribution of benefits, unauthorised leasing or borrowing of office space, and unauthorised organisation of demonstration activities, in violation of the regulations on the management of conference activities.”

Jan 2024

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: CCP ENLARGES SCOPE OF DISCIPLINE AND ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGN TO INCLUDE "UNDESIRABLE" READING MATERIALS
The website of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission and the National Supervisory Commission on November 16, 2023 posted a notice announcing that it had launched a case review and investigation into Zhou Qingyu, former Party Committee Member and Vice President of the China Development Bank, for serious violations of the party's political discipline, organizational discipline, integrity and law. In addition to charging hm with corruption, it said he had been found to be "engaged in superstitious activities, privately collected and read books and periodicals with serious political issues, and ignored the eight regulations of the Central Committee" etc. . (Comment: The political verdict stating that among his (many) issues, one was the "private possession and reading of publications with serious political issues" points to the CCP leadership monitoring members reading "western liberal" literature.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-CCP: PLA DAILY EDITORIAL STRESSES INTENSIFICATION OF CAMPAIGN AGAINST CORRUPTION
Bloomberg (January 2 published a report which said the People’s Liberation Army Daily mentioned “corruption” three times in its January 1 editorial, more than in any other years since President Xi Jinping began his crusade against graft in 2012. The word was mentioned only once in each of the annual articles from 2017 to 2023, and twice in 2015 and 2016. The newspaper declared the PLA will continue fighting the “difficult and protracted war on graft”. In the past year, “we have deepened the cleanup of the management of key industries and fields, and persevered to correct conduct, tighten discipline and fight corruption,” the PLA Daily wrote.

Jan 2024

CHINA-ECONOMY: CCP FIRES OFFICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR PLACING LIMITS ON CHINESE GAMING COMPANIES AND CAUSING STOCKS TO COLLAPSE
A report revealed that in the week prior to January 3, 2024, Feng Shixin, Head of the CCP CC Propaganda Department's Publishing Department, which oversees China’s gaming regulatory body (NPPA), was fired for causing panic in the gaming industry. On December 22, the NPPA issued a draft regulation threatening to set a user spending cap for in-game purchases – which would place a cap on game companies’ revenues. Reuters said five sources said Feng Shixin’s removal was linked to rules the NPPA announced last month that sent stocks in the world’s largest video games sector, including industry giant Tencent, plunging.”

Jan 2024

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA CONTINUES PAY CUTS OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES IN PROVINCES
Provincial reports (December 28) revealed that salary reductions for civil servants is spreading including in Beijing, Hubei, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta. It quoted a civil servant from a Beijing municipal agency as saying that salaries have already been "indirectly" reduced by 10% this year. Although the basic salary hasn't changed, subsidies have decreased, and they say the previous benefits were "unreasonable".An article on the WeChat public account of Hubei said the salary reduction wave quietly began in 2023 before the year ends,and mentions a town-level civil servant in Xiantao, Hubei, who joined in 2018, experiencing a reduction of about 280 yuan in monthly salary this month and a halving of the year-end performance bonus of over 10,000 yuan, resulting in an overall salary reduction of around 15%. The annual income in Shenzhen has dropped from over 360,000 yuan to just over 250,000 yuan, and in Zhuhai, it has decreased from 280,000 to about 200,000 yuan. After the reduction, the annual income for provincial (government) employees in Guangdong is over 220,000 yuan, in Foshan and Dongguan, it's 200,000 yuan, and in Zhongshan, it ranges from 150,000 to 200,000 yuan, with Huizhou and Jiangmen at 140,000 yuan. Reports also suggest that civil servants in various regions are undergoing structural adjustments in their salary, which is a "disguised" pay cut. A netizen on Xiaohongshu claimed that Shandong Province has issued a document taking out the basic performance bonuses but leaving room for discretionary distribution. A civil servant in a Beijing municipal agency admitted that although the basic salary has not changed this year, various subsidies and bonuses have been reduced by tens of thousands of yuan. For this reason, it had established a Salary Reduction Office to eliminate the "unreasonable" benefits provided earlier. The National Financial Work Conference held in Beijing on December 21-22 emphasized the need to vigorously promote financial management reform next year. It stressed the importance of practicing frugality to instill the concept of tightening belts and establishing a system of living within tight financial constraints. A notice on "strengthening budget management and adhering to the concept of living within tight financial constraints" issued by the Xiamen Municipal Government in Fujian Province has widely circulated online. It strictly prohibits the unauthorized construction of buildings and facilities and forbids projects solely for political achievements or image-building.

Jan 2024

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE SOES DECIDE ON MAJOR PROJECTS FOR CURRENT YEAR
i) China's central state-owned assets regulator published a list of mega-projects completed or under construction by the country's central state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in 2023. Super engineering projects include the Shenzhou-17 spacecraft, China's HL-3, and the Hualong. One nuclear power unit exemplifies advanced technology and high-confinement operations. The list also consists of the Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway, a cross-sea underwater tunnel connecting Shenzhen and Zhongshan, a key project in enhancing the greater Bay Area's power supply. Projects like the intelligent computing centre and ethylene project have also made it into the top ten. The intelligent computing centre, an ethylene project, an eco-friendly offshore oil field, and a commercial service supporting 5G terminals and satellites made it into the top ten as well. The selection was made based on public opinion and expertise. ii) According to Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), amid increasing tensions in its neighbourhood and deteriorating security environment, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has significantly increased the warplane production. China is enhancing its military equipment and the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC) as well as Chengdu Aircraft Industrial (Group) Co Ltd (CAC), Xi'an Aircraft Industry Group Company Ltd (XAC) and Shenyang Aircraft Company Limited (SAC). All these companies have exceeded their targets in their annual production. The CAC delivered its last aircraft on December 27, XAC finished its final test flight 2023 on December 20, and SAC completed its annual batch production and did testing flight missions on November 25. These companies have also completed their annual scientific research and production missions. China's increased production capacity is likely due to new technologies such as pulse assembly, which is faster and ensures better quality. This enabled China to use more advanced tools to deal with defence emergencies.

Jan 2024

CHINA-DISSIDENCE/PROTESTS: NUMBER OF PROTESTS IN CHINA REGISTER INCREASE
Radio Free Asia (January 4) reported that amidst the waves of layoffs across China, Beijing bus companies are hiring security guards so that each bus has at least two to "prevent emergencies". Meanwhile, China's state-backed Zhengzhou Public Transport Group is seeking internal opinions on its plan to encourage employees to start their own businesses. ii) The Hongkong-based China Labour Bureau reported that there were 1104 strikes in China in the lasty 6 months and 976 calls for help by workers striking for wage arrears etc in the last 6 months with the latest incident occurring in Guangdong Province.

Jan 2024

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: PROTESTS REPORTED IN HENAN AND SICHUAN
Human Rights in China (HRIC) reported that on December 27 and 28, thousands gathered in Henan to protest the death and possible gruesome murder of a 14-year-old student, as well as the government’s apparent complicity in helping the school cover it up. The demonstrations drew crowds of over ten thousand, becoming the largest Chinese protest of 2023. The authorities quickly cracked down, with police and blockades shutting down the whole city. Separately, in Sichuan, doctors perched on windowsills to protest unpaid wages, in the latest of a series of protests over wage arrears.

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: DISMISSAL OF SENIOR OFFICERS IN PLA CONTINUED IN DECEMBER
On December 27, 2023, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) revoked the political titles of three aerospace-defense executives: Wu Yansheng, Liu Shiquan, and Wang Changqing. Two days later, on December 29, the NPC removed nine senior PLA officers from their posts. Five of those removed were past or current commanders of the People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF). In June 2023, Rocket Force Commander Li Yuchao, who had earlier overseen exercises for launching a nuclear counter-strike after coming under nuclear attack, Rocket Force Commissar Xu Zhongbo, and his deputies Liu Guangbin and Zhang Zhenzhong were all removed from their positions. While no official cause was given, speculative rumours have pointed to embezzlement and espionage and leakage by Li Yuchao’s son of government secrets to the United States while studying abroad. In July, a former deputy of the Rocket Force and head of the secretive Third Department Wu Guohua died under mysterious circumstances. In July 2023, Ju Qiansheng, Commander of the PLA Strategic Support Force (PLASSF) and member of the Third Department, went missing amid investigations of misconduct. In September, there was a major shakeup as Cheng Dongfang, head of the PLA Military Court and Li Shangfu, the Defense Minister, were removed from their positions. Former PLARF Commander Zhou Yaning, Head of the PLARF Armaments Department Lu Hong, and former PLARF deputy Li Chuanguang were all discharged. Commander of the Southern Theater Navy Ju Xinchun and former PLAAF Commander Ding Laihang, who has pushed for pilots to get more realistic training, were also removed from their positions. Interesting was the dismissal of Equipment Development Department officials Zhang Yulin, and Rao Wenmin. ii) The names of 15 PLA RF officers removed from their posts is given below: Name Title Date of Public Removal Zhang Yulin Former deputy director of General Armament Department, predecessor of EDD Dec. 29, 2023 Rao Wenmin Member of EDD Dec. 29, 2023 Zhou Yaning Former commander of Rocket Force Dec. 29, 2023 Zhang Zhenzhong Former commander of Rocket Force; deputy chief of joint staff department of Central Military Commission since at least 2022 Dec. 29, 2023 Li Chuanguang Deputy commander of Rocket Force since at least 2018 Dec. 29, 2023 Lyu Hong Member of Rocket Force Dec. 29, 2023 Ju Xinchun Worked as Li Shangfu's deputy in China's manned space program; navy commander of Southern Theater Command since February Dec. 29, 2023 Ding Laihang Former commander of Air Force Dec. 29, 2023 Wu Yansheng Chairman of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp Dec. 27, 2023 Liu Shiquan Former executive at China Aerospace Science & Industry Corp; chairman of China North Industries Group Corp Dec. 27, 2023 Wang Changqing Executive at China Aerospace Science & Industry Corp Dec. 27, 2023 Li Tongjian Major-general of Rocket Force Nov. 24, 2023 Li Shangfu Former director of EDD; former defense minister; CMC member Oct. 24, 2023 Li Yuchao Former commander of Rocket Force Jul. 31, 2023 Xu Zhongbo 15 (Comment: The list has been compiled by Bloomberg on January 4.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-PLA: PLA TROOPS CONDUCT EXERCISES IN HIGH PLATEAU AT HIGH ALTITUDES
i) China Youth Daily (January 4) reported that officers and soldiers from the Shannan Military Division in Tibet had recently conducted a rigorous air-ground integrated fire strike drill in an unfamiliar plateau area at an altitude of 4,700 meters. Aimed at testing the plateau border defence forces' capabilities under extreme conditions, the exercise included multi-dimensional penetration of "enemy" positions by dividing troops into three groups. The drill, covering more than 300 kms, emphasized collaborative combing capabilities, command communication links, and showcased advances in offensive combat techniques, including close range shooting, bombing, and precision strikes carried out by unmanned attack attack groups. ii) The state-owned CCTV (December 19) disclosed that a recruit battalion of the PLA Strategic Support Force (PLA SSF) organized more than 500 officers and soldiers to conduct comprehensive field training as part of a comprehensive winter field exercise began. It said the field training is not only a concentrated test of the new training results, but also an important test of the will and quality of the officers and soldiers. This training closely followed the actual combat background. Each soldier carried 15 kilograms of equipment, carried out a 30- kilometer motorized march, and a 30-kilometer mountain march. It said all officers and soldiers acted according to the orders and overcame the cold weather and other difficulties and comprehensively sharpened their excellent combat style and practical capabilities.

Jan 2024

CHINA-TIBET: WORLD'S LARGEST WIND POWER FARM OPERATIONALISED IN NAQU, TAR
The state-owned CCTV (January 1) disclosed that on January 1, 2024, the Naqu Omatingga 100 MW wind power project, the world's largest wind power plant in ultra-high altitude areas, officially commenced operations. The project, featuring 25 wind turbines with a single capacity of 4 MW each, has a total installed capacity of 100 MW and covers an area of 140,000 square meters. With an annual output of 200 mn kilowatt hours, the wind farm meets the electricity needs of approximately 230,000 people in Nagqu City, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 200,000 tons and contributing to sustainable energy devp on the plateau. It added that currently there are more than 50 new energy projects under construction or about to be started on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

Jan 2024

CHINA-TIBET: TIBETAN AUTHORITIES CELEBRATE 130TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF MAO
Chinese authorities in Tibet forced locals to celebrate the 130th anniversary of Mao Zedong’s birth on January 2, crediting him with “the peaceful liberation of Tibet” in 1950. Radio Free Asia (RFA) claimed a young Tibetan in Lhasa said officials used Mao’s birthday “to spread false information and distort facts about Tibet’s past history, in the hope of making the Tibetan people believe this disinformation.” He said, “Chinese authorities use and disseminate pictures of poor, underprivileged Tibetan families from the 1940s and 1950s at these events to make it seem like the whole of Tibet at the time was poverty-stricken and in the same condition.” He also told RFA that Chinese authorities were again promoting the idea that the Dalai Lama in 1951 signed the “17-Point Agreement” with Beijing and had promised Mao in a telegram he would abide by it. Tibet Policy Institute director Dawa Tsering said the forced celebrations for Mao seemed particularly twisted given many Tibetans know some of the worst atrocities against their forebears occurred under his rule. Nyima Woeser, a researcher at the Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy, which is based in Dharamsala, India, added that more than 1 million Tibetans are estimated to have been killed at the hands of Chinese “oppressive policies” in Tibet since Mao’s 1950 invasion.

Jan 2024

CHINA-TIBET: US COMPANY THOMAS FISHER SCIENTIFIC STATES IT NO LONGER SELLS DNA-BASED HUMAN IDENTIFICATION PRODUCTS IN TIBET
The Wall Street Journal and International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) on January 3, 2024, quoted the Waltham, Mass.-based Thermo Fisher Scientific as saying it no longer sells certain DNAbased human-identification products in Tibet, building on a similar halt of sales to China’s Xinjiang region of technology that human-rights groups allege can be misused by local police forces. The company didn’t say whether either regional action will affect its business in other parts of China. Human-rights groups have long alleged that products from Thermo Fisher have been used for such purposes by police in the country. (Comment: China maintains the world’s biggest DNA database as a feature of its hightechnology monitoring of a population of 1.4 billion people.)

Jan 2024

CHINA-PAKISTAN: 629 PAKISTANI WOMEN AND GIRLS SOLD TO CHINESE MEN
Al Jazeera (January 3) quoted an AP report that 629 Pakistani women and girls had been sold to Chinese men in the past 2 years.

Jan 2024

CHINA-MYANMAR: MYANMAR'S NATIONAL UNITY GOVERNMENT (NUG) RELEASED 10-POINT 'POSITION ON CHINA' WHICH SUPPORTS TAIWAN AS INALIENABLE PART OF CHINA
Nikkei Asia (January 3) reported that Myanmar's shadow National Unity Government (NUG), released a 10-point "Position on China" on January 2 indicating that it is ready to work with China on a range of issues, such as promoting direct investment in Myanmar and combatting cross-border crime. The document included support for the "One China" principle, which states that Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. Up to this point, the NUG has not publicly made any gestures toward the Chinese government. This move appears to seek to apply pressure on Myanmar's military government, which has drawn closer to Beijing.

Jan 2024

CHINA-RUSSIA: RUSSIAN IMPORTS OF HIGH-PRECISION CNC TOOLS HAVE RISEN BY 57 PER CENT SINCE START OF THE UKRAINE WAR
The Financial Times (January 2) reported that Chinese shipments to Russia of an important class of advanced machine tools have increased tenfold since the full-scale invasion of Ukraine, with the country’s producers now dominating trade in high-precision “computer numerical control” devices vital to Moscow’s military industries. It said the rise in shipments of CNC units, which permit extremely precise metal milling, have become a major concern to Ukraine’s allies as they seek to crack down on Russia’s access to the equipment. Russian customs returns show Chinese producers shipped $68mn worth of CNC tools in July, the latest verifiable figure available, up from just $6.5mn in February 2022 when Moscow launched the full-scale invasion. The customs returns show Chinese-origin CNC devices made up 57 per cent of Russian imports by value in July, up from just 12 per cent before the war. They suggest Moscow also continued to import substantial amounts of CNC tools made in Taiwan and South Korea. It identified Wuhan Huazhong Numerical Control, which was the main contractor in a “Brain Switch Project” and has worked with Chinese jet fighter maker Shenyang Aircraft Corporation in 2017 as one of the suppliers.

Jan 2024

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING TO VISIT VIETNAM ON DECEMBER 12-13, 2023
Chinese President Xi Jinping is scheduled to visit Vietnam on December 12--13, 2023. This will be Xi Jinping's third visit to Vietnam. (Comment: Chinese President Xi Jinping earlier visited Vietnam in 2015 and 2017. 2023 marks the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between China and Vietnam. Vietnam is China’s biggest trading partner in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. China registered US$2.92 billion in direct investment in Vietnam over the first nine months of the year, 94.9 per cent higher than in the first three quarters of last year, according to Vietnam’s Ministry of Planning and Investment.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA'S THREE NEW ECONOMIC COMMISSIONS AND LEADERSHIP AFFILIATIONS
China has three new economic/finance committees under the Party’s aegis. Two are old and one is new, but all have the word “central” in their titles. The European Think-Tank Marco Polo analysed the entities as follows: First, the Central Finance and Economic Commission (CFEC). Helmed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, it’s the oldest commission that’s been around since the 1980s. When it convenes, it sets the big picture and ideological direction on the economy. What happens here gets enshrined in Party documents, like Xi’s 2015 supply-side reforms. Second, the newly established Central Finance Commission (CFC). Sitting just below the CFEC, the CFC ostensibly controls the banking regulators and makes decisions on capital allocation. While Premier Li Qiang leads the CFC, Marco Polo is uncertain whether that actually means he’s more empowered. Third, the Central Finance Work Commission (CFWC). It got a second lease on life after it was put on ice in 2003. Its original mission was to break up interest groups and it will likely serve similar disciplinary functions in this incarnation. Vice Premier He Lifeng is the “enforcer-in-chief” leading the CFWC. Marco Polo said: "He Lifeng’s place on all three commissions (director x 2, chair x 1) and his long-time relationship with Xi Jinping all but confirm his rise as a top confidante on economic affairs. We know that when it comes to personnel, Xi puts a premium on personal trust. So just how close are Xi and He Lifeng? Close enough that He was invited to Xi and Peng Liyuan’s wedding in 1987. They became comrade-in-arms during the 80s when both served in Xiamen. Xi deferred to He on economic matters even then, and when he started climbing the political ladder, Xi never left He behind. During their Xiamen tenure, He introduced Xi to his graduate mentor Deng Ziji, a scholar known for advocating state-led economics. Deng Ziji shaped China's 1994 tax reform and influenced Xi, He, and former Finance Minister Liu Kun. Xi and He have publicly credited Deng’s influence. As a close Xi ally, He will have Xi’s ear in coming years. His influence can already be seen in the seven State Council appointments he has shepherded through, including NDRC head Zheng Shanjie. This likely sets up Zheng as He’s successor to the Vice Premiership in 2027. While He may have Xi’s ear, who has He’s ear is just as important. But that might be harder to come by these days as “fincrats” (finance technocrats) in the bureaucracy have been depleted. Nearly 80% of officials with finance backgrounds left the Central Committee (CC) in 2022. To compensate for the dearth of fincrats on the CC, Beijing has brought in personnel like Wang Jiang as deputy director of CFC and CFWC. His experience includes cleaning up the 2023 Everbright debt crisis, which will come in handy in dealing with property/local debt problems. So, it looks like it’s going to be “He said, Xi said” on economic affairs for the foreseeable future. He has also clearly taken on the US-China economic portfolio, so we will be seeing a lot more of him. It has taken about a year for the new economic team to be put in place. Now it’s done; can they effectively manage the risks to China’s financial system and reboot growth?" (Comment: CCAS analysis is that the following are closely affiliated to He Lifeng and owe their rise to him: (i) Lan Fo'an - Finance Minister; Li Yunze - NFRA Director; Luo Wen - SAMR Director; Pei Jinjia - Veteran Affairs Minister; Tang Dengjie - Civil Affairs Minister; Wang Xiaohong - Public Security Minister; and Zhang Shanjie - NDRC Director.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENT: LI HONGXIN APPOINTED NEW DIRECTOR AND GENERAL MANAGER OF CHINA AERO ENGINE GROUP CO. LTD
The official WeChat account of the China Aviation Development Corporation on December 7, announced that the CCP CC's Organisation Department had appointed Li Hongxin as Director, General Manager and Deputy Party Secretary of China Aero Engine Group Co., Ltd.

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENT: ZHU BIXIN APPOINTED NEW HEAD OF COSCO
On December 6, the China Ocean Shipping Group Co., Ltd. held a leadership team (enlarged) meeting and announced that the CCP CC Organisation Department had approved the appointment of Zhu Bixin as the Director, General Manager and Deputy Party Secretary of China Ocean Shipping Group Co., Ltd.

Dec 2023

SENIOR APPOINTMENT: XI GUOHUA APPOINTED NEW SECRETARY OF CITIC GROUP PARTY COMMITTEE BY CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT
On December 6, the CCP CC Organization Department announced that Xi Guohua will be appointed Secretary of the Party Committee of CITIC Group Co., Ltd., a Fortune 500 company. He has been working in the field of railway construction in his early days. He has worked at CRRC for 20 years. (Comment CITIC, formerly known as the China International Trust and Investment Corporation was founded by Deng Xiaoping and as of June 30, 2023, CITIC Limited's total assets reached RMB 10,976.3 billion.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENT: CHEN FUKUAN APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY OF TIANJIN MUNICIPAL PARTY COMMITTEE
The "Tianjin News" on December 7, reported that the CCP CC had approved the appointment of Chen Fukuan as Deputy Secretary of the Tianjin Municipal Party Committee. He no longer serves as Secretary of the Tianjin Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection. (Comment: In the early days, Chen Fukuan served in the Shanghai Public Security Bureau. In 2003, he was appointed as a member of the Party Committee and Director of the Political Department of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau. In November 2011, he served as deputy prosecutor general and deputy party secretary of the Shanghai People's Procuratorate. In January 2016, Chen Fukuan was appointed director of the 10th Discipline Inspection and Supervision Office of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and in October 2016, he was transferred to the Standing Committee of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee and Secretary of the Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection. In 2021, Chen Fukuan was transferred to the Standing Committee of the Tianjin Municipal Committee and Secretary of the Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection, and later served as Director of the Municipal Supervisory Committee.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENT: GE QIAOHONG APPOINTED GENERAL MANAGER CHINA GRAIN RESERVES MANAGEMENT GROUP CO. LTD
Beijing Daily (December 7) reported that on December 7, an enlarged meeting of the leadership group of the China Grain Reserves Management Group Co. announced that the CCP CC Organisation Department had approved the appointment of Ge Qiaohong as the Director, General Manager and Deputy Party Secretary of China Grain Reserves Management Group Co., Ltd. Ge Qiaohong had previously served as Secretary of the Jiaozuo Municipal Party Committee, Henan Province. Ge Qiaohong is an Alternate Member of the 20th CCP Central Committee.

Dec 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: HONGKONG PRO-DEMOCRACY ACTIVIST AGNES CHOW GOES INTO SELF-EXILE IN CANADA
The Wall Street Journal (December 5) reported that Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Agnes Chow said she was exiling herself in Canada after getting her passport back from police in return for taking a patriotic trip to China. Agnes Chow, who is on police bail while under investigation on suspicion of national-security crimes, said she was taken to Shenzhen to the Tencent headquarters to enable her "to understand the great development of the motherland." She said "I have never denied China's economic development. But how can such a powerful country send people who fight for democracy to prison, restrict their freedom of movement, & even require them to go to mainland China and visit patriotic exhibitions in exchange for their passports?" The Hong Kong government condemned Agnes Chow going into exile in Canada and stressed it will “spare no effort in bringing her to justice in accordance with the law.”

Dec 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: CDIC ANNOUNCED THAT TWO OFFICIALS OF DEPUTY MINISTER-LEVEL WERE DISMISSED AND EXPELLED FROM THE CCP THE SAME DAY
The Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) and the State Supervision Commission posted on its website on December 7, that Li Jinzhu, former member and Deputy Director of the Standing Committee of the Shaanxi Provincial People’s Congress, was expelled from the party for serious violations of discipline and law; and Qu Min, former member of the party group and Vice Chairman of the Heilongjiang Provincial Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, was expelled from the party and public office for serious violations of discipline and law. It added that the two deputy ministries were dismissed and dealt with on the same day.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: HU HEPING, DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF CCP CC PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT EMPHASISES AUTHORITY AND DIGNITY OF CONSTITUTION
Hu Heping, Deputy Director of the Central Propaganda Department in charge of daily work, published an article in the People's Daily (December 7) captioned 'Firmly safeguard the authority and dignity of the Constitution and promote the improvement and development of the Constitution——Excerpts from the speech at the symposium on "Carrying forward the spirit of the Constitution, strengthening the implementation of the Constitution, and providing constitutional guarantees for the construction of a strong country and national rejuvenation". Asserting that "The Constitution is the fundamental law of the country", it said "The Central Propaganda Department adheres to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law, carries out solid and effective publicity and education on the rule of law, deepens the study and publicity and education on the Constitution, vigorously promotes the spirit of the Constitution and the spirit of the socialist rule of law, promotes the in-depth study and implementation of the Constitution by the whole society, and contributes to the construction of a strong country and national rejuvenation."

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCTV CREDITS CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING WITH 'GOING TO GRASSROOTS LEVEL' CAMPAIGN AND 'THEMED EDUCATION'
The state-owned CCTV (December 6 & 7) telecast three reports on December 6 and 7 crediting Chinese President Xi Jinping with launching the "going to the grassroots level" as the "propaganda the party's line, principles, and policies to the grassroots level, investigate and study to the grassroots level, receive letters and visits to the grassroots level, and work on-site to the grassroots level." It noted that at the end of November, a themed education centering on "Four Lower Grassroots" was launched in Gutian County, Ningde City, Fujian Province.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY ARTICLE PUBLISHED ARTICLE ADVOCATING A "SHARED FUTURE IN CYBERSPACE"
The Guangming Daily (December 6) published an article captioned 'Building a community with a shared future in cyberspace will better benefit people all over the world' by Huang Rongsheng, a special researcher at the Research Center for Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era under the Ministry of Education and a researcher at the Southwest University Branch Center of the Chongqing Research Center for Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. The article said since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has grasped the general trend of world development, focused on the future, destiny and common well-being of mankind in the information age, and clearly proposed the important concept of building a community with a shared future in cyberspace. In November 2014, the first World Internet Conference was held in Wuzhen, Zhejiang Province. This year marks its tenth year. In his video speech to the opening ceremony of the Wuzhen Summit of the 2023 World Internet Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the "three major initiatives" and emphasized that "we must deepen exchanges and pragmatic cooperation to jointly promote the construction of a community with a shared future in cyberspace to a new stage" and provide a better future for the world. Internet development governance provides a program of action and points the way forward.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: 'STUDY TIMES' OF CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL PUBLISHED ARTICLE BY ZHANG JUN
The Central Party School's 'Study Times' (December 6) published an article captioned 'Deeply study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law and accelerate the modernization of trial work' by Zhang Jun. He said, in brief, that the report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China outlined a grand blueprint for comprehensively building a modern and powerful socialist country and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese-style modernization. It emphasized "comprehensively building a modern socialist country on the track of the rule of law." General Secretary Xi Jinping issued important instructions on political and legal work in January 2023, requiring persistence in reform and innovation, persisting in carrying forward the spirit of struggle, and striving to promote the modernization of political and legal work.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: CASS PRESIDENT PUBLISHED ARTICLE IN PEOPLE'S DAILY HIGHLIGHTING CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S THOUGHT ON SOCIALISM AS "THE BANNER AND SOUL OF PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE"
Gao Xiang, President, and Party Secretary of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, published an article titled 'Accelerate the establishment of fundamental principles for philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)' on the People's Daily (December 6). Stating that "The prosperity of a country or a nation is always supported by cultural prosperity", he said "since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has put forward a series of new ideas, new perspectives and new judgments around cultural construction in the new era" and hat Xi Jinping's "important exposition on philosophy and social sciences is an important content and integral part of Xi Jinping's cultural thoughts. It points out the way forward for accelerating the construction of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics in the new era, explaining China's path, interpreting China's practice, and constructing Chinese theory." He added "Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the banner and soul of philosophy and social science with Chinese characteristics in the new era".

Dec 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF STATE SECURITY ASSERTS ANTIESPIONAGE LAW TARGETS ONLY A SMALL NUMBER OF ESPIONAGE ACTIVITIES AND WILL HAVE NO EFFECT ON LEGITIMATE ENTERPRISES
China's Ministry of State Security (MoSS) on its official WeChat account posted that the claim that the anti-espionage law worsens the business environment and has a chilling effect on foreign investment in China is “a fallacy”, while the law is designed to “further clarify the boundaries between legal and illegal, reduce uncertainties and assist businesses in operating more effectively in accordance with the law.” It added that “Some ill-intentioned foreign forces are fanning the flames and smearing China by accusing it of generalising national security and creating an atmosphere where normal business activities in China could be labelled ‘spy behaviour’.” It explicitly called out the United States for using the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 to “suppress international competitors” and “concoct dozens of so-called Chinese economic espionage cases”. The MoSS clarified that the anti-espionage law targets a very small number of espionage activities that pose a threat to national security, without focusing on regular business activities. It said the law will have no impact on the “legitimate” investments and operations of foreign enterprises in China, adding “Distorting the lawful investigation of espionage criminal activities as ‘crackdowns on foreign businesses’ is a typical case of concept manipulation and flawed logic.” “And it is clearly an intentional effort to mislead and create confusion to conflate state secrets with trade secrets and forcibly link business activities with espionage.”

Dec 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: PLANS OF CHINA'S PUBLIC SECURITY MINISTRY TO ABOLISH HUKOU IN CITIES WITH OVER 3 MILLION PEOPLE RUN INTO DIFFICULTIES
Reuters (December 7) reported that China's Ministry of Public Security in August called on cities with up to 3 million people to abolish hukou, and those with 3-5 million to significantly relax issuance, but the plan has run into hurdles.

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: TWO TOP EXECUTIVES OF CHINA'S ZHONGZHI ENTERPRISE GROUP MISSING AFTER IT DECLARED ITSELF "SERIOUSLY INSOLVENT"
Foreign Policy (December 5) disclosed that late last month, the Zhongzhi Enterprise Group, a big Chinese wealth management firm, wrote a letter to investors that it had a financial shortfall of up to 260 billion yuan ($36.5 billion) and was “severely insolvent.” The company disclosed that it held assets of around 200 billion yuan (about $27.98 billion) and an estimated 460 billion yuan ($64.37 billion) in liabilities. Caixin (December 4) said on November 25, the authorities opened a criminal investigation into the money management business of Zhongzhi Enterprise Group Co. Ltd. and now, two of its top executives are missing. Zhongzhi is a key part of China’s so-called shadow banking system, or lending that takes place outside of conventional banks. This type of credit proliferates in China, meaning that the government needs to manage the company’s collapse or restructuring even as it determines criminal responsibility for its insolvency. It’s unlikely to be the only shadow banking firm that fails amid the country’s multifaceted economic crisis. (Comment: Shadow banking is a US$ 3 trillion industry in China.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY PBOC GOVERNOR STRESSING MORE EFFICIENT ALLOCATION OF CREDIT
On December 4, the People's Daily published an article by Pan Gongsheng, Governor of the People's Bank of China (PBoC) stressing the points he has been making since the Central Financial Work Conference (CFWC) in late October. He stressed: (i) Credit needs to be allocated more efficiently; (ii) Private-sector property developers need more support; and (iii) The “three major projects” – creating more affordable housing, upgrading urban villages, and building dual-use (leisure and emergency relief) facilities – are keys to overhauling the property sector. Pan Gongsheng also said that “Interest rate levels that are too high or too low are not conducive to stable and sustained economic growth”, thereby indicating the PBoC won’t slash interest rates. He also had some harsh words for the state of the financial sector, saying: (a) “Financial chaos and corruption persist”; (b) “Financial supervision capabilities are weak”; and (c) “There are still many hidden…financial risks.” (Comment: Pan Gongsheng's 'harsh' remarks at (a) echo those made recently by Chinese President Xi Jinping. The remarks at (b) reflect similar recent remarks by Chen Wenqing, Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission to security personnel.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-EDUCATION: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF EDUCATION HAS ORDERED REDUCTION IN CLASS AND HOMEWORK OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BEIJING AFTER THEIR PROTEST
Some junior high school students of Beijing’s largest middle school, NPC Central Chaoyang Branch, due to excessive academic pressure and other issues, issued a long microblogging public complaint against the principal. According to the article, the daily schedule of 12 classes, 7:10 to school, 9:00 p.m. to go home, in the middle of the meal time is too short, there is no self-study time, completely “duck education” and so on. At present, the follow-up parents feedback that the school parents will have been notified, change school dismissal to 8 PM, cancel the stratification of evening class, make evening self-study voluntary study — with no exams and no lectures in the evening." The PRC Ministry of Education has ordered reductions in classwork and in homework [double reduction policy 双减政策] out of concern for student health but actually getting schools to pay attention may not be easy.

Dec 2023

CHINA-EDUCATION: CHINESE PEKING UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON CHICAGO SCHOOL AND 'SCIENTIFICATION' OF AMERICAN POLITICAL SCIENCE
Peking University School of International Relations & Director of the Department of Comparative Politics Wang Weihua published an article on the Chicago School and the “Scientificization” of American Political Science in the Chinese Social Sciences Journal on December 7, 2023.

Dec 2023

CHINA-S&T: XINHUA ANNOUNCES CHINA'S 'FIRST OF A KIND' 4TH GENERATION NUCLEAR REACTOR IN SHANDONG
Xinhua officially reported China's 'First of a Kind' 4th Generation nuclear reactor - the pebblebed High Temperature Gas Reactor, (HTGR) in Shidaowan, Shandong - has finally formally entered commercial service. It has now completed 168 hours (7 days) of continuous operation.

Dec 2023

CHINA-S&T: CHINA DEVELOPS FIRST MEDIUM-SPEED HIGH-POWER AMMONIA-FUELLED LOW-CARBON ENGINE IN DALIAN
The People's Daily (December 7) disclosed that China's first medium-speed high-power ammonia-fuelled engine ignited successfully in Dalian, Liaoning Province, marking China's breakthrough in the related key technologies. It said the ammonia-fuelled engine, featuring low carbon, high safety, and good interchangeability, was independently developed and innovated by China's CRRC Dalian Co., Ltd. (CRRC Dalian) based on its self-developed diesel engine technology. Lin Cunzeng, an official with the CRRC Dalian, said that in the application field of ammonia-fuelled ships, China's technical strength is on par with internationally renowned companies. CRRC Dalian is affiliated with China's top train manufacturer CRRC Corporation. It develops, produces, and exports diesel, electric locomotives, and urban rail cars.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA XINJIANG MILITARY REGION UNITS AND NORTHERN THEATRE AIR FORCE UNIT CONDUCT TRAINING EXERCISE IN HIGH ALTITUDE
i) An Air Defence detachment from the Xinjiang Military District executed a live fire drill at an altitude of 5,000 mtrs to demonstrate intensified troop training and readiness. The recent exercise, part of ongoing efforts to deepen troop preparations and accelerate transformation, took place in the challenging plateau environment. Stationed for training in high-altitude regions, the brigade underwent rigorous tests, evaluating their proficiency in air defence operations amid cold conditions. ii) Recently, a regiment in the Xinjiang Military District made strategic moves to enhance the medical support proficiency of its officers and soldiers. Utilizing cutting edge training methods like realistic battlefield simulations and impromptu special situations, military personnel are undergoing intensive exercises to sharpen their battlefield rescue capabilities. The forwardthinking strategy highlights the importance of comprehensive training in addressing real life scenarios, reinforcing the region's dedication to military preparedness. iii) According to a report of December 4, in a bid to enhance combined capabilities, a PLA Air Force brigade of the PLA Northern Theatre Command recently engaged in rigorous highaltitude training, facing simulated "en planes" and navigating intense confrontations under sirens and radar screens. Adversaries employed altitude drops and electromagnetic interference, prompting swift adaptations. Emphasizing the importance of simulating real battlefield conditions, the leader highlighted surprise tactics and skills sharpening. The high-intensity training in complex environments aims to prepare officers and soldiers for the unpredictable challenges of modern warfare.

Dec 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: 2023 CONDU INTERNATIONAL FORUM HELD IN CONGHUA, GUANGZHOU ON DECEMBER 4-5, 2023
From December 4 to 5, the "2023 Congdu International Forum" was held in Conghua, Guangzhou. President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory message to the forum. The theme of the "2023 Congdu International Forum" is "Multilateralism: More Exchanges, More Tolerance, and More Cooperation." More than 130 guests from political, academic, business and other fields from more than 40 countries participated in the forum, focusing on promoting the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, promoting economic recovery and global cooperation, global challenges and responses, multilateralism and global governance changes, etc. Exchange views and build consensus.

Dec 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG PARTY SECRETARY PRESIDES OVER PROVINCIAL PARTY STANDING COMMITTEE MEETING TO STUDY IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS OF XI JINPING ON OPENING TO OUTSIDE WORLD
Nanfang Ribao (December 7) reported that Guangdong Party Secretary and Politburo member Huang Kunming presided over a meeting of the Provincial Party Standing Committee in Guangzhou on December 7 convened to earnestly convey and study the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech and study the promotion of opening up to the outside world and international communication, regional cooperation, implementation of the Constitution, publicity and education, rural revitalization and other work.

Dec 2023

CHINA-SHANXI: SHANXI PARTY SECRETARY TANG DENGJIE PRESIDES OVER MEETING OF PROVINCIAL PARTY STANDING COMMITTEE
The Shanxi Daily (December 8) reported that Shanxi Provincial Party Committee Secretary Tang Dengjie presided over a meeting of the Provincial Party Committee Standing Committee convened to convey, study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the symposium on inspecting Jiangsu and further promoting the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta in Shanghai. It also studied and strengthened the implementation of the SUPPLY CHAINS, Constitution, the construction of political and legal teams, and ensuring the payment of wages to migrant workers. (Comment: Tang Dengjie was appointed Party Secretary of Shanxi in October 2023.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SHANGHAI: CHU BEIPING, DEAN OF DALIAN MARITIME UNIVERSITY TO BE APPOINTED TO POST IN SHANGHAI MUNICIPALITY
The Organization Department of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee issued a notice on December 7 announcing that Chu Beiping, currently the Vice President of Dalian Maritime University, will take up a full-time position in a Shanghai municipal institution. (Comment: A Han born in May 1972, Chu Beiping is a Doctor of Law and member of the CCP. He was appointed Vice President and a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of Dalian Maritime University in 2018. Dalian Maritime University (formerly Dalian Maritime University) is a national key university under the Ministry of Transport, a national "211 Project" key construction university, and known as the “cradle of navigators" and one of the few maritime colleges in the world with “international reputation” recognized by the International Maritime Organization.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-TIBET: TAR PROPAGANDA MINISTER WANG HAIZHOU TAKES PHOTOGRAPHIC EXHIBITION TO AUSTRIA
The "Harmonious Tibet" photography exhibition was held at the China Cultural Center in Vienna of the European Times on November 30. Wang Haizhou, Propaganda Minister of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and President of the International Cultural Exchange Association; Qi Mei, Chinese Ambassador to Austria; Li Xiade, Foreign Director of the Confucius Institute at the University of Vienna; and Fred Turnheim, Dean of the International Media Institute of Austria, former president of the Journalists Association and senior Austrian journalist, attended and delivered speeches. According to the European Times website, Wang Haizhou said in his speech that Tibet has a long history and unique culture and "Tibetan culture was nurtured in Chinese culture and is an important part of Chinese culture and an important part of the world". He said "the pictures on display today depict a beautiful picture of Tibet's economic development, social progress, improvement of people's livelihood, cultural prosperity, and good ecology in recent years. They reflect the development and changes of Tibet in an all-round, multi-perspective, and three-dimensional way". Fred Turnheim recalled his experience in leading an Austrian press delegation to visit Lhasa and other Tibetan cities in 2007 as the chairman of the Austrian Journalists Association. He said that in the past 16 years, Tibet has definitely undergone further earth-shaking changes. Qi Mei said that today's photography exhibition is a valuable opportunity for everyone "to understand the real Tibet from the perspective of ecological civilization". Qi Mei also briefed the gathering on "a series of facilitation measures recently launched by China to facilitate the exchanges of people between China and foreign countries". On December 4, the delegation went to the Austria- China Friendship Association for discussions and exchanges with Irene Giner-Reichl, the former Austrian Ambassador to China.

Dec 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: OVER 1000 TAIWAN POLITICIANS HAVE VISITED CHINA IN PAST FEW MONTHS ON CUT-PRICE TRIPS SPONSORED BY CHINA
Reuters (December 1) reported that Beijing has sponsored cut-price trips to China for hundreds of Taiwanese politicians ahead of key elections on the island, according to Taiwan sources and documents, and that Taiwan security agencies are looking into more than 400 visits to China in the past month, most led by local opinion leaders such as borough chiefs and village heads. The agencies believe the trips, with discounted accommodations, transportation, and meals, were subsidised by units under China's Taiwan Affairs Office. Officials told Reuters that people taking these trips typically pay their own airfare, but other expenses are offered by Chinese authorities. He disclosed that more than 300 borough chiefs or village heads from populous central Taiwan alone have participated in such trips to China in the past few months. More than 20 borough chiefs from a district of the capital Taipei joined a China-sponsored trip to Shanghai with their families in September, while more than 10 people from an association for local politicians in neighbouring New Taipei City joined a trip this week. It cited one report which said the number from the Taipei district has "increased significantly" compared with elections four years ago and registrations have been "fairly enthusiastic". "Certain borough chiefs have become the window of contacts in Taiwan for some Chinese units." He added that so far this year, more than 1,000 borough chiefs or village heads joined such trips, more than last time, adding China was targeting electoral districts where support was strong for candidates campaigning for closer China ties.

Dec 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINESE CITIZEN WHO CLAIMS TO HAVE WORKED IN INDIA HAS POSTED A MESSAGE ASSERTING THAT THE GAP BETWEEN INDIA AND CHINA WILL ONLY GROW LARGER
Jiangjunling, a citizen of China, who has seen India from close posted (December 7) this article: "Why is China more developed than India despite having the world’s largest population? I'm Chinese, I've worked in India for a while, I've been to some of the cities and villages in India, Personally, I think the gap between India and China will only get bigger, not smaller, in the next 10 to 20 years. First, India missed a golden opportunity to industrialise. From the end of the cold war in 1989 to the global financial crisis in 2008, more than 20 years were the golden age of global economic globalization. Over the past two decades, developed countries in the west have shifted manufacturing to developing countries, China jumped at the chance and India didn't! After the subprime crisis in 2008, western countries had already felt the danger brought by the hollowing out of manufacturing industry, and had strictly controlled the outflow of manufacturing industry. That's when India started to focus on manufacturing, but the good times won't come again. In recent years, India's manufacturing industry has developed, and foreign investment has also entered India. However, foreign investment in India is quite different from that in China. Foreign investment in India is aimed at capturing the domestic demand of India, Foreign investment in China, the purpose is not only to occupy the Chinese market, but to meet the needs of the world! Foreign investment in India, more to meet the Indian government's market access requirements, It is easy to judge that Indian made products are not globally competitive and it is hard to see any Indian made products outside India. Second, India may miss out on a fourth industrial revolution Many people call breakthroughs in high-speed communications, new energy, new materials, life sciences, artificial intelligence and other fields the fourth industrial revolution. But Indians are still keen on IT and have invested little in the fourth industrial revolution. I am not saying India is not investing, but very little, less than one tenth of China. In the future, the level of science and technology will determine the strength of a country, or even the destiny of a country. Third, India's environmental crisis As a Chinese, I have witnessed the destruction of China's environment by industrialization. It is easy to destroy the environment, but difficult to repair it. Today, the annual investment in environmental protection in China far exceeds the sum of education and military expenditure. But it will take generations to repair the environment, and some will never be. Unfortunately, I saw similar environmental damage in India, which has a higher population density and a lower environmental carrying capacity than China. India must solve its environmental problems, which may cause social instability and unrest. Fourth, India's education crisis In particular, inequality in education, Personally, 20% of people in India get a good education, but the quality and environment of education for the other 80% is really bad. Inequality in education leads to inequality in life development, India should pay special to education and invest heavily in it." My Take: The self-proclaimed Vishwaguru is not even a good chela. The Japanese and Chinese copied the Western industrial model, with all its attendant problems, but soon outperformed the Western corporates because they took trouble to understand the West as well as their own strengths. India can't even boast of a competent copy-cat elite. We lack an organic elite class because our heads and minds are deeply colonized. India's colonial elite neither understands the West nor are they rooted in their own culture. (Comment: Details of Jiagjunling's identity are not known, but it is possible he worked in India with a Chinese Company. It could also be part of a disinformation campaign orchestrated by the United Front.)

Dec 2023

CHINA--PAKISTAN: PAK AIR FORCE BEGINS INDUCTION OF CHINESE-MADE JF-17 BLOCK III AIRCRAFT
A report on December 4, stated that the Pakistan Air Force has started to induct JF-17 Block III. Block III has better manoeuvrability, extended range,enhanced combat capabilities, reduction in the aircraft's radar cross-section, by use of composites, and improved avionics. Block 3 has KLJ-7A X-band 3D AESA radar. Chinese state media CCTV claimed the KLJ-7A radar has improved multitargeting capability, increased resilience to jamming, and greater range. KLJ-7A has a maximum range of 170 km possibly for 5 m² target.

Dec 2023

CHINA-EU: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET EU DELEGATION ON DECEMBER 7 FOR FIRST IN-PERSON EU SUMMIT SINCE 2019
(i) Chinese President Xi Jinping met Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, and Charles Michel, Head of the European Council, on December 7, in the first in-person EU-China summit since 2019, in Beijing in a bid to smooth over relations after Brussels warned that it has "tools" to correct a chronic trade imbalance. Xinhua quoted Xi Jinping saying, "China and the EU should be partners for mutually beneficial cooperation" and called for stepping up dialogue to strengthen trust. Xi Jinping also told the EU leaders to steer clear of "various kinds of interference" -- likely a reference to Europe's embrace of the U.S.- led de-risking agenda. Beyond trade, the EU leaders were expected to caution China against circumventing sanctions imposed on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, while urging Beijing to play a more active role in seeking peace in the Middle East. EU officials and analysts said apart from establishing working groups to ease the trade frictions, they did not expect substantial outcomes from the summit. (ii) The state-owned CCTV (December 7) said 'Xi Jinping emphasized that Chinese-style modernization and European integration are strategic choices made by China and Europe each with an eye on the future. China and Europe should respect and support each other, strengthen the docking of development strategies, and achieve common development. The Belt and Road Initiative is an open platform that has brought tangible benefits to more than 150 countries and people in the world. Gifts of roses, hand a fragrance. China is willing to continue to promote high-quality joint construction of the "Belt and Road", including docking with the EU's "Global Gateway" plan, and work together to help developing countries accelerate their development. The two sides should strengthen communication and coordination within multilateral frameworks'. It said 'Michel and von der Leyen said that the EU and China are two major forces in the world and are each other's important economic and trade partners, with increasingly broad areas of cooperation. EU-China cooperation is mutually beneficial and equal. Managing and developing EU-China relations well is directly related to the interests of the people on both sides, and is also related to the prosperity and security of the world. The EU attaches great importance to its relations with China and does not want to decouple from China. It looks forward to developing a long-term, stable, predictable and sustainable relationship with China. It hopes that this EU-China leaders' meeting will inject new impetus into the future development of EU-China relations'. It added 'The EU adheres to the one-China policy. The EU is willing to strengthen communication and enhance understanding with China on issues of disagreement in an attitude of mutual respect, openness and candour. Europe and China share common responsibilities and common interests for world peace and stability. The EU is willing to communicate and collaborate closely with China to safeguard multilateralism, uphold the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, and promote the resolution of hot-spot issues in Ukraine, the Middle East and other regions'. (Comment: China's trade surplus with the EU reached $201 billion in the first 11 months of this year, data released by the Chinese customs office showed on December 7).

Dec 2023

CHINA-EU: ICT URGES EU DELEGATION TO CHINA TO RAISE THE TIBET ISSUE DURING THE 24TH EU-CHINA SUMMIT
The International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) on December 5, urged the European Union to ensure that the resolution of the Tibet-China conflict features on the agenda at the upcoming 24th EU-China Summit, due to take place Dec. 7-8 in Beijing. The President of the European Council Charles Michel and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, accompanied by High Representative Josep Borrell, representing the EU, will meet Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Qiang in two separate sessions. This will be the first inperson EU-China Summit since 2019. The focus will be the state of EU-China relations and international issues, including Ukraine and the Middle East.

Dec 2023

CHINA-MYANMAR: DIRECTOR OF HONGKONG RESEARCH CENTRE DENIED REPORTS OF CHINA'S INTERFERENCE IN INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF MYANMAR
Writing in the Diplomat (December ) Nian Peng, Director of the Hong Kong Research Center for Asian Studies (RCAS), Hong Kong, categorically denied reports that China is interfering in Myanmar's internal affairs and asserted that "China has consistently pursued a policy of noninterference in Myanmar’s internal affairs and has never intervened militarily in the ethnic conflicts in Myanmar. Instead, it has committed to promoting peace talks between the junta and the ethnic armed groups and providing humanitarian assistance to Myanmar refugees". It added "On November 25, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army announced that it would commence actual combat training on the border with Myanmar. The training areas include the cities of Mangshi and Ruili, and Gengma County, and other locations in southern Yunnan, focusing on testing the combat capabilities of the troops in the war zone, such as rapid mobility, border sealing and control, and fire strikes. The exercises aim to prepare for emergencies and safeguard national sovereignty, border stability, and the safety of people’s lives and property”. It clarified that "the purpose of the recent military drill, which concluded on November 28, was to deter both the junta and ethnic armed groups from escalating tensions" and that "it serves as a practical exercise aimed at securing the border in the event of escalated conflict, particularly cross-border air strikes or artillery attacks that could pose a threat to China’s national security". The article emphasised that "the Chinese government has collaborated with the junta instead of the ethnic armed groups to jointly combat telecom scams. Therefore, the assertion that China is assisting ethnic armed groups in cracking down on telecom fraud is incorrect, although China does not oppose their efforts in this regard" It stated in conclusion "China deems it unworthy to interfere in the civil war in Myanmar, as doing so could result in the loss of trade and investment and undermine cordial relations with Myanmar".

Dec 2023

CHINA-CAMBODIA: CHINA'S CMC VICE CHAIRMAN VISITED CAMBODIA AND LAOS
Coinciding with the visit of several PLA warships to Cambodia's Ream Naval Base, the Vice Chairman of China’s Central Military Commission General He Weidong arrived in Cambodia and on December 4, met Cambodia’s leaders including Prime Minister Hun Manet and his father Hun Sen, President of the ruling Cambodian People’s Party. Xinhua said the visit was to promote the “ironclad” friendship between the two countries and two militaries. He also held talks with Defense Minister Tea Seiha to exchange “views on bilateral relations, military cooperation, and international issues of common interest.” He Weidong said “The two militaries have sustained high-level cooperation in the fields including high-level exchange, mechanism building, joint drills and exercises, and personnel training”. He Weidong also said China and Cambodia have been true ironclad friends. General He Weidong is scheduled to later visit Laos. (Comment: Satellite images from the imaging company Planet Labs on December 3 show two vessels, likely corvettes or frigates, docking at the new pier in the base’s center-west.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-EGYPT: CHINA AND EGYPT SIGN MOU ON SPACE COOPERATION INCLUDING SPACE MISSIONS
The People's Daily (December 7) reported that Zhang Kejian, Administrator of the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and Sherif Sedky, Chief Operating Officer of the Egyptian Space Agency (EGSA), signed a memorandum of understanding between the governments of the two countries on space cooperation and peaceful use of outer space and a cooperation agreement between the CNSA and the EGSA on the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS). According to the cooperation documents, both sides will encourage joint researches and development cooperation in a variety of areas including lunar and deep space exploration, development and launch of spacecraft, construction of space infrastructure, satellite data reception and application, the BRICS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation, space science and astronomical observation. They will also collaborate on the joint demonstration and research of the ILRS, space missions, space systems and subsystems, space equipment, ground segments and applications, education and training and capacity building.

Dec 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA'S COMMERCE MINISTRY REACTS TO RECENT U.S. RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS TO SEMICONDUCTORS AND CUTTING-EDGE TECHNOLOGIES
The People's Daily and Huaxia (December 8) Responding to US Commerce Secretary Raimondo’s recent call for measures to restrict China’s access to semiconductors and cuttingedge technologies, and that US will restrict Chinese companies and battery components from receiving electric vehicle tax credits starting next year, China's Ministry of Commerce spokesperson He Yadong said at a regular press conference of the Ministry of Commerce on December 7, that these measures cannot stop China’s development and growth. He said they will only cause American companies to lose the Chinese market and harm their own interests. China will pay close attention to the trends and impacts of relevant US measures and resolutely safeguard its own rights and interests.

Dec 2023

CHINA-US: XIE FENG, CHINESE AMBASSADOR TO U.S. MET YOUNG AND MIDDLE-AGED SCHOLARS AND SAID THE U.S. SHOULD ESTABLISH "CORRECT UNDERSTANDING OF CHINA"
Xinhua (December 6) reported that on December 4, Chinese Ambassador to the United States Xie Feng met with young and middle-aged scholars from the National Committee on U.S.- China Relations' "Public Intellectuals" project. He said that the consensus reached by the China-U.S. Presidential Meeting in San Francisco should be implemented to the letter, and that the United States should establish a correct Understanding of China.

Dec 2023

CHINA-US: US CHAIRMAN OF JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF SAYS HE IS STILL WAITING FOR CHINA'S DIRECTOR OF THE PLA JOINT STAFF DEPARTMENT TO ESTABLISH A COMMUNICATIONS CHANNEL
Bloomberg (December 3) reported that Charles Q. Brown Jr., US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said at a meeting on December 2 in California that he had written to his Chinese counterpart, Gen. Liu Zhenli, to establish lines of communication but hadn’t yet interacted with him directly. Brown said he believes the U.S. still has an edge over China when it comes to cybercapabilities and artificial intelligence. He was quoted saying "As I read our intel, I feel pretty confident about our capabilities across not only cyber but AI and other technologies.” In the context of the Israel-Hamas fighting, Brown said "We’ve been focused on striking at a time and place of our choosing. One of the key goals after the 7th of October was to not let the conflict expand and so we’re being very thoughtful about the approach we take.”

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET BELARUSSIAN PRESIDENT LUKASHENKO IN BEIJING ON DECEMBER 4
Chinese President Xi Jinping met with Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko in Beijing on December 4.

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING INSPECTS (NOVEMBER 28 - DECEMBER 3) SHANGHAI AND JIANGSU
The state-owned CCTV (December 3) disclosed that Chinese President Xi Jinping accompanied by Politburo member and Shanghai Party Secretary Chen Jining and Shanghai Mayor Gong Zheng visited Shanghai from November 28 to December 2. Xi Jinping visited financial institutions, science and technology innovation parks, and affordable rental housing projects to conduct research. On the afternoon of November 28, Xi Jinping went to the Shanghai Futures Exchange for inspection. Xi Jinping emphasized that Shanghai's goal of building an international financial center is correct, the pace is steady, and the future is bright. The Shanghai Futures Exchange must speed up its efforts to build a world-class exchange and make greater contributions to exploring futures regulatory systems and business models with Chinese characteristics and building an international financial center. He then drove to Zhangjiang Science City in Pudong New Area and visited the Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Achievements Exhibition. On the afternoon of November 29, Xi Jinping visited the New Era City Builders Manager’s Home in Minhang District and heard about the local efforts to increase the financing and construction of affordable rental housing and build a multi-level rental housing supply system of "one bed, one room, one suite", Xi Jinping fully affirmed the construction of affordable rental housing, providing housing security for many new residents, young people and frontline workers in Shanghai. On December 1 morning Xi Jinping listened to the work report of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government and affirmed the achievements of various tasks in Shanghai. Xi Jinping pointed out that accelerating the construction of the "five centers" is an important mission assigned to Shanghai by the Party Central Committee. Shanghai should use this as its main direction to coordinate and guide all aspects of economic and social development, adhere to overall planning and coordinated advancement, make breakthroughs in key areas, and lead areas from point to point, so as to continue to improve the city's energy level and core competitiveness. He said it is necessary to strengthen the construction of modern financial institutions and financial infrastructure, implement high-level financial opening up to the outside world, and better serve the real economy, technological innovation and the joint construction of the "Belt and Road". Xi Jinping insisted on the persistent 'use the socialist thought with Chinese characteristics for a new era to focus on the soul, widely practice the core socialist values, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological field, and further strengthen mainstream values, mainstream public opinion, and mainstream values in the intersection and integration of various cultures'. On the morning of December 3, on his way back to Beijing, Xi Jinping, accompanied by Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee Secretary Nobunaga Hoshi and Governor Xu Kunlin, came to Yancheng City to visit the New Fourth Army Memorial Hall. Politburo Standing Committee member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi accompanied Xi Jinping. Li Ganjie, He Lifeng and responsible comrades from relevant departments of the central and state agencies accompanied them to participate in the above-mentioned relevant activities respectively. Responsible comrades of the Central Fifth Circuit Steering Group for Thematic Education attended the reporting meeting.

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER 10TH COLLECTIVE STUDY SESSION OF POLITBURO ON NOVEMBER 27
On November 27, the CCP CC Politburo under the chairmanship of Chinese President Xi Jinping held its tenth collective study session on strengthening the construction of foreignrelated legal systems. When presiding over the session, Xi Jinping emphasized that 'strengthening the construction of foreign-related legal systems is not only a long-term need to comprehensively promote the construction of a powerful country and the great cause of national rejuvenation through Chinese modernization, but also an urgent task to promote highlevel opening up to the outside world and respond to external risks and challenges. From the perspective of better coordinating the domestic and international situations, and better coordinating development and security, we must deeply understand the importance and urgency of doing a good job in foreign-related legal work, and build a foreign-related legal system that is consistent with the requirements of high-quality development and high-level opening up. and capabilities to create favourable legal conditions and external environment for the steady and long-term development of Chinese-style modernization'. Xi Jinping emphasized the need to firmly safeguard the international order based on international law, actively participate in the formulation of international rules, and promote the rule of law in international relations. Huang Huikang, a distinguished Professor of Wuhan University and ex-Head of China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) Legal Department and member of CICC expert committee, explained this issue and put forward work suggestions. Politburo members "listened carefully to the explanation and held discussions". ii) The People's Daily (November 29) published an article titled 'Xi Jinping emphasized at the 10th collective study session of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee: 'Strengthen the construction of foreign-related legal systems and create favorable legal conditions and external environment'. (Comment: Interestingly, the "Regulations on the Work of Foreign Affairs Under the Leadership of the CCP" reviewed by the Politburo on November 27 are in the 2nd (2018) and 3rd (2023) Five-Year plan on intra-Party rules.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA'S POLITBURO MET ON NOVEMBER 27 AND REVIEWED GUIDELINES FOR PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT OF YANGTZE RIVER ECONOMIC BELT
Xinhua, CCTV and the Beijing Review (November 27) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping chaired a meeting of the Politburo on November 27 to review guidelines on policies and measures for further promoting the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The meeting underlined the role of scientific and technological innovation in promoting the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and called for efforts in coordinating the layout and transfer of industries along the Yangtze River. It also said the level of regional transport integration needs to be raised and the security and stability of key national industrial and supply chains should be maintained. The meeting stressed that the regulations on the Party's leadership over foreign affairs are of great significance to the sound implementation of the policies, principles and strategic plans made by the CPC Central Committee on external affairs. It also stressed the need to further strengthen the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over foreign affairs, and accelerate efforts to create a sound system of laws and regulations on foreign-related matters. It emphasized the importance of implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy in the whole process and every aspect of the work relating to foreign affairs. Other matters were also discussed at the meeting.

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING TO VISIT VIETNAM IN MID-DECEMBER
Chinese President Xi Jinping is scheduled to visit Vietnam in mid-December 2023.

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: ZHANG ZHIXIN APPOINTED PARTY SECRETARY OF JILIN PROVINCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND REFORM COMMISSION
The official website of the Jilin Provincial Development and Reform Commission showed that Zhang Zhixin has been appointed as Party Secretary of the Jilin Provincial Development and Reform Commission.

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: WEI SHENGBIN APPOINTED NEW DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF HUBEI
Hubei Daily on December 1, disclosed that the sixth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Hubei Provincial People's Congress decided to appoint Wei Shengbin as Deputy Governor of the Hubei Provincial People's Government. (Comment: Wei Shengbin, a Han, was born in July 1968 and has a postgraduate degree from the Provincial Party School. He is a member of the CCP. Wei Shengbin has been working in Hubei for a long time.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: HU HUOMING APPOINTED SECRETARY OF SHENZHEN MUNICIPAL COMMITTEE OF CYL
According to the "Youth Baoan" WeChat public account of the Shenzhen Baoan District Committee of the Communist Youth League, on December 2, Hu Huoming has been appointed Secretary of the Shenzhen Municipal Committee of the Communist Youth League.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC HEALTH: REPORTS IN CHINA MENTION POSSIBILITY OF ZERO-COVID PERIOD MEASURES AS PNEUMONIA SURGES AMONG CHILDREN
Reports filtering out of China on December 3 mention that as the respiratory illnesses and clusters of pneumonia in children surges in China, some localities have re-launched the health apps and codes created and used during Xi Jinping's signature zero-COVID policy. The reports say a negative PCR test result may be required for those returning to China from a stint overseas (at least in Shanghai).

Dec 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN POLICY: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI TELLS FOREIGN MINISTERS OF JAPAN AND ROK TO PLAY MORE PROACTIVE ROLE IN PROMOTING REGIONAL AND GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
Chinese Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at the 10th Trilateral Foreign Ministers Meeting held at Pusan, ROK on November 26, that China, Japan and South Korea should play a more proactive role in promoting regional and global development facing accelerating changes unseen in a century and the slow recovery of the world economy. (Comment: The meeting and Wang Yi's comments come after the summit between Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Biden earlier this month.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINA MARKS ITS 10TH NATIONAL CONSTITUTION DAY ON DECEMBER 4
CCTV (December 2) noted that December 4, 2023, is the tenth National Constitution Day. It said, 'since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has placed the Constitution in a prominent position in the strategic layout of comprehensively governing the country according to law, attaching great importance to the important role of the Constitution in governing the country'.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: NO DATE SET FOR CCP CC THIRD PLENUM AT POLITBURO MEETING AND IT LOOKS SET TO BE DELAYED TILL NEXT YEAR
Bloomberg (December 1) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping appears set to postpone the Third Plenum, a Party meeting held every 5 years to set China's long-term economic agenda. (Comment: Delaying the meeting to 2024 would be the first time it’s been held in an offschedule year in more than 3 decades.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: SHANDONG, JIANGXI AND OTHER PROVINCES HAVE LAUNCHED SECOND BATCH OF THEMATIC EDUCATION
CCTV (December 2) telecast a report stating that since the launch of the second batch of thematic education on studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, Shandong, Jiangxi and other places have continued to deepen theoretical study, solidly promote investigation and research, promote learning, strive for practical results, and promote Thematic education. It said in the second batch of thematic education, Shandong Province took the form of holding reading classes, giving special party classes, and centralized rotation training to in-depth study of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINA'S '2023 UNDERSTANDING CHINA CONFERENCE' OPENED IN GUANGZHOU ON DECEMBER 2
The opening ceremony of the 2023 Understanding China Conference (Guangzhou) was held in Guangzhou on December 2. Under the theme of "China's New Endeavors amid Unprecedented Global Changes -- Expanding the Convergence of Interests and Building A Community of Shared Future," officials, experts, entrepreneurs, foreign envoys and representatives of international organizations and multinational companies have engaged in discussions and exchanged ideas on some of the most pressing global topics, such as global security and development issues. The Understanding China Conference celebrates its 10th anniversary this year.

Dec 2023

CHINA-CCP: BEIJING DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLES CALLING FOR REFORM OF CHINA'S LEGAL SYSTEM
The Beijing Daily (November 27) published two separate articles on China's legal system suggesting that they were outdated and required reform. One was captioned 'The legal landscape in the era of autonomy since the reform and opening up' by Yu Zhong, Professor at China University of Political Science and Law, and the other captioned 'Why is the Chinese legal system unique?' was by Zhang Wenxian, the Director of the Academic Committee of the China Law Society, a Senior Professor of Philosophy and Social Sciences at Jilin University, and the Director of the Academic Committee of the National Institutional Research Institute of Zhejiang University.

Dec 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: FORMER DEPUTY COMMANDER OF XPCC PROSECUTED
According to a post on December 4, on the official WeChat account of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the former Party Committee Standing Committee and Deputy Commander of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Jiao Xiaoping, former Deputy Commander is being prosecuted on charges of corruption by the Fifth Branch of the Chongqing Municipal People's Procuratorate.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: POLITICAL AND LEGAL AFFAIRS COMMISSION CHIEF CHEN WENQING SAYS SECURITY APPARATUS SHOULD ADDRESS RISKS IN PUBLIC FINANCE
Politburo member and Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission Chen Wenqing said in Jiangxi, says political-legal organs should "address risks in public finance", strengthen "internet governance", contribute to "new development pattern", among other things.

Dec 2023

CHINA-EMPLOYMENT: OVER 3 MILLION CANDIDATES APPLY FOR 39,600 POSITIONS IN CHIINA'S STATE BUREAUCRACY
Caixin (November 27) reported that a record-breaking over 3 million people registered for China’s latest civil service recruitment examination, which started on November 26, illustrating the renewed appeal of job security in the country. The candidates are trying for 39,600 positions in the state bureaucracy next year. CCTV disclosed that according to a post with the National Bureau of Statistics Investigation Detachment in the Ningxia Autonomous Region — the admission ratio is more than 3,500 to one!

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: QIUSHI (DECEMBER 1) PUBLISHED ARTICLE AUTHORED BY THE OFFICE OF THE CENTRAL FINANCIAL WORKING COMMITTEE
An interesting article on "Financial Development with Chinese characteristics", written by the Central Financial Working Committee, Office of the Central Financial Commission, was published in Qiushi (Seeking Truth; 2023/23; December 1) under the caption 'Unswervingly follow the path of financial development with Chinese characteristics'. It elaborates Xi Jinping's speech on Financial Work. It said "General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech is a major innovation and theoretical sublimation of important expositions on financial work. It is an important part of Xi Jinping’s economic thought and an important innovative achievement of Marxist political economics on financial issues. It combines the Communist Party of China’s understanding of the essential laws and laws of finance". The main points in the article are: i) It claims that China learns from West, but also addresses limitations and risks associated with Western models; ii) China's approach highlights attempt to transcend these models, developing a unique path balancing openness and security and building a model; iii) It outlined eight principles of China's comprehensive approach to financial development, and importance of financial sector in national development and said financial work is integrated, not independent from other spheres and values and cannot be seen in isolation; iv) Highlights economic challenges and uncertainty, emphasizes need for stable, innovative, and responsive financial sector; and v) asserts that centralized CCP leadership will only strengthen, not weaken, seen as key to healthy development and critical for economic stability and growth.

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: BLOOMBERG QUOTED PEOPLE'S BANK OF CHINA (PBOC) GOVERNOR PAN GONGSHENG AS SAYING ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION WILL BE A LONG AND DIFFICULT JOURNEY
Bloomberg (November 29) quoted PBoC Governor Pan Gongsheng warning that China's "ongoing economic transformation will be a long and difficult journey, but it’s a journey we must take." He went on to say: "The traditional model of relying heavily on infrastructure and real estate might generate higher growth, but it would also delay structural adjustment and undermine growth sustainability." In discussing China's local government debt problems, he noted that debt is unevenly distributed within the country, saying that economically more advanced regions in central and eastern China will not have a problem repaying their debt. The implication is that the rest will. (Comment: It is possibly one of the few times a very senior official has publicly put both property investment and infrastructure investment in the same "unsustainable" category. Observers say it suggests there is a growing sense that China needs to move away from both as a way of getting debt under control and of making growth more sustainable, which of course would not be the case if infrastructure spending actually benefitted the underlying economy. They feel that the next few years will involve difficult political discussions over how adjustment costs are to be allocated between Beijing and local governments and between the 6-7 relatively healthy provinces and the rest of the country.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: ALIBABA SELLS US$ 20 BN WORTH OF JACK MA'S FAMILY SHARES AND JACK MA LATER FOUNDS NEW COMPANY MARKETING PREPACKAGED FOOD
i) Alibaba’s Jack Ma sold his family-owned shares on November 28, erasing US$ 20 billion from the company’s market value and weakening confidence in China's economy, despite Xi Jinping's efforts to reach out to investors, just before APEC Summit. Analysts are wondering why the shares were sold at this time. ii) Nikkei Asia (November 25) said that Jack Ma, the founder of Chinese e-commerce leader Alibaba Group Holding, has reportedly established a new company that sells prepackaged food. It said corporate data provider Qichacha reported that Jack Ma inaugurated the company in China on November 22, capitalized at 10 million yuan ($1.39 million). The main business involves precooked meals, which have enjoyed growing demand in China due to the stay-athome effect of the pandemic. Jack Ma is said to have observed farming technology in Japan, Europe and Southeast Asia and reportedly visited Kindai University's aquaculture research facility in Japan.

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: INVESTIGATION OF SENIOR OFFICIALS AT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS HAS INCREASED FOURFOLD IN LAST THREE YEARS
Nikkei Asia (November 27) reported that in order to stamp out corruption, investigations of senior officials at financial institutions and government oversight agencies have increased fourfold in the last three years. Concerned about potential destabilising risks, the leadership under Xi Jinping is looking to reduce exposure to risks that could be sparked by corruption.

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S FINANCE MINISTRY UPDATES COUNTY-LEVEL SUPPORT FUND
On November 23, China's Ministry of Finance (MoF) updated the rules for its county-level government support fund. The fund is RMB 410.7 billion in 2023 and the rules were last updated in 2019, before the pandemic dealt a huge blow to local government finances. Two changes stand out in the amended rules: (i) the new rules require counties to prioritize basic social services, in contrast to government salaries in the 2019 version; and (ii) they make it clear that provincial governments are on the hook for county-level government finances and should develop emergency plans for potential risks. (Comment: The fund makes annual transfer payments to over 2,000 county-level governments nationwide. The payments support spending on basic social services (like education and healthcare), government employee salaries, and government operations.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE PUBLICISES NDRC AND FINANCE MINISTRY'S NEW 'GUIDING OPINIONS' FOR GOVERNMENTPRIVATE COOPERATION
The People's Daily (November 27) published an article captioned 'Standardize and implement the new mechanism for cooperation between government and social capital (policy interpretation) ——Deepen the reform of the infrastructure investment and financing system and effectively stimulate the vitality of private investment', which said that 'in order to further deepen the reform of the infrastructure investment and financing system and effectively stimulate the vitality of private investment, the General Office of the State Council recently forwarded the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance's "Guiding Opinions on Regulating the Implementation of a New Mechanism for Government- Private Cooperation" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"). It put forward specific requirements for a new mechanism for cooperation between government and social capital.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: MINISTRY OF STATE SECURITY EXPOSES ANOTHER ESPIONAGE CASE
The Global Times (November 27) said that China’s Ministry of State Security (MoSS) disclosed a new case on November 27 of foreign espionage activities involving the recruitment of a Chinese software developer who provided “technical services.” It said this spy agency used “poisoned” software to conduct cyberattacks and steal secrets from dozens of China’s defense and high-tech enterprises. In a post on its official WeChat account, the MoSS said that Wang, a Chinese engineer in the network technology service industry, was approached earlier this year by a foreign software developer who invited him to configure "digital signature certificates" and "antivirus software tests" for its dozens of software products. Wang was tempted by financial gain and established a cooperative relationship with the developer, providing "technical services" for dozens of its software products. Stating that the foreign developer was in reality an overseas spy agency, it said the software Wang serviced was bundled with specialized Trojan virus programs, which, once activated, could infiltrate and control computers, servers, and other network devices to steal documents, materials, and data. The MoSS said this spy agency used the "poisoned" software to conduct cyberattacks and steal secrets from dozens of China's defense and high-tech enterprises.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: PUNISHMENT FOR ILLEGALLY ACCESSING FOREGN WEBSITES VIA VPN NOW PUNISHABLE BY MINIMUM 3 YEARS IMPRISONMENT
Wenchuan County, Sichuan court official warned (November 25) that using a VPN to access foreign websites is punishable up to 3 years imprisonment in less serious cases, and up to seven in serious cases. It has previously punished by fines, or brief periods of administrative detention.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING INSPECTS HQRS OF EAST CHINA SEA AREA IN SHANGHAI
Chinese President Xi Jinping inspected the East China Sea Area Headquarters of the Armed Police and Coast Guard Corps on November 29. During the meeting, Fu Qiuhua, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and Director of the Shanghai Coast Guard Bureau, and Senior Colonel of the Armed Police Force, left the meeting for unknown reasons.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PLA: PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE IN GONGAR, TAR, INITIATES TRAINING FOR LOCAL MILITIA
Huaxia (November 28) said that recently the People's Armed Forces Department in Gonggar County, Tibet, has recently initiated linked training for the local militia, aiming to create a versatile force proficient in multiple professions. Leveraging the county's unique advantage and diverse landscape, the program emphasizes comprehensive preparedness to address various challenges in today's dynamic security environment. Designed to harness Gonggar County's inherent strengths, the training focuses on building resilience and adaptability.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PLA: PERSONNEL OF YINAT BORDER DEFENCE COMPANY IN XINJIANG STRENGTHEN BORDER SECURITY
In a collaborative effort to fortify border security, officers and soldiers from the Yingat Border Defence Company of the Xinjiang Military District (XMD), along with local police from the Yingat Police Station, recently conducted joint patrols at strategic points in the defence area near the southern foot of the Tianshan Mountains. The initiative aims to enhance the collective strength of military and police forces in the region. Following their arrival at the designated points, the joint patrol team actively engaged in inspections, emphasizing a unified commitment to safeguarding the border.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PLA: 7TH & 8TH COMPANY OF 182 LIGHT BRIGADE OF 76TH GROUP ARMY STATIONED IN QIJIAZHUANG VILLAGE, XINING, QINGHAI
A CCTV military report telecast on November 26 and titled: "The Red Army Company's "Annual Showdown" revealed the 7th and 8th Motorized Rifle Company of the 182nd Light Combined Brigade of the 76th Group Army (Unit 31658) in the report. It revealed the brigade is stationed in Qijiazhuang Village, Huangzhong County, Xining, Qinghai. It identified the Brigade's officers as: Lt Colonel Gao Fei, Lieutenant Colonel Zhang Qiang, Major Zheng Longlong, and 8th Company Commander: Captain Liao Yi.

Dec 2023

CHINA-SHANGHAI: SHANGHAI HOLDS 2023 SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL FRIENDSHIP CITIES COOPERATION FORUM
The People's Daily (December 4) reported that the '2023 Shanghai International Friendship Cities Cooperation Forum' was held in Shanghai on December 1. Representatives of 13 of Shanghai's friendship cities, provinces or states attended the forum.

Dec 2023

CHINA-TIBET: TAR DEPUTY SECRETARY AND GOVERNOR YAN JINHAI TRAVELLED (NOVEMBER 19-28) TO MALDIVES, THAILAND AND MYANMAR
Yan Jinhai, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Autonomous Region and Chairman of the Autonomous Region, led a delegation from the Tibet Autonomous Region to visit the Maldives, Thailand, and Myanmar from November 19 to 28. The stated purpose was 'to thoroughly implement Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy and comprehensively publicize the successful practice and richness of the Party’s strategy for governing Tibet in the new era. Experience, in line with the country’s overall diplomatic situation, and promote extensive exchanges and cooperation under the framework of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative'.

Dec 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: AWARD WINNING HONGKONG JOURNALIST MINNIE CHANG MISSING AFTER VISITING CHINA A MONTH AGO
Fears have been raised after Hong Kong journalist Minnie Chang failed to return since travelling to China for the Xiangshan Forum a month ago.

Dec 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: PLA SORTIES INFRINGING TAIWAN'S ADIZ UP FROM 20 IN 2019 TO 1,737 IN 2022
The Wall Street Journal (November 26) reported that the PLA operated 1,737 sorties that infringed on Taiwan's ADIZ in 2022, up from a mere 20 sorties in 2019. Jets flew over the Taiwan Strait’s dividing line in 2019 for the first time since 1999—and now those median incursions are routine.

Dec 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: PAKISTAN TALIBAN THREATENS TO ATTACK CHINA'S BELT AND ROAD ROUTE UNLESS A 'TAX' IS PAID
The Telegraph (November 27) reported that the Pakistani Taliban has threatened to attack China’s Belt & Road route unless a 'tax' is paid. It noted that Chinese engineers and workers have previously come under attack in Pakistan on BRI/OBOR projects.

Dec 2023

CHINA-VIETNAM: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING IS LIKELY TO VISIT VIETNAM IN MID-DECEMBER
Reuters (December 1) reported that China and Vietnam are working on a possible significant upgrade of their underdeveloped rail links to boost a line that crosses Vietnam's rare earths heartland and reaches the country's top port in the north. Quoting officials and diplomats it said the talks are part of preparations for a possible visit to Hanoi in coming weeks by Chinese President Xi Jinping, which would further confirm Vietnam's increasingly strategic role in global supply chains as major powers including the United States vie to gain influence there. It added that according to a readout published on the Vietnamese government portal on December 1, after China's top diplomat Wang Yi met Vietnamese leaders in Hanoi, the two countries agreed to boost trade ties and promote railways connections. (Comment: Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh had previously called for the upgrade of the railway linking Kunming in southern China to Vietnam's port city of Haiphong in a statement released last month, after China's Commerce Minister Wang Wentao made a rare visit to Vietnam.)

Dec 2023

CHINA-SOUTH CHINA SEA: HEAD OF CHINA'S NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SOUTH CHINA SEA STUDIES COMMENTED ON DISPUTE WITH PHILIPPINES
Dr. Wu Shicun, Chairman of the Academic Committee, National Institute for South China Sea Studies, commented on the South China Sea issue on November 27. He said:The Philippines' South China Sea policy has become more provocative under the new president, influenced by the U.S. and domestic politics. In fact, Philippine military is a part of elite contingents developed and supported by the U.S. The Philippines also underestimated China’s resolve and capabilities to take necessary countermeasures. 2. The U.S. plays a significant role in the provocations, aiming to leverage its allies and partners to ease pressure and share the costs of maintaining hegemony. Non-regional involvement becomes an important lever for the U.S. to contain China, activating and enhancing its alliance system. 3. In the future, China and the Philippines face two hurdles in stabilizing relations –– the South China Sea issue and the U.S. influence. The U.S. seeks to widen disputes and create a rift between the two nations as part of its South China Sea policy. 4.U.S.-led militarization of the South China Sea has become the biggest negative factor weighing on peace and stability in the region. In the future, there may be so-called “joint patrols” in the South China Sea, all clearly targeted at China. 5. Despite the strong interference from non-regional countries, the overall situation in the South China Sea remains stable and controllable. The likelihood of a major conflict between China and the U.S. or other non-regional countries in the South China Sea is low, as the two countries have put in place mature crisis management mechanisms. 6. In response to non-regional countries’ increasing interference in the South China Sea, China should: First, continue to enhance capacity building. China is not powerful enough, otherwise other countries would be deterred from taking provocations. Second, facilitate Code of Conduct (COC) consultations and yield more substantial outcomes. Third, promote pragmatic maritime cooperation and enhance mutual trust.

Dec 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE AND RUSSIAN BUSINESS EXECUTIVES DISCUSS BUILDING UNDERGROUND TUNNEL AS ALTERNATIVE TO THE BRIDGE ACROSS THE KERCH STRAIT
The Washington Post (November 24) disclosed that Russia and China's Chinese Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC), which has built many of the largest road and rail networks in China, are discussing plans to build an underwater tunnel connecting Russia to Crimea to bypass the 11-mile bridge across the Kerch Strait which is vulnerable to attacks by Ukraine. The tunnel is estimated to cost US$ 5 billion and take many years to build. CRCC said in an intercepted email on October 4, that it is “ready to ensure the construction of railway and road construction projects of any complexity in the Crimean region.” It quoted U.S. officials and engineering experts who said work of such magnitude, probably costing billions of dollars and taking years to complete, has never been attempted in a war zone. The project would also pose political and financial risks for China, which has never officially recognized Russia’s annexation of Crimea, and whose companies could become ensnared in economic sanctions that the United States and the European Union have imposed on Moscow. It said, however, that intercepted emails indicate that one of China’s largest construction companies has signaled its willingness to participate.

Dec 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA'S SOUTHERN THEATRE COMMAND ON DECEMBER 4, ACCUSED US NAVY LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP OF "ILLEGALLY" ENTERING REN''AI REEF AREA IN NANSHAO
The Southern Theatre Command, Air Force Colonel Tian Junli, spokesman for the Southern Theatre Command, said that on December 4, the USS Giffords littoral combat ship illegally entered the vicinity of Ren'ai Reef in Nansha, China, without the approval of the Chinese government. In the sea area, the Southern Theatre Command of the Chinese People's Liberation Army organized maritime forces to follow and monitor the whole process. He said the United States has deliberately disrupted the South China Sea, seriously violated China's sovereignty and security, severely undermined regional peace and stability, and seriously violated international law and basic norms governing international relations.

Dec 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE PRESIDENT AND CHINESE NEWSPAPERS CONDOLE DEATH OF HENRY KISSINGER
Quite unusually, Xinhua (November 30) said that Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a condolence message to US President Joe Biden stating that “Kissinger made historic contributions to the normalization of China-U.S. relations, which has not only benefited the two countries, but also changed the world” and that “Kissinger will always be remembered and missed by the Chinese people. ii) The Guangming Daily (December 2 published on its front page an obituary for former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger who died on November 29 at the age of 100 under the caption 'Kissinger: An unreplicable life, wisdom worth passing on'.

Dec 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENT A CONGRATULATORY LETTER TO THE WORLD CONFERENCE ON CHINA STUDIES
Chinese President Xi Jinping on November 24 sent a congratulatory letter to the World Conference on China Studies -- Shanghai Forum.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONGRATULATED THE NEW ARGENTINIAN PRESIDENT
According to CCTV (November 21) Chinese President Xi Jinping called Javier Milay to congratulate him on his election as President of the Republic of Argentina.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SPOKE VIA VIDEO CONFERENCE TO BRICS LEADERS
Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke at a videoconference (November 21) with leaders of the BRICS countries to discuss the crisis in Gaza. It was Xi Jinping's first public speech on the issue. He largely repeated the points made by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi at his recent meeting with Arab and Muslim leaders. According to the China Daily (November 21) the main points made by Xi Jinping were calling for: (i) A ceasefire; (ii) An international peace conference with a “greater scale, scope, and effectiveness”; (iii) A two-state solution; (iv) The release of all hostages/prisoners; and (v) The maintenance of unimpeded humanitarian corridors. Xi Jinping also highlighted that China had provided USD 2 million in emergency humanitarian assistance and would provide an additional RMB 15 million (USD 2.05 million) worth of humanitarian supplies. (Comment: By comparison, by end October, the US had pledged USD 100 million to Palestine, while Canada and Germany had provided USD 50 million each).

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER TAKES OVER AS HEAD OF CHINA'S CENTRAL FINANCIAL COMMISSION
Xinhua (November 21) announced that Chinese Premier Li Qiang had taken over as chief of the Central Financial Commission, a Communist Party body that oversees China’s $62 trillion financial sector. (Comment: Of the 10 major new Party commissions that have been established since Xi took power, this is the first that Xi Jinping has not headed (with perhaps the exception of the recently created Central Commission for Science and Technology, whose membership is still not known.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG'S ADDRESS AT G-20 VIRTUAL SUMMIT IN NOVEMBER 22
The People's Daily (November 24) reported that while addressing the Virtual G20 Leaders' Summit on November 22, Chinese Premier Li Qiang underlined the necessity for Group of 20 members to prioritize cooperation over development and expedite efforts in promoting strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy. He said with the road to global economic recovery remaining challenging, China is willing to work with all parties to uphold the original aspiration of cooperation, respond to the call of the times, and forge ahead to create a better future for humanity. He reiterated Beijing's opposition to the politicization of development issues and overstretching the concept of security to these issues, saying that more pragmatic measures must be adopted to implement the consensus reached at the New Delhi summit in September. He called for closer coordination to revitalize multilateralism, strengthen macroeconomic policy cooperation and further accommodate the concerns of developing countries in the reform of international organizations such as the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund. Li Qiang emphasized that history has repeatedly proved that an open world economy thrives, while a closed one declines, adding that China will continue to work together with all parties in an open and inclusive manner to make greater contributions to global economic recovery, global development and prosperity. The summit, chaired by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was held to take forward the key outcomes and action points from the New Delhi summit as well as review developments since then, according to the G20 website. India holds the G20 presidency until Nov 30.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG TO DELIVER KEYNOTE SPEECH AT CCPIT ORGANISED FIRST CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY CHAIN PROMOTION
Zhang Shaogang, Vice Chairman of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT), announced on November 24, that Chinese Premier Li Qiang will attend the opening ceremony of the first China International Supply Chain Promotion Expo and the Global Supply Chain Innovation and Development Forum held in Beijing on November 28 and deliver the keynote speech.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG INSPECTED HEILONGJIANG AND JILIN PROVINCES
Chinese Premier Li Qiang inspected Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces on November 16-17, 2023. The People's Daily (November 17) said in Heilongjiang, Li Qiang went to a thermal power plant in Heilongjiang to learn about the local heating situation. He called for all-out efforts to keep people warm in the winter while lowering energy consumption. At the Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, he encouraged people to continue to work hard in education, scientific research, and other aspects. Li Qiang also visited an agriculture machinery company in Heilongjiang, where he urged all parties to pool their resources to accelerate mechanized and intelligent development of agriculture production, and the development of Shenzhen (Harbin) Industrial Park. Inspecting the AVIC Harbin Aircraft Industry Group Co., Ltd., Premier Li Qiang expressed the hope that the company would break through key core technologies to manufacture world-class helicopters.” In Jilin, Li Qang visited a pharmaceutical company and a satellite company. Visiting a research institute at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Changchun, he urged efforts to accelerate the research and development of photoelectric technology and the transformation of academic achievements. At the China FAW Group, he heard reports on new-energy vehicle project developments and encouraged the company to equally emphasize independent research and development and joint research to make breakthroughs. He also visited a beef processing enterprise. Li Qiang also chaired a symposium on the reform and development of state-owned enterprises and listened to the speeches of some heads of central enterprises and local stateowned enterprises. He pointed out that the current domestic and international situation has undergone profound changes, which has put forward new requirements for the reform and development of state-owned enterprises. He said it is necessary to "deeply understand the important missions of state-owned enterprises in the new era" and give full play to technological innovation, industrial control, and security support, and "make state-owned enterprises stronger, better and bigger in the process of reform and innovation". He said at the same time it is necessary to "promote the common development of private enterprises, as well as small and micro enterprises.”

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER AND NPC CHAIRMAN ZHAO LEJI MET RUSSIAN DUMA PRESIDENT VOLODIN IN BEIJING ON NOVEMBER 21
China's Chairman of the National People's Congress (NPC) and PBSC member Zhao Leji held talks with the Chairman of the Russian State Duma, Vyacheslav Volodin at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 21, 2023, where they called for enhanced exchanges between the legislative bodies of the two countries.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI PRAISES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S RECENT VISIT TO THE U.S.
CCP Politburo member and Chinese Foreign Minister praised Chinese President Xi Jinping's recent visit to the US. In a 5,000-word long article published on the MoFA website on November 18, he praised Xi Jinping’s trip for demonstrating “the demeanor of a leader of a major power” and “the political responsibility and strategic courage of a leader of a major power”. He said it was “another successful practice of Xi Jinping’s diplomatic thoughts.” Wang Yi said that in his diplomatic work with the United States, "Xi Jinping not only pays attention to enhancing the friendship between leaders, but also makes friends from all walks of life, giving China's major- country diplomacy a style of common sense, sincerity and amity." Wang Yi pointed out, "This visit is another successful practice of Xi Jinping's diplomatic thoughts and a "big move"; by President Xi Jinping to manage relations between major countries."This visit once again proves that no matter how the international situation changes, President Xi Jinping always takes a lofty vision, strong determination, and outstanding wisdom to guide China's diplomacy to overcome difficulties and move forward courageously, creating a proactive and favourable external environment for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation." He finally emphasized "We must deeply study and understand Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, and under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, and guided by head-of-state diplomacy, we must continue to create a new situation in major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics."

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: VICE PREMER ZHANG GUOQING EXHORTS CENTRAL SOES TO HELP XINJIANG ENTERPRISES INTEGRATE WITH SUPPLY CHAINS AND IMPROVE LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Inspecting (November 20 - 22) the Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region, Politburo member and Vice Premier Zhang Guoqing called on centrally-administered state-owned enterprises (SOEs) to make further efforts to assist Xinjiang, helping it to better serve and integrate into the country's new development paradigm. He encouraged central enterprises to carry out allround, multi-field and in-depth cooperation with Xinjiang's enterprises and promote the deep integration of Xinjiang's enterprises into the industrial and supply chains. He said Central enterprises should make efforts to help improve local infrastructure and public services and create job opportunities through specific projects.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: GAO ZIWEI APPOINTED PARTY SECRETARY OF YAN'AN UNIVERSITY IN SHAANXI
The Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee decided on November 20, that Gao Ziwei will be appointed as the Secretary of the Party Committee of Yan'an University. Gao Ziwei, a Han, was born in March 1966. He is a member of the CCP, Doctor of Engineering, and served as Vice President of Shaanxi Normal University and Vice President of Xinjiang Normal University. he belonged to the ninth batch of cadres from the CCP CC Organization Department to aid Xinjiang. (Comment: Yan'an University is the first comprehensive university named by Comrade Mao Zedong himself and founded by the Communist Party of China.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: MS. JIANG ERXIONG APPOINTED DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF FUJIAN ON NOVEMBER 23
On November 23, the seventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Fujian Provincial People's Congress decided to appoint Jiang Erxiong as Deputy Governor of the Fujian Provincial People's Government.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: LIU HONGBING APPOINTED DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF GUANGDONG
On November 23, the Sixth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Guangdong Provincial People’s Congress appointed Liu Hongbing as Deputy Governor of the Guangdong Provincial People’s Government. (Comment: Liu Hongbing was born in July 1969 and is a member of the Communist Party of China and has a postgraduate degree and a Master of Arts. He has worked many years in the official media.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: TAIWAN'S ACADEMICS ASSESS THAT THIRD PARTY PLENUM LIKELY IN DECEMBER
On November 21, a report commissioned by the Taiwan Mainland Affairs Council from academic circles assessed the date for the Third Plenary Session of the 20th CCP CC and said it may be held in December this year. The theme material of the conference will focus on promoting "Chinese-style modernization" and "common prosperity". "And improve the distribution system. It is expected that the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China will revoke the titles of Qin Gang and Li Shangfu as members of the Central Committee and remove Li Shangfu from his position in the Central Military Commission.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY FIRST SECRETARY OF ACFTU EXHORTING MOBILISATION OF WORKERS FOR PARTYS CENTRAL TASKS
Xu Liuping, the Party Leadership Group Secretary, Vice Chairman, and First Secretary of the Secretariat of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, published an article in the People's Daily (November 22) titled 'Organize and mobilize employees to work together for the Party’s central tasks (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)'

Nov 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC HEALTH: CONCERN AT SPREAD OF PNEUMONIA AMONG CHILDREN
The Wen Wei Po (November 23) disclosed that Xinhua (November 23) had confirmed a recent increase in hospital outpatient and emergency visits and the increase in the number of children with respiratory disease infections in some places. It said the relevant responsible comrades of the National Health Commission were interviewed on November 23 and asked some questions that children's families are concerned about. The authorities recommended "that children with mild symptoms first go to primary medical health institutions, general hospital pediatrics, etc. After a diagnosis and treatment plan is determined at a children's specialist hospital, they can also go to the medical consortium will refer patients to primary medical institutions for followup treatment or home treatment". "According to expert advice, children who have extremely high fever or persistent fever for more than three days, frequent coughing that affects normal life, poor mental status or even drowsiness, increased respiratory rate or difficulty breathing, frequent vomiting, rashes, headaches or convulsions, etc., should be screened. Take your child to the doctor promptly." The World Health Organization (WHO) has also asked China for more information on "clusters of undiagnosed pneumonia" reportedly spreading among children in the north of the country on November 22.

Nov 2023

CHINA-RELIGION: NINGXIA-HUI CLOSES MORE THAN ONE-THIRD OF ITS NEARLY 4000 MOSQUES
Citing separate recent studies by academics Hannah Theaker, of the University of Plymouth, and the University of Manchester’s David Stroup, James Griffiths of the Globe and Mail said (November 22) said China's Ningxia province once had more than 4,000 mosques, but around a third of these have been closed in recent years. China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) did not respond to his request for a comment.

Nov 2023

CHINA-INTERNAL PROTESTS: NIKKEI ASIA REPORTS APPROX 50-70 DEMONSTRATIONS OCCURING EACH MONTH
Nikkei Asia (November 21) disclosed that "around 50 to 70 demonstrations are now occurring monthly, though August saw about 100 worker-led protests, three times as many as the same month a year earlier. Since June 2022, demonstrations have occurred in 276 cities nationwide". It said Freedom House's China Dissent Monitor project tallied 1,777 demonstrations linked to the property sector between June 2022 and October 2023.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: WAGES OF CHINA'S STATE SECURITY AND PUBLIC SECURITY PERSONNEL CUT BY AROUND 20 PER CENT
Radio Free Asia (RFA - November 16) reported that the authorities have reduced wages for public security and national security personnel by about 20 percent. It quoted a well-known dissident in Beijing who did not want to be named for security reasons as telling: "The National Security Bureau told me that they have reduced wages by about 20%. Now they are more polite than before". A human rights activist in Chengdu who did not want to be named for fear of retaliation told RFA: "The national security guards in Chengdu have all had their salaries reduced, with each person receiving a reduction of one to two thousand yuan. No wonder they are now more polite than before. In fact, they have also begun to get dissatisfied with the government, after all, the wage cut affects their interests.” ii) Separately, Radio France International (RFI) reports that there are numerous posts by citizens on Sina complaining about delayed payment of wages and non-payment of wages for up to 8 months. (Comment: This obviously indicates that the Chinese economy is in dire straits. When wage cuts were announced by the NPC across the board for all government ministries and departments from 2020 till 2022, the Ministries of Public Security and State Security were exempt as was National Defence.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-PUBLIC SECURITY: 31,000 SUSPECTS IN TELECOM FRAUD CASES TRANSFERRED FROM MYANMAR TO CHINA
China’s Ministry of Public Security announced on November 21, that 31,000 suspects involved in telecom fraud cases have been transferred from Myanmar to China, marking a significant achievement in the joint efforts to disrupt telecom fraud syndicates.https://

Nov 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: CHINESE DISSIDENT SUN LIN BEATEN TO DEATH BY NANJING STATE SECURITY OFFICIALS
Radio Free Asia (November 21) disclosed that Chinese dissident Sun Lin was beaten to death in China on November 17, when Nanjing state security officers forcibly entered Sun's home. Several guards were injured and copies of Sun Lin's new book were seized. Nanjing police counter-accused that they were injured by Sun Lin. Ten days ago, the National Security Bureau seized Sun Lin’s new book across provinces.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S NEW FINANCE MINISTER LAN FO'AN SAYS BEIJING WOULD BOOST BUDGET SPENDING INCLUDING BY ISSUING US$ 140 BILLION TREASURY BONDS
Financial Times (November 21) reported that China’s new Finance Minister Lan Fo’an told markets what they had been waiting to hear — Beijing would boost budget spending to support a struggling post-pandemic recovery in the world’s second-largest economy. China is to deploy an arsenal of local and central government bonds, including a new Rmb1tn ($140bn) treasury facility — which will push Beijing’s budget deficit up to a two-decade high of 3.8 per cent this year, Lan said, to “maintain fiscal spending intensity at an appropriate level”. But while the message was welcomed by investors, many analysts question just how much budgetary firepower Beijing really has to boost flagging confidence and drive stronger economic momentum. With economic growth slowing and a previous investment-led development model losing steam, tax revenue is under pressure, analysts said. Beijing is also reluctant to borrow more, given that it has huge pools of bad debt to resolve at the local government level. “This is the longer-running story — that fiscal policy has been constrained for the last three to four years,” said Logan Wright, director of China markets research at Rhodium Group. “[And] it’s becoming more and more constrained in terms of what it can actually do.” This year, as the economy struggled to rebound from a downturn wrought by zero-Covid controls in 2022 and a property slowdown, the government responded with incremental easing measures. China is reluctant to increase leverage as it did after the financial crisis in 2008, when it unleashed a Rmb4tn stimulus then worth 13 per cent of gross domestic product.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: NDRC RELEASES PLAN TO BETTER MEASURE CARBON FOOTPRINTS
The NDRC and four other agencies released a plan on November 22 to better measure the carbon footprints of Chinese products. The goal is to create carbon footprint accounting rules and standards for 50 products by 2025 and 200 by 2030. The plan envisions a host of applications for carbon footprint information, including: (i) Benchmarking performance against domestic and international peers; (ii) Creating product certifications; (iii) Identifying areas for improvement in energy efficiency and emission reductions; (iv) Incorporating carbon footprints as a criterion for public procurement; and (v) Encouraging consumers to purchase products with low carbon footprints. Officials are already working on methods to determine the carbon emissions of finished products in key industries. The market regulator (SAMR) is separately working on product carbon emission certifications.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: TWO MAJOR CENTRAL STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES RE-ORGANISED
Xinhua (November 23) announced that China's State Council had approved the reorganisation of China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd. and China Hualu Group Co., Ltd.. The China Hualu Group Co., Ltd. became a holding subsidiary of China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd. and no longer is an enterprise that performs investor responsibilities under the Stateowned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. According to the list of central enterprises of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, China Electronics Technology is ranked 8th and China Hualu is ranked 92nd. (Comment: China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd. is an important state-owned backbone enterprise directly managed by the central government. It is the main force of China's military electronics industry, the national network information team, and the national strategic scientific and technological force. Wang Haibo is currently the Chairman and Party Secretary of China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd., and Chen Ximing is currently the Director, General Manager and Deputy Party Secretary of China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd. Ou Li is currently the Party Secretary and Chairman of China Hualu, and Yin Songhe is currently the Deputy Secretary, Director and General Manager of the Party Committee of China Hualu.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: FORMER PLAAF COMMANDER DING LAIHANG AND PLA ROCKET FORCE COMMANDER ZHOU YANING ARE REPORTEDLY UNDER INVESTIGATION
Radio France International (RFI) on November 9 reported that General Ding Laihang, former PLA Air Force Commander and current member of the National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee and Deputy Chairman of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission, is being investigated. It said that Ding Laihang was apparently involved in a project corruption case at the Xijiao Airport in Beijing. Xijiao Airport is a military airport located in Haidian District, Beijing. It is a dedicated airport for national leaders to go out from Beijing, and astronauts to return to Beijing from space. It said while the rumours about Ding Laihang are unconfirmed, however, at the National People’s Congress Standing Committee meeting last month, Ding Laihang and former Rocket Force commander Zhou Yaning (currently member of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee and Deputy Chairman of the National People’s Congress Foreign Affairs Committee) were both absent for unknown reasons.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: XINJIANG MILITARY REGION'S BORDER DEFENCE COMPANY AND HEWEITIAN BORDER DEFENCE COMPANY FOR FIRST TIME CONDUCT JOINT PATROLLING AT HEIGHT OF NEARLY 6000 METRES
The PLA Daily (November 20) said that the Xinjiang Military Region's Border Defence Company and Heweitan Border Defence Company for the first time jointly patrolled new heights at 5,418 mtr in the snowy peaks of Shenxianwan and entered the "winter defense tense" stage. It said they received "ample supplies, warmer barracks, and comfortable new patrol uniforms" for the winter season. The fully open border postal route ensures a steady flow of "warm currents" to the posts, mitigating the harsh cold. It added that in recent years, "batches of officers and soldiers born in the 1990s and 2000s have gone to Shenxian Bay, Tianwen Point, Hewei Beach and other snow-capped mountains with an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, becoming a new force in defending the country and guarding the border". The Border Defence soldiers at these posts have been provided "new patrol cold-proof clothing" and "new oxygenenriched training room" for better protection in winter. The use of state of the art cold-proof, waterproof, and wind-proof equipment further enhances the effectiveness of combined patrolling efforts. It said coordinated training emphasizes tactical subjects for rapid response, incorporating modern patrol cars and third-gen Warrior vehs to shorten foot patrol times.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA UNIT OF XINJIANG MILITARY REGION ORGANISES 2023 WINTER SEASON MAINTENANCE AND CENSUS OF WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT
The Nanjiang Trumpeter (Nanjiang Qiangjun; November 19) published an article captioned 'Seasonal maintenance gives weapons and equipment a “new look”. The article was authored by the People’s Liberation Army and sponsored by the Political Work Department of the Southern Xinjiang Military Region. It referred to the16th Heavy-duty Combined Regiment of the 6th Combined Division of the Xinjiang Military Region (Unit 69213, LJ46), which organized the 2023 winter season maintenance and census of weapons and equipment. The unit is located on Mengluote Road, Yecheng County, Kashgar Prefecture, Xinjiang.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: REPORTS OF MAJOR FIRE ON PLAN TYPE 0721 LANDING SHIP
According to an unverified Chinese social media report on November 19, there is a massive fire on the Chinese Navy's most advanced 980 hull number Type 071 landing ship (Longhushan). According to social media reports, the ship has just completed sea trials, and has not yet officially entered the Navy. It can still be considered China's most advanced landing ship, and its comprehensive performance ranks among the best ships in the world. Some reports suggest that it could be a military fire drill conducted on the ship. No details have been provided on the location and other information.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: HONGKONG YOUTH MEET PPRC VICE PREMIER AND PBSC MEMBER DING XUEXIANG
PBSC member and Vice Premier Ding Xuexiang, met the Hong Kong and Macao youth representative exchange group "Hong Kong and Macao Youth See the Motherland" in Beijing on November 22.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANHUI: ANHUI PARTY SECRETARY HAN JUN ADDRESSES MOBILISATION MEETING FOR 'TALENT ANHUI TOUR'
Anhui Daily (November 23) publicised that on November 23, a mobilization and deployment meeting for the "Talent Anhui Tour" series of activities was held in Hefei. Anhui Party Secretary and leader of the Talent Work Leading Group of the Provincial Party Committee, Han Jun attended the meeting and delivered a speech. He emphasized that it is necessary to thoroughly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important thoughts on doing a good job in talent work in the new era, fully implement the deployment requirements of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 11th Provincial Party Committee, solidly carry out the "Talent Anhui Tour" series of activities, and further promote the talent development project in Anhui Implement and achieve results, and accelerate the construction of a talent-rich province where talents gather. Wang Qingxian, Governor of Anhui Province and First Deputy Leader of the Provincial Party Committee Talent Work Leading Group, presided over the meeting. He said "We must try our best to "stay", insist on retaining people with love, salary and career, adhere to the organic unity of "for my own" and "for my use", do a solid job in platform docking, resource matching, service guarantee and other work, and further Improve the retention rate of college graduates in Anhui, do everything possible to prevent brain drain, and cultivate talents to take root in Anhui's fertile soil."

Nov 2023

CHINA-GANSU: GANSU PARTY SECRETARY DELIVERED SPEECH AT GANSU PROVINCE IDEOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL PROPAGANDA WORK CONFERENCE ON NOVEMBER 22
Gansu province's Ideological and Cultural Propaganda Work Conference was held in Lanzhou on November 22. Gansu Party Secretary and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress, Hu Changsheng, attended and delivered a speech. He emphasized that 'we must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on Culture, conscientiously implement the spirit of the National Conference on Propaganda, Ideology and Culture, resolutely shoulder the new cultural mission of the new era, and accelerate the construction of a prosperous culture. Strengthen the province and provide strong ideological guarantee, strong spiritual power, and favorable cultural conditions for promoting the practice of Chinese-style modernization in Gansu'. Party Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor Ren Zhenhe presided over the event.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: DELEGATION FROM SHANDONG VISITED GUANGDONG ON INSPECTION
A delegation from Shandong province visited (November 20-22) Guangdong for inspection and exchange. On November 20 morning, Guangdong Provincial Party Committee Secretary Huang Kunming, Provincial Party Committee Deputy Secretary and Governor Wang Weizhong held a working meeting with Shandong Provincial Party Committee Secretary Lin Wu in Guangzhou. They discussed deepening practical cooperation between the two provinces and working together to achieve high-quality in-depth exchanges on development paths. Huang Chuping, Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress, and Meng Fanli, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Secretary of the Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee, attended relevant activities.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HAINAN: HAINAN HOSTED 'CHINA DEVELOPMENT FORUM 2023' ON NOVEMBER 22
The Hainan Ribao (November 22) reported that the "China Development Forum 2023" cosponsored by the Central Committee of the Zhigong Party and the Hainan Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference was held in Haikou on November 22. Jiang Zuojun, CPPCC Vice Chairman and Chairman of the Zhigong Party Central Committee, attended the opening ceremony and delivered a keynote report. CPPCC member and Deputy Secretary-General and Executive Vice-Chairman of the Zhigong Party Central Committee Zhang Endi presided over the opening ceremony. On the evening of November 20, Secretary of the Hainan Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China Feng Fei and Hainan Provincial Governor Liu Xiaoming met Jiang Zuojun and his delegation in Haikou.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HAINAN: DEPUTY PARTY SECRETARY OF HAINAN TELLS CCP MEMBERS AND CADRES TO SHOW GREATER RESPONSIBILITY IN SERVING ENTERPRISES AND PEOPLE
Deputy Secretary of the Hainan Party Committee Shen Danyang pointed out when supervising the development of theme education in Wanning City on November 22, that "Party members and cadres must show greater responsibility in serving enterprises and the people. Shen Danyang went to Wanning City to supervise the study and implementation of the development of the theme education of Xi Jinping’s socialist thought with Chinese characteristics for a new era.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HUNAN: HUNAN PARTY SCHOOL ORGANISES LECTURE FOR PARTY CADRES ON FAMILY TRADITIONS AND VALUES
The 8th "Xiangjiang Lecture Hall" in 2023 was held at the Party School of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee on November 18. Tang Haoming, Honorary Chairman of the Hunan Provincial Writers Association, gave a lecture to party members and cadres on site based on the characteristics of tutoring and family traditions in Huxiang culture with the title "Family Traditions of Pure and Upright Blessings - Tutoring and Family Traditions in Huxiang Culture". Hunan Provincial Party Committee Secretary Shen Xiaoming, Provincial Party Committee Deputy Secretary and Governor Mao Weiming, Provincial Party Committee Deputy Secretary Li Dianxun and others attended the lecture.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: TAIWAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE LAI CHING-TE HAS CHOSEN TAIWAN'S ENVOY TO U.S.A. HSIAO BI-KHIM AS HIS RUNNING MATE
Reuters (November 20) stated that Taiwan Presidential frontrunner Lai Ching-te has named Taipei's former envoy to the US, 52-year old Hsiao Bi-khim, as his running mate in Taiwan's January election. Hsiao Bi-khim is a confidant of Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen and is a highprofile diplomat well known in Washington but is denounced as a separatist by China.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: PLA AIR FORCE AND NAVY CONDUCT EXERCISE AROUND TAIWAN ON NOVEMBER 20
Taiwan's Defence Ministry announced (November 20) that 21 PLA aircraft and 7 PLAN vessels around Taiwan were detected in the morning on November 20. It said the ROC Armed Forces have monitored the situation and tasked Taiwan's air force aircraft, Navy vessels, and land-based missile systems to respond.

Nov 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: TAR PARTY SECRETARY WANG JUNZHENG VISITS (NOVEMBER 8-12) NEPAL
Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) Party Secretary Wang Junzheng visited Nepal from November 8-12, 2023, before leaving for Sri Lanka and Singapore. During his visit and stay of five days in Nepal, Wang Junzheng met Nepal’s President Ram Chandra Poudel, Prime Minister Prachanda, Vice President Yadaf, Federal Council of Nepal Chairman Timirsina, and Deputy Prime Minister and Interior Minister Narayan Kaji Shrestha. The two sides spoke on the need to make concerted efforts to implement the proceedings of Xi Jinping's visit to Nepal in 2019 and the joint statement between China and Nepal. They also discussed and promoted the exchange of views on mutually beneficial cooperation between the TAR and Nepal. Wang Junzheng stated that in the 68 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Nepal, the China-Nepal relationship has consistently maintained stable development. He further added; “The Tibet Autonomous Region, linked to Nepal through culture and longstanding friendship, will leverage its geographical and humanistic advantages to deepen exchanges and cooperation, jointly constructing a cross-Himalayan threedimensional interconnection network.” He said the focus will be on high-quality joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative, expanding cooperation in port construction, economy and trade, tourism, and aviation, and assisting northern Nepal in building "small and beautiful, benefiting people's livelihood" projects. Wang Junzheng said efforts will be made to strengthen exchanges with Nepalese universities, academic institutions, and think tanks, and promote friendly cities and relations between the Tibet Autonomous Region and Nepal, fostering people-to-people communication and contributing to deepening practical cooperation between China and Nepal. Nepal welcomed TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng and his delegation, apparently appreciated the friendly relations between China and Nepal, commended the economic and social development achievements of the Tibet Autonomous Region, and expressed sincere gratitude for China's strong support to Nepal. Both sides agreed that Nepal firmly adheres to the one-China principle and is eager to actively participate in the Belt and Road Initiative, further strengthening its relations with the Tibet Autonomous Region and promoting pragmatic cooperation in agriculture, economy and trade, tourism, port construction, and other fields for common prosperity and development. Wang Junzheng also met Khadga Prasad Oli, chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxism-Leninist), former Prime Minister Agni Prasad Sapkota, Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center) Dewei, Minister of Federal Affairs and General Administration Surendra Raj Pandey, Chief Minister of Gandaki Province, and Nepal Workers Peasants Party (NWPP), Narayan Man Bijukchhe, Chairman of the Peasant Labor Party, to investigate the joint venture between the Tibet Autonomous Region and Nepal, particularly the operation of Himalayan Airlines. The delegation witnessed the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the TAR People’s Government and the Ministry of Finance of Nepal, as well as the agreement on the establishment of a friendly city relationship between Shigatse and Bharatpur. (Comment: Reports indicate that Nepal was reluctant for a meeting between the TAR Party Secretary and Nepal's President, but the Chinese were insistent.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SOUTH CHINA SEA: SINGAPORE'S LIANHE ZAOBO SAYS "CHINA WILL CONTINUE TO DEFEND ITS RIGHTS IN SOUTH CHINA SEA
Singapore's pro-Beijing Lianhe Zaobo (November 21) said “Beijing will continue to defend its rights in the South China Sea by non-military means.” It observed "defending its rights" means China has its established rights in the South China Sea and China needs to fight for it and commented that this is Beijing’s propaganda narrative.

Nov 2023

CHINA-JAPAN: PBSC MEMBER AND DIRECTOR OF CCP CC GENERAL OFFICE CAI QI MET LEADER OF JAPAN'S KOMEITO PARTY IN BEIJING ON NOVEMBER 22
Xinhua (November 22) reported that PBSC member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi met a delegation led by Natsuo Yamaguchi, leader of Japan's ruling coalition party Komeito on November 22. Cai Qi called on the two ruling parties to implement the consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries, accurately grasp each other's development and strategic intentions, promote positive and friendly mutual understanding, and work together to build China-Japan relations that meet the requirements of the new era. He also clarified China's position on issues such as history, the Taiwan question and the discharge of nuclear-contaminated water from the Fukushima power plant. Natsuo Yamaguchi said that the Komeito Party is willing to uphold the conviction of its founder Daisaku Ikeda, who was firmly committed to the friendly relations between Japan and China, actively promote exchanges and cooperation between the two countries in various fields, give full play to the role of the exchange mechanism of the ruling parties, properly handle differences, and promote the improvement and development of bilateral relations.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GREECE: GREEK FOREIGN MINISTRY DEBARS ITS DIPLOMATS AND OFFICIALS FROM ATTENDING TAIWAN'S NATIONAL DAY RECEPTION FOR FEAR OF OFFENDING CHINA
Nikkei Asia (November 23) reported that in an unprecedented move the Greek foreign ministry told its diplomats and civil servants in other ministries to avoid a reception in Athens to mark Taiwan's national day last month, the gathering to avoid angering China. The October 4 notice, marked "urgent" and signed by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Alexandra Papadopoulou, cautioned that staff attending Taiwan-hosted events risked being sanctioned by China. It also warned against meeting with Taiwanese officials in Greek government buildings or de facto embassies known as Taipei Representative Offices. The October 4 email said, "The participation of ministers, members of parliament and civil servants in receptions or events of the Representative Office must be avoided," as it was "perceived as an indirect recognition of the independence of Taiwan" and may cause "serious problems" in Greece-China relations.

Nov 2023

CHINA-FRANCE: FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER COLONNA TO VISIT (NOVEMBER 23-25) CHINA TO SMOOTH OVER TRADE TENSIONS
Bloomberg (November 21) reported that during Chinese President Xi Jinping talk with French President Macron on November 20, he said China wants more French companies to invest in the country and hopes France will provide a fair business environment for Chinese firms. French President Macron also called for fair rules for foreign companies in China. French Foreign Minister Colonna will follow up the talks with a two day (November 23-25) visit to China to "smooth over" trade tensions.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE ASSERTS THAT DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION ARE THE ONLY CORRECT CHOICE FOR CHINA AND U.S.
The People's Daily published (November 23) an article titled 'Dialogue and cooperation are the only correct choice for both countries ——Work together to build the five pillars of Sino-US relations'. It said, "With a view to better coping with common challenges and promoting the interests of the two peoples, China and the United States should extend the list of cooperation and make the cake of cooperation bigger, so that China-US cooperation is a "must-have option" more deeply rooted in the hearts of the people". "If China and the United States do not engage in in-depth dialogue on issues such as artificial intelligence, it will be difficult to achieve longterm progress. This must become an indispensable part of the entire process." The San Francisco meeting between the heads of state of China and the United States achieved many results, including the establishment of an artificial intelligence government. As soon as the news of the dialogue was released, the international science and technology community was encouraged. This shows that the two heads of state agree to promote and strengthen dialogue and cooperation between China and the United States in various fields."

Nov 2023

CHINA-SAUDI ARABIA: CHINA AND SAUDI ARABIA SIGN 3-YEAR AGREEMENT FOR LOCAL CURRENCY SWAP WORTH US$ 7 BILLION
Bloomberg (November 21) disclosed that China and Saudi Arabia signed a local-currency swap agreement worth around $7 billion, deepening their ties as countries across the Middle East and emerging markets look to shift more of their non-oil trade away from the dollar. The two nations’ central banks agreed on a three-year deal for a maximum of 50 billion yuan or 26 billion riyals, according to statements issued on November 20. The People’s Bank of China said the swap arrangement will “help strengthen financial cooperation” and “facilitate more convenient trade and investment”. The Saudi monetary authority said it reflects growing collaboration between the two central banks. (Comment: The deal signals stronger relations between Saudi Arabia and China, which has been promoting the yuan’s use in transactions with major energy and commodity exporters. China is Saudi Arabia’s biggest trade partner.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-MIDDLE EAST: JOINT ARAB DELEGATION MEETS CHINESE VICE PRESIDENT AND FOREIGN MINISTER IN BEIJING ON NOVEMBER 20
A joint delegation from Arab and Islamic countries visited (November 20-21) China and held talks with the Chinese Vice President Han Zheng and Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Beijing on November 20. The delegation comprising Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, Jordanian Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi, Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Maliki and the Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Hissein Brahim Taha, mainly talked about the ongoing Israel-Hamas conflict in Gaza. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi stressed the importance of complying with international humanitarian law and reiterated China's firm stand for the return to the two-state solution and a lasting settlement of the Palestinian issue at the earliest.

Nov 2023

CHINA-AUSTRALIA: CHINA'S YUXIAO FUND ATTEMPTS TO QUIETLT TAKE OVER CRITICAL MINERALS FIRM IN AUSTRALIA
The Australian (November 21) accused the Chinese Yuxiao Fund, which controls a 9.81 per cent stake in Northern Minerals, of covertly attempting to take control of a key critical minerals’ player in Australia in a bid to oust the company’s Executive Chairman Nicholas Curtis. Northern Minerals, which holds some of the world’s largest reserves essential for military, defence and electric vehicles, referred to the FIRB what it suspects was an -attempt by Chinabased -individual Wu Tao - previously banned by Jim Chalmers from acquiring -further shares in the company - to secretly seize control of the -company through associated Chinese -entities including his Yuxiao Fund. Yuxiao Fund was banned under a prohibition order issued by Dr Chalmers on February 15 that limited its further acquisition of shares in Northern Minerals to 9.98 per cent. The company has said it had been probing “recent share buying activities by certain other persons who may have links to Mr Wu and/or Yuxiao Fund” and was also examining the two other candidates for board seats “to understand whether there are links between these individuals and other shareholders in the company”.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING DELIVERS WRITTEN SPEECH AT ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION CEO SUMMIT ON NOVEMBER 16
Xinhua (November 17) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping had delivered a "written" speech at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) CEO Summit on November 16, titled "Meeting challenges with unity of purpose to write a new chapter for Asia-Pacific". Saying that China "remains the most powerful engine of global growth", he said "the overall Chinese economy remains promising, and it will remain so in the long run. China has the confidence in, and even more capability of achieving long-term and stable growth, and through its development China will continue to provide the world with new growth momentum and opportunities." Xi Jinping added Chinese modernization's immutable goal is to deliver a better life to the whole of more than 1.4 billion Chinese people, and for the world, this means a broader market and unprecedented cooperation opportunities. It will also instil strong impetus in the global modernization endeavour. Xi Jinping voiced hope to see an active part of the global business community in the Chinese modernization drive to benefit from the huge opportunities brought by China's high-quality development.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING ISSUES INSTRUCTIONS FOR RELIEF WORK AFTER A FIRE IN YONGJU COAL MINE IN LULIANG CITY, SHANXI
Xinhua (November 16) reported that at about 7:00 on November 16, a fire broke out in an office building of Yongju Coal Mine in Luliang City, Shanxi Province and it has caused 26 deaths and 38 injuries. It said Chinese President Xi Jinping, who was visiting abroad, immediately gave important instructions and instructed that it is necessary to make every effort to treat the injured, do a good job in providing comfort to the casualties and their families, identify the causes as soon as possible, and strictly investigate those responsible. Chinese Premier Li Qiang issued an instruction calling for the search and rescue of the missing persons to be carried out quickly. Shanxi Province and Luliang City have organized efforts to carry out rescue, treatment and aftermath work.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING LEAVES BEIJING FOR APEC SUMMIT IN U.S. BY SPECIAL PLANE
Chinese President Xi Jinping left Beijing for the US by special plane to attend the 30th APEC Summit in San Francisco. On arrival at San Francisco, he was received by Governor Newsome and U.S. Treasury Secretary Ms. Janet Yellen. Chinese President Xi Jinping was accompanied by: Cai Qi, Wang Yi, Jiang Jin, Quan Zheng, Zhajie, Lan Fo'an, Wang Wentao, Ma Zhaoxu, Xie Feng, Lu Lu Hua, and Hua Chunying.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS CONGRATULATORY LETTER TO 10TH ANNIVERSARY MEETING OF 2023 CROSS STRAIT ENTREPRENEURS SUMMIT HELD IN NANJING, JIANGSU
Xinhua (November 14) disclosed that Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the 10th anniversary annual meeting of the 2023 Cross-Strait Entrepreneurs Summit, with the theme of "Integrated Development and High-Quality Development in the New Pattern", which opened in Nanjing, Jiangsu on November 14.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING VISITED FLOOD AFFECTED AREAS OF BEIJING AND HEBEI ON NOVEMBER 10
Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the areas affected by floods this summer in Beijing and Hebei. Xinhua said on November 10, Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Mentougou District of Beijing and Baoding City of Hebei accompanied by Politburo member and Beijing Party Secretary Yin Li, Beijing Municipality Mayor Yin Yong, Hebei Provincial Committee Party Secretary Ni Yuefeng and Governor of Hebei Wang Zhengpu by a bus and changing trains during the day long journey. It said Xi Jinping first visited the Sanjiadian water diversion reservoir water control project in the Guanting gorge section of the Yongding River. He then went to Miaofeng Mountain Ethnic School, which served as a temporary shelter for displaced residents during the flooding. Xi Jinping later visited Wanquanzhuang Village of Diaowo Township and the Baigou River control project.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI (SEEKING TRUTH) FOR THE FIRST TIME PUBLISHED CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SPEECH ON ECOLOGICAL CIVILISATION DELIVERED IN JULY 2023
China's leading Party theoretical fortnightly magazine Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth -- 2023/22; November 15, 2023) published a speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping on "Advancing Ecological Civilization Construction Requires Handling Several Major Relationships". Originally delivered in July 2023 it has been published for the first time. it has been published for the first time.In the speech Xi Jinping highlights 5 aspects based on the experience of the last 10 years.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCP CC THIRD PLENUM LIKELY IN DECEMBER 2023
The Chinese Communist Party is unlikely to hold its Third Plenum until December. Observers said the delay might be a result of accommodating the summit next week between the US and Chinese Presidents.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATE MARSHAL YE JIANYING'S WIFE DIES ON NOVEMBER 13 AT 106
According to the "Chizi.com" WeChat public account, Wu Bo, wife of the late Marshal Ye Jianying, died of illness at the First Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital in Beijing at 7:30 on November 13, 2023. She was 106 years old.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: CPPCC HOLDS CEREMONY IN BEIJING TO COMMEMORATE SUN YAT-SEN'S 157TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY
Xinhua (November 12) highlighted that the CPPCC held a ceremony in Beijing's Zhongshan Park on November 12 to commemorate the 157th anniversary of the birth of Sun Yat-sen, "a great national hero, a great patriot, and a great forerunner of China's democratic revolution".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: ZHEJIANG PROVINCE ISSUES REGULATIONS REGARDING SEXRELATED OFFENSES AND PARTY CADRES HAVING IMPROPER RELATIONSHIPS WITH WOMEN
The Zhejiang Province's official Weixin account published (November 14) an excerpt of the current "Regulations on Disciplinary Punishment of the Communist Party of China" which clearly stipulates issues involving improper relationships with women in different disciplines, and puts forward higher requirements for party members and leading cadres in terms of personal moral character and good management of their families. It discusses different types of sex-related Party disciplinary offenses--"improper sexual relations" "keeping" a lover, committing adultery, trading power for sex, money for sex etc. and explains each. For example, on the issue of anomie in sexual relations between men and women, it says "Improper sexual relations refers to sexual aberrations, which are commonly referred to as life style problems . It refers to a "person who has a spouse and has sexual relations with someone other than the spouse, or neither party has a spouse, but one party has a spouse at the same time. Have sexual relations with multiple persons of the opposite sex . This includes taking advantage of authority, nurturing relationship, affiliation or other similar relationships to have sexual relations with others. Transactions of power, sex, and money (belonging to the discipline of integrity): refer to improper sexual relations with the exchange of interests , often through the influence of one's power or position to benefit the other party. One party uses sex, and the other party uses power and money for improper gain. This kind of improper sexual relationship not only violates morality, but also violates the official integrity of party members and cadres . On keeping a Mistress and Adultery, it refers to the "Reply to the Hunan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection's Letter of Request for Instruction Regarding the Mistake of a Certain Person in Keeping a Mistress" (Zhongji Fa Han [2000] No. 3): "Keeping a mistress refers to a serious violation of socialist ethics and social ethics . , within a certain period of time, it is necessary to provide the woman with daily living expenses sufficient to maintain the local general living standard, and to maintain a relatively stable and close improper sexual relationship with the woman. Its basic characteristics are: (1) Within a certain period of time , for The woman's provision of daily expenses sufficient to maintain the general living standards of the local area is a necessary condition for both parties to maintain an improper sexual relationship. (3) Both men and women maintain a relatively stable and secretive improper sexual relationship within a certain period of time." That is to say. A mistress must meet the above three characteristics. In addition, when determining a case of keeping a mistress, you should also pay attention to the following issues: The first is to reasonably distinguish between nurturance and adultery. The similarity between adultery and fostering is that a married person with a spouse voluntarily has sexual relations with someone of the opposite sex other than his or her spouse. The main difference between the two is that adultery is not predicated on the other party providing money, accommodation and other basic living expenses , while the act of keeping a mistress must be predicated on the other party providing money, accommodation and other basic living expenses". (Comment: In addition to this 'instruction' to Party cadres from the Zhejiang Province authorities, the Head of the CDIC's Foreign Ministry Inspection Committee recently published an article on the dangers confronting CCP Cadres in China's foreign affairs estabishment, including infiltration, subversion and defection. There have been a few other articles similar to the instructions issued by Zhejiang in other official provincial newspapers. None has specifically mentioned ex-Foreign Minister Qin Gang.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: PARTY THEORETICAL JOURNAL QIU SHI (SEEKING TRUTH) PUBLISHED A COMMENTARY ON FINANCE WORK
The Qiushi (Seeking Truth -- No: 2023/22; dated November 15, 2023) published a Commentary on Finance work. Overall, the Commentary highlighted three anchors of financial work: (i) provision of financial services in strategic areas, key sectors; (ii) facilitate flow of funds into the real economy; (iii) ensure national financial and economic security. The Commentary suggests that current developments are only the beginning and will not stop, including reorientation of capital from real estate into the "real" economy. Stating that "The flag guides the direction, and the thought gathers strength", it said for leading financial work, "the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core combines Marxist financial theory with the specific reality of contemporary China and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, strives to grasp the laws of financial development in the new era, and continues to promote China's financial industry" and stressed "the need to adhere to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee on financial work." It said "The Central Financial Work Conference made a series of new arrangements to prevent and resolve financial risks. For example, all financial activities should be brought under supervision in accordance with the law, risks of small and medium-sized financial institutions should be dealt with in a timely manner, long-term mechanisms should be established to prevent and resolve local debt risks, real estate enterprise entities should be improved and capital supervision should be improved." It also called for "Strengthening the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee over financial work" as "the fundamental guarantee for doing a good job in financial work".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: PARTY THEORETICAL JOURNAL HONGQI (RED FLAG) PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON DIGITALISATION DRIVING CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION BY PRESIDENT OF CHINA ELECTRONIC INFORMATION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Really interesting article on digitalization driving "Chinese-style modernization" in Hongqi (Red Flag -- No: 2023/21; dated November 15, 2023) by Zhang Li, President of the China Electronic Information Industry Development Research Institute. It includes lots of data point. Article is a good overview of the scale and directions. Notably, there is little talk of gaming etc that are considered overall harmful or non-productive. Key point is that digitalization must succumb to and be aligned with shifting party-state values (alignment problem). It makes an interesting point and reveals that in 2022, the China Cyberspace Administration "cleared" more than 54.3 million pieces of illegal and harmful information, disposing of over 6.8 million accounts, shutting down over 2,890 apps, dissolving over 260,000 groups and forums, and shutting down more than 7,300 websites. Giving a lot of data showing the spread of digitalisation in China and its contribution to employment and jobs, it said that according to statistics, "in 2022, the growth rate of central and western provinces and cities such as Guizhou, Chongqing, Jiangxi, and Sichuan will exceed the national average. From 2013 to 2022, the average annual GDP growth rate of the central and western regions will be as high as 6.8%, which is 0.5 faster than that of the eastern region".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON BUILDING A LONG-TERM MARXIST PARTY
Han Qiang, Dean of the School of Marxism at Beijing Foreign Studies University and special researcher at the Beijing Research Center for Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, published a lengthy article in the Guangming Daily (November 13) captioned "The great enrichment and development of Marxist party-building theory". It included 19 mentions of Xi Jinping. The article said "comprehensively building a modern socialist country and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation lies in the party and the key to people". It said "Faced with major changes unseen in a century and the Party's new mission in the new era, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core insists on inheriting and developing the Marxist theory of party building, and deeply thinks about "what kind of long-term Marxist political party should be built and how to build a long-term a "Marxist Party in Power".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCTV REPORTS ON LAUNCH OF 'SECOND BATCH OF THEMATIC EDUCATION'
CCTV (November 15) reported that since the launch of the second batch of thematic education on studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, Shanghai has organically integrated and promoted various measures such as theoretical study, investigation and research, promotion of development, and inspection and rectification; Anhui strives to promote the second batch of thematic education to be in-depth and detailed; and Ningxia 'insisted on reading the original works, learning the original texts, understanding the principles, and in-depth study of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era' with 'Party members and cadres went into residential communities to find shortcomings and weaknesses and solve people's livelihood problems'. It said Ningxia carried out the second batch of thematic education in a solid manner.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PROPAGANDA: JIANGSU TV TO COLLABORATE WITH GREEK COMPANY TO PRODUCE DOCUMENTARY
China's Jiangsu TV reported (November 7) that Jiangsu TV is teaming up with a Greek production company to produce a new documentary based on an alleged "best-selling book," "When Socrates Met Confucius".

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: ZHANG JUNFENG APPOINTED PRESIDENT OF OCEAN UNIVERSITY IN QINGDAO
The official website of China's Ministry of Education disclosed (November 13) that Zhang Junfeng was appointed as the President and Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Ocean University of China based in Qingdao. (Comment: Born in February 1968, Zhang Junfeng is a Doctor of Science and Professor and once served as the Director of the Discipline Construction and Development Planning Office of Nanjing University. In 2017, he was appointed as the Dean of the School of Medicine of Nanjing University. In 2018, he was appointed as a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee and Vice President of Nanjing University and continues to serve concurrently as the Dean of the School of Medicine.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: STATE COUNCIL APPOINTS NEW DEPUTY DIRECTORS IN ITS TAIWAN AFFAIRS OFFICE AND IN STATE SECRETS BUREAU ON NOVEMBER 17
According to the website of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security on November 17, the State Council appointed Qiu Kaiming as Deputy Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council and Zhang Yuxi as Deputy Director of the State Secrets Bureau.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: SENIOR ADMINISTRATORS OF FOUR HOSPITALS ACROSS CHINA SENT TO PRISON OR DETAINED FOR SELLING FALSE BIRTH CERTIFICATES
Senior administrators from at least four hospitals across China have been sent to prison or detained by police after authorities investigated claims they were selling birth certificates with falsified personal information.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: SENIOR TAR WATER RESOURCES OFFICIAL UNDER INVESTIGATION FOR SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF DISCIPLINE AND LAW
Beijing Daily (November 14) reported that the Tibet Autonomous Region Discipline Inspection and Supervision Committee announced on November 13, that Liu Hong, Deputy Director of the Tibet Autonomous Region Water Resources Department, is suspected of serious violations of discipline and law and is currently undergoing disciplinary review and supervisory investigation by the Tibet Autonomous Region Discipline Inspection and Supervision Committee. Liu Hong was born in 1974 and worked in the Tibetan water conservancy system for a long time.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: NEW HEAD OF BUREAU FOR PRIVATE ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT IN NDRC SAYS AT XINHUA ROUNDTABLE THAT PRIVATE ECONOMY WILL ENJOY LONG-TERM POSITIVE DEVELOPMENT
At the China Economic Roundtable hosted by Xinhua News Agency on November 13, Wei Dong, head of the newly established bureau for private economy development under the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), said "China's economy will continue to improve in the long run and the private economy, a major force in China's modernization drive, will also enjoy long-term positive momentum." Wei Dong said "It is our founding mission to serve the development and growth of the private sector wholeheartedly" adding that "the bureau and private enterprises belong to one family." He highlighted the bureau's function of providing services to the private economy, noting that the main responsibilities of the bureau include staying on top of the development of the private economy, focusing on its needs and coordinating and organizing the formulation of policies and measures to promote its development, and providing policy incentives to promote the growth of private investment. He said the bureau will also be responsible for establishing a mechanism for regular communication with private enterprises, coordinating efforts to solve major problems concerning the development of the private economy, and working toward enhancing its international competitiveness. Zong Qinghou, the 77-year old founder of the Hangzhou Wahaha Group, said "For Chinese entrepreneurs, it is essential to be patriotic, to innovate continuously and to care for employees. Only in this way can private firms thrive".

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA 71ST GROUP ARMY USES TACTICAL BALLISTIC MISSILE DURING EXERCISE IN GOBI DESERT
The Global Times (November 12) quoting from the official Sina Weibo account of the PLA's 71 Group Army revealed an addition to its military capability, the tactical ballistic missile. During a live-fire ex in the Gobi Desert, the missile was used by advanced long-range modularized rocket launcher systems, AR-3. The PLA Ground Forces previously deployed the AR-3 in a joint exercise around Taiwan. The Sina Weibo post by the 71st Group Army did not elaborate on the munitions featured in the exercise. The state-owned China North Industries Group Corp (NORINCO), the developer of the weapon, revealed at defense expos. that the AR- 3 can switch munitions it fires, including 300mm and 370mm rockets and 750mm tactical ballistic missiles.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA ACTIVITIES ACROSS INDIA ON TIBETAN PLATEAU
i) The Shigatse Detachment of the People's Armed Police Tibet Corps (PAPF) conducted a rigorous anti-terrorism Drill combined with wild survival skill on the challenging Tibetan Plateau. Special Operations team members successfully navigated the harsh terrain, combining plateau conditions with wilderness survival tactics. In a daring move, team members executed a nearly 90-degree cliff rappel, demonstrating determination in the face of extreme cold and hypoxia. ii) A Brigade of the PLA Air Force Radar in the Western Theater Command organised a comprehensive live-fire operation designed to rigorously assess the combat capability of the troops. This exercise was more than a routine winter drill. It was a proactive measure to fortify the forces against the approaching cold.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TIBET: NEW LAND PORT LINKS NEPAL WITH TIBET
China Daily (November 15) reported that a new land port linking Letse in Drongba county of Xizang (Tibet) autonomous region, and Nechung in Mustang county of Nepal was officially opened on November 13. Located around 12 kilometers from its corresponding port, the Nechung Port of Nepal, the Letse Port serves as a gateway between the two countries. It is the fourth land port in the region, following the ports of Zhangmu, Gyirong, and Burang.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: 17TH TAIWAN BUSINESS FORUM HELD ON NOVEMBER 15 IN JIANGSU PROVINCE
The Jingwei Ribao (November 16) disclosed that the 17th Taiwan Business Forum was held on November 15 in Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province. It said at the opening ceremony, the National Taiwan Compatriots Investment Enterprise Association Domestic Sales Development Working Committee Demonstration Base was unveiled, and 23 Taiwan-funded projects were signed on-site, with a total investment of US$1.41 billion.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: NEW POLITICAL ALIGNMENTS SHAPE UP IN TAIWAN'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
Taiwan's CNA reported (November 15) that Taiwan Vice President and presidential candidate Lai Ching-te will pair up with Taiwan’s representative to the U.S. Hsiao Bi-Khim for the 2024 presidential election and they are expected to officially announce the decision on November 20. Separately meanwhile, the upcoming Presidential election has witnessed a dramatic turnaround with opposition parties KMT and TPP agreeing to put forward a joint presidential ticket to challenge the ruling party DPP. Analysts say this has reduced the chances of the DPP staying in power by a lot. Taiwanese analysts say while it's not determined yet, it does look likely that the presidential race might end up being a two-way race between the DPP and the KMT/TPP, with Terry Gou eventually likely to give up running as an independent.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HUNAN: MS ZHANG YINGCHUN APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY AND VICE GOVERNOR OF HUNAN PROVINCE AND LI DIANXUN AS DEPUTY PARTY SECRETARY
i) The Hunan Provincial Government's official website said (November 14) that Ms Zhang Yingchun is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee, Executive Vice Governor and Deputy Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the Provincial People's Government. She is responsible for the executive work of the Provincial People's Government. ii) It also reported that Li Dianxun, who previously served as member of the Standing Committee of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee, Executive Deputy Governor and Deputy Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the provincial government was reported on September 1, 2023, to have been appointed Deputy Secretary of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LIAONING: 1968-BORN WANG LIBO APPOINTED DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF LIAONING PROVINCE
The Liaoning Daily WeChat official public account disclosed that on November 14, the sixth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Liaoning Provincial People’s Congress held in Shenyang voted to appoint Wang Libo as Deputy Governor of the Liaoning Provincial People's Government.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG PARTY SECRETARY DELIVERS SPEECH AT CONFERENCE ON ACCELERATING PROMOTION OF INDUSTRIALISATION AND HI-QUALITY CONSTRUCTION
The Nanfang Ribao (Southern Daily) reported that on November 16, Guangdong province held a conference on accelerating the promotion of new industrialization and high-quality construction of a strong manufacturing province. The main tasks of the meeting are to thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, conscientiously study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on new industrialization and the spirit of the National Conference on the Promotion of New Industrialization, and comprehensively implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speeches in Guangdong. Guangdong Party Secretary Huang Kunming attended the meeting and delivered a speech. Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor Wang Weizhong presided over the meeting. Huang Chuping, Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress, Lin Keqing, Chairman of the Provincial Political Consultative Conference, and Meng Fanli, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Secretary of the Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee, attended the meeting.

Nov 2023

CHINA-INDIA: INDIAN SCIENTISTS WITHDRAW PAPER FROM INTERNATIONAL PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL BECAUSE OF CHINESE OBJECTIONS TO MENTION OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH
'EastMojo' (November 11) Three Indian scientists, Mukesh Thakur, Lalit Kumar Sharma, and Avijit Ghosh, were compelled to withdraw a paper from an international peer-reviewed journal published in China due to objections related to the mention of Arunachal Pradesh. The paper titled ‘Two Y chromosome lineages in White-Cheeked Macaque (Macaca leucogenys)’ was initially accepted on February 14, 2023, and subsequently published online on April 5, 2023, in the journal Wildlife Letters. This journal, newly launched and internationally peer-reviewed, is published from Northeast Forestry University in China. According to a report by The Hindu, the Indian scientists were faced with the demand to exclude Arunachal Pradesh from their study, as the Chinese government contested its inclusion, citing discrepancies with their officially defined map. The scientists refused to comply with this request, leading to the withdrawal of the paper in October 2023. While the scientists accused the journal of questioning India’s geopolitical boundaries, Professor Holyoak clarified that the journal takes no position on such matters but is obligated to adhere to Chinese expectations.

Nov 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: TAR PARTY SECRETARY VISITED NEPAL FROM NOVEMBER 8-12, 2023
TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng arrived in Kathmandu on November 8 at the invitation of Nepal's Deputy Prime Minister & Home Minister Narayan Kaji Shrestha. The same day he paid a courtesy call on Nepal Vice President Ram Sahay Prasad. On November 9 he called separately on Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kumar Dahal @ Prachanda; Ms Anita Devi, Minister of Federal Affairs & General Administration of Nepal; and Ganesh Prasad Timilsina, Chairman of Nepal Assembly. Ganesh Prasad Timilsina, Chairman of Nepal Assembly hosted a welcome dinner on November 9 for TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng. On November 10, TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng flew to Pokhara by Himalaya Airlines and met Surendra Raj Pandey, Chief Minister of Gandaki Province who hosted him to dinner that evening. Gandaki Chief Minister Surendra Pandey had requested Wang Junzheng to help Nepal commercially operate the Pokhara International Airport, which was built by a Chinese contractor. He said “Basically, we asked them to begin regular and direct flights from Lhasa, Chengdu and Guangzhou to Pokhara” and the Tibetan delegation pledged to send a team to Pokhara to study the possibility of operating regular flights from three Chinese cities. Pandey told the Kathmandu Post “If Chinese planes get passengers regularly, there will be no difficulty conducting regular flights from Chinese cities. In particular, they told us that they will help us build health-related and infrastructure projects at our request. He also said “As Gandaki Province adjoins Tibet, they said it falls within their priority [area]. They assured assistance to Gandaki Province, primarily in infrastructure and health sectors. They have also asked us to officially express our needs so that they can extend possible cooperation.” Wang Junzheng visited the China-Nepal Cultural Exchange Project in Pokhara on November 11. He flew back to Kathmandu that evening where he paid a courtesy call on Narayan Kaji Shrestha, Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of Nepal. On November 12, Wang Junzheng visited Post- Earthquake Rebuilding Projects in Bhaktapur. At 12.50pm that afternoon TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng flew to Colombo. Before leaving he called on Nepal President Ramchandra Paudel. (Comment: Nepal and China have exchanged a series of visits in recent months. The visit of TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng was described by the official Chinese medisa as "important".

Nov 2023

CHINA--NEPAL: NEPAL ANTI-CORRUPTION AUTHORITIES BEGIN PROBE INTO CHINESE CONTRACTOR FOR POKHARA AIRPORT PROJECT
The Japan Times (November 13) reported that the Pokhara Airport has failed to attract any regular international flights, raising concerns about whether it will generate enough revenue to repay loans to its Chinese lenders. Nepali officials have asked Beijing to change the loans into a grant to ease the financial burden, but China has not agreed to do so. Last month, The New York Times reported that the contractor, CAMC Engineering, the construction arm of a stateowned conglomerate, Sinomach, had inflated the cost of the project and undermined Nepal’s efforts to maintain quality control, putting a priority on its own business interests. Nepal’s Civil Aviation Authority, the agency overseeing the airport’s construction, did not put up much resistance — reluctant to upset Beijing on an important project for both countries. Shortly after the article’s publication, Nepal’s Commission for the Investigation of Abuse and Authority raided the Pokhara offices of the Civil Aviation Authority and seized documents related to the project. Bhola Dahal, a spokesperson for the anti-corruption agency, confirmed that an investigation into the airport was underway but declined to elaborate. He said the agency had started the investigation in response to a complaint about irregularities with the project. He declined to say who filed the complaint. Local media reports said the agency had received more than 20 complaints about construction quality at the airport.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: THE LARGEST CHINA-PAKISTAN JOINT MARITIME EXERCISE 'SEA GUARDIAN-3' STARTED FROM KARACHI NAVAL DOCKYARD ON NOVEMBER 11
The largest ever joint maritime exercise between China and Pakistan, Sea Guardian-3, has started at the Karachi Naval Dockyard on November 11. Aiming to enhance the nations' capabilities in safeguarding strategic sea lanes and regional peace, this exchange is scheduled to last nine-days in the northern Arabian Sea. The state-owned CCTV said the PLA participating forces include the Type 052D guided missile destroyer Zibo and the Type 054A guided missile destroyers Jingzhou and Linyi. The Pakistani media reported that a conventional attack submarine and a submarine support ship along with a marines corps detachment from the PLA Navy are also involved. ii) Global Times (November 16) disclosed that as part of the Sea Guardian-3 Maritime Exercise, Chinese and Pakistani naval warships are for the first time conducting a joint maritime patrol in the northern Arabian Sea. Chinese experts said (November 16) it is part of the two countries' concrete actions to safeguard the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The PLA Navy's Type 054A frigate Linyi and the Pakistan Navy's F-22P frigate Saif formed a task group and launched the joint patrol in waters around major maritime routes and port channels in the northern Arabian Sea. Observers called the joint patrol an important part of the Sea Guardian16 3 joint exercise. The PLA Navy said the two sides conducted training that included joint search and rescue operations, formation manoeuvring and VBSS (visit, board, search and seizure), effectively enhancing their capabilities in jointly dealing with maritime security threats.

Nov 2023

CHINA-MYANMAR: CHINA'S WENZHOU CITY PUBLIC SECURITY BUREAU ISSUES ARREST WARRANTS SEEKING THE ARREST OF FORMER KOKANG OFFICIALS
The Diplomat (November 13) said the CyberScamMonitor account on X (formerly Twitter), which cited warrants from the Wenzhou City Public Security Bureau in Zhejiang Province, Chinese police are seeking the arrest of a number of individuals in the Kokang Self- Administered Zone (SAZ), in northern Shan State. Among them are Ming Xuecheng, a former official of the Kokang SAZ and a former member for the pro-military Union Solidarity and Development Party in the Shan State parliament. Warrants have also been issued for Ming Guoping, a brigade commander in the Kokang SAZ’s pro-junta Border Guard Force (BGF), and two other Ming family members from Zhenkang, which lies directly across the Chinese border from Kokang. It said the warrants are a sign of the Chinese determination to eradicate Kokang SAZ’s destructive online scamming and “pig butchering” operations, which have trafficked thousands of people into forced servitude, as well as defrauding thousands of Chinese nationals of their savings. It added that these also signify in coded form Beijing’s tacit acceptance of the resistance offensive that has converged on Kokang since late October. it added the arrest warrants show the extent to which Beijing, which was once seemingly willing to turn a blind eye to criminal operations in Shan State provided that they did not directly affect its own population, has now signalled its tacit support for the removal of the Kokang SAZ’s leadership. (Comment: Operation 1027, named after the date of its commencement, is being spearheaded by the Three Brotherhood Alliance, which includes the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA), and the Arakan Army (AA), has made swift gains across the region, overrunning more than 100 junta outposts, cutting trade arteries to China, and capturing at least four towns, including an important border crossing with China. The ultimate goal appears to be the capture of Kokang’s capital Laukkaing. Alliance forces are now tightening the noose on the city, prompting the junta authorities to urge Chinese nationals to evacuate the area and the Kokang SAZ leadership to initiate its own panicked raids of the city’s scam centers.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-MIDDLE EAST (GAZA): TAIWAN MEDIA CLAIMS CHINA SENT PLA ENGINEERS FROM EGYPT TO GAZA TO HELP HAMAS BUILD TUNNEL NETWORK
Taiwan media broke the news (November 11) that China sent its corps of engineers from Egypt into Gaza to help Hamas build the tunnel network. After Israel attacked Gaza, Hamas refused to release the PLA engineers.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PHILIPPINES: 15 CHINESE NAVY VESSELS DEPLOYED AROUND SECOND THOMAS SHOAL ON OCTOBER 22
At least 15 Chinese ships took up positions near Second Thomas Shoal on Oct. 22. As the Philippines convoy approached, the Chinese ships burst into a flurry of manoeuvres: darting around, circling. They outnumbered the Philippines 4-to-1.

Nov 2023

CHINA-JAPAN: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER KISHIDA IN U.S. ON NOVEMBER 16
According to CCTV news, on the afternoon of November 16, Chinese President Xi Jinping met Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida in San Francisco, USA.

Nov 2023

CHINA-JAPAN: CHINESE DEFENCE MINISTRY SPOKESMAN WARNS JAPAN NOT TO DESTABILISE THE REGION
A day after the Summit meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Biden in San Francisco on November 15, Xinhua (November 16) quoted the spokesperson for China's Ministry of National Defense as urging Japan on November 16, not to stir up trouble in the South China Sea. Commenting on the security cooperation attempts between Japan and the Philippines, he said defense cooperation between countries should not harm the interests of a third party or jeopardize regional peace and security. Countries in the region and the international community were alerted to the fact that Japan has increasingly become a destabilizing factor in the Asia-Pacific region and is attempting to subvert the post-WWII international order and that in recent years, Japan has breached its pacifist constitution and its exclusively defense-oriented policy, and has constantly exported weapons and equipment, heading further down the road of military expansion. It had also tried to woo partners to destabilize the situation in the South China Sea. The spokesman added "We urge the Japanese side to speak and act cautiously on military and security matters, and do more to contribute to regional peace and stability."

Nov 2023

CHINA-UK: BRITISH THINK-TANK CIVITAS REVEALS THAT BRITISH UNIVERSITIES RECEIVED NEARLY 156 MILLION GBP FROM CHINESE SOURCES INCLUDING HUAWEI AND PLA
Voice of America (November 16) said that a newly published research report shows that over the past five years, a number of British universities have received large amounts of funds from organizations related to the People's Liberation Army of China. After the UK banned Chinese technology company Huawei from participating in local communications network construction, British universities still received nearly 14 million pounds (approximately US$17.4 million) in funding from Huawei. The British think tank Civitas issued a Freedom of Information Act request to 88 local universities regarding Chinese funds. 46 responded, stating that since 2017, they have received a total of between 122 million and 156 million pounds in Chinese funds. This report was supported in part by The Committee for Freedom in Hong Kong Foundation. Report author Robert Clark, director of defense and security at Civitas, said Chinese students accounted for about a quarter of overseas students at British universities, and he was shocked by the proportion of funding related to the People's Liberation Army. He said at the report conference: "30% to 33%, or about one-third, of the Chinese funding received by British universities is from entities directly related to the Liberation Army." Among these funding sources, approximately 16% to 20% of entities have been sanctioned by the United States because they control the People's Liberation Army or are part of the People's Liberation Army. The report stated that Chinese funding received by three British universities came from entities entirely related to the People's Liberation Army, including the University of Westminster, the University of Huddersfield, and Cranfield University, which is famous for its defense research. Five universities receive more than 90% of their Chinese funding from similar entities, including the University of Edinburgh. Two other universities receive more than three-quarters of their Chinese funding from similar entities.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA REACTS TO U.S. PRESIDENT BIDEN'S REMARK CALLING CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING A "DICTATOR"
China's Foreign Affairs Spokesperson Mao Ning reiterated that it is extremely wrong and an irresponsible form of political manipulation to refer to Xi Jinping as dictator, and that China opposes this. (Comment: U.S. President Biden called Xi Jinping a "dictator" during a stand-alone press conference immediately after the Summit meeting. The Chinese reaction, however, did not appear very strong.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: U.S. PRESIDENT BIDEN TWEETS AFTER SUMMIT MEETING WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING
In a tweet on November 15 evening, U.S. President Biden said "I’ve just concluded a day of meetings with President Xi, and I believe they were some of the most constructive and productive discussions we’ve had. We built on groundwork laid over the past several months of diplomacy between our countries and made important progress".

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: OUTCOMES OF US PRESIDENT BIDEN AND CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S "CANDID" AND "IN-DEPTH EXCHANGE OF VIEWS" AT SUMMIT MEETING IN SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA ON NOVEMBER 15
i) U.S. President Biden met Chinese President Xi Jinping in Filoli Estate, San Francisco Bay Area in California on November 15 on the sidelines of the APEC Summit. After four hours of talks, Biden and Xi Jinping agreed to resume on the basis of equality and respect high-level military-to-military communication. The US and China also pledged co-operation to control drug trafficking and add commercial flights. Xinhua (November 15) noted they also reiterated a desire to continue to engage and talk to each other in various areas. The China Daily (November 16) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Joe Biden agreed on November 15 to establish China-US government talks on Artificial Intelligence (AI). ii) China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) spokesperson Hua Chunying was reported by the state-owned China Central Television (CCTV) as saying that Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Biden "both agreed that their meeting was comprehensive and constructive. It has charted the course for improving and developing China-U.S. relations. And San Francisco should be a new starting point for stabilizing China-U.S. relations". iii) Chinese Ambassador to the U.S. Xie Feng tweeted on November 15 that "President Xi noted that being at the helm of China-US relations, he and President Biden shoulder heavy responsibilities for the two peoples, for the world and for history. He looks forward to having an in-depth exchange of views and reaching new understandings with President Biden on strategic and overarching issues critical to the direction of China-US relations and on major issues affecting world peace and development". iv) Quoting a Xinhua despatch, the People's Daily (November 16) said Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Joe Biden on November 15, "held a positive, comprehensive and constructive summit" and during their four-hour-long meeting, the two heads of state had a candid and in-depth exchange of views on strategic and overarching issues critical to the direction of China-U.S. relations and on major issues affecting world peace and development. It quoted Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi who called it "an important summit to increase trust and dispel doubts, manage differences and expand cooperation" and also an important meeting to inject certainty into and enhance stability of a volatile and changing world. Wang Yi described the meeting as "strategic, historic, and one that provides stewardship". v) The People's Daily (November 16) stated that China's Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao will hold talks with U.S. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo during the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders' Meeting. It said the two sides will discuss the implementation of the consensus reached by the two heads of state at their summit in San Francisco and resolve important issues in bilateral economic and trade relations. It quoted the Chinese Commerce Ministry spokesman as saying the Ministry will strive to facilitate the sound and steady development of China-U.S. economic and trade relations to inject more stability and positive energy into the world economy. vi) The US readout reiterates the US framing that the "United States and China are in competition", something the PRC wants to reject, at least publicly, but the PRC agreed that both the US and PRC would include the phrase “responsibly managing competitive aspects of the relationship” in their respective readouts. That seems like possibly an interesting shift in the PRC’s recognition of the state of the relationship. vii) The Beijing Daily (November 17) disclosed that according to China’s anti-drug WeChat official public account, the U.S. government announced on the evening of November 16, that the U.S. would remove the Identification Center of the Ministry of Public Security of China (including the address of the National Drug Laboratory) from the “Entity List”. This will take effect on November 16, 2023. In May 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce included the Ministry of Public Security’s Identification Center (including the address of the National Drug Laboratory) on the “Entity List.” (Comment: The Chinese media omitted all mention of the protests staged by Tibetans and Uyghurs at the San Francisco International Airport on November 14 when Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived. This was the U.S. and Chinese Presidents first meeting since 2015. Chinese President Xi Jinping left Beijing for the US on November 14 for what the People's Daily (November 14 called a "high-stakes summit".)

Nov 2023

CHINA--US: STATE-OWNED CCTV TELECASTS CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI'S BRIEFING ON BIDEN-XI SUMMIT
The state-owned CCTV (November 16) telecast Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi's briefing to the media on November 15, and on the importance and characteristics of the meeting upon request. He described the meeting as "very good, comprehensive and in-depth". He said the meeting has three characteristics: (i) Strategic: President Biden sent a separate invitation to President Xi Jinping for a heads-of-state meeting, which is different from the bilateral meeting arrangement during this APEC period. The United States specifically stated that this was a Sino-US "summit." The uniqueness of the meeting arrangement showed this is a heads of state summit with strategic significance and far-reaching influence; (ii) Historical: This meeting was held against the background that Sino-US relations are at a critical stage. The international community needs a stable Sino-US relationship more than ever. President Xi Jinping's visit highlights the historical heritage and value of the times of China-U.S. presidential diplomacy. It also continues the exchanges between President Xi Jinping and President Biden over the years and will surely It has become a milestone in the history of Sino-US relations and a major event in today's international relations; and (iii) Leadership: The meeting lasted 4 hours, and simultaneous interpretation was used throughout. "The two heads of state had face-to-face indepth exchanges, put forward guiding opinions on the most prominent issues such as establishing a correct understanding of each other, properly managing differences, and promoting dialogue and cooperation, and conducted comprehensive discussions on responding to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the Ukrainian crisis, and global challenges such as climate change and artificial intelligence. The directional communication further discussed the correct way for China and the United States to get along as two major countries, further clarified the major country responsibilities that China and the United States jointly shoulder, and formed a future-oriented "San Francisco Vision" to achieve a healthy, stable, and sustainable Sino-U.S. relationship. Development points out the direction and lays out the blueprint". Stating that the two heads of state exchanged views in an atmosphere of mutual respect on strategic, overall and directional issues related to China-US relations, as well as major issues related to world peace and development", Wang Yi said Chinese President Xi Jinping "comprehensively elaborated on China's authoritative position on stably improving Sino-US relations: first, we must make the right historical choice, second, we must find the right way to get along, and third, we must create the San Francisco Vision" He described the outcomes as multi-faceted. He added that "On the basis of mutual respect, equality and reciprocity, the two sides discussed dialogue and cooperation in various fields, and reached more than 20 consensuses in the fields of politics and diplomacy, cultural exchanges, global governance, military security, etc. These important consensuses and achievements further illustrate that China, and the United States share extensive common interests, and further confirm that mutual benefit and win-win are the essential features of Sino-US relations, and dialogue and cooperation are the only correct choice for China and the United States. During this meeting, the two sides discussed many differences and sensitive issues. President Xi Jinping emphasized that China is committed to building a stable, healthy, and sustainable Sino-US relationship. At the same time, China has legitimate interests that must be safeguarded, principled positions that must be defended, and red lines that must be adhered to. If the United States insists on containing and suppressing China in the name of competition, China will firmly safeguard its sovereignty, security and development interests". He stated, "The Taiwan issue has always been the most important and sensitive issue in Sino-US relations" and said "China requires the United States to abide by the one-China principle, oppose "Taiwan independence," stop arming Taiwan, stop interfering in China's internal affairs, and support China's peaceful reunification". President Xi Jinping also stated China’s position on economic, trade and science and technology issues. Asserting that the San Francisco meeting "is an important meeting to enhance trust and dispel doubts, manage differences, and expand cooperation in Sino-US relations" , Wang Yi said "Both sides should start from San Francisco, create a new vision, further consolidate the foundation of Sino-US relations, build pillars of peaceful coexistence, and promote the development of bilateral relations in a healthy, stable and sustainable direction".

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CCTV REPORTS ON SUMMIT MEETING BETWEEN CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING AND U.S. PRESIDENT BIDEN
China's CCTV (November 16) telecast its report on the Biden-Xi Summit. It said 'The two heads of state agreed to promote and strengthen dialogue and cooperation between China and the United States in various fields, including: establishing an intergovernmental dialogue on artificial intelligence; establishing a Sino-US anti-drug cooperation working group to carry out anti-drug cooperation; restoring high-level communication between the two militaries on the basis of equality and respect, and resuming Sino-US defense cooperation. Ministry of Foreign Affairs work meeting, China-U.S. Maritime Military Security Consultation Mechanism meeting, and China-U.S. military theater leadership calls; agreed to further significantly increase flights early next year; expand exchanges in education, international students, youth, culture, sports, and business circles, etc. The two heads of state emphasized the importance of China and the United States accelerating efforts to respond to the climate crisis in the current critical decade, and welcomed the recent active discussions held by the two climate envoys, including: domestic emission reduction actions in the 2020s, and jointly promoting the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Dubai (COP28) Successfully launched the China-U.S. "Working Group on Strengthening Climate Action in the 2120s" to accelerate specific climate actions. After the talks, Biden held a luncheon for Xi Jinping. The two heads of state exchanged views on international and regional issues of common concern such as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It described the meeting as positive, comprehensive and constructive, and pointed out the direction for improving and developing Sino-US relations adding that San Francisco should become a new starting point for stabilizing Sino-US relations. It noted the two heads of state agreed to continue to maintain regular contact. CCTV said that Cai Qi and Wang Yi attended the Summit.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY READOUT OF CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SUMMIT MEETING WITH U.S. PRESIDENT BIDEN ON NOVEMBER 15 IN SAN FRANCISCO
The Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a read-out of the Summit Meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Biden at the Filoli Estate, San Francisco on November 15. It said Xi Jinping was "warmly welcomed" by Biden. Describing the talks as "candid", it said the two had an "in-depth exchange of views on strategic and overarching issues critical to the direction of China-U.S. relations and on major issues affecting world peace and development". In addition to saying "that China and the United States are faced with two options in the era of global transformations unseen in a century: One is to enhance solidarity and cooperation and join hands to meet global challenges and promote global security and prosperity; and the other is to cling to the zero-sum mentality, provoke rivalry and confrontation, and drive the world toward turmoil and division", he cautioned that "conflict and confrontation has unbearable consequences for both sides. Major-country competition cannot solve the problems facing China and the United States or the world. The world is big enough to accommodate both countries, and one country’s success is an opportunity for the other". Xi Jinping said "the two sides should assume a new vision and build together five pillars for China-U.S. relations" and proposed: (i) "jointly developing a right perception. China is consistently committed to having a stable, healthy and sustainable relationship with the United States. At the same time, China has interests that must be safeguarded, principles that must be upheld, and red lines that must not be crossed. We hope that the two countries could be partners that respect each other and coexist in peace."; (ii) "Disagreements should not be a chasm that keeps the two countries apart. Instead, the two sides should look for ways to build bridges to help them walk toward each other". Both sides should "appreciate each other’s principles and red lines, and refrain from flip-flopping, being provocative, and crossing the lines" ... and calmly handle their differences as well as accidents". (iii) The two should jointly shoulder responsibilities as major countries and "China and the United States should lead by example, step up coordination and cooperation on international and regional issues, and provide more public goods for the world"; (iv) Both should jointly promote people-to-people exchanges, increase scheduled flights, advance tourism cooperation, expand subnational exchanges, strengthen cooperation in education and disability affairs, reduce negative factors hindering people-to-people exchanges, and encourage and support greater interactions and communication between their peoples, to cement the foundation for the healthy development of China-U.S. relations. Chinese President Xi Jinping also elaborated on China’s principled position on the Taiwan question and said "the Taiwan question remains the most important and most sensitive issue in China-U.S. relations." .... "The U.S. side should take real actions to honor its commitment of not supporting “Taiwan independence”, stop arming Taiwan, and support China’s peaceful reunification. China will realize reunification, and this is unstoppable". He referred also to U.S. actions against China regarding export control, investment screening and unilateral sanctions and said stifling "China’s technological progress is nothing but a move to contain China’s high-quality development and deprive the Chinese people of their right to development. China’s development and growth ... will not be stopped by external forces. It is important that the U.S. side take China’s concerns seriously and adopt tangible steps to lift its unilateral sanctions so as to provide an equal, fair and non-discriminatory environment for Chinese businesses". ii) The Chinese Foreign Ministry readout claimed: "President Biden noted that he has always believed that the U.S.-China relationship is the most important bilateral relationship in the world. Conflict between the two countries is not inevitable. A stable and growing China is good for the United States and the whole world. When the Chinese economy grows, it benefits the United States and the world. When the United States and China keep their relations stable, prevent conflict, manage differences, and cooperate in areas of shared interest, they will be better able to handle the issues facing themselves and common challenges. He reaffirmed the five commitments he made in Bali, i.e., the United States does not seek a new Cold War, does not seek to change China’s system, does not seek to revitalize its alliances against China, does not support “Taiwan independence”, and has no intention to have a conflict with China. The two economies are mutually dependent. The United States is glad to see prosperity in China. It does not seek to contain or suppress China’s development or to decouple with China. The United States adheres to the one-China policy..".... The United States is ready to keep growing economic and trade relations and strengthen cooperation with China in such important areas as fighting climate change, counternarcotics and AI. The U.S. side is glad to see more direct flights and more educational, scientific and technological and people-to-people exchanges between the two countries". (Comment: The Chinese were insistent that the Summit be held after the Welcome Dinner organised by the National Committee on US-China Relations etc, but the US was firm that the Summit be held first.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY READOUT OF CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S ADDRESS TO NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS, U.S.-CHINA BUSINESS COUNCIL, ASIA SOCIETY, COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS AND U.S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
Speaking at the Welcome Dinner organized by the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the U.S.-China Business Council, the Asia Society, the Council on Foreign Relations, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce on November 15 in San Francisco, Chinese President Xi Jinping recalled the close Sino-US ties established "a hundred and fifty-eight years ago when a large number of Chinese workers came all the way to the United States to build the first transcontinental railroad, and established in San Francisco the oldest Chinatown in the Western Hemisphere" He buttressed this by listing the "many achievements -- US$ 760 billion of annual bilateral trade and over US$ 260 billion of two-way investment, 284 pairs of sister provinces/states and sister cities, and over 300 scheduled flights every week and over five million travels every year at peak time. These extraordinary accomplishments were made jointly by our peoples accounting for nearly one quarter of the global population". The highlights of Xi Jinping's speech were: (i) "President Biden and I reached important consensus. Our two countries will roll out more measures to facilitate travels and promote people-topeople exchanges, including increasing direct passenger flights, holding a high-level dialogue on tourism, and streamlining visa application procedures".;(ii) The fundamental principles that China follows in handling China-U.S. relations are mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation. "It is wrong to view China, which is committed to peaceful development, as a threat and thus play a zero-sum game against it. China never bets against the United States, and never interferes in its internal affairs. China has no intention to challenge the United States or to unseat it. Instead, we will be glad to see a confident, open, ever-growing and prosperous United States. Likewise, the United States should not bet against China, or interfere in China’s internal affairs. It should instead welcome a peaceful, stable and prosperous China".; (iii) The Belt and Road Initiative as well as the Global Development Initiative (GDI), the Global Security Initiative (GSI) and the Global Civilization Initiative (GCI) proposed by China are open to all countries at all times including the United States. (iv) "President Biden and I agreed to promote dialogue and cooperation, in the spirit of mutual respect, in areas including diplomacy, economy and trade, people-to-people exchange, education, science and technology, agriculture, military, law enforcement, and artificial intelligence. We agreed to make the cooperation list longer and the pie of cooperation bigger". (v) China sympathizes deeply with the American people, especially the young, for the sufferings that Fentanyl has inflicted upon them. "President Biden and I have agreed to set up a working group on counternarcotics to further our cooperation and help the United States tackle drug abuse".(vi) Xi Jinping announced that China would increase exchanges, especially between the youth, and invite 50,000 young Americans to China on exchange and study programs in the next five years.(vii) "Peace, amity and harmony are values embedded in Chinese civilization. Aggression and expansion are not in our genes". ... "The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation cannot be achieved without a peaceful and stable international environment. In pursuing modernization, we will never revert to the beaten path of war, colonization, plundering or coercion". "Throughout the 70 years and more since the founding of the People’s Republic, China has not provoked a conflict or war, or occupied a single inch of foreign land. China is the only major country that has written peaceful development into the Constitution of the country". and (viii) "Whatever stage of development it may reach, China will never pursue hegemony or expansion, and will never impose its will on others. China does not seek spheres of influence, and will not fight a cold war or a hot war with anyone. China will remain committed to dialogue and oppose confrontation, and build partnerships instead of alliances". ii) Seats at the Dinner to sit at Chinese President Xi Jinping's table were US$ 40,000/- per head. Those paying were: Amway, Apple, BlackRock, Blackstone, The Boeing Co., Broadcom Inc., Citadel Securities, CHUBB, Ray Daho, FedEx Corporation, Freepoint Commodities LLC, Fulgent Genetics, Gilead Sciences, Honeywell, KKR, Las Vegas Sands, Mastercard, NIKE Inc., Pfizer Inc., Qualcomm Inc., Thermo Fisher, Scientific, Visa Inc., Wanxiang America Corporation, Xocal Energy & Resources. Listed as Benefactors were: Citigroup, Foremost Group, Organon, PepsiCo, Proctor & Gamble, PX Global Advisors LLC, Wynn Resorts Ltd. The organisers raised US$ 12 million, which more than covered the costs.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE OFFICIAL MEDIA REPORTS ON THE SUMMIT MEETING
The People's Daily (November 15) published an article titled: "Jointly promote the development of U.S.-China relations". Stressing that people-to-people contacts had never stopped it said, "We hope that the meeting between the U.S. and China heads of state will help U.S.-China relations stop falling, stabilize and achieve long-term development, and jointly promote the development of U.S.-China relations." ii) Another People's Daily (November 15) article captioned 'Join hands to build an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future (Harmony)' said: "Peace, stability, and prosperity in the Asia- Pacific belong to all Asia-Pacific people, and the future of the Asia-Pacific must be created jointly by the people of the Asia-Pacific. China holds high the banner of building an Asia- Pacific community with a shared future and firmly leads the direction of Asia-Pacific cooperation. This year marks the 30th anniversary of the first APEC leaders’ meeting. President Xi Jinping was invited to attend the 30th APEC Leaders' Informal Meeting, which fully demonstrated the great importance China attaches to Asia-Pacific economic cooperation. China will continue to contribute wisdom and strength to deepening Asia-Pacific cooperation and promoting the building of an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future". It highlighted China's linkages with the "Asia-Pacific". It concluded with the assertion "Peace, stability, and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific belong to all Asia-Pacific people, and the future of the Asia- Pacific must be created jointly by the people of the Asia-Pacific. All parties should stick to their original aspirations, view Asia-Pacific cooperation from a strategic and long-term perspective, safeguard APEC's status as the main channel for regional cooperation, maintain the correct direction of Asia-Pacific cooperation, and work together to build an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future."

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: MOFA SPOKESPERSON SAYS CHINESE AND U.S. PRESIDENTS WILL HAVE "IN-DEPTH COMMUNICATION ON STRATEGIC, GENERAL AND DIRECTIONAL ISSUES" ON CHINA-US RELATIONS
AFP (November 13) quoted Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) spokesperson Mao Ning as telling journalists “The two heads of state will have in-depth communication on strategic, general and directional issues concerning China-US relations, as well as major issues concerning global peace and development”. She added "China is not afraid of competition, but we oppose defining the China-US relationship in terms of competition." Mao Ning also urged the US to "earnestly respect China's reasonable concerns and legitimate development rights, rather than only emphasizing its own concerns while harming China's interests. China does not seek to change the United States, and the United States should also not seek to shape or change China." White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said the two leaders will discuss a range of bilateral, regional and global issues as well as ways to “responsibly manage competition.” AFP quoted retired PLA instructor Song Zhongping as saying the meeting between the Chinese and US presidents would not fundamentally resolve the “strategic” incompatibility between the two powers, although a certain increase in military mutual trust was likely.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: PEOPLE'S DAILY COMMENTARY ADVISES U.S. NOT TO SQUANDER THE OPPORTUNITY TO REPAIR TIES OFFERED BY CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S VISIT
As Chinese President Xi Jinping set off on his journey to the United States, a Xinhua Commentary published by the People's Daily (November 14) reminded "the U.S. side to learn from the past mistakes that have frayed bilateral relations". It advised: "This is a crucial opportunity to repair ties and should not be squandered". It said, "for China and the United States to avoid a collision, communication and collaboration are imperative", adding that "China has put in a lot of effort to strengthen the relationship between the two countries. Now, it is the United States' responsibility to reciprocate. This involves shedding any unwarranted feelings of superiority, abandoning perceived advantageous positions and preconditions, and genuinely implementing the agreements reached by the leaders of both nations."

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT PAYS RESPECTS TO ZHOU TIENONG AT BABAOSHAN REVOLUTIONARY CEMETERY
The Beijing Daily (November 10) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping accompanied by Premier Li Qiang and Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi, Han Zheng, Hu Jintao and others went to the hospital to visit or expressed deep condolences to Comrade Zhou Tienong who died on November 3 at the age of 85. 'Comrade' Zhou Tienong, who was described as "a well-known social activist, an outstanding leader of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang, a close friend of the Communist Party of China", was cremated at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery in Beijing on November 9. It said that Chinese President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Qiang and Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi and others also went to the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery on November 9.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CHAIRS THIRD MEETING OF CENTRAL COMMITTEE FOR COMPREHENSIVE DEEPENING REFORMS ON NOVEMBER 7
The state-owned CCTV (November 7) disclosed that Chinese President Xi Jinping chaired the third meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensive Deepening Reforms in Beijing on November 7 and approved the "On Comprehensively Promoting Beautiful China" "Opinions on the Construction", "Opinions on Further Improving the State-owned Capital Operation Budget System", "Opinions on the Implementation of Improving the Supervision System and Mechanism of Natural Monopoly Links", "Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Supervision and Management of Expert Participation in Public Decision-making", "Opinions on Strengthening the Supervision and Management of Expert Participation in Public Decision2 making" Guiding Opinions on Zoning Management and Control of Ecological Environment". It said Xi Jinping emphasized that 'building a beautiful China is an important goal in building a modern socialist country in an all-round way' and that it is necessary 'to enhance the stateowned economy's control over natural monopoly links, better meet the needs of building a modern infrastructure system, and better protect national security'. He said, 'Ecological environment zoning management and control plays a fundamental role in the ecological environment source prevention system'. 'The meeting pointed out that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country's ecological civilization construction has undergone historic, turning points and overall changes from theory to practice'. It also 'emphasized that the budget work reflects the will of the party and the country, and it is necessary to uphold and strengthen the leadership of the party, give full play to the institutional advantages of concentrating efforts on major tasks, focus on promoting the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, and promote state-owned capital to be related to national security and the lifeline of the national economy' and added 'We must always adhere to the idea of "living a tight life", strengthen the scientific coordination and rational allocation of financial resources ... make overall plans to ensure and improve people's livelihood, and put an end to extravagance and waste.' It said 'electricity, oil and gas, and railways have natural monopoly attributes and are key areas of China's state-owned economic layout.' It also discussed the importance of intellectual resources and strengthening ecological environment. Chinese Premier Li Qiang, Politburo Standing Committee members Wang Huning and Cai Qi and Deputy Directors of the Central Commission for Comprehensive Deepening Reforms, attended the meeting. Also attending were Members of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms attended the meeting, and responsible comrades from relevant departments of the central government and state agencies.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MEETS AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER ALBANESE IN BEIJING
Chinese President Xi Jinping met Australian Prime Minister Albanese in Beijing on November 6. Xi Jinping expressed "readiness to carry out more trilateral and multilateral cooperation with Australia and support South Pacific countries in enhancing their development resilience and addressing challenges such as climate change". He said the "two nations should fully tap into the potential of the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement, expand cooperation in areas such as climate change and the green economy, and uphold the global and regional free trade system". He pointed out that "if a nation only prioritizes its national interests", the world seems small and crowded, and full of risks and competition and that actions seeking to build "small yards and high fences", decoupling or de-risking are in essence all forms of protectionism that go against the laws of the market. Xi Jinping insisted that "China does not form exclusive small circles, or engage in group politics or bloc confrontation in the Asia-Pacific region" adding that small circles cannot solve the major challenges facing the world" and urged Australia to "be vigilant against and oppose any attempts to disrupt the Asia-Pacific region". The Global Times (November 6) observed: "there is no doubt that Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese's visit to China is a symbolic event for China-Australia economic and trade exchanges, and a time to say goodbye to troublesome uncertainties and start a new chapter, the fact that there is still anti-China noise serves as an important reminder that improving mutual trust will require more efforts and an adherence to pragmatic cooperation". It also stated that "anti-China sentiment in Australia has been largely due to US influence" and accused the former Morrison government of closely following "the US lead on a range of China policies, particularly on issues such as Xinjiang and Huawei ban, undermining mutual trust between the two countries" and precipitating "a sharp decline in bilateral relations that led to a downward spiral in economic ties." ii) Chinese Premier Li Qiang also met Australian Prime Minister Albanese in Beijing on November 6. iii) Chinese Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi separately met Australian Foreign Minister Penny Wong in Beijing on November 6.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS CONGRATULATORY LETTER TO BELT AND ROAD CONFERENCE ON S&T HELD IN CHONGQING
Xinha (November 6) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the first Belt and Road Conference on Science and Technology Exchange that opened on November 6 in Chongqing Municipality. He said the third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was successfully held, ushering in a new stage of high-quality development for the Belt and Road Initiative, of which sci-tech cooperation is an important part.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MEETS REPRESENTATIVES OF 'MAPLE BRIDGE STYLE WORK METHOD'
Xinhua and the Gansu Daily (November 6) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping met selected units of the national "Maple Bridge Style Work Method" at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 6, and expressed sincere greetings and warm congratulations and encouraged them to continue their efforts, adhere to and develop the "Maple Bridge Experience" in the new era, and make new and greater contributions to promoting the construction of a higher level of Safe China. Politburo Standing Committee member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi and Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the CDIC Li Xi attended the meeting. Chen Wenqing, Wang Xiaohong, Wu Zhenglong, Zhang Jun and Ying Yong also attended the meeting.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: IN LETTER TO 6TH CIIE CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PROPOSES THREE NEW REQUIREMENTS
Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a letter to the Sixth China International Import Expo. (CIIE) on November 5, proposing new requirements. He hoped that the CIIE will accelerate the improvement of its window function in building a new development pattern and provide new opportunities for the world with China's new development; give full play to the role of a platform in promoting high-level opening up and make China's big market a big market shared by the world; and better provide international public goods and services that are shared globally, help promote the construction of an open world economy, and allow win-win cooperation to benefit the world.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER AND VICE PREMIER DING XUEXIANG ASSURES THERE ARE ADEQUATE ENERGY RESERVES TO KEEP PEOPLE WARM THIS WINTER AND NEXT SPRING
Beijing Daily (November 10) disclosed that Politburo Standing Committee member and Vice Premier Ding Xuexiang attended a video and telephone conference on ensuring warmth and supply this winter and next spring in Beijing and delivered a speech. Ding Xuexiang pointed out that the work of keeping warm and ensuring supply is a major people's livelihood project and a public support project. He said China's energy supply capacity has been steadily enhanced, resource reserves have become more abundant, and energy security for people's livelihood has been strengthened. Xinhua (November 9) said the meeting conscientiously studied and implemented the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions, implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and made arrangements for ensuring warmth and supply this winter and next spring.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: RUMOURS ARE CIRCULATING ON CHINA'S INTERNET THAT CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S WIFE COULD JOIN THE POLITBURO
Internet rumours have been circulating on November 6, that Xi Jinping's wife, Peng Liyuan, is to join China's Politburo as its only female member. It is based on the fact that she walked before the other 6 PBSC members at Li Keqiang's memorial services, breaking protocol apparently for the first time since PRC's founding.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: MS SHEN YING APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY OF JIANGSU PARTY COMMITTEE
According to the official website of the Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee Organization Department the CCP CC on November 3 approved the appointment of Shen Ying as Deputy Secretary of the Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee. Shen Ying was born in May 1965. She entered the School of Economics of Peking University in 1983 and studied economics for both her bachelor's and master's degrees. She is an Alternate Member of the 20th CCP CC.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: MS SUN MEIJUN APPOINTED MEMBER STANDING COMMITTEE AND DEPUTY SECRETARY OF HENAN PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE
The Beijing Daily (November 5) reported that the Henan Daily had disclosed on November 4 that the CCP CC had approved the appointment of Ms. Sun Meijun as Member, Standing Committee Member and Deputy Secretary of the Henan Provincial Committee. She is an Alternate Member of the 20th CCP CC.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: QIU KAIMING APPOINTED DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF CCP CC OFFICE OF TAIWAN AFFAIRS
Qiu Kaiming was appointed the Deputy Director of the CCP CC's Office of Taiwan Affairs Office on November 8. Born in October 1964, he has earlier served as Director of the Cross- Strait Relations Research Center and Director of the Research Bureau of the CCP CC's Taiwan Affairs Office.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: YI XIANRONG APPOINTED DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF HUBEI PROVINCE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AFFAIRS
The official website of the Hubei Provincial Department of Civil Affairs showed that Yi Xianrong has been appointed as a member of the Party Leadership Group and Deputy Director of the Hubei Provincial Department of Civil Affairs. He was earlier Secretary of the Tianmen Municipal Party Committee. (Comment: Yi Xianrong was born in December 1972. After graduating from Northwest University of Political Science and Law in 1995, he began work in Hubei Province and in 2008, Yi Xianrong was transferred to the position of Deputy Director of the Henan Provincial Department of Science and Technology. In 2011, he was appointed Deputy Consul General of the Consulate General in San Francisco. He returned to Hubei Province in 2014 as Deputy Director of the Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the Hubei Provincial Government and Deputy Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the Hubei Provincial Government.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: ZHAN MIN APPOINTED SECRETARY OF PARTY LEADERSHIP GROUP OF ZHEJIANG PROVINCE DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
The official website of the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Economy and Information Technology shows that 1968-born Zhan Min has been appointed Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Economics and Information Technology. Zhan Min previously served as Party Secretary and Chairman of Zhejiang Airport Group Co., Ltd. (Comment: Zhan Min has also served as Secretary of the Nagqu County Party Committee in Tibet (Aid to Tibet) and other positions. He was appointed Party Secretary and Chairman of Zhejiang Airport Group Co., Ltd. in 2022.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: XIAO HONGMEI TO SOON BE APPOINTED TO HEAD HUBEI PROVINCIAL MASS ORGANISATIONS
The Organization Department of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee announced on November 5 that Xiao Hongmei, currently Deputy Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Committee of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee, is to be appointed as the head of the provincial mass organizations. Born in January 1969, Xiao Hongmei is a graduate student at the Provincial Party School and a member of the CCP.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: LETTER CIRCULATED ONLINE CALLED FOR HALT TO CREMATION OF LI KEQIANG PENDING INVESTIGATION INTO HIS DEATH
Radio Free Asia (RFA) reported that this week, an open letter from retired Xinhua reporter Gu Wanming was circulated online calling for a halt to the cremation arrangements for Li Keqiang pending investigation into his death.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: 581 CADRES GRADUATE IN FIRST AUTUMN SEMESTER OF CCP CC CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL
Xinhua (November 5) said that the CCP CC's Central Party School held a graduation ceremony of the first batch of graduates for the 2023 autumn semester on November 3. Chen Xi, President of the school and academy, presented certificates to 581 graduates.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON TRAINING PLAN FOR CULTIVATING TEAM OF HIGH QUALITY CADRES
The Guangming Daily (November 6) published an article captioned 'Cultivate a team of highquality cadres with the ability to lead socialist modernization'. The article, which included 15 mentions of Xi Jinping, said the CCP CC "recently issued the "Regulations on Cadre Education and Training" and the "National Cadre Education and Training Plan (2023-2027)", making an overall layout for the overall requirements, main goals, key tasks, organizational leadership, etc. of cadre education and training in the new era" It said, inter alia, that "it is necessary to strengthen the education and training of cadres so that the political literacy, theoretical level, professional ability, and practical skills of the majority of cadres can keep pace with the development of the times." This requires that the education and training of cadres in the new era must focus on the mission and tasks of the party in the new era and new journey, focus on building a team of high-quality cadres worthy of the important task of national rejuvenation, and improve the ability to lead socialist modernization. It said Xi jinping "hopes that leading cadres at all levels will "accelerate the updating of knowledge, optimize the knowledge structure, broaden their horizons and horizons, strive to avoid falling into the predicament of being confused by little knowledge, blind by ignorance, and confused by ignorance." It said "The main goals of cadre education and training in the new era focus on four aspects: theoretical arming, political training, duty performance capabilities, and training systems." It insisted cadres must "consciously follow the same political stance, political direction, political principles, and political path as the The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core maintains a high degree of unity".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: HEAD OF CDIC IN THE CENTRAL FOREIGN AFFAIRS OFFICE PUBLISHED IMPORTANT, LENGTHY ARTICLE WARNING FOREIGN AFFAIRS CADRES OF RISKS OF INFILTRATION, SUBVERSION AND DEFECTION
Zhang Jiwen, Head of the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission and the National Supervisory Commission stationed at the Central Foreign Affairs Office, wrote a toughly-worded article warning of risks for foreign affairs cadres captioned 'Promoting In-depth Research to Prevent and Mitigate Risks in the Field of Foreign Affairs' in the Zhongguo Ji Jian Jian Cha (CDIC News) onNovember 1, 2023. Disclosing that in accordance with "General Secretary Xi Jinping's important discourse on preventing and mitigating major risks", the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission and the National Supervisory Commission stationed at the Central Foreign Affairs Office had conducted "in-depth investigations and research within the supervised units to identify risks in the field of foreign affairs", it said they have proposed countermeasures and recommendations to enhance risk awareness, establish a sound risk prevention and control system, and improve the level of risk prevention and mitigation. He explained that "In the field of foreign affairs, risks mainly refer to the uncertainties and challenges faced in the process of learning and implementing Xi Jinping's diplomatic thought, promoting China's unique form of diplomacy as a major country, and safeguarding national sovereignty, security, and development interests". He said risks are not subject to human will and can be foreseen, identified, and controlled or intervened, and can be prevented and resolved. Risks, including "hidden risks", and its causes in the field of foreign affairs can be broadly categorized into three types of risks: political risks, integrity risks, and management risks. Political Risks: Risks associated with inadequate implementation of the 'two safeguards', insufficient implementation of Xi Jinping's diplomatic thought, important instructions and directives of General Secretary Xi Jinping, and the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee regarding foreign affairs. The main aspects are risks of leaking secrets and infiltration or defection. Stressing the importance of Party discipline, he said diplomatic and foreign affairs officials are the main force in foreign affairs and are at the forefront of external exchanges, especially in the struggle and competition with hostile forces in the West, making them relatively more vulnerable to risks of infiltration, subversion, and enticement. Integrity Risks: These relate to some leading cadres accepting gifts or money from private individuals, misusing public funds for tourism, or improperly providing subsidies. Specific mention was made of risks of seeking personal gain from external resources and personal networks. It cautioned that these integrity risks are on the rise. Management Risks: These risks are associated with inadequate supervision and control of cadres. In some cases, there are still isolated instances of officials violating foreign affairs management regulations during their trips abroad or while stationed overseas. The risk of not strictly adhering to the "eight hours outside" rule and lacking discipline, legality, and ethical integrity remains relatively high and the risk of non-standard cadres selection and appointment. It identified Insufficient Ideological Awareness; Insufficient Implementation of Party Discipline and Governance Responsibilities; and Inadequate Construction of Risk Prevention and Control Systems as among the causes. In conclusion it emphasised the need to "Always adhere to bottom-line thinking and resolutely take proactive measures to prevent and resolve risks in the field of foreign affairs." It said "the reasons behind the hidden risks mainly involve five aspects: Insufficient Ideological Awareness; Insufficient Implementation of Party Discipline and Governance Responsibilities; and Inadequate Construction of Risk Prevention and Control Systems, and called for vigorous supervision at all levels for risk prevention and control. (Comment: The article contained no direct or indirect reference to ex-Foreign Minister Qin Gang. The article does, however, disclose that China's MoFA has been the subject of investigation by the CDIC.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: ESPIONAGE CASE RECENTLY UNCOVERED N SICHUAN
China's National Security authorities disclosed a new espionage case in which a man, while processing immigration for his entire family, provided materials to unnamed foreign entities, 14 of which were classified as intelligence according to Chinese law. He was sentenced to six years in prison at the first trial. The case, which was cracked by national security authorities in Sichuan Province has rung alarm bells with the authorities urging the public to be more vigilant and to prevent espionage crimes that might occur. The individual charged was surnamed Wang and was once the head of an overseas institution for a large state-owned enterprise in Southwest China, which became embroiled in protracted overseas litigation in 2012. It was claimed that Wang's residence in Chengdu was searched and a large amount of his enterprise's documents, including originals corresponding to Wang's immigration application, were found. The national secrecy department confirmed that among the materials Wang provided overseas, 14 documents were classified as intelligence.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: CDIC WARNS CCP CADRES AGAINST INVESTING IN PRIVATE EQUITY TO AVOID OWNERSHIP SITUATIONS THAT COULD LEAD TO CORRUPTION
The Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC)'s official Weibo account carried a post (October 26) warning Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cadres to stay away from investing in private equity to avoid ownership situations that can breed corruption. Cadres, however, would still be allowed to invest in private funds that hold publicly traded securities such as stocks and bonds. Typically these have a minimum investments of about 1 million yuan ($136,750). it said "To sum up, we believe that investing in private equity investment funds is in the nature of running a business, and the related investment activities are concealed. Party members and leading cadres investing in such funds undermine the integrity of their official behavior, and are prone to abuse of power for personal gain, personal gain, etc. Corruption issues should be strictly grasped and dealt with seriously. If it is confirmed that party members and leading cadres invest in private equity investment funds, they may be deemed as illegal business operators".

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLES DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON A.I. BY PAN JIAOFENG OF CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
The People's Daily (November 4) published an article titled 'The new generation of artificial intelligence brings new opportunities to national governance' by Pan Jiaofeng, President of the Institute of Science and Technology Strategy Consulting, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY ZHUANG RONGWEN, DEPUTY MINISTER OF CENTRAL PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT
The People's Daily (November 1) published a 2752-word article captioned 'Deeply study and thoroughly understand Xi Jinping’s cultural thoughts and earnestly shoulder the new cultural mission (deeply study and implement Xi Jinping’s socialist thoughts with Chinese characteristics for a new era)' by Zhuang Rongwen, Deputy Minister of the Central Propaganda Department, Director of the Office of the Central Cybersecurity and Information Technology Commission, and Director of the State Internet Information Office. It included 32 mentions of Xi Jinping. The article stressed "Xi Jinping has insisted on combining the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific reality and with China's excellent traditional culture from the strategic perspective that culture is related to the country's foundation and national destiny." In the article Zhuang Rongwen said "Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has taken charge of the overall situation of socialist cultural construction, and has provided planning and guidance one by one in various fields such as online content construction and management, literature and art, news and public opinion, philosophy and social sciences, ideological and political work, and cultural inheritance and development. The deployment has been advanced, and a lot of effort and energy have been devoted to the new cultural mission of continuing to promote cultural prosperity, building a cultural power, and building the modern civilization of the Chinese nation at the new historical starting point, and clearly put forward a series of original ideas." He said "We deeply feel that the achievement of these achievements lies most fundamentally in the leadership and helm of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the scientific guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era." In conclusion Zhuang Rongwen exhorted: "Focus on the primary political tasks, make it a top priority to do a good job in the online propaganda of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and continue to promote the Party’s innovative theories into the minds and hearts; innovate positive online propaganda, strengthen the construction of the all-media communication system, and enrich Provide high-quality content, strengthen online interactive guidance, and fully stimulate the spiritual motivation to forge ahead on a new journey and build a new era; resolutely defend the online position, conduct in-depth research and judgment on new signs, new trends, new trends, and new characteristics in the field of online ideology, and strengthen online public opinion Guidance and risk prevention, resolutely clean up all kinds of harmful information, and resolutely safeguard online political and ideological security; improve the efficiency of comprehensive network governance, strengthen the construction of technical network management capabilities, deeply promote network legislation, law enforcement, and law popularization, effectively purify the network ecology, and strengthen The construction of Internet civilization guides hundreds of millions of Internet users to build a beautiful spiritual home online, and widely gathers the majestic power of building the modern civilization of the Chinese nation'.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PBOC, SAFE, NFRA AND CSRC ISSUE READOUTS ON RECENT CENTRAL FINANCIAL WORK CONFERENCE
On November 1, the People's Bank of China (PBoC) and China's State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) published a joint readout of internal discussions centered around “studying the spirit” of the recently concluded Central Financial Work Conference (CFWC). The readout echoed the CFWC’s call to strengthen Party control over the financial sector, pledging to: “Fully integrate Party leadership into all aspects and processes of the PBoC and SAFE.” and “Utilize the Party’s political and institutional strengths to improve financial governance.” It said the key financial policy goals include: (i) Serving the real economy; (ii) Stabilizing prices; (iii) Promoting economic growth; and (iv) Expanding employment. It added that extra financing will be afforded to: (a) Technological innovation; (b) Small private businesses; (c) Advanced manufacturing; and (d) Green development. The readout also said “[We will] provide financial support for local government debt resolution and promote the establishment of a long-term mechanism for risk prevention and resolution.” ii) Also on November 1, China's National Administration of Financial Regulation (NFRA) and China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) published readouts of internal study sessions where they discussed implementing the spirit of the conference. The NFRA highlighted that “preventing and resolving” risk is (still) a priority and said “[We must] use strong measures to address existing problems, take early and minor actions to prevent potential issues, and firmly safeguard against systemic financial risks.” The CSRC focused on ensuring capital markets better support innovation and industrial upgrading and observed that “[We must] provide more precise and robust support for high-level technological self-reliance…and guide private equity venture capital funds to invest early, invest in smaller ventures, and invest in technology.” The CSRC also said it wants domestic futures exchanges to become the venue for setting global prices for commodities and wants to attract more medium and long-term funds into capital markets. (Comment: CSRC sees domestic futures exchanges as central to Beijing’s strategy for promoting RMB internationalization.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: REPORTING THAT CHINESE VICE PREMIER HE LIFENG HAD LEFT FOR TALKS WITH US TREASURY SECRETARY CHINA YOUTH DAILY STATES "THE VISIT WILL HELP STRENGTHEN ECONOMIC COOPERATION" AND THAT US PAYING ATTENTION TO CHINA'S CONCERNS WAS A PREREQUISITE FOR THE VISIT
Stating that Vice Premier He Ligfeng had left for the U.S. for talks with US Treasury Secretary Yellen, the Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily, November 9) said "This visit to the United States will help strengthen economic cooperation between China and the United States. During this trip to the United States, China demanded that the United States pay attention to China's concerns. This is the prerequisite for this exchange. These concerns require the United States to attach great importance to them and respond with practical actions".

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: SHANGHAI STOCK EXCHANGE ORDERS ENQUIRY INTO 'DISAPPEARANCE' OF 60 MILLION YUAN OF CHAOZHUO AVIATION FROM CHINA MERCHANTS BANK
China's Economic Observer (November 4) disclosed that the Shanghai Stock Exchange had ordered a "rapid" enquiry into the disappearance of Chaozhuo Aviation's nearly 60 million fundraising deposits. The report said it deposited nearly 60 million in raised funds from a listed company in the bank, but the bank suddenly withdrew it. The company said it had no knowledge of the transaction. The Chaozhuo Hangke is listed on the Science and Technology Innovation Board. Chaozhuo Aviation announced that “After the company’s self-examination and inquiry with China Merchants Bank, it was learned that on March 30, 2023, the company deposited the first fund of 60 million yuan with the Nanjing Chengbei Branch of China Merchants Bank, of which 59.95 million yuan was transferred to China Merchants Bank on March 30, 2023. Transferred to the margin deposit account, the value date is March 30, 2023, and the expiry date is September 30, 2023. In addition, under the company's account in the bank, there is a deposit to Beijing Enterprises (Jiangsu) Construction in the name of the company. Issuance records of bank acceptance bills totalling 239.8 million yuan issued by Project Management Co., Ltd. and Nanjing Longyuan Huineng Electric Power Technology Co., Ltd. The bill issuance date is March 29, 2023, and the bill expiration date is September 29, 2023." It added that neither Chaozhuo Aviation nor its Directors have no relationship with the company Beijing Enterprises (Jiangsu) Construction Project Management Co., Ltd. and Nanjing Longyuan Huineng Electric Power Technology Co., Ltd. have no relationship with the company.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S U.S. TREASURY HOLDINGS ARE AT LOWEST LEVEL IN 14 YEARS
Nikkei Asia (November 5) reported that there has been a 40% drop in China's US Treasury holdings. It said China's stockpile hit the lowest level in 14 years at the end of August, with the pace of decline accelerating, even as it faces serious capital flight.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: DATA FOR JULY-SEPTEMBER QUARTER RELEASED BY SAFE SHOWS THAT FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN CHINA WAS NEGATIVE FOR FIRST TIME
Bloomberg (November 5) cited data for the July-September quarter released by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) on November 3 stating that outflows of foreign direct investment in China have exceeded inflows for the first time as tensions with the U.S. over semiconductor technology and concerns about increased anti-spying activity heighten risks. FDI came to minus $11.8 billion, with more withdrawals and downsizing than new investments for factory construction and other purposes. This marked the first negative figure in data going back to 1998. Bloomberg added that foreign investment had remained sluggish after falling sharply in the April-June quarter of 2022, when the Chinese economy was in turmoil from the zero-COVID lockdown in Shanghai. A lot of the drop is attributed to restrictions imposed by the US on semiconductor sales to China. The Rhodium Group says foreign investment in the semiconductor field by destination, China's share has already shrunk from 48% in 2018 to 1% in 2022. In contrast, the U.S. share rose from zero to 37%. The combined share of India, Singapore and Malaysia grew from 10% to 38%.

Nov 2023

CHINESE-ECONOMY: SURGE IN CHINESE CITIZENS ILLEGALLY CROSSING INTO U.S. SEEKING POLITICAL ASYLUM
Radio Free Asia (November 8) said that "The number of people fleeing China to seek asylum in the United States has spiked sharply in recent weeks, with U.S. Customs and Border Patrol reporting more than 4,000 arrests of Chinese nationals in September, a rise of 70% from the previous month." It said, "In the 12 months to September 30, more than 24,000 Chinese nationals have made the arduous and sometimes dangerous overland journey through South and Central America to cross the border from Mexico and apply for political asylum in the United States." (Comment: This surge in Chinese citizens fleeing their country is locally termed the "run" movement.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: MAJOR CHINESE COMPANIES USE UYGHURS AS FORCED LABOUR
The Globe and Mail (November 7) disclosed that according to Chinese government statistics, Chinese authorities annually relocated more than 10 per cent of Xinjiang’s population – or two and a half million people – through labour transfers between 2014 and 2019. The effect was enormous: between 2017 and 2019, according to the government statistics, birth rates in Xinjiang declined by almost half. It said the transferred Uyghurs have been put to work not only processing seafood, but also harvesting cotton, digging in polysilicate mines and producing textiles and solar panels. The newspaper claimed that a classified internal directive from Kashgar Prefecture’s Stability Maintenance Command, written in 2017, noted that people who resist work transfers can be punished with detention. It said the Xinjiang Zhongtai Group, a Fortune 500 conglomerate primarily operating in chemicals and textiles, recently organized the transfer of 100,000 workers to Hotan prefecture. It identified the Chishan Group, one of China’s largest seafood catching and processing companies, the Haibo seafood processing factory in Shandong and Yantai Sanko Fisheries, as others which employ forced Uyghur labour. Quoting The Outlaw Ocean Project it said that at least 10 large seafood companies in China have used more than a thousand Uyghur labourers since 2018. During that time, those companies shipped more than 47,000 tons of seafood to the United States.

Nov 2023

CHINA-POL: CHINA OPENS NEW 270,000-CUBIC METER LNG TERMINAL AT QINGDAO
China opened its largest independently developed Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) storage tank in Qingdao, Shandong Province. The storage tank has a capacity of 270,000-cubic-meter, a diameter of 100.6 meters and a height of 55 meters. The new storage tank has increased the annual handling capacity of the Qingdao LNG terminal to 11 million tons and the gas supply capacity to 16.5 billion cubic meters. The Qingdao LNG terminal is the only available terminal in Shandong Province and serves as the main gas supply source for provinces in North China, including Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hebei, and Henan.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: CDIC OFICIALS POSTED IN HEILONGJIANG, HUNAN AND TIBET AUTONOMOUS REGION PLACED UNDER INVESTIGATION ON NOVEMBER 4
Beijing Daily (November 5) disclosed that on November 4, several disciplinary inspection and supervision officials were 'investigated' the same day.They are: Ma Songbin, the former Director of the Fifth Discipline Inspection and Supervision Office of the Heilongjiang Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection; Li Chao, leader of the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Hunan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision of the Provincial Party Committee’s United Front Work Department, former secretary of the Chenzhou Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and former director of the Municipal Supervisory Commission; and Benba Tsering, the former leader of the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the District Transportation Department of the Tibet Autonomous Region Discipline Inspection Commission.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA NAVY AIRCRAFT CARRIER SHANDONG RETURNS AFTER 9 DAYS OF EXERCISES IN WEST PACIFIC ESCORTED BY 5 DESTROYERS AND 3 FRIGATES AND OTHER SHIPS
The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force on November 6, spotted the PLAN aircraft carrier Shandong among other PLA warships sailing toward the South China Sea after having held nine days of drills in the West Pacific. It said the Shandong was escorted by naval forces including two Type 055 large destroyers, three Type 052D destroyers, three Type 054A frigates and a Type 901 replenishment ship. The Shandong carrier operated from October 28 to November 5 in the international waters in the Philippine Sea, between the southeast of the island of Taiwan, northeast of the Philippines, west of Guam and south of Japan's southwestern islands, according to a chart and a map attached to the Japanese press release. During the drills, the Shandong carried out an unprecedented around 420 fighter jet sorties and 150 helicopter sorties, totalling 570 aircraft sorties.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLAN LAUNCHES COMPREHENSIVE RECRUITMENT OF CARRIER-BASED PILOT STUDENTS FOR 2024
Xinhua (November 3) announced that the PLA Navy (PLAN) had recently launched a comprehensive recruitment and selection process for 2024, selecting carrier-based aircraft pilot students among high school graduates and recent undergraduate and master's graduates from universities. It said this is the first time the Navy has selected pilot cadets for master's degree students and that the selection scope for the Navy's 2024 recruitment has been adjusted. In addition to ordinary high school graduates and fresh graduates from ordinary colleges and universities majoring in science and engineering admitted according to the undergraduate batch line (special type admission control line), there will also be Fresh master's degree graduates who have obtained a full-time degree in science or engineering at the undergraduate or master's level on schedule will be included in the recruitment targets. There are no plans to recruit female pilot cadets in the Navy's 2024 recruitment exercise. The selection process will include physical examination, psychological selection and political assessment, local general aviation agencies will also be relied upon to conduct a 15-hour practical screening flight, and military and civilian flight experts will screen the candidates' flying potential. Once selected, flight cadets will be trained at the Naval Aviation University.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA SOLDIERS OF ALI MSD IN TIBET RECENTLY RE-PAINTED 'PARTY RED FLAG MOUNTAIN' IN RED
Huaxia (November 5) published a brief report stating that officers and soldiers at a border defense post in the Ali Military Division (MSD) of Tibet had "recently" repainted "Party Flag Mountain" in red. It published a picture showing officers and soldiers making promises to defend the border in front of "Party Flag Mountain".

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINA REACTS TO CANADA'S ALLEGATION THAT PLAAF J-11 FIGHTER AIRCRAFT TOOK RISKY MANOEUVRES AGAINST CANADIAN SHIPBASED HELICOPTERS
Huaxia (November 5) said that referring to Canada's allegation that PLAAF J-11 aircraft had adopted risky manoeuvres and intercepted a Canadian aircraft on October 29, China's Ministry of National Defense Spokesperson Zhang Xiaogang told reporters on November 4 about the provocation of Canadian ship-based helicopters. He said that the Chinese military remains on high alert at all times, resolutely safeguards national sovereignty, security and maritime rights and interests, and resolutely maintains peace and stability in the South China Sea. Zhang Xiaogang said that recently, the Canadian frigate "Ottawa" has made two sorties of carrierbased helicopters with unknown intentions approaching China's Xisha airspace. The Chinese People's Liberation Army naval and air forces issued warnings many times, however, the Canadian helicopter not only refused to respond, but also took provocative actions such as flying at ultra-low altitudes. Afterwards, the media hyped up the incident and accused and smeared China. CNN (November 5) said the PLA fired flares in front of a Canadian military helicopter over international waters of the South China Sea, an operation that Canada said was reckless and could have resulted in the downing of the aircraft.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: ARTICLE IN CHINESE MAGAZINE 'WEAPONS' EVALUATES DIFFERENT TYPES OF LOITERING MUNITIONS IN USE IN UKRAINE
Writing in the Diplomat (November 3) Lyle Goldstein and Nathan Waechter of the think tank Defense Priorities and RAND Corporation respectively analysed a recent article titled “The Little Pests that Patrol the Battlefield” in the Chinese military periodical “Weapons” on loitering munitions. They said the Chinese analysis noted that “Despite their small size, loitering munitions have achieved big results in the Ukrainian large-scale war of attrition” and these relatively low-cost weapons are destroying high value and expensive targets, such as air defense radars and missiles, as well as other important targets. Chinese strategists see these as being “highly cost effective” in this conflict of attrition. The Chinese author identified four types of combat missions that loitering munitions have performed in Ukraine. He said “Since both sides lack relatively effective electronic interference capabilities, it is difficult to guarantee the safety of manned fighter aircraft”. “In addition, anti-radiation missiles are in short supply, making it impossible to carry out air defense suppression operations according to the U.S. military’s ‘wild weasel” tactics.’” (“Wild weasel” refers to SEAD tactics first developed by the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War.) This has made loitering munitions “the first choice for both sides to perform air defense suppression operations.” The article says. “Loitering munitions often use composite materials; they are small in size, slow in speed, and have a weak doppler effect. Even if they are detected by radar, they are often filtered out as clutter, such as birds.” In regard to SEAD missions, the author strongly credits the Russian ZALA Lancet-3 for being especially effective in targeting and degrading Ukrainian air defenses: “The Russian army has formed a complete set of tactics in this regard.” A second mission is described as “counter-artillery operations.” The author notes that in this stage of the war, “both sides are making greater use of pre-launched loitering munitions to conduct patrols and reconnaissance in areas where enemy artillery may be deployed, to hunt and kill them once discovered.” The third primary mission discussed by this Chinese strategist is targeting armoured vehicles where he says that the Switchblade-300 loitering munitions provided by the United States are largely inadequate for attacking hardened and armoured targets. “The warhead is only equivalent to a grenade, and it is difficult to completely damage large, armoured targets”. “Therefore, the Ukrainian army’s loitering munitions have a mediocre record in anti-armour operations.” The author also notes the weakness of tanks: “On the Russian-Ukrainian battlefield, tanks often operate independently and have poor situational awareness, which provides opportunities for loitering munitions to find the right time to hit their weak top, sides, and rear.” Regarding strikes on moving targets (infantry) on the front lines, the Chinese analyst evaluates that Russia’s and Ukraine’s tactical use of loitering munitions has differed: “Compared with the Russian army’s use of loitering munitions, which mainly attack large targets, the Ukrainian army’s loitering munitions are more likely to be used for hunting moving [human] targets on the front line.” The author concludes that the Switchblades have been ineffective in this role: “Due to the limited firepower of the Switchblade-300, once the Russian soldiers take cover in their trenches or a bunker, it is difficult for the Switchblade-300 to achieve an effective kill.” Discussing defence against loitering munitions, the Chinese author says “Dealing with loitering missiles ultimately requires the development of extremely sophisticated radars and multispectral photoelectric detection capabilities to improve detection.” “The M-SHORAD field air defense system currently in service with the U.S. military has a comprehensive photoelectric sensing system on the turret for target acquisition and situational awareness.” He concludes that, “compared with high-energy lasers, microwave weapons have longer range, are less affected by weather, and have better firepower control, making them more suitable for dealing with drone swarm attacks. The solid-state microwave weapon system being developed by the U.S. military has shot down dozens of drones during tests.” He adds that “air defense weapons must further improve their ability to resist saturation attacks.” The article also discusses defensive electronic warfare measures and says, “By interfering with the navigation system and data links, the loitering munition will become a headless fly.” “The T-type mobile electronic interference station developed by Belarus can not only detect loitering munitions through phased array radar and photoelectric detection equipment, but also monitor the radio signals of directional communication between the loitering munitions and its control station. [It can also] send the data to anti-UAV units and implement jamming against the satellite navigation receiver on the loiter munition.” Remarking on the ad hoc defensive armour seen installed on Russian and Ukrainian tanks and vehicles, the author observed “The common practice is to install ‘sunshade-style’ lattice shielding on the tops of a tanks and armoured vehicles along with explosive reactive armour or even nylon mesh to reduce the impact of loitering missiles on the top armours". The article points out, “China must be especially wary of loitering munitions entering Taiwan. Taiwan has been equipped with the Chien Hsiang loitering munition, which is a replica of the Israeli Harpy anti-radiation drone.” The author assesses that while Taiwan’s forces may skilfully employ loitering munitions against a potential Chinese landing force, it must also be assumed that China – itself a drone superpower – will deploy masses of attack drones, likely in “swarms,” in order to confuse and ultimately overwhelm the defenders.

Nov 2023

CHINA-HAINAN: 4TH OCEAN COOPERATION AND GOVERNANCE FORUM OPENED IN SANYA, HAINAN ON NOVEMBER 8
The 4th "Ocean Cooperation and Governance Forum" opened in Sanya, Hainan on November 8, where more than 300 experts and scholars, international organizations and maritime-related people from more than 30 countries and regions around the world attended. Xinhua (November 8) said representatives attending the conference will focus on "Challenges faced by global ocean governance and maritime cooperation between major powers", "South China Sea governance and mutual trust building from the perspective of global security initiatives", "United Nations 2030 Agenda Goal 14 and the sustainable development of marine fisheries", "High Seas Agreement (BBNJ) and the global Conduct in-depth discussions on topics such as "Ocean Governance". This forum was jointly sponsored by Hainan Huayang Ocean Cooperation and Governance Research Center, China South China Sea Research Institute, and China Ocean Development Foundation. Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi addressed the Forum on November 8, and emphasised "that China will uphold the concept of a maritime community with a shared future and cooperate with the international community". He added that 'the ocean is an important foundation for human survival and development, and is also a natural platform for exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations. Strengthening ocean cooperation and improving ocean governance reflect the common aspirations of all countries and are the general trend of the times. At the same time, the world today is not peaceful, and the development of the ocean is also facing unprecedented risks and challenges'. He emphasized that 'the ocean, as a home for mankind to live together', and referred to President Xi Jinping's proposing "the important concept of building a maritime community with a shared future, pointed out the way forward for leading global ocean governance, and provided Chinese solutions for building and protecting a beautiful and prosperous ocean home".

Nov 2023

CHINA-LIAONING: 6TH PLENARY SESSION OF 13TH LIAONING PARTY PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE HELD ON NOVEMBER 6-7, 2023
The Liaoning Daily (November 7) disclosed that the Sixth Plenary Session of the 13th Liaoning Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China was held in Shenyang from November 6 to 7, 2023. The plenary session was attended by 87 members of the Provincial Party Committee and 6 alternate members of the Provincial Party Committee, in addition to Members of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and "responsible comrades from relevant parties". Hao Peng, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, delivered a speech. Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor Li Lecheng explained the "Opinions of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee on thoroughly implementing the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech for revitalization of Northeast China in the new era". The plenary session called on party organizations at all levels and party members and cadres across the province to unite closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, firmly support the "two establishments", and resolutely achieve the "two safeguards" ”, bravely shoulder the political mission of safeguarding the country’s “five major security”, work hard and move forward courageously, resolutely win the “Liaoshen Campaign” for the revitalization of Northeast China and Liaoning in the new era.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG PROVINCE NATIONAL DEFENCE EDUCATION OFFICE HOSTS DEMONSTRATION EVENT AT DONGSHAN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN GUANGZHOU
The Nanfang Ribao (November 6) reported that on November 5, the Youth National Defense Education themed event "Southern Guangdong Military Appointment" hosted by the Guangdong Provincial National Defense Education Office and hosted by the Armed Police Force Police Cadet Training Base and Southern News Network was successfully held. Nearly a hundred students from Dongshan Peizheng Primary School in Yuexiu, Guangzhou and hundreds of teachers, students, and parent representatives came to the military camp to observe military training, visit military dormitories, receive national defense education, and experience military life at "zero distance". The students watched with great interest the soldiers "performing exciting assassination drills, enemy-capturing fist demonstrations, and formation drills" and "made the children instantly "fans". Major Huang Xinxu of a cadet team at the Armed Police Officer Academy training base shared his special experience in performing security tasks at embassies abroad and "protecting Chinese citizens during wars in Syria, Pakistan and other regions".

Nov 2023

CHINA-HUNAN: HUNAN PARTY SECRETARY SHEN XIAOMING INSPECTS ZHANGJJIAJIE
According to Hunan Daily (November 4), the Hunan Provincial Party Committee Secretary Shen Xiaoming on November 2 inspected the 'economic and social development' in Zhangjiajie. and hosted a symposium. During the inspection, Shen Xiaoming made an unannounced visit to the relocated primary school in Yongding District to ascertain reasons for the long-term failure to secure the land for school building construction. He requested that high attention be paid to education and people's livelihood work, existing problems should be properly resolved as soon as possible, and the school would be completed as soon as possible. After listening to a report on the economic and social development of Zhangjiajie City at the symposium, Shen Xiaoming urged that efforts should be made to refocus and achieve results on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, increase residents' income levels, handle key people's livelihood matters, strengthen social governance, and prevent and resolve major problems. risks and continuously improve the level of intrinsic safety. He said, "We must ... make good use of red resources, inherit the red gene, learn and promote the fine traditions of "four at the grassroots level".

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINESE RESEARCHER DESCRIBES CMC VICE CHAIRMAN ZHANG YOUXIA'S REMARKS AT XIANGSHAN FORUM AS "THE MOST SERIOUS WARNING TO TAIWAN"
Peng Tao, Deputy Director and researcher of the Center for Taiwan and East Asia Studies at Central China Normal University, Hunan, in an article in Huaxia (November 3) commenting on CMC Vice Chairman General Zhang Youxia's remarks at the Xiangshan Forum on October 30 wrote Zhang Youxia's "is the most serious warning to the "Taiwan independence" die-hards and hostile forces outside the country. It also shows that mainland China's resolute stance on safeguarding national unity is unwavering. The Taiwan issue is China's internal affairs and the country's core interest. Mainland China is willing to maintain peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait with the greatest sincerity, but it will never compromise on the Taiwan issue, nor will it allow any country to dictate the Taiwan issue in any name."

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINESE PUBLICATION CLAIMS TAIWAN'S LOW BIRTHRATE HAS ADVERSELY IMPACTED SCHOOL AND COLLEGE ENROLLMENT
China's Huaxia.com (November 5) claimed that "The tsunami of low birthrate in Taiwan has impacted private school enrolment. As of July this year, 12 colleges and universities in Taiwan have suspended enrolment or suspended operations. The picture shows that in May last year, students from Taiwan’s Capital University gathered to express their demands after the school announced its closure". It added that the Chinese Department of Taiwan Shi Hsin University proposes to suspend enrolment.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TIBET: CHINA'S STATE COUNCIL TO RELEASE WHITE PAPER ON CCP'S POLICIES ON GOVERNANCE IN TIBET (XIZANG)
China’s State Council Information Office on November 10 released a 32-page 12598-character White Paper on the policies of the CCP on the governance of Xizang Autonomous Region in the new era. Titled "CPC Policies on the Governance of Xizang in the New Era: Approach and Achievements," it highlighted that the CCP's guidelines for governing Xizang in the new era have brought about all-round progress and historic success in various undertakings in the region.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TIBET: CHINA SOUTH ASIAN SOCIETY HOLDS ANNUAL MEETING IN LHASA TO DISCUSS 'RIM-HIMALAYAN ECONOMIC COOPERATION BELT'
On November 4, 2023, Annual Meeting of the China South Asian Society (CSAS) and the Academic Symposium on "Intersection and Integration of Regional Country Studies and Borderland Studies" was held in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). The meeting discussed the changes of political and economic situation in South Asia and the construction of the Rim-Himalayan Economic Cooperation Belt (RHECB) and providing more intellectual support for the high quality development and opening up of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). (Comment: The China South Asian Society (CSAS) is a national first-level academic organization registered by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and engaged in South Asian studies. The Society held its first annual meeting in the Tibet Autonomous Region in 2018 in Linzhi City. At its first meeting it said it would be an important channel for China to open up to South Asia. It added that the Tibet Autonomous Region has unique geographical advantages and has achieved results in communication and construction with South Asia in terms of policies, facilities, trade, and capital. Jiang Jingkui, Vice President of the Chinese Society for South Asia, said: "With the deepening of the high-quality Belt and Road Initiative, the political, economic, trade and cultural ties between China and South Asia have become increasingly close, and the importance of the unique location of the Tibet Autonomous Region has continued to rise.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-TIBET: TIBETAN MONK FROM SERA MONASTERY IN INDIA WHO ENTERED TIBET ILLEGALLY WAS APPREHENDED AND RELEASED AFTER TWO DAYS WITH ADVICE TO IMMEDIATELY RETURN TO INDIA
A 36-year old Tibetan monk from Sera monastery in India, named Nyima, illegally entered Tibet through Nepal’s Kodari border on October 29, 2023. He was spotted by Chinese border police while having tea at a stall after reaching Nyelam. When he could not show the police any identity documents, he was taken into custody by the Chinese police and held at the border police station for 2 days. On realising he was a being a monk, the policeman in charge at the prison became somewhat sympathetic to him and instructed him to return back to Nepal instead of journeying forward. After spending the two days in the border prison he was handed over to Nepalese police at Kodari. From there he was handed over to the Nepal Immigration. A HURON representative went to the immigration department where Nyima was held and they released Nyima and instructed him to return back to India at earliest. When HURON asked Nyima for the reason for his illegal entry to Tibet, he mentioned it was to go to Lhaktse to meet his ailing mother. Nyima is expected to depart for India this week.

Nov 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: TAR PARTY SECRETARY VISITED (NOVEMBER 8-9) NEPAL
Khabarhub (November 3) reported that Wang Junzheng, Party Secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) is scheduled to visit to Nepal on November 8-9, 2023, at the head of a high-level delegation. During his stay in Kathmandu, TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng is slated to meet Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Deputy Prime Minister Purna Bahadur Khadka, overseeing the Ministry of Defense, and another Deputy Prime Minister, Narayan Kaji Shrestha, handling the Ministry of Home Affairs, among others.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: US' AIDDATA STUDY REVEALS CHINESE LENDING TO PAKISTAN BETWEEN 2000-2021 TOTALLED US$ 67.2 BILLION
Nikkei Asia (November 9) reported that according to a study by AidData, a research institute at William and Mary University in the U.S., two decades of Chinese lending to Pakistan totalled `about $21 billion more than previously thought. It also showed that Pakistan has the biggest China-funded energy portfolio in the world. AidData calculated Pakistan's cumulative public debt exposure to China at $67.2 billion for the period from 2000 to 2021. That surpasses the $46 billion recorded for the same period in the World Bank's International Debt Statistics, based on voluntary disclosures from Pakistan.

Nov 2023

CHINA-AUSTRALIA: AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER ALBANESE ARRIVED IN SHANGHAI ON NOVEMBER 4 ON 4-DAY VISIT TO CHINA
The Nanfang Ribao (November 5) reported the arrival of Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese in Shanghai on November 4 at the start of a 4-day visit. He visited the 6th China International Import Expo. on November 5. The Australian Prime Minister's Office issued a statement stating that Albanese will discuss cooperation with China in various fields such as economic ties, climate change and people-to-people ties. (Comment: This is the first visit by an Australian Prime Minister to China since 2016. It coincides with the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Australia. Over 3,200 Guangdong companies are participating in the expo.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-ESTONIA: PRC AMBASSADOR TO ESTONIA MAY LEAVE IN CASE TAIWAN OPENS REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE IN TALLINN
Reuters (November 8) quoted an official as saying that should a representative office of the Republic of China (ROC), ie. Taiwan, open in Tallinn it may lead to the departure of the People's Republic of China's (PRC) new ambassador, Guo Xiaomei, to Estonia. It said the PRC Ambassador Guo Xiaomei recently met at the Riigikogu with Estonia-China parliamentary group chair Toomas Kivimägi (Eesti 200) at her own request, expressing concern over a visit of the ROC Foreign Minister to Estonia on November 8.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: BASF PLANT IN XINJIANG HAS LINKS TO FORCED LABOUR
The Handelsblatt (November 6) reported it has received evidence of forced labor in the environment of BASF's joint venture partner in Xinjiang. The German chemical company now wants to have a further inspection carried out. The information has come through its JV partner Markor, which is partly owned by Zhongtai Group / Zhongtai Chemical. The report says in Korla, in Xinjiang Uighur region, the Dax-Group produces chemical precursors with its Chinese joint venture partner Markor, which are used in sportswear, for example.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING HELD A VIDEO CONFERENCE WITH GERMAN CHANCELLOR SCHOLZ ON NOVEMBER 3
CCTV News (November 3) telecast a report on Chinese President Xi Jinping's video meeting with German Chancellor Scholz. After reviewing the growth of bilateral relations, Xi Jinping emphasized that the current international situation is undergoing great changes, with intensified geopolitical conflicts, sluggish economic recovery, and the resurgence of Cold War mentality. Asserting that China and Germany are both responsible major countries, he said they should set an example of win-win cooperation, defend the international order and multilateralism, and work together to address global challenges. Stating that China-EU relations are related to the stability of the world structure and the prosperity of the Eurasian continent, he added that China regards Europe as a comprehensive strategic partner and an important pole in multipolarity. He hoped that Germany will push the EU to work with China to safeguard fair market competition and free trade, and maintain the stability of global industrial and supply chains. Scholz said Germany-China relations are very important to Germany and Germany is willing to continue the good relations between the two countries. Scholz briefed Xi Jinping on Germany's views on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and the Ukrainian crisis. Xi Jinping said the causes need to be solved from the root, and 'squeezing the security space of other countries and unilaterally supporting one side while ignoring the legitimate demands of the other will lead to regional imbalances and lead to the expansion and escalation of conflicts'. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi attended the meeting.

Nov 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE CMC VICE CHAIRMAN GENERAL ZHANG YOUXIA MET RUSSIAN PRESIDENT PUTIN ON NOVEMBER 8
CMC Vice Chairman General Zhang Youxia met Russian President Putin at the Novo- Ogaryovo state residence on November 8, when he said China has high regard for Russia’s resilience. He is the most senior PLA figure to visit Russia since it was sanctioned over the invasion of Ukraine. Russian state TV reported Zhang Youxia saying “Under your leadership, the Russian Federation is responding robustly to various risks and challenges in the face of international turbulence. It has been proven by fact that you and Russia won’t be bent by any difficulties. We Chinese express our admiration for this.” Zhang Youxia praised the “strong momentum that has been maintained” in the development of China-Russia military relations in recent years, which was highlighted by fruitful cooperation in various fields, adding that “The relationship between our two militaries is an important sign of how high-level and special our bilateral relationship has become.” He said, “The China-Russia friendship is ever growing and has become more solid with the passage of time.” Putin replied that the two countries should expand cooperation especially in hi-tech areas such as “space, including high-orbit assets, and new prospective types of weapons that will ensure strategic security of both Russia and the People’s Republic of China”. He said “Friendly relations between Russia and China are conducive to peace and stability in the world and in the region. It is completely different from the kind of alliance relationship based on Cold War patterns”. Zhang Youxia also met Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoigu on Wednesday to discuss “further deepening the pragmatic cooperative relationship between the two militaries”. Shoigu said that relations between Moscow and Beijing are a model of strategic interaction based on trust and respect but also stressed that “the two countries are not forming a military bloc”.

Nov 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: 10TH CHINA-RUSSIA ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY FORUM HELD IN HARBIN, HEILONGJIANG PROVINCE ON NOVEMBER 1
China Daily (November 5) reported that more than 700 academicians, experts, and representatives from relevant institutions and companies from China and Russia attended the 10th China-Russia Engineering and Technology Forum, also known as the 2023 China-Russia Digital Economy Summit, held in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, on November 1. The Forum's theme was "Creating an Open New Frontier and Nurturing New Quality Productivity." He Junke, Secretary of the Party Group and Vice Chairman of the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), said that the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Russia in the new era continues to operate at a high level, bringing more opportunities and development space for scientific and technological cooperation between the two countries. He said CAST will continue to strengthen close contacts with Russian scientific and technological personnel and organizations and promote exchanges. The Party Secretary of Heilongjiang province, Xu Qin stated that Heilongjiang is an important node in the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative. With its obvious location advantages and strong research capabilities, it has broad space for cooperation with Russia. He expressed his willingness to jointly implement the important consensus reached by the heads of state of China and Russia, work together, let technology better support high-quality development, and benefit the people of both countries. The Chinese Society of Engineers and the Russian Association for Engineering Education signed a MoU build more engineers. 11 Chinese and Russian academicians and experts delivered keynote speeches on promoting the development of engineering technology and the digital economy.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA-US CLIMATE TALKS IN CALIFORNIA HAVE "POSITIVE" OUTCOME
The People's Daily (November 10) quoted China's Ministry of Ecology and Environment as reporting (November 9) that the talks between China's Special Envoy for Climate Change Xie Zhenhua and his U.S. counterpart John Kerry concluded successfully in California. It said the talks had a "positive" outcome.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: DAILY FLIGHTS BETWEEN CHINA AND U.S. INCREASE TO 70 PER WEEK FROM NOVEMBER 9
Beijing Daily (November 9) quoted Xinhua to say that starting November 9, the number of direct passenger flights between China and the United States will increase to 70 flights per week.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA'S SPECIAL ENVOY TO MIDDLE EAST MET U.S. AMBASSADOR IN BEIJING ON NOVEMBER 7
The Beijing Daily (November 7) reported that China's Special Envoy for the Middle East issue, Zhai Jun met U.S. Ambassador Burns in Beijing on November 7 at the latters request. The two sides exchanged views on the current Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the situation in the Middle East and other issues. CHINA-US: U.S. TREASURY SECRETARY YELLEN TO MEET CHINESE VICE PREMIER HE LIFENG IN SAN FRANCISCO BEFORE APEC SUMMIT US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen will meet Chinese Vice Premier He Lifeng on November 9 and 10 prior to the APEC Summit to continue the discussions they started earlier this year. The US Treasury Department said the US hoped the meeting would 'Further stabilise the bilateral economic relationship ".

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: WASHINGTON-BASED CONSULTANCY GALLUP HAS DECIDED TO WITHDRAW FROM CHINA
The Financial Times (November 5) reported that the US consultancy Gallup had withdrawn from China. Gallup, which first came to China in 1993 and employs dozens of staff at its offices in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen, told clients this week it was retreating from China as it has long faced difficulties conducting the public polling because of strict Chinese rules governing foreign groups carrying out public opinion surveys. The Global Times claimed that the group’s polls “serve as a tool to contain China & maintain US dominance” after a March survey showed that only 15% of Americans viewed China favourably, a record low.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: U.S. TREASURY SECRETARY YELLEN SAYS DECOUPLING OF U.S. AND CHINESE ECONOMIES WOULD DIVIDE THE WORLD AND U.S. HAS NO INTEREST IN A DIVIDED WORLD
The China Daily (November 5) publicised the remarks of US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen at the Asia Society in Washington on November 2, where she said that a decoupling of the American and Chinese economies would have "disastrous effects". Yellen said "A full separation of our economies, or an approach in which countries including those in the Indo- Pacific are forced to take sides, would have significant negative global repercussions," and "We have no interest in such a divided world and its disastrous effects." Yellen added "First, the United States began as an Atlantic nation, but we have long been a Pacific one as well". "We see this clearly in California, where President Biden and I will head later this month to host APEC Economic Leaders' Week…". Yellen declared "As we look toward APEC later this month, let me state unequivocally: Claims that America is turning away from the Indo-Pacific are wholly unfounded. We are deepening our economic ties across the region, with tremendous potential benefits for the US economy and for the Indo-Pacific". (Comment: The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries gather in San Francisco for an annual meeting from November 11-17.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: HUAXIA ARTICLE CLAIMS THAT US AND JAPAN ARE STRENGTHENING MILITARY TIES AGAINST CHINA
A lengthy article in Huaxia (November 5) said 'The United States and Japan have strengthened their military linkage, and their intentions against China are clearly revealed'. The article added that 'Japan is the "pawn" of the United States in the Western Pacific and a key fulcrum of the U.S. Indo-Pacific strategic layout. After the release of the new security document, Japan increasingly seeks to enhance its interaction with the United States and its allies at the strategic, operational and tactical levels, strengthen defense planning and war preparation capabilities', and attempts to integrate into the Indo-Pacific region and connect many parties in order to replicate the "NATO-style" multilateral alliance. The article said 'The Japan Self-Defense Force currently has about 1,400 ammunition depots, and plans to build 130 new ones by 2032. Japan is actively accelerating the construction of ammunition depots, mainly used to store an increasing number of long-range missiles. This move shows that Japan's military expansion process is accelerating, and it also increases the risk that relevant facilities will become military targets, triggering safety concerns among local residents.' It added 'Japan's intention to deploy military power against neighbouring countries is obvious.' It said 'As a key link in the "counterattack capability", the Japanese government has made it clear that it will give priority to the development of "standoff defense capabilities", that is, "the ability to attack enemy missile bases from outside the enemy's range."' In conclusion, the article said 'Japan continues to provoke and intervene in geopolitical conflicts, sending strong hostile signals to neighbouring countries, exacerbating tensions and conflict risks in East Asia, and making the international community worried about the resurgence of Japanese militarism. Japan's attempts to expand its military force and undermine regional peace and stability have aroused high vigilance from the international community.'

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: DELEGATION OF SINO-AMERICAN AVIATION HERITAGE FOUNDATION AND U.S. FLYING TIGERS VETERANS AND THEIR FAMILIES VISITED THE KUNMING FOREIGN LANGUAGE SCHOOL
The People's Daily publicised the visit on November 3, of a delegation from the Sino-American Aviation Heritage Foundation, along with U.S. Flying Tigers veterans and their families, to the Kunming Foreign Language school in Yunnan Province. During their visit, a musical "Green Path and Rainbow: the Story of the Flying Tigers and the Hump" was performed by Kunming Flying Tiger Opera Troupe to honour the American and Chinese "Flying Tigers" airmen who lost their lives fighting the Japanese invaders. At the end of the visit, the Kunming Flying Tiger Opera Troupe and students from the Kunming Foreign Language School sang "Auld Lang Syne" together in both English and Chinese.

Nov 2023

CHINA-UK: CHINESE EMBASSY SPOKESMAN IN UK REFUTES REPORTERS REMARKS ON TAIWAN, XINJIANG, TIBET, HONGKONG AND SOUTH CHINA SEA
Beijing Daily (November 10) reported that according to the official WeChat account of the Chinese Embassy in the UK, the spokesperson of the Chinese Embassy in the UK responded to reporters’ questions regarding the erroneous remarks about China in the UK-Japan “2+2” joint statement. Responding to the journalist "expressing concerns" on issues such as Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong, and the South China Sea, and "calling on" China to urge Russia to stop " Military aggression” in Ukraine, the Chinese Embassy spokesman said: "Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet, and Hong Kong affairs are purely China’s internal affairs. No foreign country, including the United Kingdom and Japan, is qualified to make irresponsible remarks. It is false that Britain and Japan "maintain peace and human rights", but it is true that they interfere in China's internal affairs and want to create chaos in China. Their sinister plot will never succeed". He added "China has indisputable territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the East China Sea and South China Sea. China will unswervingly safeguard its sovereignty and rights and interests, and firmly oppose relevant countries to sow relations among regional countries and create confrontation and confrontation. On the Ukrainian issue, China has always stood on the side of peace, upheld an objective and fair stance, and actively promoted peace talks." The Chinese Embassy spokesman also said, "If the UK and Japan really want to become responsible countries, they should stop fanning the flames and stirring up trouble and do more to contribute to regional peace and stability."

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER POLITBURO MEETING ON OCTOBER 27
A Politburo meeting was held in Beijing on October 27. The only topic listed officially was the revitalization of Northeast China. (Comment: According to available reports it did not even mention the former Chinese Premier Li Keqiang who died that day.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER 9TH COLLECTIVE STUDY SESSION OF CCP CC POLITBURO ON OCTOBER 27
Xinhua and CCTV (October 28) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over the Politburo's ninth collective study session held on the afternoon of October 27 'to build a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation to promote the high-quality development of the Party's work on ethnic affairs in the new era'. Wang Yanzhong, Director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), explained this issue and put forward work suggestions. Xinhua (October 28) said 'Xi Jinping delivered an important speech after listening to the explanation and discussion. He pointed out that since ancient times, people of all ethnic groups in our country have jointly created the dazzling Chinese civilization and forged the great Chinese nation. Our party has always attached great importance to ethnic issues and ethnic work, and correctly handled ethnic relations. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, our party has emphasized the concepts of the big family of the Chinese nation, the community of the Chinese nation, building a strong sense of the Chinese nation’s community, and promoting the construction of the Chinese nation’s community. It has clearly proposed that building a strong sense of the Chinese nation’s community should be the party’s national work in the new era. As the main line of all work in ethnic areas, we further expanded the correct path to solve ethnic issues with Chinese characteristics, formed the party’s important thoughts on strengthening and improving ethnic work, opened up a new realm of adapting Marxist ethnic theory to the times, and the party China's ethnic work has achieved new historic achievements.' He also said 'The sense of community of the Chinese nation has laid a solid spiritual and cultural foundation. We must strengthen education on the Party's theory, lines, principles, and policies for people of all ethnic groups, strengthen publicity and education on the history of the Party, the history of New China, the history of reform and opening up, the history of socialist development, and the history of the development of the Chinese nation. We must unite our hearts and souls with common ideals and beliefs, and deeply cultivate and practice the core socialist values. Deeply implement the red gene inheritance project, vigorously promote the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation as the core, continuously enhance the sense of identity and pride in the Chinese nation, and inspire people of all ethnic groups to forge ahead on a new journey and make contributions in the new era.' Important too were Xi Jinping's remarks that 'it is necessary to promote extensive exchanges, exchanges and integration among all ethnic groups and promote Chinese-style modernization through the great unity of the Chinese nation. The process of building a strong country and rejuvenating the nation must be a process of extensive exchanges, exchanges and integration among all ethnic groups. It must be a process of unity, struggle and common prosperity and development of all ethnic groups. We must hold high the banner of the great unity of the Chinese nation and regard promoting all ethnic groups to work together to comprehensively build a modern socialist country as an important task of the party's ethnic work in the new journey. It is necessary to promote the mobility and integration of the population of all ethnic groups, build an inter-embedded social structure and community environment, create social conditions for people of all ethnic groups to live together, learn together, build and share, and work together to enjoy each other, and continue to deepen the creation of ethnic unity and progress. We should take improving people's livelihood and rallying people's hearts as the starting point and goal of the economic and social development of ethnic minority areas, promote the integration of ethnic minority areas into the new development pattern, achieve high-quality development, continuously improve the ability and level of public service guarantees, and promote development results to benefit people of all ethnic groups equitably. Uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, improve the system of ethnic policies and laws and regulations, and promote the modernization of the ethnic affairs governance system and governance capabilities. Xi Jinping also emphasised 'the need to tell the story of the Chinese nation well and vigorously promote the consciousness of the Chinese nation's community. It is necessary to vigorously publicize the history of the Chinese nation, the theory of the Chinese nation's community, the historic achievements of the party's national work in the new era, and the beautiful vision of the Chinese nation working together with people from all over the world to build a community with a shared future for mankind. Innovate the communication methods of ethnic-related propaganda, enrich the communication content, broaden the communication channels, tell the story of the Chinese nation community, make it clear that the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system are reliable guarantees for the common development and progress of all ethnic groups in our country, and make it clear that the Chinese nation has a strong A community with a shared future that has a strong sense of identity and cohesion, and clearly illustrates the obvious superiority of the correct path to solving ethnic issues with Chinese characteristics. Actively promote exchanges and interactions between Chinese and foreign academic circles and civil society groups'. Xi Jinping pointed out that it is the common task of the entire Party and people of all ethnic groups to build a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation and promote the highquality development of the Party’s ethnic work in the new era. Party committees and governments at all levels must adhere to the correct path of solving ethnic issues with Chinese characteristics, conscientiously implement the Party's various principles and policies on ethnic work, and promptly study and solve major issues related to ethnic work in their regions and units. Leading cadres at all levels must thoroughly study and implement the Party's important thoughts on strengthening and improving ethnic work, improve their ability to do a good job in ethnic work, and make due contributions to promoting ethnic unity and progress.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: FORMER CHINESE PREMIER LI KEQIANG CREMATED ON NOVEMBER 2 WHILE CHINESE AUTHORITIES ALERT FOR PUBLIC DEMONSTRATIONS AS PEOPLE MOURN
Xinhua (November 2) reported that Li Keqiang, who was a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 17th, 18th and 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) central committees and former Premier of the State Council and died of a heart attack at the age of 68, was cremated at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery in Beijing on November 2. He was "extolled as an excellent CPC member, a time-tested and loyal communist soldier and an outstanding proletarian revolutionist, statesman and leader of the Party and the state". Around 9 a.m., Xi and his wife Peng Liyuan, Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi, Han Zheng and others walked slowly up to Li Keqiang's remains, stood in solemn silence to pay their tributes, and made three bows. They shook hands with Li's family members, offering their condolences. Hu Jintao sent a wreath to express his condolences over Li's passing. It said Xi Jinping, Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi, Han Zheng and Hu Jintao, among others, had either visited Li Keqiang when he was in hospital or expressed deep condolences and offered sincere sympathies to his family through various means after his passing. All major povincial newspapers published reports on Li Keqiang's cremation on November 2. ii) Reports state that people across China have been mourning, openly and quietly, the death of the country’s former premier Li Keqiang. Online discussions of his passing can be found but are very much restricted. China's censors are vigilant for posts excessively praising Li Keqiang or contrasting him with Xi Jinping. iii) A team of China's infamous "urban management" (城管) were posted outside Li Keqiang's former residence from October 30, which has been the scene of massive public commemoration since his death, nominally in order to "maintain social order". iv) China banned public mourning outside of Anhui's Hefei and cancels all university club activities from October 28 to November 3 as Li Keqiang's body arrives in Beijing. Earlier on October 29, journalists said Anhui was "A city full of flowers, to see off a single person". People poured into Anhui's Hefei in order to mourn at Li Keqiang's former residence, with queue stretching hundreds of metres. There were long lines of mourners for Li Keqiang at his childhood home in Jiuzi village, Dingyuan county in rural Anhui. The former Editor of the Central Party School's Study Times Deng Yuwen in an article for Voice of America (VOA) paraphrased Chinese poet Zang Kejia: "China's Li Keqiang has passed away, but "some people" are still alive".

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER CENTRAL FINANCIAL WORK CONFERENCE HELD IN BEIJING ON OCTOBER 30-31, 2023
Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the Central Financial Work Conference (CFWC) and delivered an important speech. Xinhua (October 31) said Chinese President Xi Jinping and Chinese Premer Li Qiang delivered "important" speeches. Politburo Standing Committee members Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi attended the meeting. Xinhua said "Xi made an important speech in which he summarised the financial work since the 18th CPC National Congress, analysed the situation facing the high-quality development of finance, and directed the current and future financial work. Li Qiang made a specific deployment of the financial work". Highlights of Xinhu's report on the meeting follow. It said "The meeting stressed that finance is the bloodline of the national economy, is an important part of the core competitiveness of the country, to speed up the construction of a strong financial country, comprehensively strengthen financial supervision, improve the financial system, optimise financial services, prevent and mitigate risks, and unswervingly take the road of financial development with Chinese characteristics, to promote the high-quality development of China's financial services, in order to provide strong support for the construction of a strong country with the Chinese-style modernisation and the national rejuvenation of the country in an all-rounded way". It said "The CPC Central Committee has combined Marxist financial theories with the concrete realities of contemporary China and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, endeavoured to grasp the laws of financial development in the new era, continued to push forward practical, theoretical and institutional innovations in China's financial undertakings, and striven to open up the road of financial development with Chinese characteristics, stressing that it is necessary to adhere to the centralised and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over the work of the financial sector, and to adhere to the people-centred value orientation." "The meeting stressed that in the current and future period, to do a good job in financial work, we must adhere to and strengthen the overall leadership of the Party, take Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era as the guide, fully implement the spirit of the 20th CPC National Congress, fully, accurately and comprehensively carry out the New Development Concept, profoundly grasp the political nature of the work of the financial sector and the people's nature, accelerate the construction of a strong financial country as the goal, promote the high-quality development of the financial sector as the theme, and deepening the structural reform of the financial supply side, taking the purity, professionalism and combat effectiveness of the financial team as the main line, focusing on comprehensively strengthening supervision and preventing and resolving risks, adhering to the general keynote of seeking progress amidst stability, integrating development and security, firmly guarding the bottom line of no systematic financial risks, unswervingly taking the road of financial development with Chinese characteristics, accelerating the construction of a modern financial system with Chinese characteristics, and continuously meeting the needs of the economic and social development and the people's growing financial needs, and constantly open up a new situation for financial work in the new era." "The mainstay of the economy and ballast for maintaining financial stability, strict entry standards and regulatory requirements for small and medium-sized financial institutions, specialised operations based on the local area, strengthening the functional positioning of policy financial institutions, and giving full play to the functions of the insurance industry as an economic shock absorber and social stabiliser." It emphasised "Optimising the structure of capital supply, allocating more financial resources to promoting scientific and technological innovation, advanced manufacturing, green development and small and medium-sized enterprises, and strongly supporting the implementation of the innovationdriven development strategy, the strategy of coordinated regional development, and ensuring national food and energy security. Revitalise financial resources that have been inefficiently occupied and improve the efficiency of capital use. To do a good job in five major articles on science and technology finance, green finance, inclusive finance, pension finance and digital finance." "Strengthen the management of the foreign exchange market and maintain the basic stability of the RMB exchange rate at a reasonable equilibrium level." "The meeting requested that all regions and departments, especially the financial system, should further unify their thoughts and actions to the spirit of the important speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the decision-making and deployment of the CPC Central Committee, adhere to the goal-oriented and problem-oriented, comprehensively strengthen the Party's leadership of the financial work, and do a good job in strengthening financial supervision, preventing and resolving financial risks, and promoting the high-quality development of the financial sector and other key work to accelerate the construction of a strong financial country, and to grasp the spirit of the conference Propaganda and implementation, strengthen the financial cadres and talents team building, to ensure the implementation of the work deployment". He Lifeng made a concluding speech. The People's Bank of China, the General Administration of Financial Supervision, China Securities Regulatory Commission, Beijing Municipality, Liaoning Province, Hubei Province, Sichuan Province, responsible comrades also spoke. Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the Secretariat of the Central Committee, relevant leading comrades of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, State Councillors, the President of the Supreme People's Court, and relevant leading comrades of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference were present at the meeting. Members of the Central Financial Commission, all provinces, autonomous regions, cities and municipalities with separate plans, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, relevant departments of the Central Government and State organs, relevant people's groups, relevant departments of the Central Military Commission organs, financial institutions managed by the Central Government, and the main comrades-in-charge of some enterprises, etc. attended the meeting. ii) The 114-word resolution of the two-day Central Financial Work Conference established a Party-led Central Financial Commission, a super-regulator that will oversee govt institutions such as the People’s Bank of China & China Securities Regulatory Commission. Vice Premier He Lifeng, successor to Liu He, has been described (October 30) as the Office Director of the Communist Party’s Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, which is being set up to strengthen the Party's control of the country's $61 trillion financial industry. Beijing Daily (November 2) pointed out that supervision, risk and persistence are key words. ITt noted that this meeting once again emphasized the need to accelerate the construction of affordable housing. iii) A People's Daily (October 30) article captioned 'Do a solid job in financial work' said: "Finance is the lifeblood of the real economy, and serving the real economy is the inherent.. purpose of finance. It is also the fundamental measure to prevent financial risks."

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE VICE PRESIDENT HAN ZHENG TO ATTEND 6TH BLOOMBERG NEW ECONOMIC FORUM IN SINGAPORE
People's Daily (November 3) reported that Chinese Vice President Han Zheng will attend the sixth Bloomberg New Economy Forum in Singapore and visit Singapore and Malaysia from November 7 to 11.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: XIAO YOUCAI APPOINTED SECRETARY OF LHASA PARTY COMMITTEE ON NOVEMBER 3, 2023
Beijing Daily (November 3) disclosed that according to the Tibet Daily WeChat public account, on the morning of November 3, Lhasa City held a cadre meeting and announced the decision of the Autonomous Region Party Committee that Xiao Youcai will concurrently serve as member, standing committee and Secretary of the CCP Lhasa Municipal Committee. He takes over from Pubhu Thondup, an alternate member of the 20th Central Committee and a member of the Standing Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region Party Committee. In October this year, Pubhu Thondup, was appointed as a member of the Standing Committee of the Sichuan Provincial Committee and Vice Governor of Sichuan Province. (Comment: Xiao Youcai was born in October 1965. He is a Tibetan. He graduated from the Chinese Department of Aba Teachers College in 1986. He worked in Songpan County in his early days and served as Secretary of the Youth League Committee of Songpan County.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: MS. SHEN YING APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY OF JIANGSU PROVINCE PARTY COMMITTEE
Beijing Daily (November 3) disclosed that the CCP CC had approved the appointment of Ms. Shen Ying as Deputy Secretary of the Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: NI QIANG APPOINTED SECRETARY GENERAL AND DIRECTOR OF THE GENERAL OFFICE OF THE HAINAN PROVINCE PARTY COMMITTEE
On October 28, the CCP CC approved that Comrade Ni Qiang be appointed a member of the Standing Committee of the Hainan Provincial Committee. According to Hainan News Network, a cadre meeting of the Hainan Provincial Party Committee General Office was held on November 2, to announce the decision that Ni Qiang should be appointed Secretary-General of the Hainan Provincial Party Committee and Director of the General Office of the Provincial Party Committee.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: MS WANG GUIZHI EXPELLED FROM CCP FOR "BEING A TWO-FACED PERSON FOR A LONG TIME"
Beijing Daily (November 3) reported that the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) and the National Supervisory Commission in China Life and the Supervisory Committee of the Liaoning Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection recently investigated Ms. Wang Guizhi and found she had "seriously violated the party's political discipline, the spirit of the Eight-Point Regulation of the Central Committee, organizational discipline, integrity discipline, and work discipline, constituting a serious job violation and being suspected of corruption, bribery, and bribery crimes, and did not restrain or stop after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China". It said "Wang Guizhi, the former chairman of the board of supervisors of China Guangfa Bank, was expelled from the party for being a two-faced person for a long time". (Comment: In recent months the number of references in Party and official reports, and now in those of the investigating bodies like the CDIC, to "after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China" have increased. It suggests that Xi Jinping is drawing a line to differentiate the "new era" from the previous decades.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF STATE SECURITY WARNS THAT ILLEGAL MET STATIONS ARE SENDING SENSITIVE DATA ABROAD
Bloomberg (October 31) reported that China's Ministry of State Security (MoSS) on October 31 said that hundreds of illegal meteorological facilities were sending information abroad, some of them from sensitive sites such as military bases, industrial enterprises and grainproducing areas. In a post on its official social media account, it added that a number of the stations were “directly funded by foreign governments,” and data went to overseas security officials. It said China’s security officials are “investigating and dealing with the relevant illegal activities". (Comment: The MoSS has become more visible since it joined the popular WeChat social media app.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: BEIJING DISTRICTS START 'WHISTLEBLOWING' CAMPAIGN TO HELP AUTHORITIES MAINTAIN SOCIAL STABILITY
The Tongzhou District in Beijing was reported on October 25 to have recently issued confidential documents to various industries and offered rewards to encourage people to provide "hints of instability". The documents explain that intelligence clues combined with the actual application results have different levels of rewards to the whistleblowers. From firstclass clues to fourth-class clues and other clues, rewards range from 10,000 yuan to 500 yuan. The final reward amount will be determined based on the actual effect. If multiple people report the same clue, only the first reporter will be rewarded. Some netizens ridiculed Tongzhou's new initiative, calling it the "Big Whistleblowing Movement"; others ridiculed that "Tongzhou citizens" are catching up with Beijing's Chaoyang District, which is well-known for whistleblowing, and are very likely to become its successor. The post said the "Big Whistleblowing Campaign" is the fifth largest intelligence organization in China after the "Chaoyang Masses", "Xicheng Aunt", "Haidian Netizens" and the "Fengtai Persuasion Team". Some netizens feared this campaign to involve citizens in maitainance of stability will lead to the recurrence of the mutual revelations of the Cultural Revolution, and the emergence of a large number of so-called "secret agents" and will help the CCP divert social conflicts and consolidate its power.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PROPAGANDA: CHINESE SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS ANNOUNCE DECISION THAT ALL USERS WITH 500,000 FOLLOWERS MUST DISPLAY REAL IDENTITIES TO THE PUBLIC
On November 1, all major Chinese social media platforms (WeChat, Weibo, Baidu, Douyin, Kuaishou, Bilibili) made simultaneous announcements that they will ask users with a least half a million followers to display real IDs to the public. This has prompted concerns over doxing and privacy among some users.

Nov 2023

CHINA-RELIGION: CCP ORGANISES GATHERING OF 500 ZEN BUDDHISTS ON SIDELINES OF BRI FORUM TO DEMONSTRATE ITS "SOFT POWER"
The CCP mobilised Zen Buddhists of the Belt and Road countries “Under the guidance of the United Front,” at the Dahongshan Ci’en Temple on October 19 and 20 in Suizhou Prefecture, Hubei Province. Nearly five hundred delegates from all around the world gathered at the Dahongshan Ci’en Temple where Abbot Yin Shun, of Dahongshan Ci’en Temple, who happens to be the Vice President of the China Buddhist Association, helped organise the gathering. China's official media noted that the event was a demonstration o China's "soft power" and "subtle propaganda". The invitees were asked to study Xi Jinping’s October 18 speech.

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATEST ISSUE OF QIU SHI INCLUDES XI JINPING'S SPEECH ON REFORMING AUDIT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
The latest edition of the CCP's leading theoretical fortnightly Qiushi Journal (2023/21) was published on November 1, 2023. Its highlights include Xi Jinping's speech on reforming the audit management system, auditing and self-revolution, the Belt & Road's 10th anniversary, and the "four grassroots" work methods. The main points in Xi Jinping's speech are: Audits should be: aligned with comprehensive national security outlook aligned with development philosophy placing people at the centre are to promote the Party's self-revolution Overall, auditing is guided by central tasks of the Party-state Xi Jinping said, "Over the past 5 years, we have audited more than 470,000 entities, covering localities, departments, and units involved in the management and use of public funds, stateowned assets, and state-owned resources" Revealed "issues in economic and social operations"; "Using audits, we have rigorously addressed a number of significant and impactful typical issues, exposed major risks and hidden dangers affecting economic security, eradicated obstacles hindering reform and development, resolved long-standing issues, and punished wrongdoers"; he highlighted the "integration of auditing work with disciplinary inspections, reviews, and personnel management" According to him, this led to "issues are not only identified but also effectively addressed". Xi Jinping identified 3 aspects of auditing work going forward: (i) "pointing the finger precisely where needed" - auditing needs to understand and implement "intentions and directives" of the Central Committee; (ii) "Being like a shadow": eliminating blind spots Xi: "no locality, department, or unit involved in the management and use of public funds, state-owned assets, and state-owned resources is exempt from audit supervision, creating a normative and dynamic deterrent effect" (iii) being "resounding as thunder": establishment of an "elite force" for economic supervision that has the capacity for "struggle" Integration of auditing and other forms of oversight, creating a "collective supervision force". Auditors should "speak out courageously, not be driven by any interests, not yield to any forces, and not speculate about the intentions of leadership. Issues should be reported as they are". Here Xi Jinping specifically emphasizes central control. Xi Jinping pushes back against local interests: "Audit findings should be accepted..and recommendations..should be seriously considered. This requires an open-minded.. attitude, and there should be no attempts to cover up shortcomings, protect vested interests, or resist audits." Thereafter Xi Jinping issued instructions for 2023: (i) "focus on major issues related to finance, currency, industry, technology, and society and increase the intensity of audits to ensure .. effective implementation of decisions and directives of the Central Committee". (ii)Auditing should focus on "high-quality development", including "supervision of the implementation of major projects, major strategies, and major initiatives"; (iii) Auditing should focus on "stabilizing growth, employment, and prices"; Auditing should focus on the "development of the real economy", "boosting market vitality and endogenous development momentum, which helps stabilise expectations"; 13 (iv) Auditing should focus on "securing the basic needs of people's livelihoods", in particular employment, care for vulnerable groups, healthcare, education, rural revitalization, agriculture; (v) Auditing should focus on "coordinating development and security" - "closely monitor key areas such as local government debt, finance, real estate, grain, energy, and other sectors. This includes enhancing foresight..to firmly.. prevent systemic risks"; (vi) Auditing should focus on "standardizing the operation of power". Xi Jinping asked for: "leverage the.. role of audits in combating corruption and maintaining order, supervise the operation of public power in terms of fund and project flows, and closely monitor financial resources and accounts". He urged audit cadres to "investigate corruption in areas where power is concentrated, funds are dense, and resources are concentrated." - local communities - key industries He said "This is to prevent the loss of state-owned assets and ensure the safety of fiscal funds." Xi finally highlighted the "second half" of audit work, which is "rectification" and said "audit results should be considered important references for assessing, appointing, and rewarding cadres" Special rectification used for problems that are "occur repeatedly or are chronic". Finally, Xi issued a warning to local cadres: "Those who fail to rectify, make perfunctory rectifications, or provide false rectifications should face serious accountability, and any issues that need exposure should be made public." (Comment: Xi Jinping's speech on reforming the audit management system was delivered in May 2023 at the first meeting of the Central Audit Commission. The publication of the speech is just before the upcoming plenum on the economy. It also appears to hint that: local resistance persists; there will be further integration of various supervision systems, expansion of anticorruption; more personnel adjustments are likely; and more policies to lay down norms are likely.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATEST ISSUE OF HONGQI (RED FLAG) INCLUDES OP-EDS ON XI JINPING'S THOUGHTS ON PARTY BUILDING
The latest edition of Red Flag (Hongqi; 2023/20 dated October 27) has been issued. Its highlights include Op-Eds on implementing Xi’s thoughts on party building, improving theoretical thinking, promoting high-quality basic research, and accelerating development strategy.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS RUSH TO PLAN INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS TO BE FUNDED BY NEW US$ 137 BILLION SOVEREIGN DEBT ISSUE
Caixin (November 2) reported that local governments in China are rushing to plan infrastructure projects to be funded by new sovereign debt issuance worth 1 trillion yuan ($137 billion) approved by China's National People's Congress last week to support disaster relief and construction. Hebei province held a meeting on October 29 to accelerate its plans to deploy funds from the special bond issuance. Several counties held subsequent meetings on implementation.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S BILLIONAIRES ARE TRYING TO LEAVE AND CHINA NOW HAS 562 BILLIONAIRES COMPARED TO 607 LAST YEAR
The Guardian (October 31) reported that China’s billionaires are looking to move their cash, and themselves, out It said of the world’s estimated 2,640 billionaires, at least 562 are thought to be in China, down from 607 last year.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S ZHENGZHOU BANK AT BOTTOM OF LIST OF ASHARE LISTED CITY COMMERCIAL BANKS
The Economic Observer Network (November 2) reported that 17 A-share listed city commercial banks have disclosed their third quarter reports for 2023. Among them, Bank of Zhengzhou is at the bottom among A-share listed city commercial banks due to double-digit year-on-year declines in revenue and net profit. At the same time, the bank has been frequently questioned by investors because it has not distributed cash dividends for three consecutive years. It said according to the third quarter report, Zhengzhou Bank’s operating income and net profit both declined year-on-year. As of the end of the third quarter, the bank achieved operating income of 10.478 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 10.62%; net profit attributable to shareholders was 2.751 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 19.18%.

Nov 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY HELD 'CHINA NEW URBANISATION THEORY, POLICY, PRACTICE FORUM, 2023' ON OCTOBER 31
The Economic Observer (November 2) disclosed that the China New Urbanization Research Institute of Tsinghua University and the National Governance and Global Governance Research Institute of Tsinghua University hosted the "China New Urbanization Theory, Policy and Practice Forum 2023" on October 31, 2023, at the Dali Auditorium of Schwarzman College of the University. Jiang Shengyao, Dean of the China New Urbanization Research Institute at Tsinghua University, said in his speech that this year's "Government Work Report" of the National Two Sessions mentioned that the urbanization rate of China's permanent population reached 65.2%, which means that China's urbanization process has entered a shift. In the “second half” of quality improvement, high-quality development has become a distinct theme. Jiang Shengyao believes that a series of work arrangements such as accelerating the urbanization of agricultural migrant populations, building a coordinated development pattern for large, medium and small cities, improving the modernization level of urban planning, construction and governance, implementing regional coordinated development strategies and major regional strategies, and further promoting integrated urban and rural development will has become the direction that China should follow when studying urbanization issues in the future. Zhou Nan, former Deputy Director of the Planning Department of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), said that building a modern socialist country requires continuous promotion of urbanization. Zhou Nan put forward some measures and suggestions: (i) focus on two groups; for migrant workers who are about to exit or have already withdrawn from the labor market, certain jobs must be provided for them, and the counties in their hometowns must be prepared to accept them; for the new generation, especially migrant workers born in the 1990s and 2000s, It is necessary to strengthen training, especially targeted training organized by enterprises, and provide affordable housing.(ii) distinguish two types of cities where one can use its own advantages to develop industries that can absorb labor and expand the training scale of skilled workers; (iii) promote two reforms: coordinate the layout of basic public service facilities based on the permanent population and determine the number of teachers, police and other personnel; and promote residents to participate in social security in their permanent residence or place of employment.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: CMC VICE CHAIRMAN GENERAL ZHANG YOUXIA ADDRESSES 10TH BEIJING XIANGSHAN FORUM
Speaking at the 10th Beijing Xiangshan Forum on October 30, CMC Vice Chairman General Zhang Youxia said the PLA will ‘show no mercy’ against Taiwan independence moves. He stressed that ‘China will never tolerate and will be relentless against anyone who dares to split Taiwan from China in any way.’ Reuters (October 30) reported that China and Russia took aim at US at Beijing Xiangshan forum, which US Defense Minister Lloyd Austin is not attending. The International Defense Forum said General He Lei deplored the absence of US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin at Xiangshan and said that military reunification with Taiwan would be just and moral. General Zhang Youxia also met the Lao and Mongolian Defence Ministers who attended the Conference. On October 30, CMC Vice Chairman General He Weidong met the Defense Ministers from Tajikistan, Armenia and Kazakhstan and the Secretary General of ASEAN, who attended the 10th Beijing Xiangshan Forum in China. ii) General He Lei, former President of the Academy of Military Science, gave an interview to Global Times (Chinese) on October 29. Highlights of his remarks are: a) Regarding the U.S. claim that "China refuses regular bilateral military exchanges with the U.S. and requests for phone calls from the U.S. Department of Defense," He Lei refuted that in recent years, the U.S. has continued to seriously damage China's core interests, wantonly undermined the political foundation of bilateral relations, and touched red lines, trampling on the bottom line, interfering in my country's internal affairs, and instigating support for "Taiwan independence", causing the relationship between the two countries to be at a low point in the more than 40 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations. The military-to-military relations between China and the United States have also been seriously affected. b) "Despite this, the exchanges between the Chinese and American militaries have not stopped and are continuing. Since 2023, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense has invited military attaches stationed in China, including the United States, to participate in relevant units of the People's Liberation Army of Shaanxi Province, the Beijing Garrison Region, the Navy and other units. He Lei further said that the Beijing Xiangshan Forum invited US Department of Defense officials. However, it is a pity that US Defense Secretary Austin, who has repeatedly proposed to have phone calls and meetings with senior Chinese military leaders in public, did not attend the forum, losing the opportunity he had requested and "dreamed of" many times, which shows that his " Sincerity” is true or false c) He Lei said that there are currently signs of Sino-US relations emerging from the trough and returning to normal, but the recovery of relations between the two militaries still lags behind other aspects. We hope that the Chinese and American militaries will truly implement the important consensus reached by the two heads of state, and that the United States will effectively correct and ensure that provocative actions that interfere in China's internal affairs and undermine China's core interests will not occur again, work together to restore normal relations, and get on a healthy track as soon as possible. Make more and greater contributions to world peace and stability. d) He Lei stated that China is the only permanent member of the United Nations Security Council that has not achieved complete national reunification. Taiwan is part of China's sacred territory that cannot be divided. China must be reunified and will be reunified. This is the result of the ideological concept of "grand unification" for thousands of years. It is the common aspiration of all Chinese people, including the people of Taiwan. It is the essence of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and is also the essence of any country. It is a historical trend that no force can stop. "Once the Chinese government is forced to use force to solve the Taiwan issue, it will be a unification war, a legal war, a just war that occupies the 'moral' and 'legal' commanding heights, and will be supported by the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation." and participation in the war will also be a war to crush foreign enemy interference. In this war, the Chinese People's Liberation Army will live up to the expectations and trust of the party and the people, fight bravely and tenaciously under unified command, with minimal casualties, With the minimum loss and the lowest price, we can win the great victory in the last battle of the Chinese People's Liberation War and achieve the complete reunification of the motherland." He Lei emphasized that it needs to be pointed out that the responsibility for provoking this war lies entirely with the Taiwan authorities. "Separatists, external interference forces. After the war, the Chinese government will definitely bring the very few stubborn "Taiwan independence" separatists to justice and punish them severely.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: MAJOR PLA EXERCISES INVOLVING 43 AIRCRAFT AND 7 WARSHIPS BEGAN NEAR TAIWAN ON NOVEMBER 1
The Global Times (November 2) said an ongoing drill by the PLAN aircraft carrier Shandong near the island of Taiwan was joined by additional PLA aviation and naval forces over the past few days, "as the PLA continues to enhance its capabilities beyond the first island chain". It mentioned Taiwan's Defence Ministry release which said it had detected 43 PLA aircraft and seven PLA vessels around the island over the past day, with 37 of the detected aircraft, including J-10, J-16 and Su-30 fighters, H-6 bombers, KJ-500 early warning aircraft, YU-20 tanker aircraft, Y-8 and Y-9 special missions aircraft and a WZ-7 reconnaissance drone, crossing the so-called median line of the Taiwan Straits or "entering the island's selfproclaimed southwest and southeast air defense identification zone". It said many of these aircraft conducted a joint combat patrol with the Shandong carrier strike group on October 31. The Shandong carrier strike group included the aircraft carrier Shandong, two Type 052D destroyers and two Type 054A frigates as of Saturday, and hosted aircraft take-off and landing exercises in waters to the southeast of the island of Taiwan.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLAAF KJ-500 SURVEILLANCE AIRCRAFT AND MULTIPLE FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OBSERVED AT GOLMUD AIR BASE
Between October 23 and 25, 2023, satellite images showed the fleet of KJ-500s, which are usually parked on the west apron at the Golmud Air Base, grouped together around a maintenance hangar on the east side. The west apron was occupied by many small aircrafts. On October 31, the satellite photographs showed multiple fighters on the runway taking off at the same time, suggesting that Golmud Airport was holding a larger training exercise last week, with KJ-500s freeing up the apron for fighters. Some analysts feel this suggests that only a few KJ-500s based at Golmud Airport usually fly on duty.

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: SATELLITE IMAGES SHOW MASSIVE MILITARY BUILD-UP IN TIBET ACROSS ARUNACHAL PRADESH
i) Satellite images on October 31, showed PLA construction activities in Seti Chu and Chupda Chu valley’s opposite Tulung La sector in Arunachal Pradesh. ii) Separately, the Telegraph (October 31) quoting a security official with India's Home Ministry reported "A close analysis of recent satellite imagery suggests a massive troop deployment by the Chinese in several depth areas, especially Yangtze in the Tawang sector along the LAC." Saying this is worrying, he added "Besides, they have undertaken major infrastructure development projects, including road-building, in the sector."

Nov 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA TRAINING EXERCISES IN TIBET
Huaxia (October 29) disclosed that recently a PLA Air Force base in the Western Theatre Command (WTC) launched training for newly appointed secretaries of grassroots party organisations. Through theoretical guidance, experience exchange, study tours and practical training, this training will improve the ability of grassroots party organisation secretaries to manage party affairs, plan war operations and manage and lead troops. ii) Combined training was conducted by a Light Combined Arms Regiment (CAR) of the Xinjiang Military Region in the Pangong Lake area. During this training, the firepower company under the CAR unveiled domestically produced 120mm light high-mobility vehiclemounted mortar. This mortar has higher firepower, simple structure, low cost and it is extremely manoeuvrable. The veh-mounted mortar actually installs the shells on a 6-wheel warrior vehicle and transports them based on a single-defence chassis.

Nov 2023

CHINA-SICHUAN: SICHUAN AND QINGHAI ESTABLISH JT. WORKING MECHANISM FOR QINGHAI-TIBET PLATEAU PROVINCES AND SIGN STRATEGIC COOPERATION FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT
The Qinghai News Network reported that from October 24 to 25, a Qinghai Provincial Party and Government delegation visited Sichuan Province for an inspection and held a Sichuan Qinghai Work Forum. The Sichuan Qinghai work symposium was attended by Sichuan Party Secretary Wang Xiaohui, Qinghai Party Secretary Chen Gang, Sichuan Province Governor Huang Qiang and Qinghai Province Governor Wu Xiaojun. The Qinghai Party Secretary Chen Gang hoped that the two provinces will promote the establishment of a joint working mechanism for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Provinces. The two parties also signed the 'Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement' between the People's Government of Qinghai Province and the People's Government of Sichuan Province. Chen Gang said that Qinghai and Sichuan are the main force in building a solid national ecological security barrier, the main position in maintaining long-term peace and stability in Tibet-related areas, and the main battlefield in promoting high-quality development.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GUANGZHOU: GUANGZHOU HOSTED ITS FIRST 'GUANGZHOU INTERNATIONAL BEAUTY WEEK'
The first "Guangzhou International Beauty Week" cosmetics high-quality development conference is being held in Baiyun, Guangzhou from November 1-5, 2023. Sun Zhiyang, Deputy Secretary of the Guangzhou Municipal Party Committee and acting Mayor, attended and delivered a speech. Sun Zhiyang said that holding the "Guangzhou International Beauty Week" is an important measure for Guangzhou to build the world's "Cosmetics Capital". Approximately 1,500 representatives from domestic and foreign business associations, representatives from international and domestic cosmetics group brands, and representatives from manufacturing, raw materials, packaging and other industries attended along with Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry Michael Levitt, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Peng Xiaojun, Chairman of the China Fragrances, Flavours and Cosmetics Industry Association Yan Jiangying, and municipal leaders Jiang Zhitao and Wang Guilin attended the event.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GUANGZHOU: GUANGZHOU DAILY HIGHLIGHTS THAT CENTRAL FINANCIAL WORK CONFERENCE POINTED THE WAY FORWARD AND INSPIRED CONFIDENCE
Reproducing a Xinhua (November 1s) report the Guangzhou Daily said that the Central Financial Work Conference was held in Beijing on October 30 - 31, where Xi Jinping summarized the financial work since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, analysed the situation facing high-quality financial development, and deployed financial work for the current and future periods in an "important" speech. It said "All departments across the country have conscientiously studied and understood the spirit of the Central Financial Work Conference. Everyone said that this meeting pointed out the way forward and inspired confidence and motivation for promoting high-quality financial development in the new era and new journey. We must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping’s Economic Thought, work hard and work diligently, and implement the various arrangements of the meeting in a down-to-earth manner".

Nov 2023

CHINA-SHANGHAI: CUBAN PRIME MINISTER VISITING CHINA FROM NOVEMBER 2-9
Quoting Xinhua (November 2) the Shanghai Daily reported Cuban Prime Minister Manuel Marrero's visit to China from November 2 to 9, and his attendance of the 6th China International Import Expo (CIIE) being held in Shanghai from November 5-10. ii) The People's Daily (November 3) reported that Chinese Premier Li Qiang will attend the opening ceremony of the sixth China International Import Expo (CIIE) and the Hongqiao International Economic Forum on November 5 and deliver a keynote speech.

Nov 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: BEIJING DAILY QUOTES TAIWAN'S MEDIA AS SAYING TAIWAN WILL RESUME GROUP TRAVEL TO THE MAINLAND FROM MARCH 1, 2024
Beijing Daily (November 3) quoted Taiwan's "China Times News Network" as reporting on November 3 that the head of Taiwan's transportation department, Wang Guocaijin, confirmed that it is expected to officially announce before the Spring Festival next year that it will simultaneously open groups to the mainland and receive mainland groups from March 1. Taiwan’s tourism department also stated that travel agencies can start selling mainland tour group products after March 1.

Nov 2023

CHINA-UN: CHINA TAKES OVER ROTATING CHAIRMANSHIP OF UNSC THIS MONTH
i) Xinhua and People's Daily (November 3) stated that China assumed the rotating presidency of the United Nations Security Council for November and quoted Zhang Jun, China's permanent representative to the UN, as seeing promoting a cease-fire in the Israel-Palestine conflict as a "top priority," as the number of dead has passed 10,000 for both sides since October 7, with 9,000 in the Gaza Strip. Zhang Jun said "It is imperative to promote a ceasefire and halt the fighting, prevent further civilian casualties, prevent a larger-scale humanitarian disaster and prevent the conflict from spilling over." ii) Stating that China takes over rotating Chairmanship of the UNSC this month, Xinhua (November 1) said that Zhang Jun, China’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, presided over internal consultations of the Security Council and adopted the Security Council’s work plan for this month on November 1. Zhang Jun said that the situation between Palestine and Israel is the most important issue on the agenda of the Security Council this month. The top priority is to promote a ceasefire and end the war to prevent more civilian casualties, largerscale humanitarian disasters and conflict spillover. It added that according to the work plan, the Security Council will consider multiple issues such as Palestine and Israel, Syria, Yemen, and Bosnia and Herzegovina this month. At China's initiative, the Security Council will hold an open debate on the theme of "Common Development Promotes Lasting Peace" on November 20.

Nov 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: NEPAL ARMY CHIEF VISITED CHINA AND ATTENDED THE XIANGSHAN FORUM
Republica (October 27) reported that Nepal's Chief of Army Staff, General Prabhuram Sharma left Kathmandu on October 27 on an official visit to China and to attend the Xiangshan Forum in Beijing. He is scheduled to have a courtesy meeting with General Liu Zhenli, Joint Chief of Staff of the Chinese People's Liberation Army CMC. He is accompanied by the Mid-Western Divisional Commander Brigadier General Prem Dhwoj Adhikari, who will serve as Military Assistant to the Commander-in-Chief and Staff Officer during the visit. General Sharma is to visit various PLA units and educational institutions in Xi'an City, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. He is scheduled to return to Nepal on 2nd November.

Nov 2023

CHINA-MYANMAR: CHINA'S MINISTER OF PUBLIC SECURITY WANG XIAOHONG MET MYANMAR'S JUNTA CHIEF GENERAL MIN AUNG HLIANG IN NAYPYIDAW ON OCTOBER 31
On October 31, China’s Public Security Minister met leading members of Myanmar’s military government to discuss the restoration of “peace and stability” along their shared border, as three resistance groups continued an armed offensive in the country’s northeast. According to a report in the Global New Light of Myanmar (November 1), China's Public Security Minster and State Councilor Wang Xiaohong met junta chief Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing in the capital Naypyidaw on October 31 when they discussed the “attacks of MNDAA insurgents on security camps in the northeast region of Myanmar with attempts to deteriorate peace and stability in the region.” There was a similar agenda for Wang Xiaohong's meetings with Immigration and Population Minister Myint Kyaing and Home Minister Yar Pyae. The first meeting addressed the question of “stability and peace” in the border regions, while the second discussed “peace and tranquillity in border areas of the two countries” and cooperation on law enforcement and security.

Nov 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: CICIR PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON CHINA-GERMANY CLAIMS RIFT BETWEEN WESTERN ALLIES WILL CREATE NEW SPACE FOR CHINA'S BIG POWER DIPLOMACY
In an academic journal published (May 20, 2022) by the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, an influential think tank under China's Ministry of State Security (MoSS), scholars from Beijing Foreign Studies University analyse the evolving debate on China in Germany, after 6 months of the federal German coalition. They argue that Germany sees China as both an economic competitor that “will surpass it” and a “world economic and political superpower” on which it is dependent economically. As a result of what they term this “extremely contradictory” assessment of China, there are still “some positive elements that should receive more attention” from Chinese policymakers seeking to further develop a practical, cooperative China-Germany relationship. The authors conclude by arguing that China should leverage “the internal rifts among the Western allies [that]…will be difficult to heal” to its advantage in creating a “new space for great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics” and an “international environment conducive to China.” (Comment: The authors of the Report are: Wang Shuo, Professor and Director of the School of International Relations and Diplomacy at the Beijing Foreign Studies University and Vice President of the Political Research Branch of the Chinese Association for European Studies and a member of the Expert Group of the China-EU Financial Dialogue. Zhang Xiaoling, Associate Professor at the School of German Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-FRANCE: CHINA AND FRANCE HOLD 24TH CHINA-FRANCE STRATEGIC DIALOGUE IN BEIJING ON OCTOBER 31
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, co-chaired the 24th China-France Strategic Dialogue with the French President's Diplomatic Counsellor Emmanuel Bonne in Beijing on October 31. The two sides held “friendly and in-depth exchanges” on China-France and China-EU relations. Wang Yi noted that “Common interests between China and Europe far outweigh their differences”; he also emphasized the importance of the EU carrying out pragmatic cooperation with China by avoiding external interference and ensuring mutual openness.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA AND U.S. WILL RESUME NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL TALKS NEXT WEEK
Within days of Chinese Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi's meetings in Washington, the Wall Street Journal revealed on November 1, that China and the United States will discuss nuclear arms control next week. China's Foreign Ministry confirmed that the two countries would hold "consultations on arms control and non-proliferation" in the coming days, as well as separate talks on maritime affairs and other issues. The arms talks would be led on November 8, by Mallory Stewart, a senior State Department official, and Sun Xiaobo, the head of the arms-control department at China's Foreign Ministry.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS MESSAGE TO 5TH CHINAUS SISTER CITIES CONFERENCE ON NOVEMBER 3
Xinhua (November 3) said Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a message to the fifth China-U.S. Sister Cities Conference on November 3, saying the close cooperation between sister provinces/states and sister cities has been fruitful over the past four decades. He said the foundation of China-U.S. relations lies in the people and the source of strength lies in the friendship between the people. The conference is being held in Suzhou in Jiangsu Province.

Nov 2023

CHINA-US: US DEFENCE DEPARTMENT SENT ITS PRINCIPAL DIRECTOR TO ATTEND XIANGSHAN FORUM IN BEIJING IN LATE OCTOBER
The U.S. confirmed on October 26 that it plans to send Cynthia Carras, Principal Director for China, Taiwan and Mongolia, to represent the U.S. Defense Department at the Xiangshan Forum in Beijing this month. In a statement, the Pentagon said it “welcomes the opportunity to engage with (People’s Liberation Army) representatives at the Xiangshan Forum on ensuring open and reliable lines of communication, ensuring crisis communications channels, reducing strategic and operational risk, and avoiding misperceptions.” Earlier on October 26, Chinese Defense Ministry spokesperson Colonel Wu Qian told reporters that “China attaches great importance to the development of military-to-military relations between China and the United States". (Comment: The Xiangshan Forum is an international gathering hosted by the Chinese Defense Ministry to discuss security cooperation and raise China’s status as a global power and rival to the U.S. and its Asian allies, including Japan and South Korea.)

Nov 2023

CHINA-AUSTRALIA: CHINESE PORTAL POSTS ARTICLE THAT IS IMPLICITLY CRITICAL OF AUSTRALIA
The Chinese web portal 'Netease' on October 29, posted an article from Hubei titled 'After the two countries reached an important agreement, they also announced that they would come to China! Australian Prime Minister’s attitude towards China changes drastically'. It said 'since Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott became the Prime Minister of Australia in September 2013, they have persisted on the anti-China path for eight years. However, just recently, Australia and China conducted friendly consultations and reached an agreement, and reached a series of consensus with China on WTO disputes. After that, the current Prime Minister of Australia even made it clear that Taiwan is not a sovereign country but just an economy affiliated with China. This kind of statement that supports China's interests and respects China's bottom line has not appeared from the mouths of Australians for eight years. This shocked many people'. 'Why did Australia suddenly change its gender? But here I want to tell you that there is no need for us to be surprised, happy, or ridiculed about this matter'. 'Because the nature of Australia as a country is just a tool'. 'If the relationship between Australia and China improves, then the internal driving force will be the economy and the needs of capitalists, and has nothing to do with China. Similarly, if the relationship between Australia and China deteriorates, the internal driving force will be votes during the prime minister election and political pressure from the United States, which still has nothing to do with China'. So 'whether Australia's relationship with China gets better or worse has nothing to do with China ... We just need to make money when it cooperates with us and teach it to behave when it confronts us. Spending any more brain cells on Australia is an insult to the word "international politics". 'Australia is not a normal country. This is not an insult. I am just stating a fact'. 'If we follow normal international exchange practices, countries like China and Australia, which are naturally complementary in economy and trade, should have very good relations. But Australia is different. For the sake of political correctness, Australia has spent huge sums of money to destroy trade routes with China. This has proven that in Australia, economic interests and politics are two completely separate things. Cooperation with China is for economic interests, while confrontation with China is for political votes'. 'One of the most important political commitments the United States made to Australia was that when trade between Australia and China is cut off, the United States will replace China as Australia's largest buyer. But facts have proven that with the current industrial production capacity and economic size of the United States, it is simply impossible to replace China as Australia's largest customer'. 'Three consecutive governments have only focused on politics and struggle instead of economic development. In the end, it is the Australian people whose interests have been harmed'. 'The final result is that Australia's GDP growth rate has been negative in recent years, but the inflation rate has been positive. In addition, the United States has recently focused its attention on Eastern Europe and the Middle East, but not on the Asia-Pacific. Military and political influence over Australia began to decline. It is normal for Australia to begin to have a policy reversal. Again, they are just tools, and no matter what decisions they make, they are nothing to fuss over'.

Nov 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR GAVIN NEWSOM AT GREAT HALL OF THE PEOPLE ON OCTOBER 25
Chinese President Xi Jinping met California Governor Gavin Newsom at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on the afternoon of October 25. The state-owned CCTV (October 25) reported that 'Xi Jinping pointed out that China and the United States are the two largest economies in the world. Their economic aggregate exceeds one-third of the world, their total population accounts for nearly one-quarter of the world, and their bilateral trade volume accounts for about one-fifth of the world. Their interests are closely intertwined. Sino-US relations have developed to this day, and the results have been hard-won and deserve to be cherished. China's policy toward the United States has always been to adhere to mutual respect, peaceful coexistence, and win-win cooperation. China will continue to work in this direction and hopes that the United States will work with China in the same direction'. It said 'Xi Jinping happily recalled his visit to California and introduced China's green transformation and related local development. Xi Jinping pointed out that to develop Sino-US relations well, it is necessary to pool the strength of all parties. The foundation of Sino-US relations lies in the people, hope lies in the people, the future lies in the youth, and vitality lies in the localities. I attach great importance to and support exchanges from all walks of life and local cooperation between China and the United States. I hope your visit will enhance mutual understanding between the two sides and play a positive role in expanding cooperation between China and California and promoting the healthy and stable development of Sino-US relations. China and the United States have huge potential for cooperation in areas such as green development and addressing climate change. The two sides can definitely strengthen cooperation in this area and make it a new highlight in the development of Sino-US relations'. Newsom replied that 'China has made extraordinary achievements in development over the past few decades, especially in the field of new energy in recent years. There is no relationship between any other country in the world that is more important than the relationship between the United States and China. The relationship between the United States and China is related to the future of the United States and the happiness of the people. Local exchanges are an important part of U.S.-China relations. Historically, the Chinese have made important contributions to the construction of California, and California has always been an important gateway for the United States to cooperate with China. I agree with President Xi Jinping’s principles that should be followed in developing U.S.-China relations, and I am willing to follow the same spirit to promote California to strengthen exchanges and exchanges with China and to intensify cooperation in areas such as climate change and new energy. California is willing to be China's long-term, stable and strong partner'. Chinese Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi attended the meeting. (Comment: Viewed together with Foreign Minister Wang Yi's scheduled meeting with U.S. NSA Jake Sullivan and U.S. Secretary of State Blinken this week in Washington, Xi Jinping's apparently conciliatory remarks make it appear that China is trying to lower tension in the bilateral relationship. The removal of Defence Minister Li Shangfu also opens the way for resumption of the suspended military to military contacts.) ii) According to Beijing Daily, on October 26, Beijing Municipal Party Committee Secretary Yin Li met California Governor Gavin Newsom and his delegation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING VISITED THE PEOPLE'S BANK OF CHINA AND STATE ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Bloomberg and Reuters reported (October 24) that Chinese President Xi Jinping, for the first time, paid a visit to the People's Bank of China (PBoC) and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) on October 24. He was accompanied by Vice Premier He Lifeng and other government officials. There have been no mentions so far of the visits in PRC media. (Comment: The timing of Xi Jinping's visit, just before the delayed National Financial Work scheduled for next week, is interesting. What it signals for those hoping for more supportive policies for the economy and financial markets is unclear. While it could be a positive sign of more policy palliatives coming, it could also be a message to the PBoC and SAFE to further harden the financial system, while strengthening Party leadership and further cleaning up the financial system. Bloomberg also added that Central Huijin Investment Ltd., a unit of the $1.4 trillion wealth fund CIC, on Monday bought an undisclosed amount of exchange-traded funds and vowed to keep increasing its holdings in the latest attempt to boost the country’s slumping stock market. Earlier this month, Huijin bought shares in China’s largest state banks.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING VISITED SHANGHAI STOCK EXCHANGE
It was reported on October 23 that in order to implement the resolution of the CCP CC Politburo to "activate the capital market and boost investor confidence," CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping personally arrived at the Shanghai Stock Exchange and stated that A-shares are stable and improving, and there is no need for bailout policies. At the same time, a basket of policies for the leek market was announced: halving the tax on trading, issuing dividends, encouraging listed companies to grow, restricting major shareholders from harvesting and other boosting policies.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: FORMER CHINESE PREMIER LI KEQIANG DEAD OF HEART ATTACK
The state-owned CCTV and the People's Daily (October 27) reported that former Chinese Premier Li Keqiang died of a heart attack at 00.10 on October 27, 2023. He was 68. (Comment: Born on July 1, 1955, Li Keqiang was China's Premier from 2013-2023.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: NPC STANDING COMMITTEE OFFICIALLY REMOVED LI SHANGFU AS CHINA'S DEFENCE MINISTER AND ADOPTED PATRIOTIC EDUCATION LAW
i) A regular meeting of the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPC SC) on October 24 officially divested Li Shangfu of his posts of Defence Minister and State Councillor. It did not give a reason for divesting Shangfu of these posts. The NPC SC also removed the post of State Councillor from former Foreign Minister Qin Gang. Xi Jinping signed the Presidential Orders No. 12, 13, and 14 respectively, which "decided to remove Li Shangfu from the posts of State Councillor and Minister of National Defense, remove Qin Gang from the posts of State Councillor, and remove Wang Zhigang from the posts of Minister of Science and Technology. It appointed Yin Hejun as Minister of Science and Technology, removed Liu Kun from the post of Minister of Finance, and appointed Lan Fo'an as Minister of Finance. Chairman Zhao Leji presided over the closing meeting. (Comment: Qin Gang's order was signed only at 8.00pm on October 24. The official reason given for Qin Gang's dismissal - "misconduct in his personal life" - is also less final than the sort usually associated with the end of political careers thereby leaving the door open for his return to office after a suitable period. He will not, however, enjoy the same level of trust. Li Shangfu has been missing from public view since August 29, 2023, when he spoke at the China- Africa security forum in Beijing.) ii) Xinhua (October 24) reported that the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPC SC) on October 24 officially adopted the Patriotic Education Law aimed at promoting the spirit of patriotism in the country. The law will take effect on January 1, 2024. According to the law, patriotic education covers areas such as ideology and politics, history and culture, national symbols, the beauty of the motherland, national unity and ethnic solidarity, national security and defense, and the deeds of heroes and role models. The law highlights patriotic education for youngsters and children, and makes stipulations regarding patriotic education for various groups of people, such as employees of government departments, enterprises and public institutions, residents of urban and rural areas, as well as compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and overseas Chinese. iii) "Regulations on the Protection of Minors in Cyberspace" was enacted on October 24. It was already mentioned in the State Council legislative work plan in April 2015, and mentioned several times since then.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONVEYS MESSAGE TO ALL-CHINA FEDERATION OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE (AIFIC) ON ITS 70TH ANIVERSARY
The People's Daily (October 25) said that on October 24, Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (ACFIC) on its 70th founding anniversary. He emphasised the need to rally individuals in the private sector around the Party more closely and breaking new ground in the work of federations of industry and commerce. Politburo Standing Committee member and CPPCC Chairman Wang Huning attended the event and made a speech. He said Xi Jinping had expressed expectations and set forth clear requirements for people in the non-public sector, which has provided the fundamental guideline for conducting relevant work in the new era and promoting the healthy development of the non-public economy. Wang Huning urged efforts to promote the highquality development of the private sector and stressed the need for guiding those in the private sector to pursue a people-centered philosophy of development. Politburo member and Head of the CCP CC UFWD, Shi Taifeng read out Xi Jinping's letter at the gathering.

Oct 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN POLICY: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONVEYS MESSAGE TO INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM TO COMMEMORATE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF CHINA'S NEIGHBOURHOOD DIPLOMACY
Politburo member and Director of the Office of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs, Wang Yi read out a message from Chinese President Xi Jinping at an international symposium to commemorate the 10th anniversary of China's principle of “Amity, Sincerity, Mutual Benefit and Inclusiveness: New Dimensions, New Progress and New Vision”, and inclusiveness in neighbourhood diplomacy, in Beijing, capital of China, on October 24. The People's Daily (October 25) said that in his message Xi Jinping "pointed out the basic policy of China's neighbourhood diplomacy is to pursue friendship and partnership with its neighbours, and to build an amicable, secure and prosperous neighbourhood". He said "Over the past decade, China has actively practiced the above-mentioned principle, and developed friendly and cooperative relations with its neighbours in an all-round way. The two sides have continuously enhanced political mutual trust and deepened convergence of interests, thus opening up a bright pathway of good-neighbourly friendship and win-win cooperation". Saying China will work to jointly advance Asia's modernization process, he said "We will promote new development of the concepts of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness, so that Chinese modernization will bring more benefits to our neighbours." Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that "China will work with regional countries to make Asia a demonstration zone for the Belt and Road cooperation, and a pilot zone for implementing the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative and the Global Civilization Initiative. China is committed to deepening friendly cooperation with regional countries guided by the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness and contributing more wisdom and strength to building a community with a shared future in Asia and for humanity." (Comment: China held its last Conference on Neighbourhood Diplomacy on October 24, 2013.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN POLICY: CHINA'S MOFA RELEASES PAPER ON 'OUTLOOK ON CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY ON ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD IN THE NEW ERA'
On October 24, 2023, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) released a 10-page 3439- word Paper entitled "Outlook on China’s Foreign Policy on Its Neighbourhood In the New Era". Its Preface said the Paper was "based on the assessment and overview of the current situation and future trends in Asia, comprehensively outlines the achievements, policies, visions and objectives of China’s neighbourhood diplomacy, and declares China’s commitment to the path of peaceful development, to promoting development of the neighbourhood through its own development, to working with regional countries to advance modernization, to jointly building a community with a shared future among neighbouring countries and to realizing the vision of a peaceful, secure, prosperous, beautiful, amicable and harmonious Asia in the new era". It said "Asia also faces challenges such as uneven economic growth, and pronounced security and governance issues. Some countries have intensified efforts to build regional military alliances; the Korean Peninsula issue remains complicated and intractable; Afghanistan faces numerous challenges in its reconstruction; terrorism, natural disasters and other non-traditional security threats persist." The Paper cautioned "The right choice for Asia should be openness, solidarity, cooperation, justice and harmony rather than isolation, division, confrontation, hegemony and zero-sum approach. This not only hinges on the future prospects of countries in the region, but will also have a fundamental and farreaching bearing on the future of Asia and the world." Under the subhead 'Significant Progress Made in China's Relations with its neighbours', the Paper said "China has established diverse and substantive partnerships, cooperative relations and strategic relations of mutual benefit with 28 neighbouring countries and ASEAN. China has reached common understandings with Pakistan, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Thailand, Mongolia, Turkmenistan, Malaysia and Kyrgyzstan on building a community with a shared future, and has agreed with the five Mekong countries② to build a community with a shared future among Lancang-Mekong countries, and announced with the five Central Asian countries③ the decision to build a China-Central Asia community with a shared future. China has resolved historical boundary issues with 12 neighbours on land④ through negotiations and signed the treaties of good-neighbourliness and friendly cooperation with nine neighbouring countries⑤. China has signed and ratified the Protocol to the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia, respects Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free status, became the first to join the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia and is fully prepared to sign the Protocol to the Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty at any time." It talked up China's trade relations with countries, the benefits of BRI and regional cooperation. It said "Hotspot issues have been effectively managed and controlled. China has contributed solutions to political settlement of regional hotspot issues, and proposed and put into action the Chinese approach to addressing hotspot issues. On the Korean Peninsula issue, for the sake of peace, stability, and lasting security on the Peninsula, China has put forward the innovative “suspension-for-suspension” proposal and the dual-track approach, stayed committed to political settlement and actively facilitated peace talks. On Afghanistan, China has established a mechanism for coordination and cooperation among Afghanistan’s neighbours, relaunched the China-Afghanistan-Pakistan Foreign Ministers’ Dialogue, and issued the Tunxi Initiative on helping Afghanistan with reconstruction and development, building synergy among various parties. On Myanmar, China has encouraged the parties to bridge differences, restore social stability in the country, and launch political dialogue as quickly as possible". It assured that "China will foster a new type of international relations, and work with regional countries to deepen partnerships featuring equality, openness and cooperation. China firmly defends its sovereignty, security and development interests, respects the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, respects the development path and social system chosen independently by the people of each country, and does not interfere in other countries’ internal affairs." Stating that "China will never seek hegemony or expansion", it added it will continue to work with ASEAN countries to "fully and effectively implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) and actively advance consultations and conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea (COC), and work with parties concerned in the South China Sea to properly address maritime disagreements and differences through dialogue". It asserted "We will work together to build Global Development Initiative pilot zone featuring more equitable, balanced and inclusive development partnership, Global Security Initiative pilot zone featuring an Asian pathway of security defined by planning together, building together and benefiting together, and Global Civilization Initiative pilot zone that boosts people-to-people exchanges and the mutual learning, harmonious coexistence of civilizations." The Paper included 7 footnotes after the conclusion which stated: ①The 28 countries that have established partnerships, cooperative relations or strategic relations of mutual benefit with China are Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Timor-Leste, Russia, the Philippines, Kazakhstan, the Republic of Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Cambodia, Laos, Maldives, Malaysia, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Japan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Brunei, Uzbekistan, Singapore, India, Indonesia and Viet Nam. ②The five Mekong countries are Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. ③The five Central Asian countries are Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. ④The 12 land neighbours that have resolved the boundary issues with China through negotiations are: the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos and Viet Nam. ⑤The nine neighbouring countries that have signed treaties of good-neighbourliness and friendly cooperation with China are Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. ⑥The 18 neighbouring countries whose largest trading partner is China are Pakistan, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russia, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Cambodia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Japan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Singapore, Indonesia and Viet Nam. ⑦The 25 neighbouring countries that have signed Belt and Road cooperation documents with China are Afghanistan, Timor-Leste, Russia, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Kazakhstan, Laos, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Brunei, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives, Singapore, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Indonesia and Viet Nam. (Comment: India was not mentioned in the MoFA Document except in the Footnote.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG ARRIVED IN BISHKEK TO ATTEND 22ND MEETING OF COUNCIL OF HEADS OF GOVERNMENT OF SCO AND PAY OFFICIAL VISIT TO KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
Chinese Premier Li Qiang arrived in in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, on October 24 to attend the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States, and pay an official visit to the Kyrgyz Republic from Tuesday to Friday at the invitation of Kyrgyz Prime Minister Akylbek Japarov. Chinese State Councillor and Secretary-General of the State Council Wu Zhenglong also attended the meeting.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE VICE PREMIER DING XUEXIANG ATTENDED UNVEILING CEREMONY OF CHINA'S NATIONAL DATA BUREAU
The National Data Bureau was unveiled on October 25. Ding Xuexiang, Vice Premier of the State Council in charge of the National Data Bureau, attended the unveiling ceremony.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: FORMER CHINESE VICE PREMIER RETAINS OVERSIGHT OF CENTRAL FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS COMMISSION
According to reports China’s former economic tsar and Vice Premier Liu He has retained his previous oversight of the important Office of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission and has quietly met with Western delegations. (Comment: Liu He is a close personal friend and economic adviser of Chinese President Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping chairs the Office of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: FORMER CHINESE VICE MINISTER FORMALLY TAKES OVER CHINA UNICOM
Liu Liehong, a former Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology, has been formally put in charge of China United Network Communications Group Company Limited (China Unicom) on July 20. He is the former head of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation and China Electronics Corporation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ACFW: CHEN YIQIN ELECTED AS CHAIRPERSON OF ALL-CHINA WOMEN'S FEDERATION
According to the "All-China Women's Federation Women's Voice" WeChat public account, on the afternoon of October 25, the 13th Executive Committee of the All-China Women's Federation held its first meeting to elect the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the 13th All- China Women's Federation and standing committee members by secret ballot. Chen Yiqin was elected Chairman of the All-China Women's Federation. Fourteen comrades including Huang Xiaowei, Sangding Dorjepam Deqing Quzhen, Zhang Xiaolan, Ge Xiaoyan, Yu Yanhong, Xu Xiaolan, Ma Lu, Lin Yi, Feng Ling, Zhang Dongmei, Chen Hualan, Meng Man, Zhang Guimei and Wang Yaping were elected to the All-China Women's Committee Vice-President of the Federation. Ma Lijian and other 40 comrades were elected as standing committee members of the All-China Women's Federation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-HUMAN RIGHTS: CHINA'S HUMAN RIGHTS DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION ELECTED NEW CHAIRMAN
Xinhua (October 26) reported that the first meeting of the fourth council of the China Human Rights Development Foundation was held in Beijing on October 25. Xie Fuzhan, former President and Party Secretary of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) was elected Chairman of the new council. Zhou Shuchun, former President and Editor-in-Chief of China Daily, was elected Executive Vice Chairman. Zuo Feng, Huang Jin, Li Cheng Tenzin Nyima were elected Vice Chairmen.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PROPAGANDA: HUNAN PARTY PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT PRODUCES TV SHOW CAPTIONED 'WHEN MARX MET CONFUCIUS' AND RELEASES IT ON OCTOBER 9, 2023
Hunan's Party Propaganda Department jointly with Hunan Radio and Television Bureau, produced and released a video titled 'When Marx met Confucius'. The promo has 5 episodes in total. It debuted on Hunan Satellite TV on 9 October 2023, and quickly became popular online. In each 30 minute episode, Confucius, played by a real person, and Marx, whose face seems AI-animated, sit in the studio, listening to lectures by experts and scholars opposite, occasionally chatting. Photos of Zhuangzi, Mencius, Mao Zedong and others speak as well, with the help of computer special effects. The focus of the whole show is to promote the second of the ‘two combinations’ proposed by Chinese leader Xi Jinping in 2021, which is to ‘combine the basic principles of Marxism with traditional Chinese culture’ as part of the sinicisation of Marxism. The People’s Daily published an op-ed after it was broadcast, praising this creativity: ‘Marxism is the soul, and China’s excellent traditional culture is the root. Sticking to the ‘root’ and ‘soul’, the encounter and discourse of Marx and Confucius reflects the reality of the integration of the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality and excellent traditional culture.‘ Criticising Western liberalism and individualism, the show states that collectivism is jointly promoted by Confucianism and Marxism, that Chinese people blindly copied Western culture because they used not to have cultural confidence. (Comment: The other ‘combination’ is ‘combining the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality.’)

Oct 2023

CHINA-S&T: ON OCTOBER 26 CHINA LAUNCHES SPACECRAFT CARRYING THREE ASTRONAUTS
CCTV (October 26) announced the successful launch at 11:14 on October 26 of the Long March 2F Yao 17 carrier rocket carrying the Shenzhou 17 manned spacecraft from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. It had aboard three astronauts viz. Tang Hongbo, Tang Shengjie and Jiang Xinlin. It said the spacecraft successfully entered the predetermined orbit and at 17:46, the Shenzhou 17 manned spacecraft and the space station assembly completed autonomous rapid rendezvous and docking.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CYBERSPACE: REGULATIONS ON INTERNET PROTECTION OF MINORS TO COME INTO FORCE FROM JANUARY 1, 2024
The Office of the Cyberspace Administration of China announced on October 24 that Order No. 766 on the "Regulations on the Internet Protection of Minors", which was adopted at the 15th executive meeting of the State Council on September 20, 2023, and signed by Chinese Prime Minister Li Qiang on October 16, will come into effect on January 1, 2024.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: MINISTRY OF STATE SECURITY ANNOUNCED THE ARREST OF A CHINESE NATIONAL FOR SPYING FOR U.S.
China's state-owned CCTV disclosed in a special program that a Chinese national named Hou was arrested on July 23, 2021, by state security authorities in Sichuan province, and he was immediately charged with espionage. It said Hou, a staff member of China's defense industry unit, was coerced by a US Intelligence officer named 'Jacob' to reveal Chinese state secrets when he was sent to a US university as a visiting scholar in 2013, and was subsequently developed into a US spy. It said he was paid between US$ 600-700 per report. CCTV did not disclose the name of the Hou man's workplace or the name of the U.S. university where he was a visiting scholar. It said Hou did this because he was so scared considering that his wife and children were still in the United States and that he had previously signed a counseling agreement with the other party. The report said that the detection of Hou's espionage case "unearthed Hou, a U.S. intelligence informant in key Chinese defense and military industrial units, and eliminated a major hidden danger." Hou has now been transferred to the Chengdu Intermediate People's Court to stand trial.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE CLAIMS BRI REFLECTS CHINA'S RESPONSIBILITIES AND HAS BENEFITED DEVELOPMENT OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE
The People's Daily (October 23) published an article by Geng Xiefeng, Professor at the Institute of Globalization and Global Issues at China University of Political Science and Law, captioned: "Building the 'Belt and Road': Expanding New Practices in Global Governance”. It said, "China participates in the formulation...of international economic institutions and rules while aligning its domestic systems with international norms". It claimed the BRI "reflects China's responsibility as the largest developing country and the world's second largest economy to promote the development of the global governance system in a more fair and reasonable direction. Over the past 10 years, China and the countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative have worked together to build a road to peace, prosperity, openness, green, innovation, and civilization, actively exploring new models of global governance, and expanding new practices in global governance. , opening up a new path for mankind to get out of the dilemma of global governance, and providing new ideas for global governance reform".

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: NDRC DIRECTOR MEETS PROVINCIAL OFFICIALS TO DISCUSS ECONOMIC SITUATION AND DIFFICULTIES WHILE FINALISING NATIONAL ECONOMIC WORK FOR NEXT YEAR
Zheng Shajie, Director of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), presided over a symposium in Beijing on October 25, on some local economic situations and conducted in-depth discussions and exchanges with the main responsible comrades of the National Development and Reform Commissions in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu, Guizhou, Shaanxi and other places to understand the economic situation and difficulties faced by various places. He sought issues and suggestions for the national economic work next year.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: NPCSC APPROVED 1 TRILLION YUAN NEW GOVERNMENT BONDS
The NPCSC meeting also approved 1 trillion in new government bonds to be issued in the fourth quarter and then spent 50% before year end and 50% next year. The 2023 budget deficit will increase to 3.8%. According to the Ministry of Finance those new funds “will be primarily used for eight major areas: post-disaster reconstruction, key flood control projects, emergency capacity-building projects for natural disasters, other key flood control projects, irrigation area construction and renovation, urban drainage and flood control capacity improvement actions, key natural disaster comprehensive prevention and control system construction projects, and high-standard farmland construction in disaster-stricken areas in the northeast and Beijing- Tianjin-Hebei regions.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S NATIONAL FINANCIAL WORK CONFERENCE LIKELY TO MEET NEXT WEEK
Bloomberg reported (October 23) that the National Financial Work Conference, which usually meets every five years but last met in 2017, will convene in Beijing early next week. The Conference is to set medium-term priorities for the $61 trillion industry and prevent risks.That conference should conclude with much better visibility into plans to deal with the local government debt crisis, as well as the real estate debt crisis.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: INVESTMENT IN REAL ESTATE DROPPED BY 9.1 PERCENT IN FIRST NINE MONTHS OF 2023
According to data released by China's National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), investment in Chinese real estate contracted 9.1% in the first nine months of 2023 from a year earlier, a bigger drop than in the first eight months of the year. The decline means developers are spending less buying land and building housing. Construction starts measured by floor area fell 23.4% yearon- year, and total ongoing construction area dropped 7.1%.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINESE AUTHORITIES HAVE BEGUN INVESTIGATING FOXCONN SUBSIDIARIES AT MULTIPLE LOCATIONS
Huanqiu (October 22) took note of Global Times reports that Chinese authorities are investigating several of Foxconn’s China subsidiaries, ostensibly for random tax and land use reviews. It said multiple probes are happening across multiple jurisdictions at the same time. It said that in a separate article, Global Times hinted that it may be about the upcoming Taiwanese presidential election in January, noting that Foxconn founder Terry Gou’s presidential bid will help the independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party win the election, suggesting that Beijing would like to see Terry Gou drop out of the race. (Comment: If true, this would be a high risk strategy as high-profile meddling with Taiwanese elections will only stoke more anti-mainland sentiment in Taiwan. The investigations will also further spook already-spooked foreign companies and investors.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SCO: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG MAKES FOUR PROPOSALS AT SCO MEETING IN BISHKEK INCLUDING THAT MEMBERS 'SHOULD ENHANCE BELT AND ROAD COOPERATION'
Reporting the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States held in Bishkek on October 26, the People's Daily (October 27) said Chinese Premier Li Qiang had put forward four proposals at the meeting. Li Qiang proposed: (i) the SCO members should jointly solidify regional security barrier, firmly reject external interference, improve the organization's mechanism of coping with security threats and challenges as soon as possible, and crack down on the "three forces" of terrorism, separatism and extremism as well as transnational organized crimes. (ii) SCO members should jointly promote the speedy economic recovery, cooperate to build safe and efficient transportation systems, continuously promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and maintain steady and smooth industrial supply chains. (iii) the members should jointly enhance the Belt and Road cooperation. The third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation has been successfully held, and the Belt and Road has become the most popular international public goods and the largest international cooperation platform in the past 10 years. The SCO members should reinforce the alignment of high-quality Belt and Road cooperation with the member states' respective development strategies, push forward the construction of major economic corridors, and develop well the SCO Development Bank. And (iv) the SCO member states should jointly promote the understanding and amity among their people, and continue to deepen cooperation in areas including education, culture and tourism, and sports. ii) Separately, a People's Daily Commentary (October 27) captioned 'A more united SCO for greater regional, global development' highlighted the SCO's advantages and exhorted that 'the SCO should remain committed to the overarching strategy of practicing multilateralism and enhancing global governance'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-BHUTAN: CHINA AND BHUTAN HOLD 25TH ROUND OF BOUNDARY TALKS IN BEIJING
China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) issued a Joint Press Release on the 25th Round of Boundary Talks between Bhutan and China on October 25. The 25th Round of Boundary Talks between Bhutan and China was held in Beijing on October 23 and 24, 2023. Lyonpo (Dr) Tandi Dorji, Minister for Foreign Affairs and External Trade of Bhutan, led the Bhutanese delegation and Sun Weidong, Vice Foreign Minister of China, led the Chinese delegation. It said "The two sides held in-depth discussions on the boundary negotiations and noted the progress made through a series of Expert Group Meetings since the 24th Round of Boundary Talks in 2016. The two leaders of the delegations commended the Expert Group for the work done and agreed to build on the positive momentum". The leaders of the delegations signed the Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Bhutan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Responsibilities and Functions of the Joint Technical Team (JTT) on the Delimitation and Demarcation of the Bhutan-China Boundary. The JTT was established during the 13th Expert Group Meeting to assist the Expert Group in the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the Three-Step Roadmap. The two sides agreed to continue working together to simultaneously push forward the implementation of all the steps of the Three-Step Roadmap. The discussions were held in a warm and friendly atmosphere in keeping with the ties of friendship and cooperation between Bhutan and China. The two sides also exchanged views on enhancing bilateral relations and matters of mutual interest. Bhutan's Foreign Minister Lyonpo (Dr.) Tandi Dorji also had meetings with Chinese Vice President Han Zheng, and Member of the Political Bureau and Foreign Minister Wang Yi. (Comment: China appears to be successfully pushing for formal diplomatic ties with Bhutan in the near future. It is interesting that while China's Vice Foreign Minister led the Chinese delegation for talks, Beijing also positioned its Chinese Foreign Minister at a higher level than the Bhutanese counterpart.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-AFGHANISTAN: CHINESE AND AFGHAN FOREIGN MINISTERS DISCUSS OPENING TRADE THROUGH WAKHAN CORRIDOR
A report by Turkey's Anadolu Agency (October 6) said that Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Afghanistan’s Foreign Minister Amir Khan Muttaqi discussed the opening of the strategic Wakhan Corridor, on October 5 on the sidelines of the 3rd Trans-Himalaya Forum for International Cooperation held in Nyingchi, Tibet. It said the two countries agreed to improve trade ties through the Wakhan Corridor, which is a strategic route connecting Afghanistan with Xinjiang, China and Pakistan and Tajikistan. The two diplomats also discussed a new trade corridor between Kabul and Beijing.

Oct 2023

CHINA-MYANMAR: CHINA'S POLICE ARRESTS USWA DEPUTY MILITARY CHIEF AND ISSUES WARRANTS FOR TWO OTHERS
The Irrawady (October 19) reported that China has arrested a deputy military chief from one of Myanmar’s most powerful ethnic armed organizations, the United Wa State Army (UWSA), for alleged involvement in cyber scams. Bao Junfeng—the nephew of UWSA leader Bao Youxiang—was detained by Kunming police in neighbouring Yunnan province in the first week of October, according to sources close to the armed group. It added that he was arrested on October 2 [and] The UWSA has already chosen [his] replacement. Bao Junfeng, also known as Ai Chen, was appointed deputy commander-in-chief of the UWSA in August last year. He attended a military academy in Kunming and is fluent in Chinese and Burmese. On October 12, Chinese police issued warrants for the arrests of two senior officials of the UWSA—Chen Yanban and Xiao Yanquan—and offered a reward of 100,000 to 500,000 renminbi (US$13,700 to $71,200) for information. Chen Yanban is the minister for construction in the Wa Self- Administered Division and a former head of UWSA Brigade 468. Xiao Yanquan was identified, in his arrest warrant, as the mayor of Monglin District in the autonomous region. Xiao Yanquan is a former son-in-law of Bao Youxiang. The United Wa State Party has dismissed the duo from all official duties.

Oct 2023

CHINA-MIDDLE EAST: CHINA VETOED A DRAFT U.N. RESOLUTION PROPOSED BY U.S. ON OCTOBER 26 CLAIMING IT SEEKS TO ESTABLISH A "NEW NARRATIVE" ON PALESTINIAN QUESTION
The PRC vetoed a draft UN resolution proposed by the US because, as Ambassador to the UN Zhang Jun said in his explanation, “the draft resolution attempts to establish a new narrative on the Palestinian question, ignoring the fact that the Palestinian territory has been occupied for a long time and evading the fundamental issue of independent statehood for the Palestinian people. It is worth being vigilant that the draft departs from the spirit of previous UN resolutions and embeds the dangerous logic of clash of civilizations and the justification of war and use of force”. The same day a People’s Daily Commentary (October 26) said that “only by truly implementing the "two-state solution" can the Israeli-Palestinian conflict be resolved” and that the “internationally recognized "two-state solution" refers to the establishment of an independent and sovereign State of Palestine, with its borders based on those of 1967 and East Jerusalem as its capital”.

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLICISED THAT CONGRATULATORY MESSAGES WERE SENT BY XI JINPING AND BIDEN TO US GALA DINNER
In an apparently conciliatory gesture, the People's Daily (October 27) said that in a congratulatory message to the annual Gala Dinner of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations and a meeting with Gavin Newsom, governor of the U.S. state of California, on October 26, Chinese President Xi Jinping reiterated the three principles upheld by China in handling its relations with the United States. Saying that 'both Xi and U.S. President Joe Biden sent congratulatory messages to the annual Gala Dinner', it quoted Lyazid Benhami, Vice President of the Paris Association of French-Chinese Friendship, describing this as "encouraging." It quoted Columbia University Professor Jeffrey Sachs also as saying U.S.- China cooperation "will strengthen both countries and benefit the world".

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA'S FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI ARRIVED IN U.S. FOR VISIT U.S. FROM OCTOBER 26-29, 2023
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi arrived in the U.S. on October 26 to start a 3-day visit. AP (October 23) reported that Chinese Foreign Minister and Politburo member Wang Yi will visit Washington for a three-day visit from October 26-29. The Beijing Daily (October 27) said that Wang Yi met U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken on October 26. It reported Wang Yi saying that "this visit to the United States upon invitation is a return visit to Secretary of State Blinken’s visit to China in June. China and the United States are two major countries that have differences and conflicts. At the same time, the two countries also have important common interests and challenges that need to be addressed together. To this end, China and the United States need dialogue. They should not only resume dialogue, but also have in-depth dialogue and comprehensive dialogue. Through dialogue, they can enhance mutual understanding, reduce misunderstandings and misjudgments, constantly seek to expand consensus, and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation. Promote relations between the two countries to stop falling and stabilize, and return to the track of healthy, stable and sustainable development as soon as possible. Wang Yi said that there will always be some noise in Sino-US relations, and China will take it lightly. Because we believe that the standard for judging right and wrong is not who has thick arms or who has a loud voice, but whether it follows the provisions of the three Sino-US joint communiqués, whether it conforms to international law and the basic norms of international relations, and whether it conforms to the development and progress of the times. trend. We believe that facts will prove everything and history will give a fair evaluation". Wang Yi is scheduled to also meet National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan and discuss a range of issues, including the Israel-Hamas conflict, the Ukraine war and a recent vessel collision in the South China Sea. The officials did not confirm whether Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in San Francisco and nor did they say if Wang Yi’s visit would prepare for such a meeting. Wang Yi’s trip was described as reciprocal to Blinken’s visit to Beijing in June. AP noted American officials as saying that while Wang Yi’s visit will not solve any differences, it’s part of the U.S. diplomatic effort toward open communications to minimize risks. The visit was confirmed by the US State Department on October 23.

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: US PACIFIC COMMAND RELEASES VIDEO OF CLOSE ENCOUNTERS BY CHINESE MILITARY AIRCRAFT
The US Pacific Command released (October 27) a video of a J-11 flying within 10 feet of a B- 52 at night on October 24. The PLA at a press conference released a video of what it says were unsafe encounters caused by US navy vessels. The recent aerial encounter especially looks extremely dangerous. The U.S. video claimed that on October 24, 2023, a PLA Air Force J-11 pilot executed an unsafe intercept of a U.S. Air Force B-52 aircraft, which was lawfully conducting routine operations over the South China Sea in international airspace. During the night time intercept, the PRC pilot flew in an unsafe and unprofessional manner, demonstrated poor airmanship by closing with uncontrolled excessive speed, flying below, in front of, and within 10 feet of the B-52, putting both aircraft in danger of collision. We are concerned this pilot was unaware of how close he came to causing a collision. It added that the PRC intercept was conducted at night, with limited visibility, in a manner contrary to international air safety rules and norms. Military aircraft, when intentionally approaching another, shall operate with professional airmanship and give due regard for the safety of other aircraft. The Chinese official spokesperson responded that the U.S. video proves that it is the US side that is making provocations, taking risks and muddling the water. He added that China has much similar video evidence, but he won't show them because of time constraints. (Comment: Both sides appear to be stepping up video disclosures of close encounters.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: US ANNOUNCES ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS ON CUTTING-EDGE AI SEMICONDUCTOR AND CHIP MANUFACTURING EQUIPMENT
A Caixin (October 24) report said that the updated set of export controls over more cuttingedge artificial intelligence semiconductor and chip manufacturing equipment announced by the US on October 17, is a move aimed at closing loopholes in existing rules and further blocking China’s access to American technology. It referred to a press release by the U.S. Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security, which said the controls focus on three main areas: adjusting the parameters that identify a restricted chip, expanding the list of controlled semiconductors manufacturing equipment and adding more Chinese enterprises to the “entity list,” the U.S. blacklist of restricted organisations.

Oct 2023

CHINA-EU: CHINA HAS SIGNIFICANT PRESENCE IN EU'S GLOBAL GATEWAY PROJECT DESPITE EFFORTS TO KEEP CHINA OUT
The South China Morning Post (October 25) disclosed that in September, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen hailed a group of businesses that had been enlisted to help the bloc’s flagship infrastructure programme, the Global Gateway. She said the new business advisory board would “help us to work closer together and deliver faster on the green and digital transitions, boosting the economy of our partners and the EU”. But close inspection of the list of board members reveals that the EU has invited Chinese state-linked companies to advise it on how best to roll out Global Gateway – despite the EU’s efforts to restrict Beijing’s access to such projects. One company in particular is potentially embarrassing for von der Leyen, who has called for Europe to “de-risk” its ties with China. China Three Gorges (CTG), a state-owned enterprise, is the largest shareholder in Energias de Portugal SA (EDP) – which is among those companies that will advise the European Commission on “implementation of the Global Gateway strategy and scaling up of Global Gateway flagship” projects. As EDP’s biggest shareholder, CTG – which is controlled by the Chinese government’s State Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) – owns its largest voting rights. Senior European officials have previously warned against Chinese firms’ involvement in Global Gateway. In June, the commission’s powerful former digital and competition chief Margrethe Vestager said it would be a “mistake” for them to win any contracts, but the same day, Vestager announced she would leave her post to run for the Presidency of the European Investment Bank (EIB), one of Global Gateway’s chief financial backers. The EU’s first Global Gateway forum in Brussels is set for Wednesday and Thursday and political leaders from 16 developing nations are scheduled to attend. These are: Armenia, Comoros, Namibia, Mauritania, Senegal, Somalia, Albania, Bangladesh, Cabo Verde, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Georgia, Moldova, Morocco, Rwanda and Serbia. China is not invited, and the EU has spurned Beijing’s advances to partner on projects. However, according to an article on the Chinese MoFA website, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi last week reiterated that China’s BRI “can be aligned with the Global Gateway strategy proposed by the European Union, so as to leverage their respective strengths and form synergy to help developing countries speed up infrastructure development”.

Oct 2023

CHINA-EU: EU CHAMBER OF COMMERCE PRESIDENT SAYS NUMBER OF EUROPEANS IN CHINA IS AT ITS LOWEST POINT IN THREE DECADES
The Greek City Times (October 20) reported that while the larger EU Chamber of Commerce in China has not conducted a recent formal survey, its president, Jens Eskelund, noted a souring of sentiment among its members. Eskelund mentioned that the number of Europeans in China is currently at its lowest point in the past three decades.

Oct 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE AND RUSSIAN COMPANIES SIGN SERIES OF AGREEMENTS ON OCTOBER 23 IN SHENYANG
Reuters (October 23) citing Chinese state media reported that Chinese and Russian companies attending a regional conference in northeastern China last week signed a number of cooperation deals on October 23 in sectors ranging from manufacturing and logistics to e-commerce and agriculture. The conference in Shenyang, followed last week's meeting in Beijing between Russian President Vladimir Putin and China's President Xi Jinping. Russian local government officials, business representatives as well as nearly 800 Chinese companies hoping to enter the Russian market were attending the conference. China has urged increased cross-border connectivity with Russia and deeper economic cooperation despite disapproval from the West after Russian forces invaded Ukraine last year, with northeast China - comprising the provinces of Liaoning, Heilongjiang and Jilin - gaining new strategic significance as a zone of bilateral trade and commerce.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI PUBLISHES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SPEECH ON MODERNISATION OF MARXISM DELIVERED IN JUNE 2023
Qiu Shi (2023/20; October 15) for the first time published Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech on "exploring new frontiers in the sinicization and modernization of Marxism". It was originally delivered on June 30, 2023. In his speech, Chinese President Xi Jinping asks: "Why has the CCP been successful and why is socialism with Chinese characteristics thriving?" He answers: "because of our adherence to Marxism, adapted to the Chinese context and modern times. This is the historical conclusion". Xi Jinping also refers to The "Two Unswervinglys" (两个结合) and "Six must adheres" (六个必须坚持), which "provide the fundamental guidance for furthering our party's theoretical innovation, and we must adhere to and apply them effectively". Xi Jinping then makes four points: (i) "adhere to the soul and roots of theoretical innovation"; (ii) never abandon Marxism, never abandon traditions of Chinese culture; (iii) "use Marxism to explore the treasure trove of over 5,000 years of Chinese civilization"; and (iv) link Marxist thought to Chinese culture. The article explained that: "address new challenges of our times" means Theories "must never detach from practical realities of their time and should continually draw from practical experiences, crystallizing them into the intellectual essence of the era" and that the Task of sinicizing Marxism is "not lighter but heavier"; Discussing promoting systematic development of Party's theory, he commends Engels for defending Marxism and avoiding "the fragmentation and vulgarization of Marxism by providing a comprehensive system". The article claims Xi Jinping Thought similarly is a "comprehensive system" with components; On drawing theoretical innovation from the people, it urges "By actively engaging with the people and listening to their voices, we can ensure that our theoretical innovations are grounded in the realities of their lives and effectively address their needs and concerns." In conclusion Xi Jinping appeals to cadres telling them to "leave their offices and work at the grassroots level, listen to the voices of the people...use the Party's theories to study and solve issues". He also invites cadres to "draw inspiration for theoretical and practical innovations". (Comment: The background to this are the 6 education campaigns since 2013, namely: (i) Mass Line Education and Practice 2013-14; (ii) Three Stricts, Three Earnests ~2015; (iii) Two Studies, One Become ~2016; (iv) Don't forget the original aspiration (of the CCP) 2019-20; (v) Party history education 2021; and (vi) XJP Thought 2023.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: BOOK ON CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING THOUGHT ON DIPLOMACY PUBLISHED
The People's Daily (October 21) reported that a book on Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy has been published. The book illustrates the thought in the form of questions and answers with 48 questions divided into 10 parts, expounding on its significance, scientific system, essence and implications, as well as the requirements for its practice. Compiled by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the book is expected to help Party members, officials and members of the public deepen their study and understanding of the Party's innovative theories and use them in their practices and work.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG VISITING KYRGYZSTAN FOR 22ND SCO MEETING OF HEADS OF GOVERNMENT
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said (October 20) that Chinese Premier Li Qiang will attend the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Member States in Bishkek, capital of Kyrgyzstan, and start a 4-day official visit to Kyrgyzstan from October 24.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINA NATIONAL WOMEN'S CONGRESS TO BE HELD IN BEIJING FROM OCTOBER 23-26, 2023
The People's Daily (October 22) reported that the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) had announced that around 1,800 delegates to China's 13th National Women's Congress, along with 90 specially invited delegates, will attend the congress to be held from October 23 to 26 in Beijing.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: PRESIDENT OF INSTITUTE OF MARXISM PUBLISHES ARTICLE IN GUANGMING DAILY ON BUILDNG SOCIALIST IDEOLOGY WITH STRONG COHESION
Xin Xiangyang, Secretary of the Party Committee and President of the Institute of Marxism, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, published an article in the Guangming Daily (October 20) captioned 'Focus on building a socialist ideology with strong cohesion and leadership'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE ON CULTIVATING A TEAM OF HIGHQUALITY CADRES
The People's Daily (October 19) published an article captioned 'Cultivate a team of high-quality cadres worthy of the important task of national rejuvenation——A review of cadre education and training in the new era'. The article said: “The party’s historical experience and current development tell us that without extensive study by the whole party and extensive training of cadres, there will be no great development of the cause”; “It is necessary to strengthen the education and training of cadres so that the political literacy, theoretical level, professional ability, and practical skills of the majority of cadres can keep pace with the development of the times”; "When training young cadres, we should not engage in flood irrigation, let alone allow it to grow naturally. We must cultivate intensively and carefully, strengthen field management, timely fertilization and watering, pruning and leaf cutting, insect control and disease prevention".

Oct 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: TWO SENIOR PROVINCIAL CADRES PLACED UNDER INVESTIGATION
i) The Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) and the State Supervision Commission announced on October 21, that Zhang Xiulong, former Deputy Secretary and Deputy Director of the Party Leadership Group of the Standing Committee of the People's Congress of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is suspected of serious violations of discipline and law and is currently under review and investigation. Zhang Xiulong was born in 1958. ii) On October 19, the Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC) and the State Supervision Commission announced that Han Yong, the former Party Secretary and Chairman of the Shaanxi Provincial Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, was suspected of serious violations of discipline and law and is currently undergoing disciplinary review and supervisory investigation by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervisory Commission.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: SPECULATION THAT FORTHCOMING NPC SESSION IN LATE OCTOBER MAY SEE APPOINTMENT OF NEW DEFENCE MINISTER
The South China Morning Post (October 19) reported that Vice Chairman of China's Central Military Commission (CMC) General Zhang Youxia met Serbian Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Milos Vucevic on October 19 in Beijing during the two-day Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. Zhang Youxia is the first senior military officer to host a foreign guest since ousted Defence Minister Li Shangfu last did so on August 29. The SCMP speculated that the forthcoming National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee session towards the end of October will approve personnel appointments and dismissals, offering a window for a possible change of defence minister. The NPC meeting will precede the Xiangshan Forum, a three-day event held at the end of October – which observers believe could signal a major thaw in US-China military communications. (Comment: There has been speculation that General Liu Zhenli, Director of the CMC Joint Staff Department would take over as Defence Minister. The South China Morning Post (October 13) had also suggested this. It had quoted Zhou Chenming, a researcher at the Yuan Wang Military Science and Technology think tank in Beijing as saying “There are no more obstacles to hinder the resumption of Sino-US high-level military communications now, making the forum a timely platform for both sides to have a symbolic ceremony for their relationship restoration.”)

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA CONSTRUCTING NEW UNDERGROUND FACILITIES AT SHANNAN IN TAR
Recent (October 17) satellite imagery shows that China is constructing new underground facilities at Shannan, Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). There are multiple existing underground facilities at Shannan. (Comment: These facilities can be used for weapon storage and Command and Control.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA CONDUCTED MULTI-SERVICE JOINT EXERCISE IN HIGH ALTITUDE PLATEAU TO TEST CAPABILITIES OF TIBET MILITARY DISTRICT
Baijiahao (0ctober 14) reported that the People's Liberation Army (PLA) recently launched a multi service joint live fire exercise on a plateau at an altitude of 4,700 mtrs. The exercise included several new weapons and equipment, such as the PLAAF's J-16 heavy fighter aircraft, the PLA Army's PHL-03 long range rocket launcher and the PCL-181 truck gun. The Baijiahao report said, "the scale and intensity of this joint live-fire exercise are quite high". Chinese military expert Song Zhongping believes that this military exercise is designed to test the highaltitude defence and coordinated offensive capabilities of the border defence forces of the Tibet Military District (TMD) of the PLA.

Oct 2023

CHINA-S&T: GLOBAL TIMES QUOTED CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S ASSURANCE THAT CHINA WILL CONTINUE TO IMPLEMENT BRI S&T INNOVATION ACTION PLAN
The Global Times (October 18) quoted Chinese President Xi jinping as saying in his speech at the opening session of the 3rd BRI Forum that China will continue to implement the Belt and Road Science and Technology Innovation Action Plan, host the first BRI Science and Technology Exchange Conference, and in the next five years, expand the number of joint laboratories built with other BRI parties to 100.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA HAS IMPOSED EXPORT CONTROLS ON GRAPHITE
The Financial Times (October 20) reported that China has imposed export controls on graphite to be effective from December 1, 2023, as Beijing hits back at US-led restrictions on technology sales to Chinese companies. China's Commerce Ministry and the General Administration of Customs said on Friday China, which dominates global supply chains for the mineral, will require special export permits for three grades of graphite, the commerce ministry and the General Administration of Customs said (October 20) that the new export controls were introduced on “national security” grounds. The restrictions also underline China’s dominance of global supplies of dozens of critical resources. China is the biggest processor of natural graphite and generated almost 70 per cent of the world’s synthetic graphite last year, according to Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, making it one of the critical materials where Beijing has the tightest stranglehold. (Comment: Graphite for batteries can be produced either from mined material, which is called “natural” material, or in a “synthetic” process using petroleum feedstocks, which helps the cell charge quicker and last longer but is more expensive to produce. US, South Korea and Poland are top buyers of graphite products included in the export controls.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: HUAXI VILLAGE IN JIANGSU PROVINCE DECLARED BANKRUPT AND SELLS SHARES TO SOE
Huaxi, China's “No. 1 Village under Heaven,” Jiangyin City, Jiangsu Province, now has a debt of 58 million yuan per capita and had its shares taken over by a state-owned enterprise for 1 yuan. The Liberty Times (October 21) said since the bankruptcy of its subsidiary Huaxi Group in 2021, the average villager has accumulated debts of 1,300 Ten thousand yuan. It said that the Huaxi Village Committee recently transferred Huaxi shares to Lianhua Optimization and Adjustment Industrial Investment Partnership (also referred to as Lianhua) under the Jiangyin State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission at a price of 1 yuan. It also disclosed that Wu Xie'en, the fourth son of Wu Renbao, the deceased former head of Huaxi Village and the village's first party secretary, is still the chairman and legal person of Huaxi Co., Ltd., and he is Wu Renbao's appointed successor. The general manager of West China Co., Ltd. is still Wu Renbao’s nephew Li Manliang, and Wu Xien’s second son Wu Mao is also the deputy general manager. (Comment: Huaxi village was established in 1961.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-BRI FORUM: PEOPLE'S DAILY COMMENTARY APPLAUDS BRI WHILE EUROPEAN DELEGATES WALKED OUT OF THE BRI FORUM IN THE GREAT HALL OF PEOPLE BEFORE RUSSIAN PRESIDENT PUTIN'S SPEECH
i) A People's Daily (October 22) Commentary titled: 'The joint construction of the "Belt and Road" is the right path for mankind' said at the opening ceremony of the 3rd Belt and Road International Cooperation Summit Forum, President Xi Jinping pointed out, “The 10-year journey has proved that the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative is on the right side of history, in line with the logic of the progress of the times, and on the path of humankind. We must have the determination to remain calm even when flying through chaotic clouds, and with a responsible attitude toward history, the people, and the world, we must work together to respond to various global risks and challenges and create peace, development, and prosperity for future generations. A bright future of cooperation and win-win." It claimed the Belt and Road Initiative has made "historic achievements" in the past ten years, with the results benefiting more than 150 countries and has become a popular international public product and international cooperation platform. The Commentary mentioned Xi Jinping five times. ii) Reuters (October 19) reported that videos of the BRI Forum showed that just before Russian President Putin's speech, a number of people, including European delegates, walked out of the summit being held in the Great Hall. Among those delegates was European Jean-Pierre Raffarin, former prime minister of France.

Oct 2023

CHINA-BEIJING: BEIJING MUNICIPALITY ANNOUNCES NEW TAX CUTS TO STIMULATE ECONOMY
The Beijing Daily (October 21) announced that since 'Tax reduction and fee reduction are a key part of optimizing the business environment. In recent years, Beijing's tax and fee support policies have been strengthened and expanded step by step year by year, effectively reducing the "burden" of enterprises, stimulating more development vitality, and also promoting the accelerated transformation and upgrading of the capital's industrial structure'. It said on October 20, the Municipal Finance Bureau, the Beijing Municipal Taxation Bureau of the State Administration of Taxation, the Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau, the Municipal Medical Insurance Bureau, and the Municipal Provident Fund Management Center held a press conference on "Precise Policy Implementation, Intelligent Empowerment, Optimizing the Taxation Business Environment and Stimulating Market Vitality" to introduce the optimization of tax payment. The newspaper learned from the meeting that from 2018 to 2022, the scale of new tax rebates and fee reductions in Beijing exceeded 700 billion yuan. Wang Huawei, Deputy Director of the Municipal Finance Bureau, said “The scale of tax reduction and fee reduction is unprecedented, and the scope of coverage is unprecedented” and 'that in the past five years, the city’s tax reduction and fee reduction policy has been unprecedented in its intensity'. It added that 'last year, Beijing targeted enterprises in five extremely difficult industries including catering, retail, tourism, civil aviation, and road and rail transportation, as well as 17 industries with industrial and supply chains that were greatly affected by the epidemic, such as the food processing industry and the textile industry'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SICHUAN: WORLD SCIENCE FICTION WRITERS CONFERENCE HELD IN CHINA FOR FIRST TIME IN CHENGDU
Nanfang Daily (October 22) announced that from October 18 to 22, the World Science Fiction Conference came to China for the first time and was held in Chengdu. It said science fiction writers, film and television celebrities from all over the world participated in the event together with nearly a hundred experts and scholars, and jointly discussed how to promote the in-depth integration of the science fiction industry and science popularization. The creation of content such as science fiction literature, film, television, and games promote cultural "going out". It said during this conference, the Galaxy Award, one of the highest awards in the field of Chinese science fiction literature, and the Hugo Award, the world's authoritative award for science fiction literature, were announced at the same time as the biggest highlight.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION PARTY SECRETARY VISITED GUANGDONG PROVINCE AND SIGNED STRATEGIC COOPERATION FRAMEWORK
Guangdong's Nanfang Daily (October 21) disclosed that from October 19 to 21, a party and government delegation from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region visited Guangdong for inspection and exchange. On October 21, the two provinces and regions held a cooperation and exchange symposium in Guangzhou to discuss the cooperative development of Guangdong and Mongolia and renew the strategic cooperation framework agreement. Guangdong Party Secretary Huang Kunming presided over the meeting and delivered a speech. Party Secretary of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Sun Shaocheng attended the meeting and delivered a speech. On behalf of the Party Committee and Government of the Autonomous Region, Sun Shaocheng expressed his gratitude to Guangdong Province for its long-term strong support to work in Inner Mongolia. He said that General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the development of various undertakings in Inner Mongolia and has made important instructions many times. The two provinces and regions held a signing event for the Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement (2023-2027). the Inner Mongolia party and government delegation went to Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Dongguan, and visited Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone, Qianhai Joint Trading Center, Hetao Shenzhen-Hong Kong Science and Technology Innovation Cooperation Zone, Shenzhen Stock Exchange, and Guangzhou Smart City The operation center and China Resources Group, Huawei Terminal Headquarters, GAC Aian New Energy Vehicle Co., Ltd. and other enterprises.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: 16,000 POLICE PERSONNEL DEPLOYED FOR CANTON TRADE FAIR
Nanfang Ribao (October 22) reported that for the first phase of the 134th Canton Fair held at the Canton Fair Complex from October 15 to 19, the Guangzhou Municipal Public Security Bureau and the Guangzhou police deployed more than 16,000 security personnel on site to ensure the safety and orderliness of the Canton Fair exhibition hall and surrounding areas in terms of transportation and visa processing.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TIBET: CHINESE AUTHORITIES INTENSIFY SURVEILLANCE OF TIBETANS IN TIBETAN AREAS
Bitter Winter (October 20) disclosed that the Chinese authorities have developed a smart platform called “Smart Construction Sites” in housing and municipal projects inside the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). It said on September 26, the TAR's Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development organized an on-site observation meeting of TAR’s housing and municipal engineering project “Smart Construction Site” in Lhasa city. It added that the “Smart Construction Site” is the creation of an intelligent service and supervision platform for housing and municipal projects in the region by using big data, machine control, and advanced technologies such as smart devices and mobile terminals. Moreover, from May 2023, the government has made it a mandatory requirement for all the eligible new housing and municipal projects throughout the region to be in-sync with the “Smart Construction Site” platform. So far, the department of the Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the Autonomous Region has reported that the platform building of the “Smart Construction Site” in seven cities and thirty-four counties in the region has been completed. 231 projects have been already connected with the platform.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: TAIWAN CLAIMED 13 PLAAF AIRCRAFT VIOLATED ITS ADIZ ON OCTOBER 19
Reuters (October 19) quoted Taiwan's Defence Ministry as saying that 13 PLA Air Force planes, including fighter jets and drones, entered its air defence zone from China. The aircraft were accompanying Chinese warships carrying out "combat patrols" and drills in the South China Sea.

Oct 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: NEPALESE AMBASSADOR TO CHINA SAID CHINA-NEPAL RAILWAY WILL ENHANCE CHINA'S CONNECTIVITY WITH ENTIRE SOUTH ASIAN REGION
Tibet Online (October 13) quoted Nepalese Ambassador Shreshtha as saying that "since Nepal joined the Belt and Road Initiative in 2017, China-Nepal cooperation in infrastructure construction has achieved fruitful results". Shreshtha said "the China-Nepal cross-border railway project is an important consensus reached by the heads of state of China and Nepal and is also a super project for China-Nepal connectivity. The China-Nepal cross-border railway is planned to connect the city of Shigatse in Tibet, China, with the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu. After the railway is completed, it will minimize the time and cost of exchanges between the two peoples, and at the same time, it can greatly increase trade and investment between the two countries. Nepal's high-quality products such as cashmere fabrics, wood products, handicrafts, and alpine organic agricultural products will pass through this railway". He added that "More importantly, the railway will enhance China's connectivity with the entire South Asian region."

Oct 2023

CHINA-SRI LANKA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING TELLS SRI LANKAN COUNTERPART THAT CHINA IS WILLING TO OFFER ASSISTANCE WITHOUT POLITICAL CONDITIONS
Quoting China's official media, Reuters (October 20) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping had told his Sri Lankan counterpart on October 20, on the sidelines of the BRI Forum in Beijing that China is willing to offer assistance to SriLanka without political conditions and buy more of its exports.

Oct 2023

CHINA-MIDDLE EAST: ARTICLE BY PEKING UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT HEAD PROVIDES INSIGHT TO CHINA'S POLICY TOWARDS MIDDLE EAST
In an article published before this October's bloodshed in Israel, the Director of the Institute of Arab & Islamic Culture, Peking University, Wu Bingbing (吴冰冰), shed some light on China’s policy towards the Middle East in an article published in the Beijing Cultural Review, August 2023. A summary of the main points in his article is given below: i) China and Russia have stepped up their diplomatic efforts in the Middle East just as the US has reduced its involvement. ii) Countries in the Middle East have been shifting their focus towards Asia. Beijing’s brokering of the Saudi-Iran deal was helped by this trend. iii) Tensions in the region should stop being viewed simply through the lens of sectarian (Sunni vs Shi’a) and ethnic (Arabs vs Persians) strife, but rather through the prism of geopolitical rivalries and domestic politics. iv) Although the Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains at the heart of the Middle East’s problems, Israel has been successfully marginalising this issue and attempting to isolate the Palestinians diplomatically. As a result, the international community has been neglecting this flashpoint at a time when tensions were so evidently rising. v) Coupled with the Israeli far-right’s hawkishness, US minilaterlism and Washington’s clear bias in favour of Israel have exacerbated divisions and hostilities in the region. vi) The exclusive nature of Washington’s policy stands in sharp contrast to Beijing’s proposed ‘new security architecture for the Middle East’, which seeks to involve all actors in the region, including Hamas, Hezbollah and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. vii) China pursues ‘balanced diplomacy’ [平衡外交] in the Middle East, which entails not picking sides and not making any enemies. viii) To help strengthen its ties with the region, Beijing’s strategy has been one of 'positive balancing' [积极的平衡]. That is, closer cooperation with one actor (e.g. Iran) will pressure others to follow suit (e.g. Arab Gulf countries). ix) China’s two main priorities in the region are: (i) resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; and (ii) establishing a Gulf security dialogue platform. x) If Chinese initiatives such as the BRI, GDI and GSI are highly compatible with the region’s need for development and security, ‘Chinese-style modernisation’ is the ideational glue that can help bring countries in the Middle East and China closer together.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ISRAEL-HAMAS: CHINESE SOCIAL MEDIA CRITICISM OF ISRAEL
A report on October 21, said that Chinese influencer Su Lin has been live-streaming rants in support of Hamas and against Israel since the war broke out on October 7. Coming almost every day, they are rife with anti-Semitism. Ms Su Lin, who has 1 million followers, says “Hamas is still being too soft, going way too easy, adding that the Israelis are “lackeys of colonialism”. She asks, “Shouldn’t they be captured?” “Israel is now just a Jewish version of the Nazis and militarism.” Ms Su Lin’s videos are part of a wave of anti-Semitism that has emerged online in China since Hamas attacked Israel on October 7. (Comment: That Beijing allows such sentiments to be shared on its heavily censored internet provides an insight into what narratives the Chinese Communist Party wants to promote on the Israel-Palestine conflict. China has so far refused to condemn Hamas for its attack.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA AND U.S. HOLD TRACK 1.5 MEETINGS IN WASHINGTON AND BEIJING
The South China Morning Post (October 20) disclosed that the CCP CC International Department held an online meeting with American think tank the Asia Society on October 19, as more Chinese agencies reach out to US groups amid signs of a thaw in bilateral ties. The CCP CC International Liaison Department said it had a “candid and constructive” exchange of views during the “Track 1.5 dialogue” and Xinhua added that the exchange covered ways to improve communication and cooperation, and to manage conflicts and differences. It said Xinhua disclosed that in another Track 1.5 dialogue, Yang Wanming, President of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC), met Robert Hertzberg, former majority leader of the California State Senate, on October 17. Hertzberg was in Beijing for this week’s Belt and Road Forum. Xinhua said the two agreed that a “long-term and strategic view” was needed on US-China ties, and that more cooperation at the local level and people-to-people exchanges would help get relations “back on the right path of healthy and stable development". The newspaper also disclosed that earlier this month a group of Chinese academics – led by Yu Tiejun of Peking University – visited Washington on an eight-day trip. It included a three-day conference hosted by US think tank the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, where they discussed reviving academic exchanges. According to a WeChat post by Peking University, they also spoke about the bilateral relationship with Daniel Kritenbrink, US assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, and Sarah Beran, National Security Council senior director for China and Taiwan affairs.

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: US DEFENCE DEPARTMENT CLAIMED THAT CHINESE MILITARY ENGAGED IN MORE THAN 180 COERCIVE AND RISKY INCIDENTS IN LAST TWO YEARS
In a report released (October 17) the Pentagon said that over the last two years China’s military has engaged in more than 180 incidents of “coercive and risky operational behaviour” against US assets acting lawfully in international airspace over the East and South China seas. It released declassified images and videos of “reckless manoeuvres” released by the US Defence Department showed Chinese jets discharging chaff or shooting off flares while approaching very near American aircraft at high speeds. Ely Ratner, US Assistant Secretary of Defence for Indo-Pacific Security, said since autumn 2021, there were nearly 300 instances of “risky intercepts” involving the PLA and aircraft belonging to American allies and partners.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CANADA: CHINA PROTESTED THAT CANADIAN AIRCRAFT HAD VIOLATED CHINESE SOVEREIGNTY AND THREATENED NATIONAL SECURITY
China’s Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning told a press briefing on October 17, that “a Canadian CP-140 aircraft illegally intruded” into Chinese airspace in the East China Sea near the disputed Diaoyu Islands – known in Japan as the Senkakus – “seriously violating China’s sovereignty and threatening China’s national security”. “In response to Canada’s provocative behaviour, China has lodged stern representations with Canada, and the Chinese military has also taken necessary measures on the spot.” She added “The truth of the matter is that Canadian military aircraft travelled thousands of miles to cause trouble and provocation at China’s doorstep ... Canada should respect objective facts and stop spreading false information.” The remarks came after Canada’s Global News, which had journalists on board the Canadian surveillance plane, reported that a Chinese jet flew within five metres (16ft) of the aircraft, which had been taking part in a United Nations operation to enforce sanctions against North Korea on October 16.

Oct 2023

CHINA-JAPAN: CHINA DAILY CLAIMED THAT 19TH BEIJING-TOKYO FORUM REACHED CONSENSUS ON 'PEACEFUL DEVELOPMENT AND WIN-WIN COLLABORATION'
China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi addressed the opening ceremony of the 19th Beijing-Tokyo Forum via a video speech and congratulated everyone on the 45th anniversary of the China- Japan treaty of Peace and Friendship. He highlighted how both countries are two of the major powers in Asia and even in the world and thus the need for common interest and broad cooperation is necessary. China Daily (October 21) said that a consensus on peaceful development and win-win collaboration between China and Japan was reached at the 19th Beijing-Tokyo Forum, which concluded in Beijing on October 20. It said about 100 experts and scholars from the two countries who gathered for the two-day event unanimously believe that China and Japan should work together to build peace and security in Asia and the world, at a time when the risks of global division and regional conflicts continue to increase. This year marks the 45th anniversary of the signing of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship, which outlines key principles for peace and friendship. The Forum also called for stronger economic and trade cooperation between China and Japan in a bid to unleash more potential for a sustainable and open world economy.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PHILIPPINES: CHINA COAST GUARD INTERCEPTS PHILIPPINES VESSEL FOR TRANSPORTING ILLEGAL" BUILDING MATERIALS TO ITS SHIP STRANDED IN "REN'AI REEF"
The China Daily (October 22) quoted the China Coast Guard saying in a brief statement on October 22 that it had "lawfully intercepted a Philippine vessel attempting to transport illegal building materials to the warship that is illegally "stranded" in the Ren'ai Reef". It claimed "China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters, including the Ren'ai Reef."

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING INSPECTS JIUJIANG CITY, JIANGXI PROVINCE AND PRESIDES OVER SYMPOSIUM ON DEVELOPING YANGTZE RIVER ECONOMIC BELT
CCTV (October 10) reported that on the afternoon of October 10, Chinese President Xi Jinping inspected the Jiujiang City section of the Yangtze River National Cultural Park and Sinopec Jiujiang Branch in Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province, to learn about the construction of the local Yangtze River National Cultural Park, ecological restoration of the Yangtze River coastline, and petrochemical enterprises. Transformation and upgrading to green development and other situations. People's Daily (October 12) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping also inspected Jingdezhen City and Shangrao City in east China's Jiangxi Province on October 11. He visited a historical and cultural block and AVIC Changhe Aircraft Industry (Group) Corporation Ltd. in Jingdezhen, as well as a village in Wuyuan County in Shangrao. He learned about the preservation and inheritance of ceramic culture, enterprise technological innovation, wetland park ecological conservation, and rural revitalization. On October 12, CCTV telecast a report that Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over a symposium on further promoting the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, emphasizing on further promoting the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt to better support and serve Chinese-style modernization.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONGRATULATES ACFTU CONFERENCE IN BEIJING
The 18th National Congress of Trade Unions of China opened in Beijing. Xi Jinping, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Ding Xuexiang, and Li Xi attended the meeting to congratulate the Conference. According to the "Workers Daily" (October 12), the second plenary session of the 18th National Congress of Chinese Trade Unions was held on October 11 in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. The conference elected the 18th Executive Committee of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions and the 18th Fund Review Committee of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. Wang Dongming, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and Executive Chairman of the Presidium of the National People's Congress, attended the meeting and was reelected Chairman of the ACFTU. The meeting was chaired by Xu Liuping, Executive Chairman of the Presidium of the conference and Secretary-General of the conference. 1,945 of the total 2,002 delegates 1,945 delegates attended the meeting. (Comment: 67-year old Wang Dongming has been Chairman of the ACFTU since 2018.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONVEYS IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS TO NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IDEOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL WORK
The National Ideological and Cultural Work Conference was held in Beijing from October 7 to 8, when "important instructions" from Chinese President Xi Jinping were conveyed. Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the CCP CC Secretariat Cai Qi, delivered a speech. Xi Jinping said the propaganda of ideological and cultural work is related to the future and destiny of the Party, the long-term stability of the country, and the nation. The state-owned CCTV (October 9) quoted Xi Jinping emphasising 'that in the new era and new journey, the world's major changes unseen in a century are accelerating. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has entered a critical period. Strategic opportunities and risks and challenges coexist. Propaganda, ideological and cultural work is facing new situations and new tasks, and we must have a new look and new actions'. He called for building a culturally powerful country and a modern civilization of the Chinese nation as a new cultural mission, strengthen cultural confidence, uphold openness and inclusiveness, adhere to integrity and innovation, strive to strengthen the party’s leadership in publicity, ideological and cultural work, and strive to build a society with strong cohesion and leadership socialist ideology, strive to cultivate and practice the core socialist values, strive to enhance the dissemination, guidance, influence and credibility of news and public opinion'. Importantly, Xi Jinping emphasized that party committees (party groups) at all levels should shoulder the major political responsibility of promoting ideological and cultural work and ensure that the Party Central Committee’s decisions and arrangements on cultural construction are implemented. Propaganda and cultural departments at all levels must strengthen their political responsibilities, be brave in reform and innovation, dare to be good at struggle, and constantly create new situations in publicity, ideological and cultural work in the new era. ii) The front page of People's Daily (October 11) published a Commentary saying that 'Xi Jinping Thought on Culture has immense importance in the pursuit of a stronger China and the realization of national rejuvenation'. iii The People's Daily (October 11) published a Commentary titled 'Xi Jinping Thought on Culture to serve as source of strength for national rejuvenation'. It said "Xi Jinping Thought on Culture was put forward for the first time, marking a pivotal ideological development after the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The Thought bears immense importance in the pursuit of a stronger China and the realization of national rejuvenation". iv) The People's Daily (October 12) published a report by Xinhua titled "The light of thought illuminates the road ahead. Concentrate and compose a new chapter. ——In-depth study and implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions and the spirit of the National Publicity Ideological and Cultural Work Conference". (Comment: This is an important conference which, for the first time, put forward the Xi Jinping Thought on Culture. The meeting emphasized that 'it is essential to focus on studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Culture, and centering on the implementation of the strategic deployment concerning cultural construction set by the Party's 20th National Congress. It is crucial to genuinely enhance the sense of responsibility and mission in propagating ideological and cultural work in the new era and on the new journey, ensuring that all tasks are effectively implemented'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: MAIN POINTS CONVEYED IN CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S CULTURAL THOUGHT
Xi Jinping’s instructions conveyed by Politburo Standing Committee member Cai Qi at the national meeting over the October 7-8 weekend, specified requirements in seven aspects. These are: i) Strengthen the Party's leadership over the work of public communication and culture; ii)Developing a socialist ideology that has the power to unite and inspire the people; iii) Cultivating and applying core socialist values; iv) Strengthening the penetration and credibility of the media and it's ability to guide and influence; v) Promoting the creative transformation and development of find traditional Chinese culture; vi) Vigorously developing the cultural sector; and vii) Embracing international communication capacity and promoting exchanges and mutual learning among civilisations. (Comment: These requirements are in line with Xi Jinping's earlier instructions, which were given at a meeting on cultural inheritance and development that took place in June 2023. Xinhua on June 4, 2023, conveyed his 14-point instructions. additional articles from this year's 13th issue of Qiushi, the CCP's top theoretical journal further explored Xi Jinping's cultural thought.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING TO DELIVER KEYNOTE SPEECH AT ONE BELT, ONE ROAD' FORUM
China Daily (October 12) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend the opening ceremony of the third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, and deliver a keynote speech at the opening of the forum, which will be held in Beijing on October 17 and 18. He will also hold a welcoming banquet and bilateral events for the guests attending the forum. Forum will be themed "High-quality Belt and Road Cooperation: Together for Common Development and Prosperity" and, according to China Daily will be attended by representatives from over 130 countries and more than 30 international organizations.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG VISITED ZHEJIANG PROVINCE ON OCTOBER 7-9, 2023
China's CCTV (October 9) reported that Chinese Premier Li Qiang visited Zhejiang from October 7 to 9. He emphasized that it is necessary to thoroughly study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions on the development of the digital economy and new industrialization, implement the deployment of the National New Industrialization Promotion Conference, make the digital economy stronger, better and bigger from a strategic perspective, and empower people in accelerating digital transformation. Economic and social development, creating new momentum and new advantages for highquality development. Li Qiang went to Hikvision to inspect technological products such as IoT sensing and artificial intelligence as well as digital empowerment. He pointed out that the development prospects of the digital economy are very broad, and it is necessary to strive to break through key core technologies, give play to the leading role of leading enterprises, and promote small and medium-sized enterprises. He visited the Qiantang District Enterprise Comprehensive Service Center, the Science and Technology Innovation Corridor in the west of Hangzhou City and observed the brain-computer interface product demonstration at Zhejiang Qiannao Technology Company and visited the Guangli Microelectronics Company. Li Qiang also chaired a symposium where he pointed out that it is necessary to vigorously promote breakthroughs in digital technology innovation and fight against key core technologies. He stressed the need to focus on strategic frontiers, cultivate digital industry clusters, strive to lead the new track of the digital economy, accelerate the construction of network, computing power, and application infrastructure, continue to enhance the international competitiveness of the platform economy, and enhance the basic support capabilities for the development of the digital economy. State Councillor and Secretary General of the State Council, Wu Zhenglong, accompanied the investigation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: TAIWANESE MEDIA OUTLET MENTIONS RUMOURS ABOUT STRUGGLE BETWEEN CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG AND SECRETARY OF CCP CC SECRETARIAT CAI QI
Taiwan's NewTalk media outlet says rumour mill predicts struggle between Li Qiang (of Xi's "Zhejiang Gang") and Cai Qi ("Fujian Gang") over Li Qiang's family corruption allegation. NewTalk alleges that Li Qiang’s wife, Lin Huan, director of the Zhejiang Business Research Institute, owns 50 billion yuan of equity in Ant Financial; daughter Li Ying owns an architectural design firm that was allowed to go public w/registered capital of only US$300,000.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: DEPUTY MINISTER QI YANJUN APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY OF MPS PARTY COMMITTEE AND DEPUTY MINISTER IN CHARGE OF DAILY WORK
Beijing Daily (October 12) disclosed that China's Ministry of Public Security's official website announced the appointment of Qi Yanjun as Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Ministry of Public Security and Deputy Minister in charge of daily work. He is currently the Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Ministry of Public Security, the Deputy Minister in charge of daily work (at the ministerial level), and the Chief Inspector. He is also the Deputy Mayor of Beijing, a member of the Party Committee of the Municipal Government, the Party Committee Secretary and Director of the Municipal Public Security Bureau.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: WANG DONGMING APPOINTED CHAIRMAN OF ACFTU
Wang Dongming, a Han, born in July 1956, who was Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the 14th National People's Congress of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) has been appointed Chairman of the ACFTU. (Comment: Wang Dongming holds a postgraduate degree from the CCP CC Party School, is a member of the CCP, and is currently a member of the 20th CCP CC.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: 57-YEAR OLD WANG ZHIQING APPOINTED CHAIRMAN OF CHINA EASTERN AIR HOLDING CO. LTD
Former State Council official Wang Zhiqing was named (October 9) Chairman of China Eastern Air Holding Co. Ltd. (CEA Holding), a position that was vacant for more than a year. 57-year old Wang Zhiqing was also appointed Party Secretary of the Party Leadership Group at CEA Holding. CEA Holding is the controlling shareholder of China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd., one of China’s “big three” state-owned airlines. (Comment: Wang Zhiqing was formerly PRC Vice Transport Minister. He has a Bachelors Degree in Engineering and PhD degree in Management Science from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics majoring in Management Science and Engineering.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-ISRAEL-HAMAS CONFLICT: CHINA SAYS 3 CITIZENS KILLED AND 2 ARE MISSING IN THE LATEST ROUND OF CONFLICT BETWEEN PALESTINE AND ISRAEL
China's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin reported at the regular press conference of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on October 12 afternoon that three Chinese citizens have been killed in the latest round of conflict between Israel and Palestine, and two are missing. He said in response to enquiries from a Global Times reporter 'that it is understood that three Chinese citizens have been confirmed to have been unfortunately killed in the conflict, two have lost contact, and several others were injured'. Wang Wenbin said that 'we express our deep condolences for the victims and express our sincere condolences to the families of the victims and the injured. Relevant Chinese diplomatic missions abroad are making every effort to coordinate the treatment of the injured, do a good job in the aftermath of the victims, urge foreign parties to make every effort to search and rescue the missing persons, and take all effective measures to ensure the safety of Chinese personnel and institutions'. CHINA-STATE COUNCIL: STATE COUNCIL RELEASED WHITE PAPER ON BRI The State Council Information Office of China released a White Paper titled "The Belt and Road Initiative: A Key Pillar of the Global Community of Shared Future" on October 10.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCP COMMEMORATES 120TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF LIU ZHIDAN A CLOSE ASSOCIATE OF XI JINPING'S FATHER XI ZHONGXUN
On September 26, the CCP commemorated the 120th anniversary of the birth of Liu Zhidan, a close associate of Xi Jinping's father Xi Zhongxun. It was a novel about Liu Zhidan that triggered Xi Zhongxun's purge in 1962. Xi Jinping's mother sent a wreath, and his brother gave a speech. A symposium to commemorate the event was held in Yan'an. Zhao Yide, Zhao Gang, Xi Yuanping, Wang Junwei and others attended.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: XINHUA PUBLISHES NEW INSTRUCTIONS TO CCP CADRES ON 'PROPAGANDA, IDEOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL WORK'
Xinhua (October 8, published “special instruction on propaganda, ideological and cultural work". It paraphrased Chinese President Xi Jinping as saying at a two-day National Ideological and Cultural Work Conference in Beijing from October 7-8, that "Propaganda and cultural departments at all levels must strengthen their political responsibilities ... who are brave enough to struggle and who are good at it." It quoted Xi Jinping as saying "propaganda, ideological and cultural work are connected to the future and destiny of the party and national stability" that will unite people "of all ethnic groups." His instructions called on party committees at every level of government and in major companies to take this "stability maintenance" work into the government system, nipping dangerous ideas in the bud and ensuring everyone in a position of power is unified in thought in an ongoing and outward show of loyalty to him. CHINA-EDUCATION: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF S&T ISSUED NEW MEASURES FOR ETHICS REVIEWS On October 8, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology along with 9 other institutions formally introduced a new set of trial measures for ethics reviews. This time it includes private entities. (Comment: The measures have been issued amid numerous reports in the Chinese media of plagiarism and doctoral theses being written by persons other than the candidates.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-EDUCATION: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE PUBLICISES 'BEIJINGTIANJIN- HEBEI EDUCATION COORDINATED DEVELOPMENT ACTION PLAN' WHICH WILL FOCUS ON TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION ON JOINT ACTIVITIES WITH UNIVERSITIES AND ENTERPRISES
The People's Daily (October 10) published an article titled "Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Education Coordinated Development Action Plan (2023-2025)" -- Continue to carry out temporary exchange activities for teachers in kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, and school (park) principals.' It said on October 8, the 2023 Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Education Coordinated Development Working Conference was held at the Beijing Convention Center. At the meeting, the Beijing Municipal Education Commission, Tianjin Municipal Education Commission, and Hebei Provincial Department of Education jointly signed the "Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Education Coordinated Development Action Plan (2023-2025)". In terms of promoting major breakthroughs in key areas, the plan proposes to actively support the improvement and development of education quality in Xiongan New Area. Beijing and Tianjin will achieve full coverage of services in all stages of basic education by dispatching excellent management teams and strengthening resource sharing. It said 'in order to improve the ability to serve regional economic and social development, the plan proposes to improve the collaborative innovation mechanism of universities in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and organize a series of "School-Enterprise Close Handshake" docking activities with universities and enterprises in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei to focus on technological cooperation in key areas of common industry development'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: FORMER BANK OF CHINA CHAIRMAN LIU LIANGE EXPELLED FROM CCP
Caixin (October 9) revealed that disgraced former Bank of China Chairman Liu Liange has been expelled from the Communist Party after being found to have used his position for a range of private perks, an official document shows.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE VICE PREMIER AND VICE PRESIDENT MEET EUROPEAN BUSINESS LEADERS AND ASSURE THAT CHINA WILL OPEN FURTHER FOR BUSINESS
On October 11, Executive Vice Premier Ding Xuexiang met Oliver Blume, CEO of Volkswagen in Beijing. He told Blume “We are committed to improving the business environment for MNCs…and welcome Volkswagen to increase investments in China.” Also on October 11, Vice President Han Zheng met Swedish banking and industrial tycoon Jacob Wallenberg, who heads one of Europe’s most influential business empires. Han Zheng assured Wallenberg that “China will continue to expand its [economic] openness and open up new avenues for economic and trade cooperation with Europe.” (Comment: Since August, China's central and local regulators have released a string of policies to improve the business environment for foreign companies. The two meetings represent an effort at leadership levels to persuade European businesses to stay in China. EU policy on China is steadily becoming tougher, as evidenced by its recent anti-subsidy investigation into Chinese-made electric vehicles and rumoured probes into Chinese wind turbines and steel.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PEOPLE'S DAILY COMMENTARY PUBLICISES SUCCESS OF BRI
People's Daily (October 12) published a Commentary captioned 'Developed new practices to improve global economic governance (people’s perspective) ——Review of the 10th Anniversary of the Joint Construction of the “Belt and Road” Initiative'. It claimed "International freight transport has increased from an average of 2 trains a day to an average of 14 trains a day, and the number of transported goods has increased from more than 10 to more than 2,000 types. The overall customs clearance time for import and export of goods has been reduced by more than half compared with the initial period of opening". Citing the China-Laos Railway as an example, it said, "the transportation network has radiated to 13 countries and regions, opening up a new channel for joint construction and win-win economic development". It emphasised that "The Belt and Road Initiative is a road to prosperity" and "The "Belt and Road" construction closely connects the people of the co-building countries and is committed to win-win cooperation and common development, making development opportunities more equal for all countries in the world, and allowing development results to be shared by people of all countries". It stressed that “One Belt, One Road” is an open road. For some time, the negative effects of anti-globalization trends and protectionism have become increasingly apparent. The joint construction of the "Belt and Road" is oriented towards openness, promotes the orderly and free flow of economic factors, efficient resource allocation and deep market integration, and strives to promote the formation of an open world economy". It said “One Belt, One Road” originates from China and belongs to the world. We do not draw lines based on ideology or development models, but emphasize equal and mutually beneficial cooperation based on extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits; we do not repeat the old routine of geopolitical games, but create a new model of win-win cooperation; we do not form small groups that undermine stability, but It is about building a big family of harmonious coexistence." It claimed that "as of the end of June 2023, China has signed more than 200 cooperation documents on the Belt and Road Initiative with more than 150 countries and more than 30 international organizations". ii) People's Daily (October 12) published another article captioned 'High-quality joint construction of the “Belt and Road” will make steady and long-term progress (promoting highquality development of the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”)'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE LOANS TO AFRICA HAVE BEEN FALLING EACH YEAR SINCE 2016
Nikkei Asia (October 12) reported that according to research by Boston University, last year, China lent just under $1 billion in Africa. Chinese loans to Africa have continued to fall since peaking at $28.5 billion in 2016.

Oct 2023

CHINA-NUCLEAR THREAT: JOINT CHINA-JAPAN POLL REVEALS 52.6% CHINESE SURVEYED FEAR NUCLEAR WAR IN NEXT FEW YEARS
A report in Nikkei Asia (October 10) referred to an annual China-Japan joint opinion survey conducted by Genron NPO, a Japanese think tank, and China International Communications Group, a publishing organization, in August and September among citizens from the two countries aged 18 and over. It was released on October 10. There were 1,506 valid responses from China and 1,000 from Japan. According to the survey, 52.6% of Chinese respondents said the world could see a nuclear war "in the next few years" or "not-so-distant future." Those who said it would not happen totalled 38.6%, and 8% did not know. The main reason for concern among respondents from both countries was the Ukraine war. The second reason in China was that small, easily used nuclear weapons are being deployed by nuclear powers. In Japan, there was concern that North Korea continues to develop nuclear weapons.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: REUTERS REPORTED THAT GENERAL LIU ZHENLI LIKELY TO BE APPOINTED CHINA'S DEFENCE MINISTER
Reuters (October 13) reported that General Liu Zhenli, Head of the CMC Joint Staff Department, is likely to be appointed China's Defence Minister replacing General Li Shangfu. It said the appointment was likely before Beijing hosts an international security forum later in October.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA. ACTIVITIES ALONG LAC WITH INDIA
i) On 10 October, a long range firepower (artillery) unit of a Combined Arms Brigade in the Xinjiang Military District (XMD), conducted a multi munition, multi target, and ultra long distance firing on a snowy plateau at an altitude of 5,300m. During the fire drills, the unit successfully destroyed targets dozens of kms away. It demonstrated the technical and tactical capabilities in long range firepower. ii) Baidu reported on October 6 that recently, a light high mobility Combined Arms Regiment under a Combined Arms Brigade in the Xinjiang Military District (XMD) carried out actual combined training in the Pangong Lake area. In this training, the firepower company of a Combined Arms Regiment showed new domestically produced 120 mm light and highly mobile vehicle mounted mortar. This artillery is based on the Warrior 3 protective vehicle as the chassis adopts manual mounting and loading methods, and has a range of up to 8 kms. It has the characteristics of high mobility, high firepower and high accuracy, and is a weapon for infantry troops to attack difficult sites. iii) A Combined Arms Brigade in the Tibet Military District (TMD) organised infantry, artillery, air defence and other detachments in a hinterland of the Himalayas at an altitude of more than 4,500m to conduct multiple artillery fire. These firing drills honed the practical skills of officers and soldiers and comprehensively tested the effectiveness of fire strikes. According to the reports, the Combined Arms Brigade has long been stationed around the middle and lower reaches of the Brahmaputra (Yarlung Zangbo in Chinese) River which flows into India and Bangladesh and is responsible for frontline combined missions. iv) Huaxia (October 7) disclosed that On October 7, 2023, the PLA Spangul Border Defence Company of a Border Regiment was identified in the hinterland of the Karakoram Plateau, at an alt of 4,300 meters, in Rutog County, Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and where the average temperature throughout the year remains below zero degrees Celsius. The soldiers have recently been seen conducting joint patrols with regular PLA soldiers along the LAC bordering India.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TIBET: LIU JIANG APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY OF TAR PARTY COMMITTEE
Beijing Daily (October 12) reported the appointment of Liu Jiang, a Han, as Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region. In 2018, Liu Jiang served as member of the Standing Committee and Secretary-General of the Party Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region. In 2021, he was transferred to Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Committee of the Party Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SHAANXI: SHAANXI PARTY SECRETARY ATTENDS PARTY BRANCH MEETING OF GENERAL OFFICE OF PARTY COMMITTEE AND URGES CADRES TO "FIRMLY SUPPORT "TWO ESTABLISHMENTS" AND "TWO SAFEGUARDS"
The Shaanxi Daily (October 12) said that "a few days ago, Provincial Party Committee Secretary Zhao Yide participated in the first party branch of the General Office of the Provincial Party Committee where he worked to study and implement Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics." It said that "Party members of the branch made speeches, talked about gains, investigated problems, clarified directions, carried out criticism and self-criticism, and underwent a baptism of intra-party political life. Zhao Yide listened carefully to the speeches of each comrade and exchanged his experiences on study and work with everyone." Zhao Yide emphasized that the General Office of the Provincial Party Committee occupies a special and important position in the overall situation of the province and shoulders important responsibilities and missions. It should "improve political standing, strengthen political responsibility, improve political capabilities, implement political responsibilities, give full play to the functions of overall coordination, staff assistance, supervision and inspection, service guarantee, etc., and strive to be at the forefront and in charge of party and government organs at all levels in the province Be a good "vanguard" and build a model institution that reassures the Party and satisfies the people". Zhao Yide encouraged everyone that "as cadres of the General Office of the New Era, they must always be loyal in their hearts, keep the party's original intention and mission in mind, firmly support the "two establishments" and resolutely achieve the "two safeguards"."

Oct 2023

CHINA-YUNNAN: YUNNAN PARTY SECRETARY WANG YUBO PRESIDES OVER SEMINAR OF PARTY THEORETICAL STUDY CENTRE AND NPCSC DELEGATION VISITS YUNNAN
i) On October 10, Wang Yubo, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor of the Provincial Government, presided over a study and implementation seminar for the theoretical study center group of the Provincial Government Party Committee. ii) The Yunnan Daily said that from October 7 to 10, Hao Mingjin, Vice Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, led a research team of the NPC Standing Committee to Yunnan to conduct research on the implementation of the "Eighth Five-Year Plan" legal popularization resolution and the rule of law publicity and education legislation, and held a symposium in Kunming.

Oct 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: NEW DESIGNATION OF HONGKONG AND MACAO AFFAIRS OFFICIAL SIGNALS BEIJING'S TIGHTER CONTROL OVER HONGKONG
Hong Kong's Sing Tao Daily website reported on October 4 that the internal structure of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was exposed for the first time. It said at the Hangzhou Asian Games, the official who was previously designated the Deputy Director of the Liaison Department of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council of China appeared as the “Head of the First Bureau of the Central Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office,” signalling a shift in government structure towards more complete official control of Hong Kong and Macau. According to one source, the objective of this office will be to maintain the “political security” of the Hong Kong and Macao governments.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: TAIWAN PROBING 4 FIRMS FOR HELPING CHINA'S HUAWEI
Reuters (October 7) reported that Taiwan is probing four firms accused of helping China's Huawei. These are: Topco Scientific, L&K Engineering, United Integrated Services and Cica- Huntek Chemical Technology Taiwan. All have denied any wrongdoing.

Oct 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINA HOSTED THE THIRD TRANS-HIMALAYA FORUM FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON OCTOBER 4-5, 2023, IN NYINGCHI, TIBET
China hosted its 3rd Trans-Himalaya Forum for International Cooperation in Lulang, Nyingchi, Tibet on October 4-5, 2023. China hosted the 3rd Trans-Himalaya Forum for International Cooperation in Lulang, Nyingchi, Tibet. Representatives from more than 40 countries, regions and international organizations attended the forum. Notable among them were: Notable attendees included S. Amarsaikhan, Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia; Urmila Ayal, Vice Chairperson of the National Assembly of Nepal; Valentina Sicardini, Second Deputy Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of Chile; Jalil Abbas Jilani, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan; Amir Khan Muttaqi, Acting Foreign Minister of the Afghan Interim Government; Khin Maung Yi, Myanmar’s Minister of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation; Roshan Ranasinghe, Sri Lanka’s Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs; Karma Tshering, Secretary of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of Bhutan; Michael Pundo, CEO of Kenya Cultural Centre; Marino Moro Maria, Former Vice- Chairman of the Budget Committee of the Italian Senate; and Bellingieri Marina, Former Vice-President of the European Policy Committee of the Italian House of Representatives. Addressing the Forum, Chinese Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi stressed the need for mutual respect and trust among regional countries to ensure stability, prosperity, and sustainable development. He called for respecting sovereignty, non-interference in internal affairs, and resolving differences through dialogue. Wang Yi also highlighted the importance of green development and China’s commitment to environmental cooperation with neighbouring countries. He pledged support for biodiversity research in Myanmar and desertification prevention in Mongolia. Connectivity and regional integration through the Belt and Road Initiative were discussed, with an emphasis on key infrastructure projects and improved customs clearance, cross-border transport, and “soft connectivity.” Wang Junzheng, Party Secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), attended the event and delivered a speech, while Yan Jinhai, Deputy Party Secretary of TAR and Chairman of the Autonomous Region, presided over the gathering. Leaders from the autonomous region, including Chen Yongqi, Wang Haizhou, Dawa Tsering, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Hongbo, Wang Yong, and Wang Gang, along with Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs Nong Rong, also attended the meeting. Wang Junzheng extended a warm welcome on behalf of the Party Committee, Government of the Autonomous Region, and the diverse ethnic groups in Tibet to the leaders, political figures, experts, and scholars attending the China-Tibet “Rim of the Himalayas” International Cooperation Forum. He expressed gratitude for their longstanding support for Tibet's economic and social development. Wang Junzheng emphasized the importance of cooperation and exchange for the prosperity and development of the Himalayan region. Tibet's strategic location, as an essential node on the Southern Silk Road and the Ancient Tea-Horse Road, makes it a crucial channel for China to connect with South Asia. He highlighted Tibet's role in strengthening cooperation with neighbouring countries in the Himalayas. He said the forum’s theme, “Promoting the Harmony of Humans and Nature, Sharing the Fruits of Cooperation and Development,” is expected to bring new opportunities for high- quality development in Tibet. It also aims to contribute to the advancement of the 'Belt and Road' initiative and enhance cooperative development and connectivity among Himalayan region countries. Others attending the event included: Envoys from Pakistan, Belarus, Kiribati, Samoa, Norway, Mongolia, Nepal, Botswana, Vanuatu, Burundi, Nicaragua, and other countries with diplomatic missions in China; Senior diplomats representing Honduras, El Salvador, and other nations stationed in China; Representatives from international organizations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Pokhara City in Nepal, along with other international sister cities; Delegates from various Chinese government departments, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, CCP CC International Department, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Administration of Customs, and the State Sports General Administration; Officials from the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Chengdu; Representatives from foreign affairs offices in several provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities across China; a group of domestic and foreign experts, scholars, and members of the news media.

Oct 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINESE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE SAYS CORPS COMMANDER TALKS HELD ON OCTOBER 9 AND 10 AND BOTH AGREED TO CONTINUE NEGOTIATIONS
The China Daily (October 12) said the Chinese Defense Ministry announced on October 12 morning that the 20th China-India Corps Commander Level Meeting was held at the Chushul- Moldo border meeting point in India on October 9 and 10. The ministry news release said that the two sides had "positive, in-depth and constructive communication" about resolving the remaining issues along the Line of Actual Control separating Chinese and Indian territories in a mutually acceptable manner as soon as possible. In line with the guidance provided by the leadership of the two countries, both sides exchanged views in an "candid, open and forward looking manner", the ministry said, noting that they also agreed to maintain dialogue and continue negotiations through military and diplomatic channels. "In the interim, the two sides agreed to maintain the peace and tranquillity on the ground in the border areas," the news release added.

Oct 2023

CHINA-INDIA: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES GLOBAL TIMES EDITORIAL ACCUSING INDIA OF HOSTILITY AGAINST CHINESE COMPANIES
People's Daily (October 12) published a Global Times (October 12) editorial captioned 'India, wearing this label, really looks unsightly: Global Times editorial'. It said "According to multiple foreign media reports, on October 10, local time in India, law-enforcement agencies arrested four industry executives, including an employee of the Chinese smartphone manufacturer Vivo, in a case of alleged money laundering. Vivo stated on Wednesday to Chinese media, "Vivo in India strictly adheres to local laws and regulations. We are closely monitoring the recent investigation and will take all possible legal measures to address it." Many people's first reaction to this news was that India is once again targeting foreign companies operating in the country, especially those from China. This reaction is quite real because such incidents occur very frequently, and people have seen through what is really happening. India has worn the label of the "graveyard for investments" many years, and it seems to have become accustomed to it and doesn't want to take it off. However, wearing this label is not really a good thing for India, but it's ugly. It is evident that since the border conflict between China and India in June 2020, Indian authorities have significantly increased their hostility against Chinese companies, with Chinese smartphone companies bearing the brunt. From making accusations and threats, conducting sudden office searches, freezing funds, to the recent arrests, India's crackdown actions against Chinese companies have been escalating step by step. The behavior is becoming increasingly unsightly, and is incongruent with India's aspirations for a global major power position and image. People with some knowledge of India are well aware that India's legal and regulatory framework is as intricate as a labyrinth. Any slight oversight can lead to inadvertent violations, often resulting in widespread non-compliance and selective enforcement." It claimed, "It is certain that India cannot support its domestic mobile phone industry by targeting Chinese smartphone enterprises" ... "Driving away Chinese smartphones would bring more harm than benefits to India". In conclusion it urged "Lastly, in the face of unreasonable demands, malicious harassment, and repeated extortion, Chinese companies will never be soft targets that can be manipulated. They should stand firm without fear and defend their legitimate rights and interests."

Oct 2023

CHINA-ISRAEL: SENIOR CICIR RESEARCHER STATES CHINESE POSITION ON ISRAEL'S WAR WITH HAMAS
In an interview with Straight News (October 8), Niu Xinchun, Director of the Institute of Middle East Studies at China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), commented on the ongoing Israel-Hamas war. The main points he made were: i) This Israeli-Palestinian conflict did happen very suddenly indeed. Both Israel’s Prime Minister [Benjamin] Netanyahu and the head of the country’s intelligence agency, Mossad, have said that they had no prior intelligence on this and were [thus] caught unprepared. ii) Over the past year or so, in fact, Israeli-Palestinian relations were already under great strain because of Netanyahu's most right-wing government in Israel's history. It took many extreme and hard-line measures against the Palestinians in just under a year, like the Israeli military police sneaking into the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Israeli military evicting Palestinians from their houses, more Israeli settlements being built, Israel’s government condoning attacks on Palestinian villages by Israeli Jewish settlers in Palestinian territories etc. iii) Now that the Gaza conflict has occurred, it will be impossible for the Saudis to continue negotiating with Israel with regards the establishment of diplomatic relations. iv) The United States has always overwhelmingly supported Israel politically, militarily and economically. Following the outbreak of the current Gaza conflict, the attitude of the United States [towards Israel] has again been the most positive. v) The root cause of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is, ultimately, the absence of a Palestinian State. vi) Difficult to say whether this Israeli-Palestinian conflict will expand in scope. Whether in the coming days there will also be attacks on Israel by militant groups in the West Bank, or whether Hezbollah in Lebanon will launch an attack on Israel, or whether pro-Iranian militant groups such as those in Syria will also get involved, remains uncertain at this point.

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET U.S. SENATOR SCHUMER IN BEIJING ON OCTOBER 9
On October 9, Chinese President Xi Jinping received a bipartisan group of US senators led by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Schumer and his delegation had earlier met: Politburo Standing Committee member and head of the National People's Congress (NPC) Zhao Leji; Politburo member and Foreign Minister Wang 20 Yi; and Shanghai Party Secretary Chen Jining. Xinhua reported that during their meeting, Chinese President Xi Jinping told Schumer he wants to work together and avoid conflict. He said, "China maintains that the common interests of the two countries far outweigh their differences” and that “The ‘Thucydides Trap’ is not inevitable.” Xinhua indicated that Schumer reciprocated by saying “The U.S. side does not seek a conflict with China, nor does it seek to decouple.” and “The United States is willing to enhance dialogue and communication with China in an open and candid manner…and stabilize and strengthen U.S.-China relations.” The Wall Street Journal claimed that Schumer also brought up several contentious topics, including: China’s lack of condemnation of Hamas’ attack on Israel; An unlevel playing field for American companies in China; China’s role in the US fentanyl crisis; and Human rights abuses in China. AFP (October 9) quoted Xi Jinping saying: “How China and the United States get along with each other in the face of a world of change and turmoil will determine the future and destiny of mankind”. Xi Jinping added “I have said many times, including to several presidents, that we have 1,000 reasons to improve China-US relations, but not one reason to ruin them,” and that China-US ties are “the most important bilateral relationship in the world”. It quoted Wang Yi as saying he hoped their visit would help the two sides “manage existing differences more rationally, helping the relationship between the two countries return to the track of healthy development”. Wang Yi also hoped they would “more accurately understand China” after the trip, which he said comes as the world is in a “turbulent period of change”. AFP quoted Schumer as saying he was “very disappointed” by the Chinese Foreign Ministry statement issued on October 8 on the escalating violence between Israel and the Palestinians where it called for all sides to show “calm” and “cease fire immediately” and did not explicitly condemn a Palestinian attack. It also urged the establishment of a two-state solution to end the violence. Schumer told Wang Yi “The ongoing events in Israel over the past few days are horrific,” “I urge you and the Chinese people to stand with the Israeli people and condemn these cowardly and vicious attacks". He said, “The foreign ministry’s statement… showed no sympathy or support for Israel during these tough, troubled times.”

Oct 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: AFP-JIJI DISCLOSED THAT A CHINESE FIRM SOLD TWO HIGH-RESOLUTION SATELLITES TO THE RUSSIAN WAGNER FOR USE IN RUSSIA'S INVASION OF UKRAINE
AFP-JIJI disclosed (October 11) that the Russian mercenary group Wagner in 2022 signed a contract with a Chinese firm to acquire two satellites and use their images, aiding its intelligence work as the organization sought to push Russia's invasion of Ukraine. It added that its reporters had seen the document. The contract was signed in November last year, over half a year into Moscow's invasion of Ukraine in which the Wagner group under its founder, Yevgeny Prigozhin, was playing a key role on the battlefield. It quoted a European security source as saying that the satellite images were also used to assist Wagner's operations in Africa and even its failed mutiny in June, which has led now to the de-facto break-up of the group followed by the death of Prigozhin and other key figures in an air crash in August. According to a contract, written in English and Russian and signed on Nov. 15, 2022, the company, Beijing Yunze Technology Co. Ltd., sold two high-resolution observation satellites belonging to the Chinese space giant Chang Guang Satellite Technology (CGST) to Nika-Frut, a company then part of Prigozhin's commercial empire. The over $30 million (235 million yuan) price was for the satellites themselves and additional services. The European source said that the contract with the Chinese firm was still active. It provides for the acquisition of two Chinese satellites — JL-1 GF03D 12 and JL-1 GF03D 13 — which are in orbit at an altitude of 535 kilometers above the Earth. A European space expert, who it said asked not to be named due to the sensitivity of the subject, said it is "obvious" that the highest Chinese authorities are kept informed of any delicate issue involving the Chang Guang Satellite Technology (CGST). The expert said "When the requests are sensitive, there is no doubt that it goes directly back" to China's top authorities under President Xi Jinping.

Oct 2023

CHINA-VIETNAM: REUTERS REPORTS THAT CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING COULD VISIT VIETNAM IN OCTOBER/NOVEMBER
Late last week, Reuters reported that officials in Vietnam and China are preparing for a possible visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping to Hanoi at the end of October or early November. It said one source claimed the Chinese government had sent a team to Hanoi to organize accommodations for Xi Jinping’s delegation. The visit would be Xi’s first state visit to Vietnam since 2017.

Oct 2023

CHINA-FRANCE: LIU JIANCHAO, HEAD OF CCP CC INTERNATIONAL DEPARTMENT VISITED FRANCE FROM OCTOBER 8-11
Xinhua (October 11) reported that Liu Jianchao, head of the CCP CC International Department, led a CCP delegation to France from October 8 to 11. During his visit, Liu Jianchao met and exchanged views with French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna, French President's Diplomatic Counsellor Emmanuel Bonne, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defense and Armed Forces of the French Senate Cedric Perrin, Chairman of the France-China Friendship Group of the French National Assembly Eric Alauzet, General Secretary of the French party Renaissance Stephane Sejourne, General Secretary of the French party Les Republicains Annie Genevard, and representatives from the French business community. Liu Jianchao also delivered a speech at the French Institute of International Relations.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PHILIPPINES: CHINA WARNS PHILIPPINES TO CEASE PROVOCATIONS
China's Foreign Ministry spokesperson issued a stern warning on October 9 to the Philippines to halt further "provocations" and "making trouble" near a disputed atoll in the South China Sea. China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs added that China will do "what's necessary" to protect its territorial sovereignty and maritime rights. Both countries have asserted claims over the territory in question.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONGRATULATES NEW MALDIVES PRESIDENT MUIZ
Beijing Daily (October 4) reported that according to CCTV news, on October 3, Chinese President Xi Jinping called Mohamed Muiz to congratulate him on his election as President of the Maldives.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING AND PARTY AND STATE LEADERS LAY WREATHS AT MARTYRS MEMORIAL ON SEPTEMBER 30
Chinese President Xi Jinping and other party and state leaders Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi, Han Zheng, etc. attended the ceremony attended the Martyrs' Day ceremony in Beijing to lay flower baskets to the people's heroes on September 30. Members of the CCP CC Political Bureau, members of the CCP CC Secretariat in Beijing, some NPC Vice Chairmen, State Councillors, President of the Supreme People's Court, Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, some Vice-Chairmen of the CPPCC and members of the Central Military Commission attended the ceremony. Relevant departments of the Party, government, and military groups of the Central Committee and the main responsible comrades of Beijing Municipality, leaders of the central committees of democratic parties, the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and representatives of people without party affiliation, representatives of veteran soldiers, veteran comrades, and relatives of martyrs in Beijing, representatives of recipients of meritorious service and honours in Beijing, and minority nationalities across the country Members of the ethnic group and representatives from all walks of life in the capital attended the ceremony.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MET UNESCO DIRECTOR GENERAL IN BEIJING ON SEPTEMBER 28
On September 28, Chinese President Xi Jinping met the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Audrey Azoulay in Beijing. Xi expressed that China has always supported the work of UNESCO, and together with UNESCO, has made positive contributions to safeguarding world peace and promoting global development, adding that the valuable China-UNESCO cooperation should be maintained. He said that China is willing to work more closely with UNESCO to continuously improve the capacity for and level of heritage protection, and promote exchanges, mutual learning and coop among different civilizations, in order to contribute to world peace and facilitate the building of a community with a shared future for humanity. ii) Also on September 28, Peng Liyuan, wife of Chinese President Xi Jinping, and Audrey Azoulay, Director General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), attended the award ceremony of the UNESCO Prize for Girls' and Women's Education 2023 in Beijing on Thursday. Peng Liyuan is also a UNESCO special envoy for the advancement of girls' and women's education.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG TO ATTEND CLOSING CEREMONY OF 19TH ASIAN GAMES AND HOST BANQUET FOR FOREIGN LEADERS ATTENDING THE EVENT
Wen Wei Po (October 6) quoted Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin announcing on October 6 that Chinese Premier Li Qiang will attend the closing ceremony of the 19th Asian Games in Hangzhou on October 8 and hold a welcome banquet and bilateral activities for foreign leaders coming to China to attend the closing ceremony.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO STANDING COMMITTEE MEMBER AND CPPCC CHAIRMAN WANG HUNING MET 150 REPRESENTATIVES OF ETHNIC MINORITIES ACROSS CHINA
Politburo Standing Committee member and CPPCC Chairman Wang Huning met a delegation of 150 representatives of ethnic minorities from 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) across the country and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in Beijing on September 29. Xinhua (September 30) reported Wang Huning as saying that "since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the party and the country have made historic achievements and undergone historic changes, and the development of ethnic minority areas is in the best period in history". He said that the organization of the national minority tour group, is the party's ethnic work of the fine tradition. The group had earlier visited Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Beijing and other places to visit and study. This tour is the first one after the 20th Party Congress. Through the tour, they have a deeper feeling of the glorious history of the Party, the great achievements of the new era, and the excellent traditional Chinese culture, and have strengthened their confidence and determination to do a good job in the work of national unity and progress. Politburo member and Director of the CCP CC United Front Work Department Shi Taifeng and State Councillor Chen Yiqin attended the meeting.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: MINISTER OF STATE SECURITY CHEN YIXIN PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON DANGERS IN DIGITAL ERA
The Ministry of State Security (MoSS) posted an article by its Minister Chen Yixin on its official WeChat account on September 28. Published in the "China Cyberspace" magazine the signed article was captioned "Strengthening National Security Governance in the Digital Era." Chen Yixin described this as "the most significant hidden danger". Chen Yixin pointed out that currently, the most significant hidden danger is attacks on critical information infrastructure, and the most realistic hazard is the frequent occurrence of network security incidents. Chen Yixin’s article is divided into three parts, including: "Firmly grasp the fundamental principles of national security governance in the digital era"; "Firmly grasp the major challenges of national security governance in the digital era"; and "Firmly grasp the focus of national security governance in the digital era". Chen Yixin wrote that strengthening national security governance in the digital era not only faces major opportunities, but also major challenges. - The most important competition is the increasingly fierce competition between great powers in cyberspace. - The most prominent shortcoming is that key core technologies are controlled by others. - The most significant risk is attacks on critical information infrastructure. - The most realistic harm is the frequent occurrence of network security incidents. - The most significant variable is the accelerated iteration of new network technologies. The article mentioned that the situation of core technologies in key areas being controlled by others has not changed. Especially in terms of high-end chips, advanced artificial intelligence, communication service equipment, etc., there is still a big gap compared with the international advanced level. Networks operating in the fields of finance, energy, electricity, communications, transportation, etc. have become key targets of overseas cyber-attacks. Once these facilities are invaded, controlled, tampered with, or destroyed, it may lead to serious consequences such as transportation interruptions, financial chaos, and power paralysis. In recent years, cyberattacks and theft of secrets against our country’s party and government agencies, national defense industry, scientific research institutes and other units have increasingly become organized, large-scale, and continuous, posing serious risks of secret leakage and even threatening the safety and security of core personnel and technical security . The article also mentioned: - The Internet has increasingly become the source, conductor, and amplifier of various risks. A small incident can become a whirlpool of public opinion. Some rumors and rumors can easily turn a "storm in a teacup" into a "tornado" in real society. - The risk of online violence and terrorism still exists. A large amount of audio and video information related to violence and terrorism is spread through more diverse online channels and the methods are more covert. The harm of related risks being poured back into the country from overseas is still complex. - Artificial intelligence "deep forgery" and blockchain technology provide hidden methods and channels for the generation and dissemination of political rumors and harmful information. In terms of response measures, Chen Yixin mentioned that we must adhere to the leadership of the party and strengthen political guidance; adhere to system advancement and improve institutional mechanisms; adhere to planning guidance and strengthen factor support; adhere to legal guarantees and improve the level of good governance. It is necessary to improve the national management system of cyberspace, strengthen the management and control of strategic and basic data resources, enhance risk awareness, early warning and protection capabilities, promote the transformation of security governance models to pre-emptive prevention, improve the security protection system in key areas and the coordination and command system for important governance issues, and create the pillar of professionalism. It is necessary to target major scientific and technological engineering issues such as quantum computing and artificial intelligence, improve a new national system for key core technology research, and ensure the safety of applications in key fields. Implement the newly revised "Counterespionage Law of the People's Republic of China" and use legal thinking and legal weapons to fight resolutely.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI ('SEEKING TRUTH') PUBLISHES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S FEBRUARY 2023 SPEECH TO CCP CC MEMBERS, ALTERNATE MEMBERS AND PROVINCIAL LEADERS
China's leading Party theoretical fortnightly Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth; 2023/19 dated September 30) for the first time published Xi Jinping's speech on Chinese-style modernization outlining the six relationships that must be managed. It outlined the importance of correctly understanding, advancing, and correctly handling Chinese modernization. The speech was originally delivered on February 7, 2023, to CCP Central Committee members/alternates and provincial leaders. The main points were: The first is the relationship between top-level design and practical exploration, with Xi Jinping saying that Chinese characteristics is an essential requirement of Chinese-style modernization and the highest-level design for promoting Chinese-style modernization; The second is the relationship between strategy and tactics. This includes efforts to "improve our political position, establish a global perspective, have the "greatest country" in mind, connect history, reality and the future, connect China and the world, enhance strategic thinking capabilities, and make the strategies we formulate in line with reality"; The third is the relationship between integrity and innovation; The fourth is the relationship between efficiency and fairness. Xi jinping added that "Chinese-style modernization must not only create higher efficiency than capitalism, but also maintain social fairness more effectively" and "consolidate and develop the public economy"; The fifth is the relationship between vitality and order; and Sixth is the relationship between self-reliance and self-reliance and opening up to the outside world, where he emphasised "Maintain economic security, especially food security, energy security, and industrial and supply chain security" and promote the 'Belt and Road' Initiative.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI PUBLISHED CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S ARTICLE ON PROMOTING CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION
Beijing Daily (October 4) reported that the Party theoretical fortnightly magazine "Qiushi" had published an important article by General Secretary Xi Jinping on "Promoting Chinese-style Modernization Needs to Handle Several Major Relationships Well".

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE SOCIAL MEDIA POSTS ON LI QIANG'S FOREIGN 'SON-IN-LAW' DELETED WITHIN 2 DAYS
China's social media on September 25-27, 2023, posted reports about Chinese Premier Li Qiang's "foreign son-in-law". They claimed that a British national Hardie Christopher Forbes had married Li Qiang's daughter, Li Yin and as soon as she graduated in 2011 when she was 23 years old had set up an architecture design consulting firm in Shihansheng, Shanghai. Li Qiang became Governor of Zhejiang Province in 2012 and in the same year the firm received a huge contract to design the headquarters of the Ningbo Daily Newspaper Group in Zhejiang. The reports also alleged that Li Qiang's wife, Lin Huan, knew the Director of the Alibaba Research Institute, Gao Hongbing, and at Xi Jinping's request tried to persuade Jack Ma through Gao Hongbing to return to China.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: XINHUA RELEASES SECOND EPISODE OF 5-PART POLITICAL COMMENTARY FILM 'NEW ERA CULTURE'
Xinhua (October 6) released the second episode of the five-part political commentary film "New Era Culture" entitled "Flag of Thought". The first episode of the five-part political commentary "New Era Culture" released on October 5 was titled "The Power of Renewal".

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY JOINS 9,000 TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF COLLEGES ACROSS CHINA IN RURAL REVITALISATION PROGRAMME
The Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily; October 5) said that Tsinghua University has joined forces with nearly 9,000 teachers and students from colleges and universities across the country to inject youthful power into rural revitalization. It was called 'The first lesson on ideological and political education'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-CCP: MOBILISATION MEETING FOR 18TH NATIONAL CONGRESS OF TRADE UNIONS HELD VIA VIDEO ON SEPTEMBER 28
The Gongren Ribao (Workers Daily; September 28) reported that the 'mobilization meeting of the 18th National Congress of China’s Trade Unions was held via video on September 28 to review various work in preparation for the 18th National Congress of China’s Trade Unions. Xu Liuping, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group, Vice Chairman and First Secretary of the Secretariat of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, attended the meeting and delivered a speech. Zhu Jianping, Vice Chairman of the ACFTU and Secretary of the Secretariat, presided over the meeting. The meeting said, 'The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core attaches great importance to the convening of the 18th National Congress of the Trade Unions and has put forward clear requirements.' It called on the ACFTU and trade unions at all levels to quickly integrate their thoughts and actions and 'improve their political stance in accordance with the requirements of Wang Dongming, Vice Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee and Chairman of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions.

Oct 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: PHOTO OF CHINESE 100 METRE HURDLERS CENSORED ON CHINA'S SOCIAL MEDIA AS THEIR COMPETITOR NUMBERS HINTED AT "JUNE 4"
A photo of China's Lin Yuwei and Wu Yanni 100-meter hurdlers at the Hangzhou Asian Games was censored on Chinese social media because their competitor numbers lined up as a possible "June 4" reference.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: SHANGHAI AND AT LEAST 12 OTHER MUNICIPALITIES ACROSS CHINA SET UP PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE DEPARMENTS FOR "SECURITY AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT"
On the eve of National Day, on September 28, the Shanghai Municipal Investment Corporation established the People's Armed Forces Department responsible for "security & emergency management". This news has attracted widespread attention inside China and controversy in society. As a Shanghai urban construction investment and development company, Shanghai Urban Investment is mainly responsible for Shanghai's infrastructure construction and urban operation management. At least 12 other municipal investment bureaus in China have done the same, including in Wuhan and Huizhou Municipalities. All are nominally charged with maintaining social stability and order, many of them in corporations that are already heavily in debt and facing default. An observer noted that in urban infrastructure and real estate development, municipal investment groups are the main operators in China, but are now heavily indebted-- hence the need to maintain stability. Second, such groups can help lower unemployment rates among veterans. "Some netizens in China suspect that these new internal people's armed units are being established in response to the growing number of human rights, while others questioned that this was an early preparation for the imposition of a form of martial law." Radio Free Asia reported (October 3) that the new people's armed forces departments are being rapidly established not only in municipal investment bureaus, but also in at least 23 of China's state-owned enterprises. (Comment: SoEs setting up armed police detachments is an indication that the incidence of labour disputes and strikes is high and that with the deteriorating economic situation the authorities anticipate increased problems relating to 'social stability'.)

Oct 2023

CHINA-SECURITY: CASS RESEARCHER GENTLY CAUTIONS CHINA'S SECURITY AUTHORITIES TO BE SENSITIVE TO PUBLIC OPINION
The South China Morning Post (September 26) reported that at the 2-day Global Public Security Cooperation Forum in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province on September 21, Xu Jin, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said Beijing should be cautious about going too far on security, do more research and be more flexible in its approach. He said, “While pursuing security goals, it needs to take into account the needs of different stakeholders, especially by giving adequate attention to vulnerable groups.” He gave the examples of the USMexico border wall and France’s anti-terrorism law, which he said resulted in an “overexpansion” of executive power. He said there was a dilemma for policymakers trying to find the right balance on public security, adding that excessive measures could result in “wasted resources, panic among the public and inappropriate policies” and added “I think the dilemma is mainly reflected in the inappropriate use of security measures and the inability to take into account the security interests of citizens, society and the government at the same time".

Oct 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT APPOINTS OFFICIALS TO HEAD SOES
i) Beijing Daily (October 5) reported that the CCP CC Organisation Department held a meeting of middle-level and above managers on September 27 and announced the decision to appoint Xu Peng was appointed as the Chairman and Party Secretary of China First Heavy Industry Group Co., Ltd. ii) On September 28, the CCP CC Organisation Department held an expanded leadership team meeting and announced the appointment of Hou Angui as the Director, General Manager and Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of China Baowu Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd. iii) On September 27, the China Construction Group Corporation held a Party group meeting and informed the central government of the decision to appoint Wu Bingqi as a member of the Party group and Deputy General Manager of China Construction Group Corporation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA HOLDING ITS 3RD TRANS-HIMALAYA FORUM FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN NYINGCHI, TIBET FROM OCTOBER 4-5, 2023
China is convening its 3rd Trans-Himalaya Forum for International Cooperation in Nyingchi, Tibet Autonomous Region, from October 4-5, 2023. Its theme is: 'Ecological Civilisation and Environmental Protection'. Pakistan Acting Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani will attend at the invitation of Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi as will Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia and the Interim Foreign Minister of Afghanistan.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA EVERGRANDE'S CHAIRMAN, SON AND SENIOR OFFICIALS TAKEN AWAY BY POLICE
China Evergrande, which is in a debt crisis, confirmed that Xu Jiayin, the company's Executive Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors, had been taken away by police and placed in 'mandatory restrictive' custody for violating the law and was subject to coercive measures. It reported that his son and many prominent officials of Evergrande were also taken away. Evergrande is separately reported to have filed bankruptcy proceedings in the U.S.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: MENG WANZHOU COMPLETES HER TERM AS ROTATING CHAIRMAN OF HUAWEI
China Fund News was quoted by the China World Journal (October 3) as saying that Meng Wanzhou, daughter of Huawei founder Ren Zengfei, had ended her tenure as Huawei's rotating Chairman and handed over to Vice Chairman Hu Houkun. During Meng Wanzhou's tenure as rotating chairman, Huawei's strategic focus clearly shiftedto the Digitalization and AI fields. It quoted Meng Wanzhou as saying that Huawei is committed to building China's computing power base.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: FORMER CHINESE FINANCE MINISTER RECOMMENDS INCREASING FISCAL REVENUE SHARE TO 40% FROM 28%
In the weekly issue of Caixin (August 14, 2023) China's former Minister of Finance Lou Jiwei suggested increasing fiscal revenue share of GDP from 28% to 40%, shift government spending from investment to education, childcare, pension; increase retirement age; property tax; centralize+increase VAT to 20%, and hukou reform.

Oct 2023

CHINA-S&T: CHINA SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHES NEW REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE ON OCTOBER 5
The People's Daily (October 5) reported that China successfully launched a new remote sensing satellite into space from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province. A Long March-2D carrier rocket carrying the satellite Yaogan-39 lifted off at 8:24 a.m. (Beijing Time). The launch was the 490th mission undertaken by the Long March rocket series.

Oct 2023

CHINA-S&T: 2023 CHINA (TAIYUAN) ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN TAIYUAN, SHANXI ON OCTOBER 14-15
The Taiyuan Daily (October 5) disclosed that the 2023 China (Taiyuan) Artificial Intelligence Conference with the theme of "Focusing on the Revitalization of the Manufacturing Industry and Promoting High-Quality Development" will be held from October 14 to 15, in Taiyuan, Shanxi. The conference will be hosted by the Chinese Society of Artificial Intelligence, the Chinese Society of Automation, the Taiyuan Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Taiyuan Municipal People's Government, the Taiyuan Municipal Committee of the CPPCC, the Shanxi Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the Shanxi Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology, and the Taiyuan Municipal Science and Technology Bureau, and the Taiyuan Municipal Industry. It is co-organized by the Information Technology Bureau and the Taiyuan Foreign Investment Promotion Bureau, and hosted by the Xinghualing District Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Xinghualing District People's Government. Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, as well as experts and scholars from domestic universities and research institutes such as Peking University and Tsinghua University, China Electronics Technology Group, China Electronics Information Industry Group, China Coal Science and Industry Group, Huawei, Baidu, iFlytek, Leaders from companies in artificial intelligence and advanced manufacturing such as Siasong Robotics, CITIC Heavy Industries, Sany Group, and Chery Automobile will participate.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE ANNOUNCES THAT 10TH BEIJING XIANGSHAN FORUM WILL BE HELD FROM OCTOBER 29-31
China's Ministry of National Defense announced at its regular press conference on September 28, that the 10th Beijing Xiangshan Forum will be held in Beijing from October 29 to 31. It said tThe theme of this forum is "Common Security, Lasting Peace", which focuses on the key cooperation directions of the global security initiative and provides equal opportunities for all parties to discuss security problems, find security strategies, and promote security cooperation. Four plenary session topics were set, including "Responsibility of Major Powers and Global Security Cooperation", "The Role of Developing Countries in Global Security", "Asia-Pacific Security Architecture: Current Situation and Future", "Regional Security and Development: Paths and Goals". In addition to group meetings, a number of special seminars such as the “Chinese and Foreign Young Officers and Scholars Seminar” have also been arranged. It said official representatives from more than 40 countries and international organizations, as well as many well-known experts and scholars at home and abroad, have confirmed their participation.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA TRAINING AND DEPLOYMENT ACROSS LAC
i) On October 4, 2023, officers and soldiers of a certain regiment of the Xinjiang Military District (XMD) stationed at an altitude of 4,500 meters strengthened their preparations and conducted a combat readiness emergency drill. This exercise simulated a small enemy force to carry out close recce and penetration. The recce team was ordered to go forward to carry out counter recce and annihilation operations against the enemy. Post recce, the team was able to neutralise the enemy and achieve their aim. ii) Recently a certain base in the Xinjiang Military District (XMD) held a 2023 Autumn Recruit Training Mobilization Meeting at an unkown location. The new recruits will spend 4 months for the training and will receive various military and political training. After completing the new training assessment and professional assessment, they will be "rushed" to the military camps on the frontier and deployed along the borders. iii) On October 3, 2023, officers and soldiers of Zhuwagen Border Defence Company of Qamdo Military Division in Tibet set out on plateau border defence patrols. In the team, there were four female soldiers who participated in plateau patrols for the first time. The Zhuwagen Border Defence Company of Qamdo Military Division in Tibet is responsible for patrolling more than 100 kms in the defence area all year round. The highest point is 4,750 meters above sea level, and they are all located in high mountains and canyons, with difficult roads and harsh weather. iv) Recently, the Dali Det of the Yunnan Armed Police Corps org trg on tac, climbing, obstacles and other subjects at a location close to the border with India. The training focused on multiple subjects such as small arms shooting, armed assault, combined transportation, and battlefield rescue. It aimed to hone the professional emergency response capabilities of officers and soldiers.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TIBET: MAJOR PROGRESS REPORTED ON CONSTRUCTION OF LONGEST TUNNEL ON LHASA-SHIGATSE EXPRESSWAY
Recently, the longest tunnel on the Lhasa-Shigatse Expressway was bored through, marking major progress in the construction of the expressway. Located in Rinbung County in the city of Shigatse, and with an average alt of 3,760 meters, the 4.6 km long Padangshan Tunnel is a difficult and crucial project for the second phase of the expressway, which will link the regional capital of Lhasa with Shigatse Airport. It is reported that during the construction process, the builders had to overcome rock fragmentation, intense heat and other difficulties.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GUIZHOU: GUIZHOU PARTY SECRETARY VISITS TOURISM RELATED OFFICES TO ENSURE READINESS DURING NATIONAL DAY HOLIDAY
Guizhou Daily (October 3) reported that Guizhou Party Secretary and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress Xu Lin, visited the Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism to investigate the tourism service guarantee work during the National Day holiday. Chen Shaobo, member of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee and Secretary-General of the Provincial Party Committee, and Cai Chaolin, Vice Governor, attended the meeting. Xu Lin emphasized the need to thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on culture and tourism, conscientiously implement the deployment of the province’s tourism work conference, focus on building a world-class tourist destination, and focus on the three major elements of “resources, customer sources, and services”, to promote the high-quality development of tourism in the province. He asked the cadres to severely crack down on behaviour that disrupts the order of the tourism marketOn October 2, Xu Lin inspected and investigated holiday safety and stability work at the Guizhou Provincial Public Security Department and the Provincial Emergency Management Department. On October 1, Li Bingjun, Deputy Secretary of the Guizhou Provincial Party Committee and governor of Guizhou Province, inspected tourism order, smooth traffic, market consumption, and safety during the Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day holidays in Guiyang City.

Oct 2023

CHINA-ANHUI: ARTICLE BY ANHUI PROVINCE'S MINISTER OF ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT ON CADRE SELECTION PUBISHED IN 'STUDY TIMES'
The Anhui Daily (October 3) reproduced in full an article by Ding Xiangqun, member of the Standing Committee of the Anhui Provincial Party Committee and Minister of the Organization Department, published in the Central Party School's 'Study Times' captioned "Making the Promotion of Cadre Responsibility Throughout the Whole Process of Cadre Selection and Effectiveness"." The article pointed out that Anhui will thoroughly implement the spirit of the National Organizational Work Conference, regard promoting cadre responsibility as a priority throughout the entire process of cadre selection and management, actively create a good environment conducive to cadre entrepreneurship, and truly promote cadre responsibility through organizational responsibility. It said Anhui 'adheres to the principle of judging heroes based on performance and using cadres based on performance, giving priority to the selection of cadres who have been tested in major battles and urgent, difficult and dangerous tasks'. It disclosed that since last year, the provincial party committee has promoted 282 cadres who have outstanding performance. Establish a "competitive horse racing" system arrangement for quarterly work meetings, focusing on key tasks such as economic operation, technological innovation, production safety, business environment, and response to public voices. It said Anhui selects cadres in the new era, who adhere to "loyalty, professionalism" and "diligence, integrity" and put political standards first. Practicing the correct view of political performance is important. It said Anhui had selected and strengthened leadership teams at all levels, and organized cross-regional, cross-department, and cross-system exchanges of cadres. A total of 943 cadres were selected and exchanged at the provincial and municipal levels and has implemented the "Thousand Talents Dispatch Plan" for three consecutive years. 91 cadres have been assigned to each other on a two-way basis, and more than 3,300 cadres have been selected to study in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang . It stressed that cadres who are responsible and not suitable for their current positions must be resolutely adjusted to promote the formation of a good situation in which the capable are promoted, the outstanding are rewarded, the mediocre are demoted, and the inferior are eliminated.

Oct 2023

CHINA-SICHUAN: SICHUAN RECEIVED OVER 24 MILLION PEOPLE 5 DAYS PRIOR TO MID-AUTUMN FESTIVAL
Sichuan Ribao (October 4) publicised that over 24 million people visited Sichuan in the 5 days before the festival.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GANSU GANSU PARTY SECRETARY EXTENDS GREETINGS TO ELDERLY, ORPHANS AND DISABLED FOR MID-AUTUMN FESTIVAL
Gansu Daily (September 29) publicised Gansu Party Secretary Hu Changsheng's visit on the first day of the "Two Festivals" (Mid-Autumn Festival) long holiday to Lanzhou Social Welfare Institutions to visit the orphans and disabled people Children and the elderly, on behalf of the Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government, to extend holiday greetings.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG GOVERNOR PRESIDES OVER PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE MEETING TO ENSURE SAFETY DURING MID-AUTUMN FESTIVAL
Nanfang Ribao (September 27) reported that Guangdong Governor Wang Weizhong presided over a provincial government executive meeting to 'thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions on production safety and flood prevention and disaster relief and made every effort to implement various safety precautions during the MidAutumn Festival and National Day holidays'.

Oct 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: MAN DETAINED ON CHINA'S NATIONAL DAY BY POLICE IN HONGKONG FOR PROTEST
The Hongkong Free Press reported (October 3) that a man with white flowers was arrested in Hong Kong on China's National Day holiday. He was dressed in a black T-shirt reading “Go Hong Kong!" and was detained outside a department store in Causeway Bay.

Oct 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: HONGKONG SAR IMPLEMENTING POLICY TO ENSURE HOUSING FOR POOR RESIDENTS
A Wen Wei po (October 6) editorial disclosed that the Hongkong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) government has launched new measures to tighten the "rich tenants policy" in public housing and combat abuse of public housing. They will be implemented this month. 88,000 public housing residents who have lived in public housing for 2 to 8 years have received declaration forms to declare whether they own residential property in Hong Kong. The editorial urged the government should comprehensively review the income limits and asset limits of the current public housing policy for wealthy households, so that public housing can take care of the grassroots citizens who are really in need, and ensure that precious public housing resources are equitably used. It said public housing resources are in short supply and the public is very concerned about the abuse of public housing.

Oct 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINA'S OVERSEAS NEWSPAPER CRITICISES TAIWAN'S DPP FOR NOT TAKING NOTE OF PEOPLE'S SUFFERING
Huaxia News (Overseas News) on September 27 published an article captioned 'The DPP’s cyber violence has been terrorizing one after another'. It alleged that the 'DPP authorities are incompetent in governance and the people are suffering.' The 'DPP authorities do not humbly accept the people’s different opinions and reflect on them and make corrections. Instead, they do the opposite. To those who disagree or criticize, they either “check the water meter” "Intimidation by means of tactics, or the use of trained cyber troops to carry out cyber violence and extreme suppression, silencing dissidents and critics. There is only "one voice" of the Democratic Progressive Party on the island. The Democratic Progressive Party authorities have played "green terror" to a level that is unprecedented and unprecedented'. ii) China's World Journal (October 3) said that a Bloomberg investigation reported that four Taiwanese factories, including Hantang, Yaxiang, Chongyue, and Silicon Microelectronics, assisted companies related to Huawei in building wafer fab infrastructure in Shenzhen, China. It said the United States is tightening technology controls on Huawei, and the market is worried that the competition between the United States and China will extend to semiconductor equipment. In particular, four Taiwanese factories have entered the US "radar zone". If they are blacklisted, it will be detrimental to future business expansion. The four Taiwanese factories named by Bloomberg are all well-known manufacturers in the industry. Among them, Hantang is an important cooperating factory of TSMC and went to the United States to assist TSMC in building a new factory in the United States.

Oct 2023

CHINA-NEPAL: NEPAL PRIME MINISTER DAHAL VISITED CHINA FROM SEPTEMBER 23-29, 2023, AND MET CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING
Nepal's Prime Minister Pushpa Kumar Dahal @ Prachanda, led a 31-member delegation to China from September 23 till September 29, 2023. 4 Nepal media personnel and 53 businessmen accompanied the delegation. 9 members of the Nepalese Embassy in China also joined the delegation. The Nepal Prime Minister travelled to China via Hongkong and Hangzhou. He had a bilateral meeting with Xi Jinping at Hangzhou and later attended the opening ceremony of the 19th Asian Games at Hangzhou. He arrived in Beijing on September 24 where he attended the China-Nepal Trade and Investment Forum and later attended the reception hosted by the Nepalese Ambassador to China, Bishnu Pukar Shrestha. On September 25 morning, he met Politburo Standing Committee member and NPC Chairman Zhao Leji and later had a bilateral meeting with Chinese Premier Li Qiang, who hosted a luncheon banquet for him. He visited the Huawei Research Centre. On September 26, he travelled to Chongqing where he was hosted to dinner by the Party Secretary and Politburo member Yuan Jiajun. On September 27, Pushpa Kumar Dahal @ Prachanda, went to Lhasa where he visited the Potala Palace and Jokhang Temple and was hosted to a welcome banquet by the TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng. On September 28 he flew to Ngari Gunsa airport and had lunch at the Darchan Base Camp of Mount Kailash. On September 29, he went to Chengdu and met Sichuan Party Secretary Wang Xiaohu. Prachanda left for Kathmandu on September 30 morning. ii) In a special article on the Nepal Prime Minister's visit, China.org said (October 1) that "Nepal-China relations have been marked by a steady convergence of interests for nearly 70 years. On the economic front, Prachanda's visit successfully built on a series of earlier deals signed during Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi's March visit, providing new growth points to advance the "China-Nepal Strategic Partnership of Cooperation." Prachanda's eight-day visit also marks six years since Nepal signed up for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Framework. It is against this backdrop that engagements with top Chinese officials underscored high-level understandings of trademark initiatives, such as the Trans-Himalayan Multi-Dimensional Connectivity Network". It added "As a time-tested partner, Nepal has already expressed its hope to strengthen trade, tourism, and cultural cooperation with China's Tibet Autonomous Region". It quoted "Beijing says that China and Nepal have set an example of equal treatment and win-win cooperation between big and small countries. The two countries are partners and present opportunities to each other on their way to national development and prosperity. As trusted strategic cooperative partners, Nepal and China have also demonstrated ample regard for one another's core national interests. Even before Prachanda's visit, Vice President Ram Sahay Prasad Yadav made it clear that Nepal would never serve as a base for anti-China activities". iii) A 25-point joint statement was issued after the Nepal's Prime Minister's meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping. The two sides also issued a joint statement after the visit. The English version is available here. Key points include: • “The Nepali side reiterated its firm commitment to the one-China principle. Recognizing that the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal Government representing 18 the whole of China, and Taiwan is an inalienable part of China's territory, the Nepali side is against "Taiwan independence." The Nepali side reiterated that Tibet affairs are China's internal affairs, that it will never allow any separatist activities against China on Nepal's soil. The Chinese side reaffirmed its commitment to the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness and the policy of forging friendship and partnership in the neighborhood. China firmly supports Nepal in upholding its independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, and respects and supports Nepal's independent choice of social system and development path that suits its national conditions.” Discussing BRI, the statement says: • The two sides agreed to strengthen connectivity in such areas as ports, roads, railways, airways and grids in an orderly manner, jointly build the Trans-Himalayan Multi-Dimensional Connectivity Network, work together to ensure the safety of the cooperation projects and company personnel of the two countries, and contribute to Nepal's realization of its development agenda including graduating from the least developed country status at an early date. • The two sides welcomed the successful opening of the Lizi-Nechung port and the reopening of the Zhangmu-Khasa port to passenger services. The two sides applaud the smooth and orderly operation of passenger and cargo services at Pulan and Jilong ports. The Chinese side will extend its support to improve the facilities on the Nepali side of the Lizi-Nechung port at the earliest possible time. The Chinese side agreed to work for the early reopening of eligible traditional China-Nepal border trade points. The two sides agreed to maintain communication for the opening of Chentang-Kimathanka, Riwu-Olangchungola ports at an early date. • In light of Nepal's needs, the Chinese side is ready to start the fourth phase of the Araniko Highway maintenance project. The Chinese side is ready to start repairing the SyaphrubesiRasuwagadhi Highway as soon as possible after the Nepali side completes its demolition work. • Both sides agreed to accelerate the feasibility study of the Tokha-Chhare Tunnel project, recognizing that the project will elevate the level of connectivity between the two countries. The two sides agreed to expedite the implementation of the second phase of the Kathmandu Ring Road project. • The two sides expressed satisfaction over the progress of the feasibility study of the Jilong/Keyrung-Kathmandu Cross-Border Railway, and planned to hold the 8th Working Meeting on China-Nepal Railway Cooperation as early as possible. The Chinese side is ready to help Nepal train railway professionals. • On Pokhara International Airport: “The two sides support and encourage their airlines to resume and open more flights and air routes, including ones connecting Pokhara, in accordance with bilateral air rights arrangements and in light of market needs, so as to facilitate trade and economic interactions and people-to-people exchanges.” • On Energy: The two sides will continue working toward the finalization of China-Nepal Electric Power Cooperation Plan by convening the second meeting of the Joint Implementation Mechanism at the earliest. The two sides will launch the construction of the Jilong/KeyrungRasuwagadhi-Chilime 220 KV Cross-Border Power Transmission line at an early date. The two sides will continue to make good use of the platform of the China-Nepal Joint Implementation Mechanism. The Mechanism will carry out exchanges and cooperation in the field of hydropower, wind power, solar power, biomass power and hydrogen. The Chinese side agreed to positively consider the request made by the Nepali side for supplying grid power to electrify northern remote villages of Nepal from Xizang Autonomous Region of China, and take overall consideration of providing equipments or technology on commercial terms. Other items: • Point 8 in the statement deals with economy and trade, investment, agriculture, tourism, production capacity, poverty alleviation, health and education. • The two sides agreed to undertake joint inspection of China-Nepal boundary. The two sides agreed to bring into force the Agreement Between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Nepal on the Boundary Management System as soon as possible. The two sides agreed to continue consultations on the Protocol between the Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Home Affairs of Nepal on the Establishment of Boundary Contact System at Three Levels, so as to elevate the level of border management and cooperation between the two countries. The two sides maintained that law enforcement cooperation is of great significance to the security of the two countries, and agreed to further strengthen information exchange, capacity building and cooperation on training between their law enforcement institutions. The two sides agreed to expedite the ratification of the China-Nepal Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters. • The two sides are ready to step up exchanges and cooperation at all levels in such areas as education, science and technology, telecommunication, culture, tourism, radio and television, think tank, and youth. The two sides expressed satisfaction over the signing of the Agreement between the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of the Government of Nepal and the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology and Innovation. The two sides agreed to discuss cooperation in such areas as digital economy, digital infrastructure and artificial intelligence, among others. The two sides support more friendly exchanges and cooperation between their scholars, students, artists and private sector entrepreneurs. • The two sides stressed the importance to uphold true multilateralism, promote greater democracy in international relations, and make global governance more just and equitable. The two sides agreed to strengthen cooperation within the framework of the United Nations and other multilateral mechanisms to uphold the common interest of developing countries. The two sides support the multilateral trading system, and oppose protectionism. They will work together to make economic globalization more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial for all, promote global and regional peace, security, development and prosperity, and build a community with a shared future for mankind. The Nepali side supports the Global Development Initiative (GDI) proposed by China, and will consider to join the Group of Friends of the GDI. The Chinese side is ready to strengthen experience sharing on development with the Nepali side.

Oct 2023

CHINA-PHILIPPINES: BOAT RAMS PHILIPPINES VESSEL AT SCARBOROUGH REEF KILLING 3 PHILIPPINES FISHERMEN
CNN reported (October 4) that Philippines says 3 fishermen killed after boat struck by ‘foreign’ vessel in South China Sea near contested Scarborough Shoal, shortly after the Philippines said it removed a 300-metre ball-buoy barrier installed by China's coastguard in the area. China Daily (October 5) quoted Gan Yu, spokesman for China Coast Guard, as saying in a statement "on October 4 night that without the approval of the Chinese government, two supply vessels and two vessels of the Philippines coast guard had illegally entered waters adjacent to the Ren'ai Reef of China's Nansha Islands. The Chinese coast guard has closely monitored the movement of the ships and "effectively regulated" them in accordance with the law". He added "that in the face of ineffective warnings through multiple verbal communications, water cannons were used as a means to avoid direct confrontation and collision."

Oct 2023

CHINA-US: U.S. APPOINTS MARK LAMBERT AS DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR CHINA AND TAIWAN
Mark Lambert, a diplomat who has done two postings in Beijing, has been appointed as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for China and Taiwan. He will head the Office of China Coordination, informally called the China House.

Oct 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: CHINESE VICE PREMIER HE LIFENG MET GERMAN FINANCE MINISTER LINDNER IN FRANKFURT ON OCTOBER 1
On October 1, German Finance Minister Christian Lindner held a high-level financial dialogue in Frankfurt with China's Vice-Premier He Lifeng, who made his first Europe trip since succeeding Liu He as Xi's top economic aide. German Finance Minister Christian Lindner pledged to support the Beijing-based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the world's second-largest multilateral development bank, after the World Bank. The two sides announced a Sino-German Dialogue Forum on Financial Cooperation to be held in Beijing next year. (Comment: The 25 point joint statement issued thereafter did not include a single critical word by Lindner.) ii) Foreign Policy's China Brief (October 3) cited a German report from news site T-Online which exposed a politician in the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, Maximilian Krah, as having extensive ties to a Chinese influence network. Krah is the AfD’s top candidate in next year’s European Parliament elections, running on the party’s Euroskeptic, antiimmigration, and nationalist platform. He is also a longtime defender of Beijing. According to the report, several people working closely with Krah received funding from China. His long time assistant seems to have links to both Chinese dissident groups in Germany and to Beijing—which looks suspiciously like an attempt to infiltrate and report on those movements. Krah denies the report, saying it is “without any proof,” and it seems unlikely to affect his support base.

Oct 2023

CHINA-UKRAINE: UKRAINE LISTS THREE MAJOR CHINESE COMPANIES AS "INTERNATIONAL SPONSORS OF WAR"
Politico (October 3) said that Ukraine's National Agency on Corruption Prevention confirmed on October 3, that China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC Group), China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group) and China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) had all been listed as "international sponsors of war." It said according to officials, the three state-run companies are actively implementing joint projects alongside their Russian counterparts and help fund Moscow's military and arms industries "by paying significant taxes" to the state.

Oct 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING DELIVERS SPEECH AT GREAT HALL OF THE PEOPLE IN BEIJING ON 74TH ANNIVERSARY OF PRC ON SEPTEMBER 28
Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a speech on September 28, at the reception to celebrate the 74th anniversary of the People's Republic of China on September 28 at the Great Hall of the People. All Politburo Standing Committee members attended. Chinese Premier Li Qiang presided over the reception. Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi and Han Zheng attended the event together with around 800 Chinese and foreign guests. The People's Daily (September 29) quoted Chinese President Xi Jinping as calling on the 'nation to firm up confidence and strive in unity in the relentless endeavour toward building a strong China and realizing national rejuvenation'. He said, "Our strength comes from unity and confidence is more valuable than gold," and "the future is bright, and the nation should continue to surmount difficulties and march forward". He also said "We should strive to meet this year's economic and social development targets," and emphasised "continuing to deepen reform and opening up across the board, steadily expanding institutional opening up with regard to rules, regulations, management and standards, promoting the high-quality development of the Belt and Road Initiative, smoothing the positive interplay between domestic and international economic flows to make economic development more resilient and vigorous. The Chinese president said that work should be done to boost employment, help those in difficulties, advance rural revitalization, and achieve solid progress in common prosperity". Xi Jinping said the principle of "one country, two systems" should be implemented fully, faithfully and firmly, and pledged support to help Hong Kong and Macao actively participate in developing the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and ensure Hong Kong and Macao's longterm prosperity and stability. Mentioning Taiwan, he stressed adherence to the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, and called for promoting the peaceful development of cross- Strait relations. Xi Jinping said, "No force can block the realization of the motherland's complete reunification". ii) All members of the Central Military Commission (CMC) except Defence Minister General Li Shangfu were present. Those present included former senior PLA officers like General Xu Xiliang, General Li Zuocheng, and former Defence Ministers General Liang Guanglie (2009- 2013) and General Chang Wanquan (2013-2018). Former Defence Minister General Wei Fenghe was not seen.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING AND OTHER CHINESE LEADERS WILL LAY WREATHS AT TIAN'ANMEN SQUARE ON MARTYRS' DAY ON SEPTEMBER 30
Xinhua and Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily--September 28) both reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping and other CCP leaders will join representatives from all walks of life in presenting flower baskets to fallen national heroes on China's Martyrs' Day on September 30 in Tiananmen Square. The event will be broadcast live by China Media Group.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER POLITBURO MEETING ON SEPTEMBER 27
Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over a meeting of the Politburo on September 27 to review the "Comprehensive Report on the First Round of Inspections of the 20th Central Committee." CCTV (September 27) said "The second batch of thematic education on studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era has been carried out in a solid manner. All localities adhere to scientific planning, overall arrangements, and classified guidance to ensure that thematic education achieves effective results". The CCTV report added "The meeting held that the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core attaches great importance to inspection work, regards inspections as a strategic institutional arrangement to promote the party's self-revolution and comprehensively and strictly govern the party, and has made a series of major decisions and arrangements. The first round of inspections of the 20th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adhered to integrity and innovation, promoted the concreteness, precision and normalization of political supervision, and released a clear signal that comprehensive and strict governance of the party is always on the road, and the party's self-revolution is always on the road". (Comment: The Politburo has not made an announcement regarding the Third Plenum which should normally be held in November.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PRESIDES OVER EIGHTH POLITBURO STUDY SESSION ON SEPTEMBER 27
Xinhua (September 27) disclosed that the CCP CC Politburo held its eighth collective study session on the rules of the World Trade Organization and the reform of the World Trade Organization on September 27 afternoon. Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over the study session and said "the World Trade Organization is an important pillar of multilateralism and an important stage for global economic governance. Necessary reform of the World Trade Organization is a general consensus and a general trend". He said China must participate in the WTO. Gu Xueming, Director and Researcher of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, explained this issue and made some recommendations. Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech after listening to the explanation and discussion. He pointed out that joining the World Trade Organization is a milestone in China's opening up. In just over 20 years, China's total trade in goods has increased 11 times. Xi Jinping emphasized that to participate in the reform of the World Trade Organization, we must firmly safeguard the authority and effectiveness of the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization as the core, and actively promote the restoration of the normal operation of the World Trade Organization's dispute settlement mechanism. (Comment: Qin Gang, who was "removed" as China's Foreign Minister by the NPCSC but continues to hold the post of State Councillor, and Li Shangfu, who officially continues to be China's Defence Minister and State Councillor though he has been absent from public view since late August, were not present at the Politburo Study Session on September 27.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING INSPECTS ZHEJIANG AND SHANDONG PROVINCES
CCTV (September 26) reported that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech during his recent inspection tour in Zaozhuang, Zhejiang (September 20-21) and Shandong (on his way back to Beijing) aroused enthusiastic responses among the cadres and the masses. CCTV (September 25) reported that from September 20 to 21, Xi Jinping, accompanied by Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee Secretary Yi Lianhong and Governor Wang Hao, successively visited Jinhua, Shaoxing and other places to conduct in-depth research in rural areas, trade markets, exhibition halls, cultural parks, etc. Later, Xi Jinping visited Yiwu International Trade City for inspection. It pointed out that "This year marks the 60th anniversary of Comrade Mao Zedong’s instructions to study and promote the “Maple Bridge Experience”. On the afternoon of the 20th, Xi Jinping came to Fengqiao Town, Zhuji City, the birthplace of the “Maple Bridge Experience” and visited the Maple Bridge Experience Exhibition Hall to learn about the vivid practice of the “Maple Bridge Experience” in the new era." Xi Jinping emphasized that Zhejiang should take the lead in promoting common prosperity" and said that "that we must uphold and strengthen the party's overall leadership, strengthen and improve party building." On September 24, on his way back to Beijing, Xi Jinping, accompanied by Shandong Provincial Party Committee Secretary Lin Wu and Governor Zhou Naixiang, visited Zaozhuang City for inspection. The People's Daily (September 26) carried a report on the inspection on its entire frontpage. Politburo Standing Committee member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi accompanied Xi Jinping on the inspection tour. CCTV said Li Ganjie, He Lifeng, Wang Xiaohong and "responsible comrades from relevant departments of the central and state agencies accompanied them to participate in the above-mentioned relevant activities respectively. Responsible comrades of the Central Fifth Circuit Steering Group for Thematic Education attended the reporting meeting".

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING REPLIES TO LETTER WRITTEN BY CHILDREN OF 'HEROES' AND 'MARTYRS' STUDYING AT THE PEOPLE'S PUBLIC SECURITY UNIVERSITY
Chinese President Xi Jinping replied to the letter and encouraged the children of heroes and martyrs studying at the People's Public Security University of China to follow the example of their heroic fathers and remain loyal guards of the party and the people.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CCTV TELECASTS REPORT ON TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S CONCEPT OF BUILDING A COMMUNITY OF COMMON DESTINY
The state-owned CCTV (September 27) telecast a lengthy special report on the tenth anniversary of President Xi Jinping’s concept of building a community with a shared future for mankind. It included comments by Su Xiaohui, associate researcher at the China Institute of International Studies and Fu Xiaoqiang, Vice President of the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA HOLDS EIGHTH NATIONAL CONGRESS OF CHINA DISABLED PERSONS' FEDERATION IN BEIJING
The Eighth National Congress of the China Disabled Persons' Federation opened on September 18 at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Chinese President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Qiang and Politburo Standing Committee members Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi and other party and state leaders attended the meeting. Politburo Standing Committee member Ding Xuexiang delivered a speech on behalf of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Huang Xiaowei, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and First Secretary of the Secretariat of the All-China Women's Federation, represented the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China, the All-China Women's Federation, the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, the Chinese Writers Association, the China Association for Science and Technology. The All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese and the All-China Federation of Taiwan Compatriots sent congratulatory messages to the conference. More than 600 representatives from all over the country attended the conference, shouldering the great trust of approximately 85 million people with disabilities.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA'S STATE COUNCIL RELEASES WHITE PAPER ON 'GLOBAL COMMUNITY OF SHARED FUTURE'
On September 26, China's State Council Information Office released a white paper titled "A Global Community of Shared Future: China's Proposals and Actions."

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: WALL STREET JOURNAL CLAIMS QIN GANG REMOVED AS FOREIGN MINISTER BECAUSE OF AFFAIR WITH TV ANCHOR
The Wall Street Journal reported (September 19) that China removed Qin Gang from his job as Foreign Minister after an investigation concluded he had an affair and fathered a child while serving as ambassador to the US. It said top officials in China were told in August that a Communist Party inquiry into Qin uncovered “lifestyle issues,”. That phrase usually means sexual misbehaviour of some type in the parlance of Chinese officialdom. Two of the people said the affair led to the birth of a child in the US. The Wall Street Journal added that Qin Gang is assisting a probe into whether the affair compromised national security. China is locked in an ideological battle with the US, its chief economic and geopolitical rival, which has seen Beijing intensify a national security drive. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning said at a regular press briefing in Beijing on September 19, said that she did not have any new information to offer about Qin Gang.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: SHANXI PARTY SECRETARY LAN FO'AN APPOINTED SECRETARY OF PARTY LEADERSHIP GROUP OF FINANCE MINISTRY
The CCP CC Organisation Department announced on September 28 that Shanxi Party Secretary Lan Fo'an will be appointed Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the Ministry of Finance. (Comment: The appointment indicates Lan Fo'an is likely to be promoted as Finance Minister. Lan Fo'an was born in June 1962 in Huidong, Guangdong. After graduating from the Finance Department of Hubei University of Finance and Economics in 1985, he worked in the Budget Department of the Ministry of Finance. Three years later, he was transferred to the Guangdong Provincial Department of Finance. Office director and other positions. In March 2017, Lan Fo'an took up a new post across provinces for the first time, serving as member of the Standing Committee of the Hainan Provincial Party Committee and secretary of the Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection etc, before being appointed Shanxi Province Party Secretary in June 2021.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE URGES CADRES TO 'RESPECT' AND 'IMPLEMENT' XI JINPING'S THOUGHT ON RULE OF LAW
A People's Daily (September 20) article captioned 'Let the "key minority" become role models in abiding by party rules and state laws —— A review on promoting leading cadres at all levels to respect the law, study the law, abide by the law and use it in the new era' discussed measures to ensure that leading cadres, or the “key minority”, become role models in abiding by Party regulations and national laws. It said "leading cadres" should know and understand the new guideline issued on establishing a system of Party regulations and national laws. It highlighted that “Respecting the rule of law and having a reverence for the law are fundamental qualities that leading cadres must possess", and asserted that "implementing the Party Constitution, and safeguarding the Party Constitution, keeping in mind their original mission and tempering their firm Party spirit” and most importantly "to truly learn, understand, believe in, and apply Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law.” It quoted Xiao Lihui, a Professor of the Central Party School. as saying “‘Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law is a powerful weapon that has been tested in practice and is full of practical vitality,’ and ‘learning and mastering Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law should be treated as an important compulsory course’. "Leading cadres at all levels must deeply understand the decisive significance of the Two Establishments, strengthen the four consciousnesses and four self-confidences and achieve the two safeguards. They should continue to work on deepening internalisation and transformation, starting from the ideological level, purify the ideological root, cultivate the foundation of faith, supplement the spiritual calcium, stabilize the rudder of thought and become staunch believers, active disseminators, and model practitioners of Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law.”

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL'S 'STUDY TIMES' PUBLISHES ARTICLE EMPHASISING XI JINPING'S INSTRUCTIONS ON PROMOTING 'NEW INDUSTRIALISATION'
The Central Party School's Study Times (September 27) published an article captioned 'To promote new industrialization, three relationships must be properly handled'. It said, in brief, that "General Secretary Xi Jinping recently issued important instructions on promoting new industrialization and pointed out that in the new era and new journey, it is a key task to comprehensively promote the construction of a strong country and the great cause of national rejuvenation with Chinese modernization, and to achieve new industrialization. General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions profoundly elaborated on the great significance, important principles, and key tasks of promoting new industrialization in the new journey, and pointed out the way forward for us to promote new industrialization?"

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY CALLS FOR FENGQIAO EXPERIENCE FOR THE 'NEW ERA'
The People's Daily (September 27) on its front page carried the headline "Xi Jinping calls for a "Fengqiao experience for the new era." In Xi Jinping Thought it means: "develop the "Fengqiao Experience"..., facilitate and regulate the expression of public demands, coordinate interests, and safeguard rights and interests. It's crucial to promptly resolve conflicts and disputes at the grassroots level and nip them in the bud" (Comment: The 'Fengqiao experience' refers to a Mao-era approach to social governance that directed people to root out “reactionaries” at the grassroots.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATEST ISSUE OF RED FLAG DISCUSSES ENSURING NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY
The latest issue of Red Flag (No: 18/2023) was released on September 27. Its highlights included: combining Marxism with China's traditional culture, providing effective judicial services, China's new cultural mission, and ensuring national food security.

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: RED FLAG STRESSES IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY
An article in Red Flag (2023/18; dated September 27) published an article by Yuan Longjiang, Director of the Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, captioned 'Thoroughly implement the strategy of storing food in the ground and using technology' stressed the importance of food security. It said, "On July 20 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the second meeting of the Central Financial and Economic Committee that food security is "the greatest concern of the country" and cultivated land is the lifeblood of food production. It is necessary to implement the strategy of storing food in the land and storing food in technology. Effectively strengthen the protection of cultivated land, make every effort to improve the quality of cultivated land, fully tap the potential of comprehensive utilization of saline-alkali land, steadily expand agricultural production space, and improve comprehensive agricultural production capacity". It stressed that "In recent years, the Party Central Committee and the State Council have attached great importance to food security and have regarded the strategy of storing grain in the land and storing grain in technology as an important way to ensure national food security." It revealed that though there has been a continuous annual increase in food production, "In 2019, 68.76% of the country’s cultivated land was medium and low-grade land, and 26% of the cultivated land’s soil organic matter content was less than 1%. The overall organic matter content was lower than 50% of similar soils in Europe. The area of obstructed and degraded cultivated land accounts for as much as 40%, saline-alkali cultivated land has reached 114 million acres, and more than 14% of cultivated land is seriously acidified. It can be seen that there are still some problems in cultivated land that need to be solved urgently". It said "the tight balance between grain supply and demand is obvious, structural and deep-seated contradictions are prominent, and the demand gap for corn and other feed grains continues to expand. As people's living standards improve, grain consumption concepts change, and the production side fails to effectively respond to changes in demand, resulting in some A large number of grain varieties are imported."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS GANSU PROVINCE'S ACHIEVEMENTS IN DROUGHT RELIEF AND FIELD MANAGEMENT
The People's Daily (September 25) published an article captioned 'Gansu Province coordinates the promotion of drought relief and field management -- Drought-resistant technology to ensure bumper harvest and increase yield (fight the tough battle to win autumn grain harvest)'. It highlighted the achievements of Gansu province in drought relief and concluded: "Gansu has resolutely shouldered the important task of food security, thoroughly implemented the strategy of "hoarding food in the land and hiding food in technology", and steadily increased its food production capacity. Gansu strives to achieve new breakthroughs in food production."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE EMPHASISES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S INSTRUCTIONS THAT STABILITY MUST COME FIRST WHILE DOING GOOD ECONOMIC WORK
The People's Daily (September 27) published an article captioned 'Adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)'. It emphasised Chinese President Xi Jinping's instructions that “We must adhere to the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability.” The general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability is the methodology for doing good economic work. To do a good job in the current economic work, we must learn, understand and apply this methodology well, and complete the annual economic and social development goals and tasks with high quality". It said "General Secretary Xi Jinping issued a series of important expositions focusing on the general tone of pursuing progress while maintaining stability, pointing out that “development is the last word, and stability is also the last word, and both development and stability must be hard on.” “We must insist on putting stability first and maintaining stability first. We must strive to make progress while doing so, better coordinate domestic and international situations, better coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and better coordinate development and security." He stressed that "stability is the main tone, and progress must be made while maintaining overall stability."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY ARTICLE SAYS ACHIEVING COMMON PROSPERITY IS A LONG-TERM HISTORICAL PROCESS
The Guangming Daily (September 27) published an article captioned 'Achieving common prosperity is a long-term historical process'. It said "Common prosperity is the essential feature of Chinese modernization and the common expectation of all people. However, achieving common prosperity for all people is a long-term historical process and cannot be achieved overnight. We must maintain historical patience and make unremitting efforts to promote common prosperity for all people and achieve more obvious substantive progress".

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE CALLS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WESTERN REGION USING S&T
The People's Daily (September 27) published an article captioned 'Promoting high-quality development in the western region through technological innovation' by Guo Jie of the School of Management, Minzu University of China. It. called for using S&T to develop the Western Region and integrate it with the Eastern Region. It called for building major national scientific research infrastructure and prioritizing the construction of national innovation platforms and large scientific installations in areas with distinctive advantages in the Western Region. It stressed the importance of building a number of application-oriented undergraduate universities and higher vocational schools in the western region, supporting "double first-class" universities to provide counterpart support to the western region, and stimulate the vitality of various innovative entities such as enterprises, universities, and scientific research institutes.

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE EMPHASISES CLOSE BONDS BETWEEN CCP AND THE PEOPLE
The People's Daily (September 26) published an article captioned 'Governing the country should be based on the people (Chinese-style modernization face to face —— How to understand that realizing the people’s yearning for a better life is the starting point and foothold of modernization?'. It asserted that "Of all things, people's livelihood is the most important" and it was "only after the Communist Party of China led the people to establish New China and embark on the road of socialism did the Chinese people's lives undergo qualitative changes and continue to reach new heights with the pace of modernization". It added that "The people's yearning for a better life is the goal of the Communist Party of China and the most fundamental value pursuit of Chinese modernization". Recalling that CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping had pointed out: "The Communist Party of China leads the people to conquer and defend the country, and to protect the hearts of the people", it said "The Communist Party of China is naturally connected with the people, just like the relationship between fish and water, seeds and soil. They are inseparable for a moment. The party and the people are one, share weal and woe, and depend on each other for life and death. As the vanguard of the Chinese working class, as well as the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, the Communist Party of China’s fundamental purpose is to serve the people wholeheartedly. The party’s original mission is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. Therefore, our party is the people’s party. Apart from the interests of the country, nation, and people, the party has no special interests of its own. It has never represented the interests of any interest group, any powerful group, or any privileged class. As the saying goes, only by not seeking personal gain can one seek great benefits, and only by being selfless can the road go straight".

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: PARTY SECRETARY AND PRESIDENT OF RENMIN UNIVERSITY AUTHOR JOINT ARTICLE ON BUILDING WORLD-CLASS UNIVERSITY WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS
Zhang Donggang and Lin Shangli, Secretary of the Party Committee and President of Renmin University of China respectively, published a joint article in the People's Daily (September 26) captioned 'Carry forward the spirit of educators and build a world-class university with Chinese characteristics (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)'. It said, "on September 9, General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a letter to representatives of outstanding teachers across the country, fully affirming the important contributions that teachers have made to national development and national rejuvenation, and fully affirming that a group of educators and outstanding teachers have emerged among the teacher group "demonstrating China's unique characteristics."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE EMPHASISING XI JINPING'S ARTICLE ON EDUCATION IN 'QIU SHI'
The Guangming Daily (September 25) published an article captioned 'Uphold and strengthen the Party’s overall leadership over education work' written by Chen Shuangfei, a researcher at the Research Centre for Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, in the CCP CC Central Party School. It referred to "an important article by General Secretary Xi Jinping" in the 18th issue of "Qiushi" (Seeking Truth) magazine published on September 16 titled "Solidly Promote the Construction of a Powerful Country in Education". It said the article emphasizes that "the education power we want to build is a socialist education power with Chinese characteristics. We must adhere to the party's overall leadership of the education industry as the fundamental guarantee, cultivate people with moral integrity as the fundamental task, and educate people for the party and educate talents for the country as the fundamental goal is to serve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation as its important mission". It asserted "The Party's overall leadership system for education is an important part of the Party's overall leadership system and plays a fundamental role in accelerating the modernization of education and building a powerful country in education. It is crucial to uphold and strengthen the Party's overall leadership over education work and improve the system and mechanism for the Party's overall leadership over education work. We must strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", unswervingly safeguard the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, and consciously maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in ideology, politics and actions."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: STUDY TIMES OF CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL PUBLISHES ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTING IMPORTANCE OF IDEOLOGICAL EDUCATION ON SOCIALISM
The Study Times of the Central Party School published an article captioned 'Do a solid job in studying and implementing the "Second Half Article" of Xi Jinping's ideological education on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era' on September 25. It said, in brief, that "Carrying out in-depth education on the theme of studying and implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era throughout the Party is a major decision-making arrangement made by the Party Central Committee with an eye on the overall development of the Party and the country’s undertakings. Through this study and implementation of the theme education of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, the majority of party members and cadres of the State Administration for Market Regulation deeply felt: This is a spiritual baptism that builds souls through learning and strengthens ideals and beliefs".

Sep 2023

CHINA-EDUCATION: INCREASE REPORTED IN BULLYING OF YOUNGER CHILDREN IN SCHOOLS
The Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily, September 27) featured an article under the caption 'Beware of the "little bully" on campus becoming the "big bully" in the future'. It said that 'In recent years, more and more campus bullying incidents have been exposed. Campus bullying has gradually developed towards younger children, gradually eroding the immature hearts of children, and some even become a lifelong pain that is difficult to heal. Parents and schools, as the main bodies of education, are an important part of preventing and stopping school bullying. If parents and schools are always highly vigilant about school bullying, and parents and teachers detect their children's abnormal words and deeds in a timely manner, school bullying may stop at the beginning'. Concern has apparently been sparked by an incident at the Datong Dacheng Bilingual School. The authorities have said it is 'obviously a reflection of parents' lack of dedication to home education, teachers' lack of care for students, and also a reflection of the school's failure to manage students' physical and mental safety'.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: REUTERS CLAIMS CHINESE DEFENCE MINISTER LI SHANGFU AND 8 OTHER OFFICERS ARE UNDER INVESTIGATION FOR CORRUPTION
Reuters (September 16) claimed that Chinese Defence Minister Li Shangfu, who has been missing from public view for more than two weeks, has been placed under investigation by Chinese authorities, according to 10 people familiar with the matter. The investigation into Li Shangfu relates to procurement of military equipment, according to a regional security official and three people in direct contact with the Chinese military. Reuters was unable to obtain details on which equipment purchases were under scrutiny. Eight senior officials from the Chinese military's procurement unit, which Li Shangfu led from 2017 to 2022, are also under investigation, according to two of the people in direct contact with the military.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: ECONOMIC OBSERVER REVEALS THAT DIRECTOR OF GENERAL OFFICE OF CHINA'S SUPREME COURT HAS BEEN TAKEN AWAY FOR INVESTIGATION
China's official Economic Observer (September 25) revealed that in September 2023, four independent sources confirmed to the Economic Observer reporter that Guo Jingkun, Director of the General Office of the Supreme People's Court, had been taken away for investigation a few months ago. Currently, on the official website of the Supreme People's Court, in the list of persons in charge of the General Office, the column of Director of the General Office is vacant, and Guo Jingkun's name is no longer there. The last time Guo Jingkun participated in a public event was on April 27, 2023, when the First Party Branch of the General Office of the Supreme People's Court held a party members conference. (Comment: Guo Jingkun was born in January 1971, a native of Qian'an, Tangshan, Hebei. From 1986 to 1990, he studied at Hebei Light Industry Management School (in 2000, the school was merged into Yanshan University) majoring in ceramic technology.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: CHEN HONGQI, FORMER GUANGXI-ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT PARTY SECRETARY EXPELLED FROM CCP
Beijing News (September 28) disclosed that the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Discipline Inspection and Supervision Committee had recently approved alongwith the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Party Committee, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Discipline Inspection and Supervision Committee the expulsion from the CCP of Chen Hongqi, the former Party Secretary of the Autonomous Region Transportation Department, for serious violations of discipline and law. Among the listed charges were: loss of party spirit and principles; extremely greedy; violating political disciplines; colluding with others; resisting organizational review; participating in superstitious activities, etc.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S DOMESTIC TOURISM DURING MID-AUTUMN FESTIVAL ANTICIPATED TO INCREASE BY 1.58 MILLION
According to the National Immigration Administration, ports across the country will see a peak in inbound and outbound passenger flow during the Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day holidays. It is expected that the average daily inbound and outbound passengers will reach 1.58 million, an increase of about three times compared with the same period last year. The peaks will be mainly concentrated on September 28, September 29, and October 5 and October 6.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PEOPLE'S DAILY COMMENTARY HIGHLIGHTS WORLD BANK REPORT CLAIMING THAT ONCE FULLY IMPLEMENTED BRI WILL INCREASE INTRA-BRI TRADE BY 4.1 PERCENT AND GENERATE US$ 1.6 TRILLION IN GLOBAL REVENUES
A People's Daily (September 27) Commentary published a Xinhua report titled 'China's vision of global community of shared future materializes into concrete actions', which claimed that 'by July 2023, more than three-quarters of countries in the world and over 30 international organizations had signed agreements on Belt and Road cooperation with China. Together, participants in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have jointly advanced infrastructure connectivity, trade connectivity, and people-to-people connectivity. According to Belt and Road Economics, a report released by the World Bank, the BRI, when fully implemented, will increase intra-BRI trade by 4.1 percent. By 2030, the BRI will generate 1.6 trillion U.S. dollars in annual global revenues. At the bilateral and multilateral level, China has built communities of shared future with an increasing number of partners, in different forms. The Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative have gained support from over 100 countries and the Global Civilization Initiative has also received positive feedback'. Saying that 'Building a global community of shared future requires collective efforts', it emphasised that 'it will certainly bring benefits to all involved in this endeavour'.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: EVERGRANDE GROUP CHAIRMAN PLACED UNDER 'POLICE CONTROL'
Bloomberg (September 27) reported that it had learnt from sources that Hui Ka Yan, the billionaire Chairman of beleaguered property developer China Evergrande Group, has been placed under police control. Hui Ka Yan was taken away by Chinese police earlier this month and is being monitored at a designated location. It said it’s not clear why Hui Ka Yan is under so-called residential surveillance, a type of police action that falls short of formal detention or arrest and does not mean that he will be charged with a crime. Separately, China's Public Security Bureau announced criminal enforcement measures in accord with law against "suspected criminals of Evergrande Financial Wealth Mgmt (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.; Xu Jiayin's net worth slipped down 90%.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: OVER 28 MILLION PEOPLE TO RETIRE THIS YEAR BUT BEIJING HAS MADE NO ANNOUNCEMENT YET REGARDING TIMETABLE FOR RAISING RETIREMENT AGE
More than 28 million Chinese people will retire this year, and while Beijing has already said it will raise retirement ages, no timetable has been released.

Sep 2023

CHINA-S&T: ECONOMIC OBSERVER IDENTIFIES NEW CHINESE AI COMPANY AS 'HIDDEN CHAMPION OF SKYNET INTELLIGENCE BIG DATA'
China's Economic Observer interviewed Wang Haiqiang, Chairman of Beijing Daoda Tianji Technology Co., Ltd., on September 22 at the 6th China Enterprise Forum organised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the All- China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and the Shandong Provincial People's Government. Beijing Daoda Tianji Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "Daoda Tianji") is an enterprise based on the development and utilization of Skynet intelligence big data. From a technical perspective, it is both a satellite remote sensing company and a An intelligence analysis company whose main business is air and space information perception and network open source data mining. In the past three years, the company has achieved a sales output value of nearly one billion yuan. The Economic Observer said previously, this company mainly focused on special users. Now, it hopes to expand to more markets and industry customers, such as state-owned enterprises. Wang Haiqiang said "there are some small businesses doing it now, but they are not as large as ours. Our company was established in August 2002. It has the first Skynet integrated intelligence analysis and application platform with completely independent intellectual property rights in China, which can provide services for special fields, smart cities, public security, natural resources, emergency rescue, transportation, finance, etc. The industry provides full-chain applications and services including data services, solutions, system development, intelligence consulting and system integration. We proposed this track as early as 2020. At that time, no other company on the market had tried it. The name of this track can be understood as a track that focuses on intelligence. The intelligence I refer to is the intelligence that ultimately provides users with decision-making information services. In layman’s terms, it collects, screens, analyzes and organizes information, and helps users make decisions". The Economic Observer described Beijing Daoda Tianji Technology Co., Ltd as "A hidden champion of Skynet Intelligence big data".

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA DAILY PUBLISHES ISSUED A DIRECTIVE TO MILITARY CADRES IN AN ARTICLE CAPTIONED 'PURIFY THE SOCIAL CIRCLE, LIFE CIRCLE, AND FRIEND CIRCLE'
The People's Liberation Army Daily (September 22) published an important article captioned 'Purify the social circle, life circle, and friend circle'. The article was written by Chen Qinghua of the Reform and Establishment Office of the Central Military Commission. It recalled that "When talking about the need for leading cadres to strengthen self-discipline, President Xi once quoted the story in "Journey to the West" vividly: "Sun Wukong put Tang Monk there and drew a circle with a golden hoop, and the monsters and monsters could not get in." Draw a circle for yourself." This has a strong inspiration for leading cadres to purify their social circle, life circle and friend circle. The most effective way to stay away from dangers and temptations is to conduct "physical isolation". Never overestimate your determination or superstition about your abilities. Don't participate in activities that you can avoid, and don't go to dinner appointments that you can avoid. Marx believed that human nature is the sum of all social relations in its reality. Party members and cadres do not live in a vacuum. Necessary interpersonal interactions are inevitable, but interactions must be principled and rule-based." Especially for leading cadres, once the power in their hands is targeted by people with ulterior motives, problems such as abuse of power for personal gain and power-for-money transactions will easily occur. Not long ago, the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission and the Commission for Discipline Inspection issued the "Code of Conduct for Social Interactions of Military Leading Cadres", emphasizing that military leading cadres should strengthen their party spirit, strengthen self-discipline, constantly purify their social circles, living circles, and friend circles, and consciously achieve social interaction Have principles, boundaries, and rules. This requires leading cadres at all levels to firmly guard the relationship between people, consciously maintain pure, healthy and civilized interactions, and build fresh and clean interpersonal relationships. Marshal Luo Ronghuan liked to make friends with ordinary people and grassroots officers and soldiers during his lifetime. "The handsome man has customers constantly at his door, and there are more bicycles than sleeping cars." This is a true portrayal of his feelings as a public servant and his true nature of serving the people. He once said to comrades in the former General Political Bureau: "Don't think that you are very tall. This height is because the horse you are riding is high. You will be as high as you are when you dismount." For leading cadres, the more others care, the more they care about you. The more careful you need to be; the more respected others are, the more you need to respect yourself. Judging from the corruption cases investigated and dealt with in recent years, many "hunting" behaviours are cloaked in the guise of human relations, and under the banner of fellow villagers, classmates, comrades, etc., like "boiling a frog in warm water", unknowingly turning the "circle of friends" into a "circle of friends" "Encirclement" made the "small circle" weave into a "big trap", and "careless making of friends" was an important reason for individual leaders to surrender. As the saying goes, "The success or failure of a life depends on the virtuousness of your friends." There is politics in communication, discipline in communication, principles in communication, and image in communication. Because of their special status, soldiers should interact more with positive people, whether internally or externally, in order to establish a good image as a soldier. Only by making friends with people who are dedicated to fighting can they better focus on their main responsibilities. Leading cadres at all levels should always tighten the strings of discipline and rules, work in a down-to-earth manner, interact with each other in a clear and refreshing manner, mind their own mouths and not eat what they shouldn't eat; mind their hands and take things they shouldn't. Don't take it; take care of your legs and don't go where you shouldn't go. We should resolutely abandon the utilitarian exchanges of "friendship based on profit", the pragmatic exchanges of "friendship based on power", and the vulgar exchanges of "friendship based on wealth", and beware of "talking" by relatives and friends, and "walking around" by classmates. "Move around" and "liaise" with neighbors near and far, and truly be politically savvy, contact wise, economically clean and decent people in life." (Comment: Publication of this article by the PLA Daily is significant in the backdrop of the purges and "removals" of PLA Officers in recent months. The replacement of General Li Yuchao as PLARF Commander and Xu Zhongbo as PLARF Political Commissar by PLAN General Wang Houbin as Commander of the PLARF and PLAAF General Xu Xisheng as Political Commissar respectively indicate the effort to break up existing groups of associates and friends.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA DAILY ARTICLE DISCUSSING "PROBLEMS" IN PLA ROCKET FORCE REMOVED WITHIN A DAY
The PLA Daily (September 15) published an article authored by the Party Committee of a certain Rocket Force. It was a report of an in-depth investigation and study to solve problems in the development of the army. The report, which was deleted within 2 days but was still available on other sites, said that "a leader of the Party Committee of a certain Rocket Force once again went to the front line of military training to conduct special research on the problems of troop training and preparation, and worked hard to make up for the shortcomings and weaknesses that affect the construction of the military's combat effectiveness". The report said that the members of the party committee, as the first responsible persons, promptly responded to the concerns of the officers and soldiers discovered during the investigation, accepted the supervision of the officers and soldiers, and did not relax until the problems were solved or completely solved, and truly turned the "problem list" into a "duty performance list" ".It emphasised that "What can be solved on the front line will never be delayed in the conference room." It observed that "officers and soldiers of a certain center reported in a questionnaire that personnel have been in a state of dispersion for a long time, and the operation of some temporary party organizations cannot meet actual work needs. In order to ensure that the troops are scattered thousands of miles away, the standing committee members of the Ministry's Party Committee took the initiative to take the initiative and went to the front line of the mission with the special research team to conduct investigations". Stating that a feedback mechanism had been evolved, it said "Since the beginning of this year, members of the party committee of the Ministry have been to the front lines of the army many times to conduct special research on optimizing combat readiness processes, opening up command links, and consolidating organizational construction. They have produced more than 20 research results, gathering strong military forces to promote high-quality development of the army."

Sep 2023

CHINA-TIBET: FIRST TIBET FORUM ON CREATING A STRONGER CONSCIOUSNESS OF A CHINESE NATIONAL COMMUNITY HELD IN LHASA
On September 19, the first 'Tibet Forum on Casting a Stronger Consciousness of Chinese National Community', organized by the CCP Tibet Autonomous Region Committee and the People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region, opened in Lhasa. Under the theme of "Casting the Chinese Soul - Creating a Model Region Together", the forum aimed to exchange ideas, share experiences, forge consensus, gather strength, and build a common spiritual home for all ethnic groups. Duan Yijun, Deputy Director of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and Ma Yuan, Deputy Secretary-General of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, delivered speeches at the opening ceremony; Wang Junzheng, Secretary of the Party Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region, delivered a keynote speech; and Duan Yijun, Deputy Director of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and Wang Haizhou, member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee and Minister of Propaganda of the Tibet Autonomous Region, unveiled a plaque for a research base on casting the sense of the Chinese nation as a community issued by the State Ministries. The forum was to be held in two stages, with the theme forum on September 19 and three sub-forums on practice, rule of law and academics on September 20. Leaders from relevant state ministries and commissions, relevant provinces and regions, as well as experts and scholars inside and outside of the region, were to carry out exchanges and discussions centering on the sound and perfecting of the rule of law system for ethnic work, the study of the history of the Chinese national community, the promotion of the high-quality development of Tibet, and the casting of a strong sense of the Chinese national community.

Sep 2023

CHINA-GANSU: GANSU PARTY SECRETARY HU CHANGSHENG PRESIDED OVER PROVINCIAL STANDING COMMITTEE MEETING ON SEPTEMBER 28
Gansu Provincial Party Secretary Hu Changsheng presided over the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee held a meeting on September 28 to convey and study the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speeches and instructions, study the province’s implementation opinions, and arrange for deployment and advancement of New industrialization, building a sustainable transportation system, attracting investment, etc.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SHAANXI: SHAANXI PARTY SECRETARY DELIVERS SPEECH AT SHAANXI OPENING AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE
On September 28, the Shaanxi province held its opening and development conference in Xi'an. Provincial Party Committee Secretary Zhao Yide attended the meeting and delivered a speech where he emphasized that it is necessary to thoroughly study and implement the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on opening up to the outside world and the important instructions of his important speech during his visit to Shaanxi. With the ambition and courage to stand at the forefront of the times and be the trend-setter of the times, we must firmly implement the policies in a wider scope and wider areas, deepen and high-level opening up internally and externally, accelerate the creation of new drivers and new advantages of open economic development, and strive to write a new chapter in Shaanxi's Chinese-style modernization drive. Shaanxi Governor Zhao Gang presided over the event.

Sep 2023

CHINA-HUBEI: CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT APPOINTED 1968- BORN SHAO XINYU AS DEPUTY SECRETARY AND DEPUTY GOVERNOR OF HUBEI
The CCP CC Organisation Department appointed 1968-born Shao Xinyu on September 28 as member of the Standing Committee of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee and Deputy Governor and Deputy Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the provincial government. He has a graduate degree and a PhD in engineering. He is an expert in mechanical manufacturing automation. In 2019, he was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Sep 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: UNPRECEDENTED CHINESE MILITARY ACTIVITY AROUND TAIWAN
i) Taiwan's Ministry of Defence announced that as of the past 24 hrs (ending September 18 morning), it had detected 103 PLA aircraft and 9 PLAN vessels around Taiwan, of which 40 aircraft crossed Taiwan Strait’s median line and/or entered southwest & southeast ADIZ. This broke the previous record of 91 PLA aircrafts detected on 10 April.
ii) Separately, the South China Morning Post (September 17) reported that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has mobilised aircraft from different theatre commands to take part in an “island encirclement patrol” near Taiwan, which experts said could signal a new strategy to prepare for regional military conflicts. The aircraft drills coincided with joint sea and air training conducted by the PLA’s Shandong aircraft carrier in the western Pacific Ocean since early this week. According to earlier reports it involved a total of 42 naval ships from the Eastern and Southern Theatre Commands. A post on the Eastern Theatre Command’s WeChat account said its pilots and ground crews were taking part in long-distance, cross-theatre exercises to practice landing and taking off from unfamiliar airports. Without saying when the drills took place, the post said the pilots had spent more than 10 hours conducting non-stop flights. Pictures on the social media platform showed fighter jets such as the J-10, J-16 and Su- 30 flying at night and during the day, while drills covered operations such as repairs, refuelling, weapon replacement and emergency response. Zhou Chenming, a researcher from the Beijingbased Yuan Wang military science and technology think tank, said the fighter jets involved in the drill would also take part in Beijing’s regular “island encirclement patrol” near Taiwan. “Like the island encirclement patrol, cross-theatre drills have become routine, taking place in the Taiwan Strait and western Pacific, which is part of combat-readiness training to prepare for the outbreak of a Taiwan contingency,” Zhou Chenming said. Zhou Chenming said mobilising different forces from its theatre commands would put the PLA at an advantage when dealing with potential challenges from joint US-Japan forces. Taiwan has tracked at least 143 PLA warplanes and 56 warships entering its air defence identification zone in the past four days, with 68 sorties entering the zone between 6am on Wednesday (Sep 13) and 6am on Thursday (Sep 14) – the most in any 24-hour period this year. However, a source close to the PLA told the Post that the number of PLA aircraft involved in the drills was probably higher as Beijing’s J-20 stealth fighters had also joined, but the island’s radar systems could not detect the advanced aircraft. “China so far has more than 200 J-20s – a response to the United States’ deployment of hundreds of F-35 Lighting II planes to the region,” said the source, who requested anonymity. Lu Li-shih, a former instructor at the Taiwanese naval academy in Kaohsiung, said he thought the PLA had also deployed its strategic support force, its rocket force and military units tasked with handling intelligence. “The PLA has kicked off its all-level ‘cold start’ strategy against Taiwan,” Lu Li-shih said, referring to a new military doctrine aimed at getting the Taiwanese people and force accustomed to intensive drills, then launching a surprise attack when it decides to take real action. In August 2022, the PLA staged its biggest live-fire missile drill ever against the island in response to a Taipei tour made by then US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. The Shandong was last reported taking part in major military drills near Taiwan in April. The exercises were carried out to intimidate the self-ruled island after Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen met US House Speaker Kevin McCarthy during a stopover in California. “But now the PLA’s ongoing large-scale drill took place without any reason. It also did not let you know when it had formally started and ended,” Lu said. “It could be part of Beijing’s cognitive warfare to make Taiwanese people drop their guard.”

Sep 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE HACKERS GET INTO U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT AND 'STEAL' MORE THAN 60,000 EMAILS
According to a briefing given to US State Department staff members on September 29, Chinese hackers 'stole' over 60,000 emails including from the accounts of US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo and US Senator Eric Schmidt. The emails were from ten US State Department email accounts belonging to persons working on East Asian and Pacific Affairs. The report said the hack was first reported in July. US officials have downplayed that sensitive information could have been among the emails hacked.

Sep 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE VICE PREMIER HAN ZHENG MEETS FORMER U.S. TREASURY SECRETARY PAULSON IN BEIJING
CCTV (September 26) telecast a report on the meeting between Chinese Vice President Han Zheng and former US Treasury Secretary Paulson in Beijing on September 26. It said Han Zheng said that 'Sino-US relations are the most important bilateral relations in the world today. The two countries should strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields, jointly promote the recovery of the world economy and respond to global challenges. China has always viewed and handled Sino-U.S. relations in accordance with the three principles of mutual respect, peaceful coexistence, and win-win cooperation proposed by President Xi Jinping. We hope that the U.S. and China will meet each other halfway and jointly push Sino-U.S. relations back to a healthy and stable track'. Han Zheng said, 'We welcome more American companies to invest in China and share development opportunities.'

Sep 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI AND U.S. NSA SULLIVAN MEET AT MALTA OVER THE WEEKEND OF SEPTEMBER 17-18
i) On September 16 and 17, top Chinese diplomat Wang Yi met US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan in Malta for over 12 hours where, according to China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) the two discussed: Global and regional security issues; The war in Ukraine; Taiwan; and maintaining and expanding high-level exchanges. A senior Biden administration official said there were “limited indications” that the two sides would resume military-tomilitary dialogue (Reuters). Some analysts have interpreted the Wang-Sullivan meeting happening one day after Li Shangfu was revealed to be under investigation for corruption, potentially removing the main barrier to resumed dialogue. They also feel the Wang-Sullivan talks indicate that China is interested in building on the momentum of recent visits by highlevel American officials.
ii)The MoFA statement issued (September 17) after the talks said: "The two sides conducted candid, substantive and constructive strategic communication focusing on stabilizing and improving Sino-US relations. Wang Yi emphasized that the Taiwan issue is the first insurmountable red line in Sino-US relations. The United States must abide by the three Sino-US joint communiqués and implement its commitment not to support "Taiwan independence." China's development has strong endogenous driving force and follows inevitable historical logic. It cannot be stopped. The Chinese people's legitimate right to development cannot be deprived. The two sides agreed to continue to implement the important consensus reached by the two heads of state in Bali, maintain high-level exchanges between the two sides, and hold Sino-US consultations on Asia-Pacific affairs, maritime affairs, and foreign policy consultations. The two sides discussed measures to further support and facilitate personnel exchanges between the two countries. The two sides also discussed the situation in the Asia-Pacific region, Ukraine, the Korean Peninsula and other international and regional issues." (Comment: (i) Former Chinese Defence Minister Li Shangfu has, however, not yet been officially said to be under investigation for involvement in corruption. (ii) The assertion in the Chinese Foreign Ministry release that "Wang Yi emphasized that the Taiwan issue is the first insurmountable red line in Sino-US relations. The United States must abide by the three Sino-US joint communiqués and implement its commitment not to support "Taiwan independence." China's development ... follows inevitable historical logic. It cannot be stopped.", clearly lays down that China is not open to negotiating on Taiwan and that the U.S. must cease trying to stop China's development. It is seemingly a tough statement intended for the domestic audience, but also a warning to the US that there are limits to concessions by China and there can be no concessions on Taiwan.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-EU: EU TRADE COMMISSIONER DOMBROVSKIS AND CHINESE VICE PREMIER HE LIFENG MEET IN BEIJING ON SEPTEMBER 25
On September 25, EU Trade Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis and Chinese Vice Premier He Lifeng met for the 10th EU-China High-level Economic and Trade Dialogue in Beijing. Bloomberg quoted China’s Vice Premier He Lifeng as expressing ‘strong concern and dissatisfaction’ to Dombrovskis over the bloc’s anti-subsidy probe into Chinese electric vehicles.” The EU readout showed that Dombrovskis had complained to He Lifeng, telling him he wants “Progress on EU concerns on [market] access” and “Rebalancing the EU–China economic and trade relationship on the basis of transparency, predictability and reciprocity”. In a speech on September 26 in Shanghai, Dombrovskis defended the EU’s de-risking strategy, saying “[The EU] must protect itself in situations when its openness is abused.” He explained “Our recent strategy…aims to maximise the benefits of openness, while minimising our strategic dependences and vulnerabilities.” Bloomberg added that despite their differences, the two sides agreed to: Establish a working group on financial regulation; Work toward a supply chain transparency mechanism; and Continue dialogues on export controls.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ITALY: CHIEF OF CHINA'S POLITICAL AND LEGAL AFFAIRS COMMISSION CHEN WENQING VISITS GERMANY, ITALY AND SERBIA
Chen Wenqing, Politburo member and Secretary of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission (PLAC), made a surprise visit to Italy on September 22, where he was welcomed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Tajani and Under Secretary Mantovano. He told Italian Foreign Minister Tajani that China is ready to work with Italy to improve bilateral security cooperation mechanisms to better safeguard the security interests of both countries. Addressing the opening of the 4th China-Germany high-level security dialogue held in Berlin on September 26, Chinese Politburo member and Secretary of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission (PLAC) Chen Wenqing said "China is ready to work with Germany to further strengthen law enforcement and security dialogue and exchanges to enrich and consolidate the China-Germany all-round strategic partnership". He said China has always attached great importance to and actively supported law enforcement and security cooperation between the two countries and called for strengthening top-level design, highlighting strategic coordination and improving cooperation mechanisms. He added that both sides should focus on real threats, pay attention to potential risks and promote cooperation and innovative development. (Comment: According to Xinhua he was to visit Germany, Italy and Serbia over September 21-28. Chen Wenqing was to also attend a high-level security dialogue in Germany)

Sep 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: CHINESE VICE PREMIER HE LIFENG WILL ATTEND CHINA-GERMANY HIGH-LEVEL FINANCIAL DIALOGUE
Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Mao Ning announced on September 28 that Chinese Vice Premier He Lifeng will co-chair the dialogue with Christian Lindner, Federal Minister of Finance and the German lead person of the dialogue, to be held in Germany on October 1.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SYRIA: SYRIAN PRESIDENT ASSAD AND CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING ESTABLISH 'STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP'
At the invitation of Chinese President Xi Jinping, President Bashar al-Assad of the Syrian Arab Republic came to China to attend the opening ceremony of the 19th Asian Games from September 21 to 26, 2023. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) said the "two heads of state met in a cordial and friendly atmosphere, exchanged in-depth views on China- Syria bilateral relations and international and regional issues of common interest, and reached broad consensus" It said the two "agreed that China and Syria are friends of faith and friends in need. They agreed that China and Syria should establish a strategic partnership and comprehensively promote friendly cooperation in all fields to better benefit the two peoples. The two sides will continue to firmly support each other on issues involving each other's core interests and major concerns. Syria firmly adheres to the one-China principle, recognizes that the government of the People's Republic of China is the only legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. It supports China in safeguarding national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, resolutely opposes any force interfering in China's internal affairs, and supports The Chinese government has made all efforts to achieve national reunification; it firmly supports China's position on Hong Kongrelated issues and China's efforts to safeguard national security under the "one country, two systems" framework. It firmly believes that Hong Kong affairs are purely China's internal affairs and strongly condemns interference from external forces. Hong Kong affairs and illegal acts in China's internal affairs; firmly supports China's position on Xinjiang-related issues, reiterates that Xinjiang-related issues are not human rights issues, but anti-violent terrorism, de-radicalization and anti-separatism issues. Syria firmly supports China's anti-terrorism and de-terrorism efforts. We must work hard and resolutely oppose interference in China's internal affairs under the pretext of Xinjiang-related issues". In turn, "China firmly supports Syria in safeguarding its national independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, supports the Syrian people in taking a development path that suits their national conditions, supports the policies and measures adopted by the Syrian government to safeguard national security, stability and development, and opposes external forces interfering in Syria. internal affairs, undermine the security and stability of Syria, oppose the illegal military presence in Syria, conduct illegal military operations, illegal plunder of Syria's natural resources, and urge relevant countries to immediately lift all illegal unilateral sanctions on Syria". Endorsing China's initiatives it said: "Syria highly values and actively supports the global development initiative, global security initiative and global civilization initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China". Syria highly appreciated "China's diplomatic efforts in promoting the restoration of diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran, and thanks China for its positive contribution to promoting the resolution of hot-spot issues in the Middle East and maintaining peace and stability in the Middle East" and both "resolutely oppose all forms of hegemonism and power politics, including the implementation of illegal unilateral sanctions and restrictive measures against other countries, promote the building of a new type of international relations, and work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind."

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CONVEYS IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS TO MEETING ON 'WORK OF THE GENERAL OFFICE IN THE NEW ERA'
Xinhua (September 14) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping "recently issued important instructions on the work of the General Office of the New Era, pointing out that the party committee and the general office of the government occupy a special important position and shoulder the responsibilities in the party and state governance system. Important responsibilities and missions". The National Party Committee and Government Secretary- General Meeting was held in Beijing from September 13 to 14. Politburo Standing Committee member and Director of the CCP CC General Office Cai Qi attended the meeting and conveyed Xi Jinping's important instructions and delivered a speech. Cai Qi stressed that 'it is necessary to further deeply understand the decisive significance of the "two establishments", take the lead in achieving the "two maintenances", closely follow the goals and tasks set by the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, strengthen political responsibility, effectively improve political control capabilities, and better fulfil the implementation goals'. State Councillor and Secretary-General of the State Council Wu Zhenglong made the concluding speech.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING HOLDS CEREMONY AT GREAT HALL OF THE PEOPLE TO WELCOME PRESIDENT OF VENEZUELA
The Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily; September 13) reported that on September 13, President Xi Jinping held a ceremony in the square outside the east gate of the Great Hall of the People to welcome Nicolás Maduro Moros, President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, who is on a state visit to China. Peng Liyuan, wife of President Xi Jinping, Wang Yi, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and director of the Office of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission, and others attended the welcome ceremony.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CCTV REPORTS AT LENGTH ON CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SPEECH IN HARBIN, HEILONGJIANG ON SEPTEMBER 7 & 8 AND INSPECTED 78TH GROUP ARMY
CCTV (September 9) telecast a lengthy report on Chinese President Xi Jinping's "important" speech delivered at Harbin in Heilongjiang on September 7. He emphasised hard work, and said 'The role of national food security as a "ballast stone" has been further consolidated, and the foundation of industrial security has been continuously consolidated, the role of energy security has been continuously strengthened, ecological security barriers have been continuously built, national defense security capabilities have been steadily improved, and reform and opening up have taken on a new look. Xi Jinping said, 'we must not relax our goals, dare to venture out, dare to work hard, and work hard to find a new path of high-quality development and sustainable revitalization, and strive to write a new chapter in the comprehensive revitalization of Northeast China'. Politburo Standing Committee members Cai Qi and Ding Xuexiang attended the symposium. At the symposium, Director of the National Development and Reform Commission Zheng Shajie, Liaoning Provincial Party Committee Secretary Hao Peng, Jilin Provincial Party Committee Secretary Jing Junhai, Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee Secretary Xu Qin, and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee Secretary Sun Shaocheng spoke successively, reporting on the work to promote the comprehensive revitalization of Northeast China. situation, and provide opinions and suggestions.
ii) According to Tibet Daily and People's Daily (September 10 and September 11 respectively), Chinese President Xi Jinping during his visit to Harbin inspected the 78th Group Army on September 8, where he gave an "important" speech and emphasised the need to 'thoroughly implement the idea of a strong army in the new era, carry out the military strategic policy in the new era, innovate the way of construction, management and operational application of the group army, comprehensively improve the army's ability to prepare for war and effectively fulfil the mission entrusted by the Party and the people'. The People's Daily article headlined 'Xi calls for stronger military combat readiness' said CMC Vice Chairman General Zhang Youxia and other senior military officers were present during the inspection.
iii) The People's Daily (September 11) published a commentary titled 'Embark on a new path of high-quality development and sustainable revitalization——On studying and implementing General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the symposium on promoting the comprehensive revitalization of Northeast China in the new era' on Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech at the symposium on promoting the comprehensive revitalization of Northeast China in the new era in Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS GREETINGS TO CHINA'S TEACHERS
CCTV (September 9) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping sent his and the CCP's greetings and "sincere blessings" to The National Symposium of Outstanding Teacher Representatives held in Beijing on September 9 on the occasion of the 39th Teachers' Day. Politburo Standing Committee Member Ding Xuexiang attended the meeting and conveyed Xi Jinping’s letter and Chinese Premier Li Qiang’s instructions and speech. It said that Gao Mingxuan, honorary first-class professor of Renmin University of China, Gu Mingyuan, senior professor of Beijing Normal University, Cai Xiaoxiong, principal of Hangzhou No. 2 Middle School in Zhejiang Province, He Kebin, professor of Tsinghua University, Xu Zhiliang, vice president of Shenzhen Information Vocational and Technical College, Tong Meng of Bachu County, Kashgar Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Kindergarten principal Amyraguli Abdul, principal Zhang Li of Qiyin School in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, and Yan Lianfu, dean of the School of Marxism at Xi'an Jiaotong University, spoke successively.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO MEMBER AND VICE PREMIER ZHANG GUOQING VISITED TIBET FROM SEPTEMBER 5-7, 2023
Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Guoqing visited Nyingchi (opposite Arunachal Pradesh) and Tibet's capital Lhasa from September 5-7, 2023. Xinhua (September 9) quoted Zhang Guoqing as emphasising that "SoEs must thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions on Tibet work and the Party’s strategy for governing Tibet in the new era, closely adhere to the main line of forging a strong sense of the Chinese national

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER AND CPPCC CHAIRMAN WANG HUNING ELECTED PRESIDENT OF CHINA ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTION OF PEACEFUL REUNIFICATION
The first council meeting of the 10th China Association for the Promotion of Peaceful Reunification was held in Beijing on September 11 where Politburo Standing Committee member and CPPCC Chairman Wang Huning was elected President, and Shi Taifeng, Vice Chairman of the CPPCC and Director of the CCP CC UFWD, was elected Executive Vice President.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA PLANS TO SEND VICE PRESIDENT HAN ZHENG INSTEAD OF FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI TO UNGA SESSION LATER THIS MONTH
The Wall Street Journal (September 8) reported that China is planning to send Chinese Vice President Han Zheng to an annual United Nations meeting of government leaders later this month, instead of sending its Foreign Minister Wang Yi. It said Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi was expected to attend the U.N. General Assembly, which starts on September 19, when he would have detailed discussions to prepare for Xi Jinping’s trip to attend the APEC Summit in San Francisco in November. (Comment: The Wall Street Journal also noted that China’s Ministry of State Security, whose stature within the Chinese bureaucracy has been significantly elevated by Xi Jinping, recently and uncharacteristically opined on U.S.-China relations, usually the foreign ministry’s domain. A September 3 social media posting by it criticised the U.S. and hinted that Xi Jinping might not go to APEC in San Francisco unless Washington shows “sufficient sincerity.”)

Sep 2023

CHINESE LEADERSHIP: 83-YEAR FORMER CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER RESURFACES AS POLITBURO MEMBER, DIRECTOR OF CCP CC'S FOREIGN AFFAIRS OFFICE AND FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI HAS NOT BEEN SEEN FOR OVER 2 WEEKS
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who is also a member of the Politburo and Director of the CCP CC's Foreign Affairs Office, has not been seen in public since before the G-20. He did not visit India prior to or for the G-20 and will not be going to New Yor for the UNGA. It is rumoured that he has been instructed to write a 'self-criticism' at home. Meanwhile, 83-year old Li Zhaoxing who was China's Foreign Minister from 2003-2007, resurfaced as leader of the Chinese delegation for the 7th China-Australia High Level Dialogue that opened in Beijing on September 7.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE DEFENCE MINISTER LI SHANGFU HAS BEEN MISSING FROM PUBLIC VIEW SINCE AUGUST 29
Reuters (via Channel News Asia) reported on September 15 that Beijing claimed Li Shangfu had a “health condition” just before he went missing, cancelling a meeting in Vietnam at the last moment. That cancelled meeting was apparently discussed with Biden while he was in Vietnam. Chinese Defence Minister, State Councillor and Member of the Central Military Commission, Li Shangfu, has been missing from public view since August 29, 2023. Appointed to the Central Military Commission in October last year he was appointed Defense Minister and State Councillor in March 2023. He was formerly Deputy Commander of the PLA Strategic Support Force (SSF). A U.S. government official hinted it is likely Li Shangfu's absence is related to corruption. (Comment: Li Shangfu is a military 'princeling' and was picked up by Chinese President Xi Jinping. If he is under investigation, he would be the second Xi Jinping protege to be in trouble -- the first being former Foreign Minister Qin Gang.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: THREAD BOUND FIRST AND SECOND VOLUMES OF CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SELECTED READINGS PUBLISHED FOR NATIONWIDE DISTRIBUTION
The state-owned CCTV (September 11) reported that after approval by the CCP CC Propaganda Department the thread-bound volumes of the first and second volumes of "Selected Readings of Xi Jinping's Works" have been jointly published by Thread-bound Bookstore and People's Publishing House and will be distributed nationwide from now on. This thread-bound book is based on the first and second volumes of "Selected Readings of Xi Jinping's Works" published by the People's Publishing House in April 2023.

Sep 2023

CHINA-GLOBAL GOVERNANCE: CHINA'S FOREIGN MINISTRY ISSUES 'PROPOSAL OF PRC ON REFORM AND DEVELOPMENT OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE'
China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) on September 13 released a manifesto outlining China's vision for global governance entitled “Proposal of the People’s Republic of China on the Reform and Development of Global Governance.” The proposal is the clearest articulation we’ve seen of what Xi Jinping’s global governance philosophy looks like in practice. The first three sections expound on Xi’s Global Security, Development, and Civilization Initiatives, by: i) Articulating China’s position on specific security issues, from the war in Ukraine to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, to nuclear security and counterterrorism ii) Calling for synergy between Chinese, foreign, and UN-led development initiatives, more balance and equity in global development, support for globalization, and efforts to fight climate change and food insecurity; and iii) Rejecting so-called “universal values” and a one-size-fits-all definition of human rights in favour of respect for sovereignty and national circumstances The document also calls for multilateral management of emerging technologies and pushes cooperation in cyberspace, rejects a politicized “small yard, high fence” approach to tech, and calls to harness AI for common development. Finally, it proposes reforms to global governance, including: Better prioritizing developing world interests; Reforming the UN Security Council; and Improving macroeconomic coordination. (Comment: Regardless of the adverse international environment and pressure on its ecoonomy, China under Xi Jinping seems intent on pushing forward Chinese President Xi Jinping's initiatives of GSI, GDI, GC and the BRI.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE ON EXAGGERATING ROLE OF LEADERS TO EXTREME LEVELS CENSORED AND DELETED WITHIN 24 HOURS
On September 3, 2023, an article titled "People's Daily: Exaggerating the Personal Role of Leaders to an Extreme Level will Lead to Superstitious Belief in the Individual" (人⺠日报:

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: WANG ZHI APPOINTED VICE PRESIDENT OF UNIVERSITY OF NATIONALITIES OF CHINA
The "School Leadership" website of the Nationalities University of China (Minzu university) showed (September 11) that 1965-born Wang Zhi has been appointed as a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee and Vice President of the University for Nationalities of China. (Comment: He has worked at CCTV for a long time, serving as reporter and host of the "Son of the East" column, reporter, and host of "Investigative News", and producer, host and reporter of "Face to Face". According to media reports, Wang Zhi has a sharp hosting style, rational and critical but not frivolous questioning. The CCP CC Organisation Department in October 2008, appointed Wang Zhi as Deputy Mayor of Lijiang City, Yunnan Province. He also served as Deputy Director of the Information Office of the Yunnan Provincial Government and Deputy Director of the External Publicity Office of the Propaganda Department of the Provincial Party Committee.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: YAN XIAOMING APPOINTED CHAIRMAN OF CHINA TELEVISION ASSOCIATION
Yan Xiaoming was elected Chairman of China Television Association. Yan Xiaoming was born in July 1962 in Dingxiang, Shanxi. He started working in August 1983 and joined the Communist Party of China in February 1993. Yan Xiaoming graduated from Shanxi University in 1983 and has worked for the People's Daily for a long time. He served as Director of the editorial department of the Shanxi Reporter Station of the People's Daily, the deputy director and chief of the Beijing Reporter Station, and the Director of the Beijing Branch of the People's Daily. In 2018, Yan Xiaoming served as deputy director and party member of the China Central Radio and Television Station. In 2019, he served as Vice President of the China Federation of Radio and Television Social Organizations.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: CHEN BINHUA NEW SPOKESMAN OF TAIWAN AFFAIRS OFFICE OF STATE COUNCIL
Chen Binhua has been appointed the new spokesman of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council. In his first press conference on September 13, he said "I had also been stationed in Taiwan for many years, and I am old friends with some of the reporters here". (Comment: He was born in September 1971 and is from Zhao'an County, Fujian Province. From 1989 to 1993, he studied in the Chinese Department of Xiamen University, and from 2002 to 2005, he studied in the postgraduate course in Communication Studies of the School of Journalism and Communication of Peking University (on-the-job). From 1993 to 2016, he worked at the Xinhua News Agency Head Office, mainly engaged in cross-strait news and central government current affairs news reporting.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CCP CC AND STATE COUNCIL JOINTLY ISSUE 21-POINT PROPOSAL ON TAIWAN
CCTV (September 12) reported that the CCP CC and the State Council recently issued the "Opinions on Supporting Fujian to Explore a New Road for Cross-Strait Integrated Development and Build a Cross-Strait Integrated Development Demonstration Zone" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"). The "Opinions", which recommended 21 proposals, pointed out that resolving the Taiwan issue and realizing the complete reunification of the motherland are the unswerving historical tasks of the Communist Party of China, the common aspiration of all Chinese people, and the inevitable requirement for realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Fujian has a unique position and role in the overall work on Taiwan. The "Opinions" require that we must be guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, adhere to the Party's overall strategy for solving the Taiwan issue in the new era, practice the concept of "both sides of the Taiwan Straits are one family", and highlight the need to promote integration through communication, promote integration through benefits, and promote integration through benefits. Promote integration with affection and strive to build a demonstration zone for cross-strait integrated development in Fujian. Discussing trade and development it said, "trade and investment have become smoother, and exchanges and cooperation have expanded to wider areas and deeper levels; Xiamen The demonstration effect of integrated development with Kinmen, Fuzhou and Matsu continues to emerge, and the Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone fully exerts its role in integrating Taiwan." It extended an invitation to Taiwan TV and media houses to come to Fujian and Taiwanese businessmen to take advantage of the benefits offered by Beijing. It emphasised the Hakka connections of the two peoples. Most importantly, it asserts that the Fujian CP will exercise control on all these activities. ii) A China Daily (September 13) editorial captioned 'Integrated development answer to Taiwan question' was published the next day. iii) On September 14, at the State Council Information Office held a press conference on the "Opinions", Cong Liang, Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), said Fujian has the engineering and technical capabilities to connect the expressways between Fujian and Taiwan. He added "We are willing to strengthen cross-Strait cooperation in the energy field and jointly promote the green transformation and development of cross-Strait energy." (Comment: The initiative is undoubtedly mooted by the CCP CC UFWD and its objectives are to: undermine Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's 'Southbound Policy' of persuading Taiwanese business to disengage from the China market and look elsewhere including the huge India market; encourage Taiwanese businessmen to reside in Fujian and do business there; merge Kinmen, Fuzhou and Matsu with the Xiamen SEZ; offer Taiwan's media the benefits and profits of the China market while trying to influence Taiwan's media, etc.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINA MAINTAINS MILITARY PRESSURE ON TAIWAN AS IT EXTENDS OLIVE BRANCH
68 PLA aircraft and 10 PLA Navy vessels around Taiwan were detected by 6 a.m. (UTC+8) on September 14. 40 of the detected aircraft had crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait and entered Taiwan's southwest or southeast ADIZ.

Sep 2023

CHINA-NPC: NPC RELEASED 130-ITEM LEGISLATURE PLAN FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS
Caixin (September 9) reported that China's National People's Congress had on September 8, released a 130-item legislative plan for the next five years, including revisions to the criminal code, as the government seeks to enshrine more tools of national governance into law. The 130 proposed projects include drafting of new laws and amendments to existing laws.

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ISSUES NEW REGULATIONS LISTING PROHIBITIONS FOR SCIENTISTS AND MANDATING THAT 2/3RD OF THEIR TIME MUST BE SPENT ON S&T RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Beijing Daily (September 6) reported that a new Code of Conduct for members of China's Academy Sciences (CAS) which prohibits participation in casual social activities and expressing opinions outside their field of expertise was released on September 6, 2023. It prohibits participation in activities other than those of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, departments and academic groups, and academic journals in the name of academicians. It prohibits participation in various casual and social activities and setting up of non-academic activity venues named after “academicians”. The regulations additionally prohibit them from publicly expressing academic opinions unrelated to one's own professional field or to participate in consultation, review, evaluation, evaluation, recommendation and other activities that have nothing to do with one's job responsibilities and professional fields. It also prohibits members of CAS from violating the principles of fairness and confidentiality in activities such as recommendation, review, appraisal and awards or to recommend individuals, have improper contacts and exchanges of interests with candidates; accept gifts under various names or have sexual meetings and events, etc. It also prohibits disclosure to others in any way of the discussions, evaluations, complaints, investigation and handling opinions on candidates, election results, etc. during the selection process and prohibits the disclosure of any information about the entire co-option process to the public without authorization. In addition to specifying work-norms, it mandates that working academicians must spend two-thirds of their time on scientific and technological innovation and R&D activities.

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY VICE PRESIDENT OF CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL'S INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES HIGHLIGHTING CHINA'S 'COMMUNITY WITH A SHARED FUTURE'
The Guangming Daily (September 12) published an article captioned 'Join hands to promote the implementation of the "three major global initiatives" and lead human development towards a bright future' authored by Wu Zhicheng, Researcher at the Central Party School and Vice President of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. He invoked 'General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that today’s world is a community with a shared future in which everyone prospers, and everyone suffers. What people of all countries long for is not a "new cold war" or a "small circle", but a world of lasting peace and universal security, a world of common prosperity, openness, inclusiveness, cleanness and beauty' and claimed "By initiating the establishment of financial institutions such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the BRICS New Development Bank, and the Silk Road Fund, we have helped solve the dilemma of the global development mechanism, strengthened global development momentum, enhanced global development resilience, and promoted the democratization and fairness of the global development mechanism, becoming a promoting the backbone of global development governance." He said, "The Global Development Initiative, Global Security Initiative and Global Civilization Initiative are all international public goods provided by China, and they are also important developments and practical expansions of the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind." He added that "The BRICS countries are an important force in shaping the international landscape and are active promoters of the implementation of the "three major global initiatives" and had always upheld the principle of "openness".

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: ACFTU PARTY GROUP HOLDS ENLARGED MEETING TO STUDY EXCERPTS OF XI JINPING'S DISCOURSES ON THE WORKING CLASS AND TRADE UNION WORK
The All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) Party Group held an enlarged meeting in Beijing on September 12 to study "Excerpts of Xi Jinping's Discourses on the Working Class and Trade Union Work". Wang Dongming, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and Chairman of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, delivered a speech and Xu Liuping, Secretary, Vice Chairman and First Secretary of the Secretariat of the ACFTU, presided over the enlarged meeting of the ACFTU Party Group and made arrangements for the study, publicity and implementation of the "Excerpts of Discourses". The meeting pointed out that "Excerpts of Discourses" is an authoritative reading and the latest textbook for studying, publicizing and implementing General Secretary Xi Jinping's important discussions on the working class and trade union work. The meeting emphasized that the ACFTU and trade unions at all levels must accurately grasp the rich connotation and core essence of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on the working class and trade union work."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: RED FLAG PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY CHINA'S DIRECTOR OF ECONOMIC FORECASTING DEPARTMENT SAYING CHINA'S ECONOMY IS RESILIENT AND "HAS GREAT POTENTIAL"
The Director of the Economic Forecasting Department Zhang Yuxxian, wrote an article in Hongqi (Red Flag; 2017/13; September 13) captioned 'Promote the economy to achieve effective qualitative improvement and reasonable quantitative growth' on "qualitative and efficient improvement of the economy", which claimed that the "economic system continues to improve,...economic resilience continues to strengthen". The author claimed "Since the beginning of this year, China's economic performance has generally recovered and improved, laying a good foundation for achieving the goals and tasks throughout the year. Although the domestic economy is facing new challenges due to the complex and severe impact of the external environment, our country's economy is highly resilient, has great potential, and is full of vitality."

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PBOC ANNOUNCES 0.25 PERCENTAGE POINT CUT IN FINANCIAL INSTITUTION RESERVE REQUIREMENT RATIO TO HELP ECONOMIC RECOVERY
As an official of the People's Bank of China (PBoC) said China's economy is experiencing sustained recovery, with internal forces powering economic growth continuing to strengthen and social expectations continuing to improve, the PBoC announced on September 14 that it will cut the financial-institution reserve requirement ratio (RRR) by 0.25 percentage points from September 15 to consolidate the foundation for economic recovery and keep liquidity
reasonably ample. The reduction is the second RRR cut this year, and it is expected to release over 500 billion yuan (about 69.56 billion U.S. dollars) in medium and long-term liquidity.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: TIANJIN PUBLIC TRANSPORT COMPANY HAS DELAYED PAYMENT OF SALARY AND BENEFITS TO ITS STAFF
Caixin (September 14) disclosed that Tianjin's public transport company, the Tianjin Transportation Group, has delayed payment of salaries and benefits to its bus drivers and staff in Tianjin sparking concerns over the public transport system’s financial health in the city of 13.6 million people near Beijing. Employees of Tianjin Transportation Group filed complaints online in recent months about delayed payments, drawing wide public attention. An employee told Caixin that the company missed salary payments to bus drivers and other staffers since June. It also suspended social welfare payments since August.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S NATIONAL STATISTICS BUREAU DATA SHOWED LARGE INCREASE IN CHINA'S RURAL-URBAN INCOME GAP
Nikkei Asia (September 9) reported that China's income gap has grown to the widest it has ever been since records began, as the average household income of the top 20% in urban areas reaches 6.3 times of the lowest 20%. Citing data released by China’s National Bureau of Statistics, it said the income gap in urban areas has worsened since 2015, when the top 20% earned 5.3 times more than the bottom 20%. The disparity in rural areas grew to a four-year high of 9.2 times in 2022. Data showed that income growth among the top 20% earners in urban areas grew at a faster pace of 4.5% in 2022 from the previous year, compared with just 1.3% among the bottom 20%.

Sep 2023

CHINA--ANTI-CORRUPTION: WALL STREET JOURNAL REPORTS MORE THAN 190 CHIEFS OF HOSPITALS ARE UNDER INVESTIGATION IN CHINA
The Wall Street Journal (September 14) reported that Chinese Communist Party enforcers have steamrolled through hospitals and medical institutions across China, detaining more than 190 hospital party chiefs, directors and deputy directors—incumbent and former—so far this year. It said One Chinese state-run newspaper said the number of top hospital administrators taken into custody this year is already more than double the total detained in all of 2022.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: FORMER CHAIRMAN OF CHINA LIFE INSURANCE SENTENCED TO DEATH WITH 2-YEAR REPRIEVE FOR CORRUPTION
Caixin (September 13) disclosed that Wang Bin, a former Chairman of China Life Insurance (Group) Co., was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve for bribery and concealing overseas deposits by a court in Jinan, Shandong province. He received a suspended death sentence for accepting bribes totalling 325 million yuan ($44.6 million) and a one-year jail term for illegally concealing 54.2 million yuan in overseas deposits. It said the court granted him reprieve after he admitted guilt, and the death penalty will be commuted to life imprisonment at the end of the reprieve with no parole. All of Wang’s personal property will be confiscated.

Sep 2023

CHINA-RELIGION: SICHUAN MINISTER OF UFWD MEETS STUDENTS AND MONKS AT CHINA TIBETAN ADVANCED BUDDHIST COLLEGE
In its news telecast Kangba TV (September 4) reported that Zhao Junmin, member of the Standing Committee of the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee and Minister of the United Front Work Department, met 21 Torampa students from Sichuan at the China Tibetan Advanced Buddhist College and some representatives of young monks, and presented them with admission notices and certificates for outstanding achievements. The students joined in 2022 and 2023. He congratulated them on being admitted to the highest institution of Tibetan Buddhism. Zhao Junmin pointed out that the Torampa senior academic title is the highest academic title in modern Tibetan Buddhist education. He asked the students to 'cherish learning opportunities, carry forward the glorious tradition of patriotism and religion in Tibetan Buddhism, and be "politically reliable, religiously accomplished, and morally able to convince the public". He said qualified monks in the new era who work at critical times must contribute to the advancement of the Sinicization of Tibetan Buddhism. Zhao Junmin emphasized that 'we must deeply understand and grasp General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on religious work, completely, accurately and comprehensively implement the party’s policy on freedom of religious belief, respect the people’s religious beliefs, manage religious affairs in accordance with the law, adhere to the principle of independence and self-management, and actively guide religious adapt to the socialist society'. He encouraged the students to be patriotic and religious, and to be defenders of "inner purity". He said they should 'love the Party sincerely,
love the country openly, love the teaching and love the truth, resolutely resist domination and interference by foreign forces, and always stand by the side of the Party and the people. Second, we must abide by the law and keep the precepts and be a practitioner of "inner beauty". Consciously abide by the law, adhere to the precepts as teachers, be honest and upright, resolutely resist illegal preaching, corruption and other violations of the precepts, and continue to improve the teaching style and appearance. Third, we must keep pace with the times and be a demonstrator of "inner openness". Adhere to the Sinicization of Tibetan Buddhism, continuously strengthen the recognition of the great motherland, the Chinese nation, Chinese culture, the Communist Party of China, and socialism with Chinese characteristics, and effectively build a sense of the community of the Chinese nation. Fourth, we must benefit all living beings and be the guardian of "inner health." Vigorously advocate advocating thrift and avoiding extravagance, cultivate the virtue of cherishing blessings and things, maintaining the true nature of being content with few desires and being indifferent to fame and fortune, and consciously resisting unhealthy ethos such as comparison, luxury, ostentation, and commercialization in temple construction and Buddhist activities'. (Comment: Zhao Junmin made no reference to the Dalai Lama or the "Dalai clique".)

Sep 2023

CHINA-RELIGION: CHINA ENFORCES IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW 'ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES FOR RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY VENUES'
From August 15 to 23, Pastor Gao Feng, Chair of the Board of Supervisors of the National Two Christian Associations, namely the Three-Self Church and China Christian Council (which supervises education and organization of Three-Self-affiliated Protestant churches), led a team to inspect Christian communities in Anhui, Shaanxi, and Guangxi. The stated aim of the inspection tour was to make sure that the new “Administrative Measures for Religious Activity Venues” (which came into force from September 1) are understood and put into practice without delays or exceptions, to curb “extravagances,” which in Three-Self jargon means attempts by the very different Protestant communities forcibly united into a single national church to keep something of their history and distinctiveness, and to remind churches that it is illegal for minors to attend religious activities.

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA PARTY COMMITTEE GROUP MEETING ADDRESSED BY TAR PARTY SECRETARY
On September 11, TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzhen addressed the PLA Party Committee Group Meeting. TMR Military Commander Wang Kai and TMR Political Commissar attended the meeting and also delivered speeches. Others present were: Ang Wang; Yang Meng; Zhang Yongmin; Yue Ande; Tan Silong; Qiu Dalin; Li Shizhong; and Sun Changyi.

Sep 2023

CHINA--PLA: PLA EDITORIAL URGES OFFICERS TO CONDUCT FIELD STUDIES UNDERSTAND REAL-LIFE PROBLEMS OF SOLDIERS AND INNOVATE SOLUTIONS
A PLA Daily editorial on September 12 addressed the importance of conducting field studies as an effort by the top brass to rebuild the army’s traditions and improve combat readiness. The South China Morning Post quoted the PLA editorial as calling on Department heads and Communist Party leaders of PLA units to conduct field studies, understand the real-life problems of soldiers on the front lines and come up with innovative solutions. It said senior officers must hear directly from grass-roots soldiers instead of relying on information collected from second-hand sources. The editorial said, “Members of the Central Military Commission should take the lead in carrying out investigations and research by organising seminars and exchange [activities],” and “[Senior officers] must say no to formalism and bureaucracy, and follow a simple and frugal [work] style with a humble and prudent mindset in conducting investigation and research.” The South China Morning Post quoted a retired PLA officer who declined to be identified as saying: “There is another, stronger anti-graft storm hitting the army, as corruption is being uncovered through the investigations, but the most urgent issue is about improving combat readiness. China is facing complicated and tough security challenges at home and abroad, so Xi has gone back to the ‘stay close to the people’ approach once championed by Mao Zedong – a long-held PLA tradition – to boost morale in the military.” Ni Lexiong, a former PLA officer and presently Professor at Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, said "In Mao’s era, he wanted senior PLA cadres to work and live with grass- roots troops regularly, which really enhanced military morale. But this was basically abandoned during the Cultural Revolution. Superficial or window-dressing inspections won’t work. The Central Military Commission needs to establish a regular mechanism so the top

Sep 2023

CHINA-SHAANXI: TWO NPC VICE CHAIRMEN SPEAK AT NPC SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION WORK SYMPOSIUM IN XI'AN ON SEPTEMBER 11-12
The National People's Congress Social Construction Work Symposium was held in Xi'an, Shaanxi, from September 11 to 12. Wang Dongming and Zheng Jianbang, Vice Chairmen of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, attended the meeting and delivered speeches. Zhao Yide, Secretary of the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress, delivered a speech. Yang Zhenwu, Chairman of the Social Construction Committee of the National People's Congress, presided over the meeting and made a concluding speech. Yuan Yubai and Qin Shengxiang, deputy directors of the Social Construction Committee of the National People's Congress, attended the meeting. Wang Dongming emphasized that "we must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, deeply understand the decisive significance of the "two establishments", continuously strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", and achieve "two safeguards" , firmly grasp the correct direction of the National People's Congress's social construction work. We must persist in focusing on the center and serving the overall situation." Shaanxi Party Secretary Zhao Yide said that this symposium was held in Shaanxi, providing "us with a valuable opportunity to learn from advanced technologies at close range and learn from each other's strengths. We will take this opportunity to thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on social construction and the important instructions of his important speech during his inspection in Shaanxi. We will adhere to the theme of promoting high-quality development, focus on narrowing the urban-rural gap, regional gaps and income gaps, and insist on putting the people first".

Sep 2023

CHINA-SHANGHAI: SHANGHAI PARTY SECRETARY CHEN JINING MET NYU PRESIDENT ON SEPTEMBER 11
Xinmin Evening News (September 11) reported that Shanghai Party Secretary Chen Jining met Ms Linda Mills, President of New York University, and her delegation on September 11. He assured that 'Shanghai will continue to provide all aspects of convenience and comprehensive services to support NYU Shanghai in carrying out teaching, scientific research, student training and other tasks, and play a better role in promoting cultural exchanges between China and the United States and enhancing mutual understanding between China and the United States'. Shanghai Vice Mayor Li Zheng attended the meeting.

Sep 2023

CHINA-YUNNAN: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, STATE ETHNIC AFFAIRS COMMISSION AND CYL HOLD MEETING ON EDUCATION IN KUNMING
i) On September 11, China's Ministry of Education, the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, and the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League held a promotion meeting on the education work to build a strong sense of the Chinese nation’s community in schools in Kunming.
ii) Also on September 11, Yunnan Province and the Ministry of Education held a meeting in Kunming and signed a strategic cooperation agreement. Wang Ning, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, presided over the meeting, Huai Jinpeng, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and Minister of the Ministry of Education, delivered a speech, and Wang Yubo, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor attended.

Sep 2023

CHINA-QINGHAI: COUNTY LEVEL CADRE ZHANG FENG EARMARKED FOR HIGHER POSITION BY QINGHAI PARTY ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT
The Organization Department of the Qinghai Provincial Party Committee issued a pre- appointment announcement for provincial party committee management cadres on September 11. Mentioned among them was Zhang Feng, (Han nationality) born in May 1971, a member of the Communist Party of China, a graduate student of the Provincial Party School, and currently a member of the Standing Committee of the Hainan Prefecture Party Committee and the Secretary of the Gonghe County Party Committee. He has been earmarked for higher positions. Described as having "very high work requirements and a strict work style" it said "If he finds that any work is not done as required, he will point it out on the spot and criticize the relevant cadres mercilessly. He often goes directly to investigate without saying hello and listened to people's evaluation of cadres".

Sep 2023

CHINA-TIBET: TIBET MILITARY REGION'S 11TH PARTY COMMITTEE "RECENTLY" HELD ITS FIRST PLENARY SESSION IN LHASA
Tibet Daily and CCTV reported (September 11) that TAR Party Secretary Wang Junzheng attended the "recent" first plenary session of the 11th Party Committee of the Tibet Military Region and delivered a speech. The key points and outcomes of the 11th plenary session of the Party Committee of the Tibet Military Region in Lhasa were: (i) Adherence to Xi Jinping's Thought: The session emphasized the importance of adhering to Xi Jinping's Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and Xi Jinping's Thoughts on Strengthening the Army as the guiding principles for Tibet’s development. (ii) Mission and Contribution: The attendees were encouraged to stay true to their original mission, which includes maintaining stability and promoting the high-quality development of Tibet. They were urged to unite and work together to make new and significant contributions. (iii) Congratulations on the Congress: Wang Junzheng congratulated the successful convening of the 11th Congress of the Tibet Military Region of the Communist Party of China. He highlighted that this Congress set clear goals for implementing Xi Jinping's thoughts on strengthening the army. (iv) New Leadership Team: The session elected a new leadership team for the Party Committee of the Military Region and the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Military Region, providing organizational support for future development. (v) Achievements of the Past Five Years: The Party Committee of the Military Region highlighted its achievements over the past five years, including participation in local economic and social construction, military-civilian unity, and the defence of national sovereignty and territorial integrity. (vi)New Mission: With the beginning of a new era, the Tibet Military Region is embarking on a new journey to strengthen and rejuvenate the army, with a focus on border security and stability. (vii) Political Loyalty: The leaders stressed the importance of absolute loyalty to the Communist Party, maintaining a strong political stance, and putting loyalty to the Party above all else. (viii) Military Strategy: The session emphasized the implementation of the military strategy for the new era, including enhancing the quality of training and promoting border infrastructure construction. (ix) Party's Strategy for Tibet: The leaders committed to implementing the Party's strategy for governing Tibet in the new era and contributing to the region's high-quality economic and social development. They highlighted the importance of maintaining social stability and national unity. (x) Unity with the People: The session emphasized the importance of unity between the military, the government, the army, and the people. It called for activities to build a harmonious community, support families in need, and promote ecological and clean development in Tibet. (xi) Rule of Law: The session stresses the importance of implementing the strategy of governing the army according to the law. This involves promoting the rule of law within the military, using legal thinking and principles to guide decision-making and operations, and ensuring that military governance follows a path of legality. This includes strengthening the supervision of laws and regulations to ensure compliance. (xii) Strict Governance: The session commits to continuing the strict governance of the army, which involves implementing the eight provisions of the Central Committee and the associated detailed rules. This emphasizes the importance of maintaining discipline, adhering to party principles, and preserving the core values of the People's Liberation Army. (xiii) Support for National Defense: It is emphasized that party committees and governments at all levels should actively support the construction of national defense and the military. This support includes addressing the interests of officers and soldiers, managing veterans' affairs, promoting dual support (strengthening the relationship between the military and the civilian sectors), and enhancing national defense education. These efforts are intended to improve the quality and efficiency of the military. And (xiv) People's War in the New Era: The session underscores the need to mobilize a magnificent force to win the people's war in the new era. This reflects the concept of the "people's war" in modern warfare, where the support and participation of the civilian population are crucial for success.

In addition, Yin Hongxing, Secretary of the Party Committee and Political Commissar of the Tibet Military Region, and Wang Kai, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee and Commander of the Tibet Military Region, delivered speeches, elaborating on the specific strategies and priorities for the region's military development and governance. These speeches collectively emphasize the importance of maintaining discipline, adhering to legal principles, and ensuring strong support from both the military and civilian sectors for the defense and development of the Tibet Military Region. Also present were: Ang Wang; Yang Meng; Zhang Yongmin; Yue Ande; Tan Silong; Qiu Dalin; Li Shizhong; and Sun Changyi.

Sep 2023

CHINA-TIBET: LENGTHY TIBET DAILY ARTICLE INDICATES THAT TAR AUTHORITIES ARE GIVING INCREASED IMPORTANCE TO CYBERSECURITY
Within days of Vice Premier Zhang Guoqing's visit (September 5-7) to Tibet, the Tibet Daily (September 10) published a 2300-word article titled 'Protecting a harmonious and happy Tibet attending school. It said "over the past 20 years, the central government has built a large number of high-quality boarding schools in rural areas to ensure that students in the countryside receive quality education. In fact, building rural boarding schools has become a major livelihood project in China" and "have significantly reduced the dropout rate".

Sep 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF STATE SECURITY THINK-TANK CICIR CRITICISES INDIA ACCUSING IT OF ATTEMPTS TO SABOTAGE G-20
Xu Qin, an assistant researcher at CICIR, published an article titled "India's 'Big Plan' and 'Little Thoughts'" on the official WeChat account of the Chinese Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) on September 9. It pointed out that since India took over the G20 rotating presidency on December 1 last year, it has held more than 220 related conferences and activities in nearly 60 cities in an attempt to show India to the international community. In order to develop the country and enhance its international image, the government of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also intends to make this a major diplomatic achievement at home and build momentum for next year's general election. It added "India's intention is clear. It wants to gain international attention by hosting the G20 meeting in the disputed area, in a disguised way, seek 'legitimacy' for its territory and recruit international support." It accused India of pushing its own agenda and causing disagreement. The commentary 'lamented that India held two prior G-20 sessions in disputed territories — one in Arunachal Pradesh that China also claims, and another in Kashmir, contested by Pakistan. CICIR said this has “sabotaged the atmosphere for cooperation at the G-20.” CICIR also accused India of intentionally leaving China and Brazil out in hosting an online event for the Global South in order to build its own influence among the developing countries. New Delhi was also criticized for using the G-20 as a platform to spread the narrative that Beijing is setting up “debt traps” with its loans to developing countries. It said India’s push for its own agenda could “further create divergence and splits, blocking the international community from reaching consensus and substantial achievement, which will eventually damage its own image and cause damage to global development.”

Sep 2023

CHINA-INDIA: POST ON CHINA'S SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORM WEIBO SHOWS FIGHTING BETWEEN INDIAN AND CHINESE TROOPS AT PANGONG TSO
A brief video clip was posted on the popular Chinese social media platform Weibo on September 8 of Indian and Chinese troops fighting in the area of Pangong Tso. (Comment: September 8 was the opening day of the G-20 Summit hosted by India.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-G-20: CHINA DAILY QUOTES CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG'S STATEMENT AT G-20 SUMMIT
China Daily (September 11) said that in his statement at the G-20 Summit at New Delhi, Chinese Premier Li Qiang "called on Group of 20 countries to adhere to solidarity and cooperation and strengthen coordination of macroeconomic policies to deliver confidence in and impetus for economic growth". It said "The summit was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India, which holds the rotating presidency of the G20 this year". It quoted him saying "We need to firmly promote economic globalization and jointly safeguard the stable and unimpeded global industrial and supply chains, working as partners in promoting global openness and cooperation," and that he emphasized the need to resort to unity rather than division, cooperation rather than confrontation, and inclusiveness rather than exclusion. (Comment: Interestingly, Chinese official media reporting on the G-20 Summit was minimal.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-NORTH KOREA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS CONGRATULATORY MESSAGE TO NORTH KOREAN LEADER KIM JONG-UN ON ITS 75TH FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY
Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory message to Kim Jong-un, General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea and Chairman of the State Council, on the 75th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of Korea on September 9.

Sep 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESPERSON DIVULGES CONTENT OF BRIEF EXCHANGE BETWEEN CHINESE PREMIER AND US PRESIDENT AT G-20 SUMMIT
Xinmin Evening News (September 11) reported that when asked about interactions between Chinese Premier Li Qiang and US President Biden at the G-20 Summit, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Mao Ning replied "During his attendance at the G20 Leaders' Summit, Premier Li Qiang had brief exchanges with U.S. President Biden and other leaders of many countries who were present at the venue. Premier Li Qiang emphasized to President Biden that China's development is an opportunity rather than a challenge to the United States, and China and the United States should strengthen exchanges. President Biden said that the United States hopes that China's economy will continue to grow and will not prevent China's economic development".

Sep 2023

CHINA-UK: BRITISH SECURITY SERVICES ARREST TWO PERSONS ON CHARGES OF SPYING FOR CHINA
The Sunday Times (September 10) disclosed that a 28 year old British parliamentary researcher, Chris Cash, has been arrested on suspicion of spying for China in what is alleged to be one of the most damaging breaches of security involving a hostile state at Westminster. It said officers from the Metropolitan Police arrested two men on March 13 on suspicion of offences under section one of the Official Secrets Act 1911. A man in his thirties was arrested at an address in Oxfordshire and a man in his twenties was arrested at an address in Edinburgh. Searches were also carried out at both the residential properties, as well as at a third address in east London. The male suspect, who is in his late twenties, is understood to be linked to a number of senior Tory MPs, including several who are privy to classified or highly sensitive information. They include Tom Tugendhat, the security minister, and Alicia Kearns, the chairman of the Commons foreign affairs committee. A senior Whitehall source was quoted saying: “This is a major escalation by China. We have never seen anything like this before.” The researcher has worked with MPs on international policy, including relations with Beijing, for several years. He previously spent time living and working in China, where security officials fear he may have been recruited as a sleeper agent and sent back to Britain with the intention of infiltrating political networks critical of the Beijing regime. Sky News reported (September 10) that UK PM Rishi Sunak conveyed 'significant concerns' to Li Qiang at G20 about China's interference in UK parliamentary democracy after two men were arrested under the Official Secrets Act amid reports a parliamentary researcher spied for China. British media reports say that more arrests are likely. (Comment: Last year the British security services took the unprecedented step of issuing an alert to MPs naming Christine Lee, an Anglo-Chinese lawyer, as an agent of influence carrying out “political interference activities on behalf of the Chinese Communist Party”. Chris Cash's background is similar to that of Kim Philby -- private schools, wealthy family etc.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-UKRAINE: CHINESE OPERA SINGER SANG A RUSSIAN SONG FROM THE BALCONY OF THE MARIUPOL DRAMA THEATRE
Wang-Fan sang the Russian song “Katyusha” in Chinese from the balcony of the Mariupol Drama Theatre. An Ukrainian newspaper (September 8) reported that the recent visit of Chinese opera singer Wang-Fang to Mariupol had caused indignation among Ukrainian diplomats and they had demanded that Beijing explain for what purpose she, as well as several representatives of the Chinese media and blogosphere, were on the territory of the DPR. It said Kyiv’s position was stated on a social network page by the official representative of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Oleg Nikolenko, who even threatened Beijing with an entry ban for all “Chinese touring performers,” meaning artists from the PRC who come to perform in Ukraine. A diplomat from Ukraine called the arrival of Chinese citizens in the Donetsk Republic “illegal.” Wang-Fan sang the Russian song “Katyusha” in Chinese from the balcony of the Mariupol Drama Theatre.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING VISITED HEILONGJIANG PROVINCE ON SEPTEMBER 7 TO MEET FLOOD AFFECTED VILLAGERS
Xinhua (September 7) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping visited flood-affected villagers of Longwangmiao in the city of Shangzhi, northeast China's Heilongjiang Province on September 7. It said Xi Jinping walked into the fields to check the impact of the floods on the rice crops and inspected the work on the restoration of damaged houses and infrastructure while walking along the streets. Visiting villagers' homes to learn about their losses and the supply of daily necessities, Xi encouraged them to bolster their confidence to overcome difficulties. He expressed the hope that they will soon be able to resume normal work and life, and that their lives will continue to improve.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING ADDRESSES INTERNATIONAL SERVICES TRADE FAIRS BEING HELD IN BEIJING VIA VIDEO
CCTV (September 2) reported that on September 2 morning Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a video speech to the 2023 China International Fair for Trade in Services Global Service Trade Summit in Beijing. He said that at present, the century-old changes are accelerating, and the world economic recovery is insufficient. Service trade is an important part of international trade, and the service industry is an important field of international economic and trade cooperation. Global trade in services and cooperation in the service industry have developed in depth, the processes of digitization, intelligence, and greening have continued to accelerate, and new technologies, new business formats, and new models have emerged one after another, which has injected strong force into promoting economic globalization, restoring global economic vitality, and enhancing the resilience of world economic development. power. Emphasising that this year marks the 45th anniversary of China's reform and opening up. He said China will persist in promoting high-level opening up and comprehensively promote Chinese-style modernization with high-quality development. He said China will create a more open and inclusive development environment and that cross-border service trade shall be promoted in an orderly manner.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING DOES NOT ATTEND ASEAN AND EAST ASIA SUMMIT IN JAKARTA OR G-20 IN NEW DELHI
China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) said on September 1 that Chinese Premier Li Qiang and not President Xi Jinping would attend the ASEAN and East Asia Summits in Jakarta next week. Chinese President Xi Jinping is also not attending the G-20 Summit in Delhi from September 8, 2023, and deputing Premier Li Qiang instead.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: NETIZENS HACK XI JINPING'S DAUGHTER XI MINGZE'S ACCOUNT AND EXPOSE PHOTOGRAPHS OF HER LUXURIOUS NEW YORK APARTMENT ON SEPTEMBER 6
On September 6, Jennifer Zeng who is affiliated with the Falun gong posted on her Twitter account photographs posted by Xi Jinping's daughter, Xi Mingze, on her @X Twitter account, which were made public on September 6 night after a user hacked into her account. Since her account transitioned from an anonymous private status to semi-public and was exposed by people, she is currently deleting these photos. The New York luxury apartment she posted appears to be located at One57, 157 West 57th Street, New York, NY, 10019. Public records indicate that the only room with lighting fixtures matching those in the photos of this apartment was sold on November 29, 2020, for $39.3 million, with an annual property fee of $120,000. This apartment is only 0.8 miles, a 16-minute walk, away from the Julia Music Institute in New York, which Xi Jinping's wife Peng Liyuan likes very much. About half of the journey can be completed by walking through Central Park in New York.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG ATTENDS 26TH CHINA-ASEAN (10+1) LEADERS' MEETING IN JAKARTA ON SEPTEMBER 6
The state-run CCTV (September 6) telecast a report on Chinese Premier Li Qiang attending the 26th China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders' meeting in Jakarta on September 6. It noted that leaders of ASEAN countries and ASEAN observer Timor-Leste and the Secretary-General of ASEAN attended. It quoted Chinese Premier Li Qiang as saying that in 2013, President Xi Jinping proposed building a closer China-ASEAN community with a shared future in Indonesia. Over the past 10 years, China and ASEAN have successfully forged a correct path of long-term good-neighbourly friendship, common development and prosperity amid the century-old changes in the world. Li Qiang suggested that the first is to join hands to build an economic growth center, strengthen connectivity, and deepen cooperation in the industrial chain and supply chain; the second is to jointly promote cooperation in emerging industries and strengthen cooperation in new energy vehicles, photovoltaics, artificial intelligence and other fields; the third is to jointly maintain regional peace and tranquillity , actively promote the consultation on the text of the "South China Sea Code of Conduct", and carry out cooperation in combating telecommunications and network fraud; the fourth is to jointly expand people-to- people and cultural exchanges, and further strengthen cooperation in the fields of culture, tourism, training, and youth. The meeting issued a joint statement on the "Belt and Road" initiative and ASEAN Indo-Pacific looking forward to mutually beneficial cooperation, and adopted joint statements or initiatives on cooperation in agriculture, green development, e- commerce, technological innovation and other fields.

Sep 2023

CHINA-NPC: NPC STANDING COMMITTEE MEETING ON AUGUST 30 DISCUSSES FOOD SECURITY
The NPC SC Meeting on August 30 held a special inquiry on food security. Reports state that the State Council submitted a report on food security and that Vice Premier Liu Guozhong, whose portfolio includes food security, the Head of the NDRC, and the Agriculture Minister answered questions by NPCSC members – including PBSC member and NPC Chairman Zhao Leji. The State Council report has not been released, but is reported to cover: Threats to China’s food security, including natural disasters and misuse of farmland; Opportunities improve food production capacity; and Incentives for farmers to grow food crops – particularly staple grains like wheat and rice. The NPC report indicates that two important developments are underway, namely: A national assessment of food security performance; and Progress on the draft Food Security Protection Law.

Sep 2023

CHINA-STATE COUNCIL: NDRC TO ESTABLISH NEW BUREAU FOR PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
A press release issued by China's State Council on September 4, disclosed that the National Development and Reform Council (NDRC) will establish a new bureau for private sector development as part of the government’s push to boost the private economy. The new bureau will coordinate policy planning and implementation of private sector support. Its major functions include: Monitoring and analyzing the private economy; Coordinating the drafting of private sector support measures; and Establishing a communication mechanism with private firms (Comment: Previous initiatives to support the private sector have fallen short of expectations due to weak implementation.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: REPORT THAT CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING APPEARS TO BE DELEGATING MORE AUTHORITY TO PREMIER LI QIANG
There is speculation among China analysts that Chinese President Xi Jinping is possibly delegating more authority to Premier Li Qiang in economic policy making. Since Li Qiang took over as premier in March, at least six policies to develop specific industries have been approved at the almost weekly State Council Executive meetings. During Li Keqiang’s entire second term (2018-23), only one policy document of the same kind was approved at a State Council executive meeting. Furthermore, Executive meetings used to be the only platform for the State Council leadership to take big decisions, but Li Qiang has established an additional platform, the Premier Work meeting, where major policy decisions can get made. In addition, Premier Li Qiang has now been deputed to attend the G-20 Summit in New Delhi as well as the ASEAN and East Asian Summits. (Comment: The State Council keeps the Premier Work meetings secret, but analysts anticipate that the (partial) return of economic policymaking power to the State Council from the Party could make policymaking more pragmatic and less ideological.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: 'CADRE EDUCATION & TRAINING WORK REGULATIONS' AND 'NATIONAL CADRE EDUCATION TRAINING PLAN' PASSED BY POLITBURO ON SEPTEMBER 1
The Politburo meeting on September 1, passed new "Cadre Education and Training Work Regulations" and a new "National Cadre Education Training Plan 2023-27" 《干部教育培训 工作条例》《全国干部教育培训规划(2023-2027年). The new rules will be more aligned with Xi Jinping Thought, upholding the Centre, the 442 formula plus the "Two Establishes" and form part of the ongoing Xi Jinping Thought education campaign. The "National cadre education plan outline" also plays into this... the last one from 2018 to 2022 came to an end. (Comment: These plans are nothing new, i.e., earlier ones were: 1996-2000; 2001-05; 2006-10 etc). The changes in the plan can be better assessed once the full plan is published.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-NPC: 14th NPC STANDING COMMITTEE HOLDS LEGISLATIVE WORK CONFERENCE ON SEPTEMBER 6
The Legislative Work Conference of the 14th NPC Standing Committee held a quinquennial legislative work conference on September 6. PBSC member and NPC Chairman Zhao Leji attended and delivered a speech. He emphasized that "we must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, deeply understand the core essence of Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law and understand General Secretary Xi Jinping’s ideas on improving the legal system and improving the quality of legislation". Zhao Leji pointed out that the NPC must uphold the Party's overall leadership over legislative work, especially the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, deeply understand the decisive significance of the "two establishments", consciously strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", and achieve "two safeguards". Politburo member and First Vice Chairman of the NPC Li Hongzhong presided over the meeting. (Comment: The NPC is likely to release its five-year legislative plan shortly.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-NPC: NPC STANDING COMMITTEE REVISED AND ADOPTED FOUR LAWS INCLUDING FOREIGN STATE IMMUNITY LAW ON SEPTEMBER 1
On September 1, the NPC Standing Committee (NPCSC): (i) revised the Administrative Reconsideration Law [行政复议法]; (ii) adopted the Foreign State Immunity Law [外国国家 豁免法]; (iii) amended the Civil Procedure Law [⺠事诉讼法]; and (iv) renewed a pilot program that makes it easier for eligible lawyers licensed in Hong Kong or Macao to practice mainland civil and commercial law in nine mainland cities in Guangdong province.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR PERSONNEL APPOINTMENTS: PRESIDENT OF PLA MILITARY COURT REMOVED WITHIN 8 MONTHS OF APPOINTMENT
The NPCSC removed Cheng Dongfang, President of the People’s Liberation Army’s Military Court, from his position after just eight months in office. The reasons have not been disclosed.

Sep 2023

CHINA-SENIOR PERSONNEL APPOINTMENTS: STATE COUNCIL APPOINTED 9 NEW SENIOR OFFICIALS
The following appointments were announced: i) Xu Shouben was appointed Deputy Secretary General of the State Council ii) Wang Guangyan was named Vice Minister of Education iii) Wang Jiayi became the General Inspector of the Ministry of Education iv) Chen Jie took the post of Head of the National Language Commission v) Ren Weidong was appointed Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Xinhua News Agency vi) Liu Huanxin was named Head of the National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration vii) Wang Shaozhong was appointed head of the National Archives Administration viii) Gao Qian was named Deputy Head of the National Archives Administration ix) Shi Yingli was appointed Deputy Head of the National Administration of State Secrets Protection (Comment: Liu Huanxin was earlier the Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as well as head of the National Rural Revitalization Administration)

Sep 2023

CHINA-SPORT: TORCH RELAY OF HANGZHOU ASIAN GAMES STARTED ON SEPTEMBER 8
Xinhua publicised (September 6) that the torch relay for the Hangzhou Asian Games will start near the West Lake on September 8, with a total of 2,022 torchbearers participating in 11 cities across Zhejiang Province. The relay will return to Hangzhou on September 20 to complete its final leg.

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINA PROPOSES AMENDMENTS TO PUBLIC SECURITY LAW BANNING SPEECH AND DRESSING DETRIMENTAL TO SPIRIT OF CHINESE PEOPLE
The BBC (September 7) reported that China is considering changes in its public security laws banning speech and dressing "detrimental to the spirit of Chinese people", which has sparked debate in China. The contentious clauses suggest that people who wear or force others to wear clothing and symbols that "undermine the spirit or hurt the feelings of the Chinese nation" could be detained for up to 15 days and fined up to 5,000 yuan ($680; £550). Those who create or disseminate articles or speech that do so could also face the same punishment. The proposed legal changes also forbid "insulting, slandering or otherwise infringing upon the names of local heroes and martyrs" as well as vandalism of their memorial statues. The proposal does not yet spell out what constitutes a violation. Chinese social media users and legal experts have criticised it as excessive and absurd and called for more clarity to avoid excessive enforcement. Other netizens have questioned how law enforcers could unilaterally determine when the nation's "feelings" are "hurt". One netizen asked on Weibo "Will wearing a suit and tie count? Marxism originated in the West. Would its presence in China also count as hurting national feelings."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATEST ISSUE OF QIU SHI (SEEKING TRUTH) HIGHLIGHTS XI JINPING'S COMMENTARY ON CHINESE CIVILISATION
Latest issue of Qiushi Journal (Seeking Truth; 2023/17 dated September 2) is online. Its highlights include Xi Jinping’s commentary on Chinese civilization; several commentaries echoing Xi’s commentary; high-quality development; integrating the digital economy with real economy. It said, "Western modernization is a modernization dominated by the "logic of things". Capitalism's worship of private property leads to the domination and domination of things over people, which hinders the free and comprehensive development of people. At the beginning of Western modernization, "the productive forces created by the bourgeoisie in its less than one hundred years of class rule were more numerous and greater than the total productive forces created in all previous eras." However, behind the accumulation of material wealth are material desires, selfish desires, and spiritual poverty. The development logic of seeing things but not people makes people become "one-dimensional people" and society becomes a "one-dimensional society"." It highlighted that "the modernization process of Western countries followed the path of pollution first and governance later, sacrificing the environment for economic growth" while the Chinese "have embarked on a new modern path in which man and nature coexist harmoniously" adding that "Chinese-style modernization pursues the coordinated development of material civilization and spiritual civilization."

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION
A Guangming Daily (September 6) article captioned 'Highlighting the unique advantages of Chinese-style modernization' by Sun Haiyang, Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy, Central Party School. Saying that the theoretical Party fortnightly journal Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth) recently published an important article by General Secretary Xi Jinping entitled "Chinese-style modernization is a broad road to building a strong country and rejuvenating the nation", it said the article emphasizes: "What kind of modernization path a country chooses is determined by its historical tradition, social system, development conditions, external environment and many other factors. Different national conditions will lead to different modernization paths." "Practice has proved that Chinese-style modernization It is the only correct way to build a strong country and rejuvenate the nation if it is feasible and stable.”

Sep 2023

CHINA-CCP: LENGTHY ARTICLE BY CHONGQING PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT CHIEF HIGHLIGHTS ROLE OF MARXISM IN CHINESE CULTURE
The People's Daily (September 5) published an article titled 'Continuously climb new ideological peaks while consolidating cultural subjectivity (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)' by Jiang Hui, member of the Chongqing Party Standing Committee and Head of the Chongqing Propaganda Department. The lengthy article highlighted the role of Marxism in Chinese culture and quoted CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping as pointing out: "The major proposition of adapting Marxism to the times and adapting it to China determines that we must never abandon the soul of Marxism and the root of China's excellent traditional culture. To stick to this soul and root is theoretical innovation: The basis and premise." The article referred to Xi Jinping 14 times.

Sep 2023

CHINA--CYBER SECURITY: CHINA'S CYBER SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPOSED US$ 6.84 BILLION FINE ON CNKI FOR UNAUTHORISED DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION
Caixin (September 7) disclosed that China’s cyber security regulator imposed a 50 million yuan ($6.84 million) fine on the country’s largest academic database for violations in handling personal information. The operators of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and 14 related apps violated the principles of collecting only necessary personal information with consent, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) said on September 6.

Sep 2023

CHINA-DISSIDENCE: GUIZHOU UNIVERSITY ECONOMICS PROFESSOR SENTENCED TO FOUR AND HALF YEAR JAIL TERM FOR ESTIMATING HIGH PERSONNEL COSTS OF CHINESE GOVERNMENT
Radio Free Asia (August 31) quoting the Weiquanwang rights website reported that the Guiyang Intermediate People's Court handed down a four-and-a-half-year jail term to former Guizhou University Economics Professor Yang Shaozheng in a trial behind closed doors on July 29. 53-year old Yang Shaozheng, who had estimated the high personnel costs of the Chinese government, was found guilty of “incitement to subvert state power." Earlier, just before the 30th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen massacre, Yang Shaozheng had criticized a new wave of ideological training being launched in China's colleges and universities.

Sep 2023

CHINA-S&T: NEW STATE-BACKED INVESTMENT FUND AIMS TO RAISE US$ 40 BILLION FOR CHINA'S SEMICONDUCTOR SECTOR
China is set to launch a new state-backed investment fund that aims to raise about $40 billion for its semiconductor sector, two people familiar with the matter said, as the country ramps up efforts to catch up with the US and other rivals.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA REDUCES ITS US DOLLAR HOLDINGS BRINGING IT DOWN TO US$ 835 BILLION
A report on September 1 revealed that China has cut its holdings in US Treasuries to US$ 835bn, lowest level since 2010. (Comment: At its maximum China's holdings in US Treasuries was US$ 1.3 Trillion.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: THREE MAJOR CHINESE AIRLINES REPORT COMBINED LOSS OF YUAN 12.58 BILLION YUAN IN FIRST HALF OF 2023
Radio Free Asia (August 31) reported that a number of Chinese airlines recently released their annual reports. The three leading airlines, Air China, China Eastern Airlines, and China Southern Airlines posted a total combined loss of about 12.58 billion Yuan (US$1.73 Billion) in the first half of 2023. Air China reported a net loss of 3.45 billion Yuan, China Eastern Airlines lost 6.25 billion Yuan, and China Southern Airlines lost 2.88 Billion Yuan. It added that the current number of foreigners traveling Beijing and Shanghai is only about 10% of what it was before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Some tour guides said that this has been the first time in their 30 years as tour guides that they do not have foreigner tour groups to service.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: YUNNAN PROVINCE'S DEBT IS MOUNTING AND REVENUES FROM LAND SALES HAVE DROPPED CONSIDERABLY IN LAST 2
Citing the Yunnan Provincial Bureau of Statistics, the Vision Times, a US-based media outlet of the Falun gong, claimed (September 3) Yunnan's debt had risen from 77.9 billion Yuan in March 2023 to 817 million yuan in July 2023. Claiming that Yunnan Provincial authorities had given up exaggerating figures because of the ensuant tax liabilities, it said they are now reporting huge debts. Stating that Yunnan's revenues from land sales amounted to nearly 43.4 percent of the total revenues last year, it said by end 2022 it will suffer a loss of 30.1 percent. It disclosed that revenues from land sales in 2020 was less than 50 billion yuan which is a fraction of the 159.1 billion yuan in 2019.

Sep 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S FORMER VICE COMMERCE MINISTER SAYS MANUFACTURING AND SERVICES SECTOR SHOULD BE GIVEN EQUAL ATTENTION
Speaking at the 10th China Inbound-Outbound Forum as a part of the ongoing 2023 China International Fair for Trade in Services (CIFTIS), Yi Xiaozhun, China’s former Vice Commerce Minister and former Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization said that China must dispel the misconception that “services are virtual while manufacturing is real” and “avoid neglecting either sector.” He asserted that "openness is the lifeline for the service sector. Acknowledging that foreign direct investment into China has recently fallen to its lowest level in years, he calls on China to return to the initial spirit of attracting foreign investment during the early stages of reform and opening up". Speakers at the opening session of the Forum included Yong Ding, Director of Beijing Municipal Commerce Bureau; Henry Huiyao Wang, Founder and President of CCG; Junshu Yong, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of Beijing Municipal People's Congress; Graham Fletcher, Ambassador of Australia to China; and Tamas Hajba, Senior Advisor for China and Head of the OECD Beijing Office.

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: CCTV DISCLOSES THAT PLA HAS DRONE UNITS ALONG LAC AND THAT XINJIANG MILITARY REGION HAS RED ARROW-12 MISSILES
A report on a PLA website cited CCTV programmes as revealing a PLA drone unit on the front line against India. It said this unit was in a state of 24-hour combat readiness for a long time and that this drone force has already undertaken tasks such as border patrols. It added that the PLA is currently building such bases on the Sino-Indian border, with the frontline outposts and drones as the first-line force, and the troops at the base in the valley behind as the second-line force, supplemented by a complete border defense system with long-range rocket launchers, aviation and other forces in the rear. It said in case of a military adventure by Indian troops, the second-line PLA troops deployed in the valley will be the first batch of support forces to support the front-line outposts. With the support of long-range firepower from the rear, they will resist the Indian army's attack and buy time for the mobilization of further rear support forces. It added the PLA will use a small amount of troops to contain the Indian army's heavy military group, and let India's national power be consumed in this hidden confrontation on the border. The report added that the progress of infrastructure construction and other system construction in the river valley has "actually increased our confidence in future border negotiations, and further blocked the Indians from using military adventurous means and taking desperate risks on the Sino-Indian border". It also disclosed that Red Arrow-12 missiles are used in the Xinjiang Military region.

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLAAF FORMATION IN WESTERN THEATRE COMMAND CONDUCTS EXERCISE FOR BATTLEFIELD REPAIRS
A PLA portal on September 2 said that "a few days ago" a military representative office of the Chengdu Air Force Bureau and a repair factory organised a combat oriented special drill in the Western Theatre Command (WTC). Its main focus was on testing the ability of repair and recovery of battlefield equipment and immediately switching to the wartime working mechanism. The drills were conducted in harsh conditions where the troops were tested for efficiency, procedures and service related mechanisms. It also explored "innovative" methods such as establishing spare parts warehouses in different zones, setting up common fault troubleshooting kits, front-end tooling equipment and troubleshooting specialists to speed up the construction of emergency support capabilities.

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SIGNED A GUIDELINE ENCOURAGING PLA PERSONNEL TO MARRY AND START FAMILIES AND PERMITTING THEM TO HAVE THREE CHILDREN
Chengdu's Xinhua Daily (September 7) disclosed that Xi Jinping, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, signed an order issuing a guideline on the implementation of China's population and family planning law in the armed forces. The guideline will take effect from September 10. According to the guideline Service men and women are encouraged to marry and start families at an appropriate age. It said a couple can have three children and will enjoy parental leaves. It also said a serviceman or servicewoman who is the only child in their family can take additional leave to attend to their parents. It said the country will work to improve nursery and education services for children of military personnel and provide better counseling and health care services.

Sep 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINA ALLEGES US SPY PLANE DID CLOSE-IN RECCEE OF CHINA'S MILITARY EXERCISE THAT STARTED ON SEPTEMBER 6
China Central Television (CCTV) reported that China is holding a military task in a large part of the East China Sea from 6 pm September 6 to 6 pm September 10. The Global Times (September 7) said the US sent a spy plane to China's coastal region for close-in reconnaissance just hours before the launch of a Chinese military exercise in the East China Sea on September 6. It added that on September 6, a US Air Force WC-135R reconnaissance aircraft took off from Kadena Air Base in Okinawa, entered China's East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone and carried out a close-in reconnaissance operation on China's coastlines from the East China Sea to the Yellow Sea, with the closest range to China's territorial sea baseline being about only 21 nautical miles, the South China Sea Strategic Situation Probing Initiative SCSPI, a Beijing-based think tank, said on its social media account on the day.

Sep 2023

CHINA-BEIJING: BEIJING ISSUES 'BLUE FLOOD' WARNING FOR SEPTEMBER 8 - 10
On September 8, the Beijing Municipal Flood Control Office, Municipal Planning and Natural Resources Commission and the Municipal Meteorological Bureau jointly issued a blue warning for geological disasters and meteorological risks: from 12:00 on September 8 to 12:00 on September 10. Citizens were urged to pay attention to the risk of landslides and other geological disasters. It said 6 districts could be in danger of flash floods.

Sep 2023

CHINA-GUANGDONG: GUANGDONG PARTY SECRETARY HUANG KUNMING INSTRUCTS CADRES TO TAKE MEASURES TO PROTECT THE CITY AND RESTORE LIVING ORDER AND PRODUCTION QUICKLY
With Typhoon "Hai Kui" threatening Guangdong and heavy rainstorms and local torrential rainstorms having occurred in many cities and counties in the province. Guangdong Party Secretary and Politburo member Huang Kunming hosted a video conference in Zhongshan on September 8 to analyze and judge the development trend of heavy rainfall and the impact of the disaster. Meng Fanli, Deputy Secretary of the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee and Secretary of the Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee, attended the meeting. After listening to the reports of various departments, Huang Kunming said 'this round of heavy rainfall is ferocious, long-lasting, and has a high risk of disaster. Relevant departments in various places actively responded and dealt with it in a timely manner, and achieved remarkable results' and listed various measures to protect the city and to restore production and living order as soon as possible to ensure the normal operation of the city.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LIAONING: 103 PARTY UNITS IN LIAONNG PROVINCE HAVE HELD SPECIAL DEMOCRATIC LIFE MEETINGS
Liaoning Daily (September 8) reported that 103 provincial units had held a special democratic life meeting for the leadership of the party group (party committee) to study and implement Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It said that the leadership team of provincial units had made careful preparations to ensure a solid ideological foundation. Based on the high-quality completion of thematic education reading classes and thematic study and seminars of the central group, the theoretical study center group conducted intensive study before the democratic life meeting, and through in-depth heart-to-heart talks, we fully exchanged ideas, exchanged opinions, and reached consensus.

Sep 2023

CHINA-INNER MONGOLIA: CHINESE AUTHORITIES HAVE BANNED USE OF MONGOLIAN LANGUAGE IN ALL SCHOOLS IN INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION W.E.F. SEPTEMBER 1
Effective September 1, 2023, when the new school year starts, Chinese authorities are enforcing a total ban on the Mongolian language in all schools across the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. All Mongolian schools—including kindergartens—are now required to use Chinese exclusively as the medium of instruction for all subjects. As part of a larger effort to erase Mongolian language, culture, and identity, Chinese authorities are also doubling down on banning Mongolian-language publications.

Sep 2023

CHINA-INNER MONGOLIA: CHINESE AUTHORITIES BANNED BOOK ON HISTORY OF MONGOLS
The pro-Beijing Hong Kong-based Sing Tao Daily disclosed that the Inner Mongolian branch of the government-backed Books and Periodicals Distribution Association issued a directive on August 25 banning a book on the history of the Mongols titled "A General History of the Mongols", published in 2004. Scholars in the Mongolian Studies department of the Inner Mongolia Institute of Education were asked to remove the book from their from shelves. A pro-government comment on the social media platform Weibo hit out at the book for "historical nihilism." User @XiMay1 wrote on August 29: "Criticizing the pan-Mongolian nationalist trend is conducive to #cultivating the consciousness of the Chinese national community, conducive to #ethnic exchanges, exchanges, and integration#, and conducive to #forging a strong sense of the Chinese nation’s community!" (Comment: China’s President Xi Jinping delivered a tough speech during his visit to Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, on August 26, 2023. The ban coincides with concern among authorities about the growing sense of Mongolian identity among ethnic Mongolians living in China.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-SHAANXI: SHAANXI PARTY SECRETARY LED A DELEGATION TO KAZAKHSTAN FROM SEPTEMBER 4-6
The Shaanxi Daily (September 8) disclosed that Shaanxi Party Secretary Zhao Yide led a provincial delegation to Kazakhstan from September 4 to 6, to promote Shaanxi and Kazakhstan's exchanges and cooperation in various fields have reached a new level, and they will better integrate into and serve the overall pattern of jointly building the "Belt and Road".

Sep 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: CHINA-PAK SHAHEEN-X AIR EXERCISES BEGIN IN NORTHWEST CHINA
The annual Sino-Pak joint air exercise, Shaheen-X, has commenced in the Jiuquan and Yinchuan cities of Northwest China. The Pakistan Air Force’s (PAF) lead fighter aircraft J-10 C and JF-17 are participating in the exercise along with air and ground crew. (Comment: The Shaheen exercises commenced in 2021 and are held alternately in China and Pakistan.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: CHINESE EMBASSY HOSTED JAMIAT ULEMA-E-ISLAM LEADERS TO DINNER IN RAWALPINDI IN END AUGUST
Bitter Winter (September 5) reported that pictures are emerging in Pakistan and on social media of a dinner hosted at the end of August by the Chinese Embassy in Rawalpindi. It said the guests included leaders of the Deobandi Islamic party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, which is well- known for its support of the death penalty for those guilty of blasphemy and of a harsher repression of the Ahmadiyya religious minority. The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam’s leaders hosted by the Chinese Embassy included Maulana Rashid-ul-Haq Sami, Fazal Ali Haqqani, Qibla Ayaz, (Chairman of the official Council of Islamic Ideology), Muhammad Israr (known for his more moderate views), and others, such as Asif Luqman Qazi, representing the oldest movement of Pakistan’s political Islam, Jamaat-e-Islami. The Chinese hosts offered the guests a presentation of how China protects religious liberty and Western “slander” about it should not be believed.

Sep 2023

CHINA-NORTH KOREA: CHINESE VICE PREMIER LIU GUOZHONG WILL LEAD A DELEGATION TO NORTH KOREA AND TAKE PART IN NORTH KOREA'S 75TH ANNIVERSARY ON SEPTEMBER 9
The Global Times (September 7) reported that according to an official announcement made on September 7, Chinese Vice Premier Liu Guozhong will lead a high-profile delegation to the to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Pointing out that this is the second time in less than two months, the Global Times called it "a rare move which experts believe demonstrates the traditional friendship and support for each other that will inject stability into regional security, at a time when tensions have risen to an unprecedented level". It added "Against the backdrop of the US-led West's increasingly tough sanctions and pressure on Pyongyang, China's support, which will not be confined to moral support, will help North Korea break its isolation in the international community, observers believe." The Chinese delegation will participate in the celebrations in Pyongyang to mark North Korea's founding day on September 9. (Comment: NPC Vice Chairman Li Hongzhong led a Chinese Party and government delegation to North Korea one and a half months ago.)

Sep 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINA'S NEW 'STANDARD' MAP ISSUED BY CHINA'S MINISTRY FOR NATURAL RESOURCES ALSO INCLUDES PARTS OF RUSSIA IN CHINA'S BORDERS
China's state-owned Standard Map Service has presented a set of geographic maps for 2023, on which for the first-time part of #Russia's territory is indicated as part of China, specifically the Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island on the Amur River. According to a 2008 treaty between Russia and China, the island was divided between the two countries. The new official map of China marks the whole island as the eastern-most point of Chinese territory. The explanatory note emphasizes that "the map is made in accordance with the national standards for drawing borders of China and other countries of the world." The official set of maps will be used in various media materials, including news, books and promotional materials. The maps can also be used as basic reference information. The Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island covers an area of 327 to 350 square kilometres, depending on the water level in the river. From the early 19th century there was a long struggle between Russia and China for control of it, but in the 1920s and 1930s the island was "taken under guard" by Soviet troops. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the island remained under Russian jurisdiction. China has had a particular interest in the territory, disputing its status since 1964. In 2008, Russia handed over the western part of the Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island and other territories to China. Experts at the time pointed to Moscow's long-term interests in stable relations between the two countries. The Kremlin had not commented on the map till September 2.

Sep 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE AMBASSADOR TO U.S. XIE FENG CLAIMS CHINA'S ECONOMY IS RECOVERING AND GROWING
In an Op-Ed in the Washington Post China's Ambassador to the US, Xie Feng said the Chinese economy is doing better than you might think. He claimed that this year China’s economy continues to recover and grow. "Our gross domestic product expanded 5.5 percent for the first half of the year, outpacing most major economies". He added "One of the highlights in the first half of 2023 is the rebound in consumption, which contributed 77.2 percent of the growth, more than 44 percentage points higher than last year. Notably, people are spending more on services." He said "France, Britain, Japan and Germany boosted investment in China in the first half of 2023 by 173.3 percent, 135.3 percent, 53 percent and 14.2 percent, respectively. Some 24,000 new foreign firms were established in China in the same period." He reminded readers that "China’s middle-income group — more than 400 million people now — is on a path to exceed 800 million by 2035."

Sep 2023

CHINA-AUSTRALIA: CHINA AND AUSTRALIA RESUMED HIGH LEVEL DIALOGUE IN BEIJING ON SEPTEMBER 5
Australia's Foreign Minister Penny Wong said in a statement on September 2, that the Australia-China High Level Dialogue will be held in Beijing on September 5. She said it serves as a platform for senior representatives from industry, government, academia and other areas to discuss issues ranging from trade and investment to regional and international security. China’s former Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing will co-chair and lead the Chinese delegation while former trade minister Craig Emerson will co-chair as head of the Australian delegation. Reflecting the bi-partisan nature of the dialogue, former center-right foreign minister Julie Bishop will also participate.

Sep 2023

CHINA-AFRICA: CHINA'S MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE HELD THE 3RD
2023

The 3rd China-Africa Peace and Security Forum with the theme "Practice the Global Security Initiative and Strengthen China-Africa Solidarity and Cooperation", is being held in China from August 28 - September 2, 2023. Organised by China's Ministry of National Defence, State Councillor and Minister of National Defense Li Shangfu attended the plenary session of the forum and delivered a keynote speech. Nearly 50 African countries’ defense departments and Military leaders, heads of peace and security affairs of the African Union, and military attaches of African countries stationed in China attended the meeting, which aims to further strengthen the strategic communication between the Chinese and African defense departments and play an active role in building a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era.

Sep 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE NEWSPAPERS PRAISE CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S LEADERSHIP IN FLOOD RELIEF
All official Chinese newspapers carried the banner headline "Unity is in the same boat——The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core is strong and powerful in commanding Hebei's flood control and disaster relief"!

Aug 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING APPOINTS POLITBURO MEMBER AND VICE PREMIER ZHANG GUOJING TO LEAD DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS IN TIANJIN
CCTV (August 6) reported that appointed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, Politburo member and Vice Premier Zhang Guoqing 'led relevant departments to rush to Tianjin at noon on the 5th to guide flood control and disaster relief work'. Zhang Guojing 'emphasized that it is necessary to resolutely implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions on flood control and disaster relief, implement Premier Li Qiang's requirements, insist on the supremacy of the people and life, seize the time window, mobilize all forces, and do a good job in embankment reinforcement and smooth traffic. We will resolutely win the current encounter of flood control and disaster relief. He told cadres that 'Relevant central enterprises and local state-owned enterprises must play a professional role at critical moments. It is necessary to mobilize and pre-set emergency materials and equipment in advance, and deal with emergencies scientifically and efficiently as soon as possible, and strictly prevent dangers such as piping and bursting caused by continuous immersion.'

Aug 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: XINHUA PUBLICISES CHINESE PRESIDENT EFFORTS AND CONCERN FOR PEOPLE OF FLOOD AFFECTED HEBEI PROVINCE
A Xinhua (August 6) article captioned 'Unity is in the same boat——The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core is strong and powerful in commanding Hebei's flood control and disaster relief!' said, while referring to the floods in Hebei province, that 'The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core was under the strong leadership and strong command.' It quoted Chinese President Xi Jinping saying "This typhoon should not be underestimated", and added 'General Secretary Xi Jinping, who pays close attention to the dynamics of the typhoon, immediately issued important instructions emphasizing that the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region should pay special attention to defense'. It said, 'The safety of people's lives and property is of utmost importance to General Secretary Xi Jinping'. Enumerating the steps taken to tackle the floods it also mentioned the efforts by Chinese Premier Li Qiang.

Aug 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: THE BEIDAIHE CONCLAVE
Zhongong Ribao (The Workers Daily - August 8) provided a few additional details on the meeting with 57 "outstanding experts and talents" recently at the Beidaihe resort. It disclosed they were invited by the Party Central Committee and the State Council from August 1st to 7th. They represented the frontier fields of domestic science and technology and are responsible for key core technological breakthroughs in many fields such as artificial intelligence, life and health, and aerospace technology. It said, "They are the pillars of the country, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation". It said that since 1998, the Party Central Committee and the State Council have successively invited 22 batches of more than 1,300 experts to participate in summer vacation activities. It said that "entrusted" by General Secretary Xi Jinping, Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the CCP CC Secretariat Cai Qi visited the experts on August 3 at the Beidaihe Guohai Hotel. "He emphasized that he hoped that all experts would have the "big country" in mind, adhere to the "four orientations", take the initiative to shoulder the mission and responsibility entrusted by the times, make new and greater contributions to high-level technological self-reliance and Chinese-style modernization, and contribute to the comprehensive construction of New achievements have been made in building a modern socialist country and comprehensively promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation". The article mentioned the names of some of the experts and the institutes represented. (Comment: This is the first conclave where the veteran revolutionary CCP leaders are absent. Virtually all are dead except for Peng Zhen.

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION BY EXECUTIVE DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT OF HUBEI PROVINCE
Guangming Daily (August 7) published an article captioned 'Chinese-style modernization breaks the myth of Western modernization' authored by Deng Wugui, Executive Deputy Director of the Propaganda Department of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee of the Communist Party of China, Researcher of the Research Center of the Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in Hubei Province. The article asserted that 'The path chosen by the Chinese nation towards modernization provides a Chinese solution for human beings to explore a better social system. This important exposition profoundly reveals that Chinese-style modernization is a major transcendence of Western modernization theory and practice and penetrates the illusion that "modernization is Westernization".' It said 'The socialist system with Chinese characteristics has obvious advantages' as 'it can promote economic and social development and whether it can maintain long-term harmony and stability. Chinese-style modernization is socialist modernization led by the Communist Party of China'.

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: 20TH CENTRAL STEERING GROUP COMPRISING THE UNITED FRONT, CPPCC, ETHNIC COMMISSION ETC WORK TOGETHER TO PROMOTE THEME EDUCATION
The Zhonggong Ribao (Workers Daily - August 8) republished a Xinhua report of the same day captioned: 'Learning ideology, strengthening party spirit, emphasizing practice, and building new achievements; The 20th Central Steering Group: Strictly supervise and guide, and promote thematic education to achieve actual results with guidance and guidance'. It said that 'Since the launch of the theme education of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the 20th Steering Group has studied and understood the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech, and conscientiously implemented the deployment requirements of the Party Central Committee on carrying out the theme education. Strictly supervised and supervised by the leaders, with the five units of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the National Ethnic Affairs Commission, the National Federation of Industry and Commerce, and the China Soong Ching Ling Foundation to work together and answer the same questions to promote the theme Education effectively'.

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: BEIJING DAILY ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS CHINA'S UNITY ENSURES BUILDING OF A NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Beijing Daily (August 7) published an article captioned 'Build an unbreakable Chinese nation community'. It was authored by Li Junqing and Li Yin, Executive Dean and Professor of the National Security Research Institute of Minzu University of China, and Doctoral Student of the School of Management of Minzu University of China, respectively. The article asserted that 'unity has penetrated into the blood of the Chinese nation and has become the value pursuit and highest goal of the Chinese nation. The Chinese people of all dynasties have always pursued unity, tended to unity, and realized unity. After the Qin Dynasty started the development process of China's unified multi-ethnic country, no matter which ethnic group entered the Central Plains, it was their responsibility to unify the world, and they all regarded themselves as the orthodoxy of Chinese culture, and took the initiative to incorporate themselves into the "orthodox" historical sequence of China'. Claiming that in its 'long history of more than 5,000 years, political unity has always been the main line of China's historical development.' It exhorted: 'Adhere to the core interest of national unity. A strong and unified country is the fate of the people of all ethnic groups. In today's world, the international situation is turbulent, and the activities of various hostile forces to infiltrate, split, sabotage and subvert our country are increasing day by day. National security is the foundation of national rejuvenation, and social stability is the prerequisite for national prosperity. We must unswervingly implement the overall national security concept, and maintain national security throughout the entire process of all aspects of the party and state work to ensure national security and social stability.'

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: BEIJING DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE TITLED "FROM "SEA CONTROL" TO "SEA GOVERNANCE": BUILDING A COMMUNITY OF MARITIME DESTINY"
Beijing Daily (August 7) published an article titled 'From "Sea Control" to "Sea Governance": Building a Community of Maritime Destiny' by Geng Xiefeng, a Professor at the Institute of Globalization and Global Issues, China University of Political Science and Law. Prof Geng Xiefeng argued that traditional Western narratives are tailored to suit the interests of the particular country, but that as great powers compete for ocean hegemony it is urgent to replace them with new concepts and narratives of ocean governance. It recalled that when Chinese President when Xi Jinping met the heads of foreign delegations who were invited to attend the multinational naval activities of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy in Qingdao on April 23, 2019, he had advanced the concept of building a "community of shared future in the ocean". It said 'Countries are in the relationship network of a community of destiny. Only by making themselves and the community harmonious Choice is rational. Countries should also follow this new narrative logic in the field of ocean governance and replace the traditional Western maritime political narrative with the narrative of a global ocean community with a shared future'. It explained that it 'is to achieve the goal of "governing the sea" rather than "controlling the sea". It said in recent years "the United States has curbed China's maritime rights and space for seaward development. It has not only introduced a new version of its naval strategy, but also actively united with so-called Indo-Pacific countries with the same values, such as Japan, India, and Australia, to engage in a "quartet". "Security Mechanism" and the US-UK-Australia alliance in an attempt to continue to control the Indo-Pacific two oceans. Obviously, this will only bring greater unrest and disharmony to the Indo-Pacific region". It assured "that the Chinese navy will, as always" "Maintain the peace and tranquillity of the oceans, instead of following the old path of maritime hegemony and great power wars". It added that "the Community of Maritime Destiny does not ignore conflicts. On the contrary, it recognizes the objective existence of conflicts, but believes that both conflicts and differences can be properly resolved. "The sea is open to all rivers, and tolerance is the greatest." It called for strengthening regional maritime security cooperation and promoting the proper settlement of maritime disputes.

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: HEAD OF QINGHAI PROVINCE ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT WANG YUYAN PUBLISHES ARTICLE IN CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL'S 'STUDY TIMES'
The Study Times (August 9) published an article by Wang Yuyan, head of the Organization Department of the Qinghai Province, captioned 'The Scientific Connotation and Practical Requirements of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Important Thoughts on Party Building'. She wrote: "The systematic elaboration of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important thoughts on party building is the soul and essence of the National Organizational Work Conference held not long ago. This important thought has greatly enriched and developed the Marxist party building theory with a series of original achievements, marking that our party's understanding of the law of Marxist ruling party building has reached a new height. We must learn to understand this completely, accurately, and comprehensively." (Comment: Ms Wang Yuyan was born in 1966 and joined the CCP in 1986. She took over as head of Qinghai Province Organisation Department in May 2017.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-CCP: LENGTHY PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE ON CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION STRESSES IT IS A CONTINUATION OF THE OLD
People's Daily (August 9) published a lengthy article captioned 'Promoting the revival of Chinese civilization (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)'. It said that at the Symposium on Cultural Inheritance and Development, "General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly explained the internal connection between Chinese-style modernization and Chinese civilization from a broad perspective that connects history and reality." It reiterated "Chinese-style modernization is a modernization that continues ancient civilizations, not a modernization that eliminates ancient civilizations". It said, "General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that Chinese-style modernization "is a modernization that grew out of the land of China, not copying the modernization of other countries" and explained "The Chinese-style modernization that grew out of the land of China presents another picture that is different from the Western modernization model. It represents the development direction of the progress of human civilization and is a brand-new form of human civilization". The article contained 15 references to Xi Jinping.

Aug 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: CHINA LAUNCHES NATIONWIDE ANTICORRUPTION MOVEMENT THROUGHOUT MEDICAL SECTOR
China has launched a nationwide anti-corruption movement in its medical sector, with multiple provinces and municipalities stepping up efforts in cracking down on corruption. By August 8, eight provincial-level regions, including Beijing, Shanghai, east China’s Jiangsu and Shandong, northwest China’s Shaanxi, Shanxi, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, and south China's Hainan Province have revved up efforts. (Comment: In July, the National Health Commission, the National Healthcare Security Administration, the State Administration for Market Regulation and six other government agencies launched a year-long campaign to rectify corruption in the county’s pharmaceutical industry, according to a statement released by the health commission on July 21.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: FORMER HEAD OF UNITED FRONT WORK DEPARTMENT OF NANJING WAS DISMISSED AND IS UNDER INVESTIGATION
Hua Jing (f), former member of the Standing Committee of the Nanjing Municipal Party Committee and head of the United Front Work Department, was dismissed in July 2023 and is being investigated. In July 2018, she served as a member of the Standing Committee of the Nanjing Municipal Party Committee and deputy mayor; in August 2018, she served as a member of the Standing Committee of the Nanjing Municipal Party Committee and head of the United Front Work Department; she was dismissed in July 2023.

Aug 2023

CHINA-NATURAL CALAMITY: CHINA ALLOCATES US$ 102.3 MILLION FOR SUPPORTING RECOVERY OF AGRICULTURE
The People's Daily (August 8) reported that China on August 7 allocated disaster relief funds totalling 732 million yuan (about US$ 102.3 million) to support the recovery of agricultural production, according to the country's finance ministry. The funds were issued by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and will be channelled into nine provincial regions, including Hebei, Jilin, Heilongjiang and Fujian, as well as the Beidahuang Group, one of China's major agricultural and agribusiness groups. The Beijing Review reported that China had allocated 1 billion yuan on disaster relief.

Aug 2023

CHINA-NATURAL CALAMITY: HEILONGJIANG PROVINCE ISSUES RED ALERT AS TYPHOON KHANUN MOVES NORTHWARD INTO THE PROVINCE
Xinhua (August 10) reported that Heilongjiang Province on August 10, issued two red alerts for rainstorms, the highest level in the country's warning system, as Typhoon Khanun moves northward into the province.

Aug 2023

CHINA-NATURAL CALAMITY: DEPUTY MAYOR OF SHULAN CITY AND THREE OTHER OFFICIALS DIE DURING RESCUE AND RELIEF WORK
The "Jiangcheng Daily" in Jilin City, Jilin Province learned on August 5, from the Shulan City Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters that Luo Xudong, Executive Deputy Mayor of Shulan City and other three public officials died on duty on August 4 during the rescue and relief work. The news was reported on the front page of China's official media.

Aug 2023

CHINA-NATURAL CALAMITY: RAVAGES CAUSED BY FLOODS IN HEBEI AND DECISION OF AUTHORITIES TO RELEASE WATER IN THE DAMS TO SPARE BEIJING HAS SPARKED RESENTMENT
As flood waters rose in Hebei, Heilongjiang, Beijing and other places and millions of people were rendered homeless and sought shelter, there was resentment among residents of Hebei Province that they had to take the brunt of this potentially deadly flood to control the crisis in Beijing. Residents of Zhuozhou City complained on social media that they were not given enough notice to escape when the decision was made to put them directly in harm's way. Anger increased after Hebei's Party Secretary Ni Yuefeng proudly declared that his province would act as a "moat" to protect Beijing. Posts on social media said: "Is he Party Secretary of Hebei Province or Beijing? I'm confused." Another netizen wrote: "Those in power only care about their superiors. Congratulations! He will be promoted. But the obedient 70 million residents of Hebei will be sacrificed". Beijing Daily (August 11) disclosed that 3.8886 million people in Hebei were affected by floods, and the direct economic loss was 95.811 billion yuan. ii) Separately on August 5, Xinhua published an article captioned 'Together through wind and rain, the people are supreme——The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core is strong and powerful in directing Beijing's flood prevention and disaster relief'. The article praised the alacrity with which Chinese President Xi Jinping and the CCP leaders had acted. It said 'From 20:00 on July 29 to 7:00 on August 2, there was extremely heavy rainfall in Beijing. The rainfall was the highest in the 140 years of instrumental measurement records in Beijing. Special note was taken of the role of the PLA and PAP and the 82nd Group Army and 78th Group Army were mentioned. The torrential rain was pouring, and the mountain torrents were raging. The article said 'Flood conditions are orders, and life is more important than Mount Tai. The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to it. Beijing and relevant departments are united and united to carry out flood relief and disaster relief, and make every effort to ensure the safety of people's lives and property and the stability of the overall society'. After enumerating the various measures taken, it said "Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the cadres and the masses will unite as one and face difficulties, and they will surely win the victory of flood control and disaster relief and ensure the safe operation of the capital city". (Comment: The floods in many parts of China occurred due to unprecedented heavy rainfall for some days. As water levels rose, the authorities decided to save Beijing and Xiong'an city. The latter is a new capital city project of Xi Jinping. The reference to a "moat" in the Hebei Party Secretary's remark refers to the concept of "sponge" cities, or cities surrounding Beijing and other important cities acting as sponges to absorb an estimated 60% of excess water thereby saving the main cities.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-NATURAL CALAMITY: EARTHQUAKE MEASURING 5.5 IN MAGNITUDE OCCURRED IN SHANDONG PROVINCE ON AUGUST 6
According to an official announcement of the China Earthquake Network, at 2:33:59 on August 6, 2023, Beijing time, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.5 occurred in Pingyuan County, Dezhou City, Shandong Province, with a focal depth of 10 kilometers. The epicenter was located near Wangdagua Village, Wangdagua Town, Pingyuan County, Dezhou City. By about 10 o'clock on August 6, a staff member of the First People's Hospital of Pingyuan County, Shandong Province said that the hospital had received a total of 21 earthquake-related injuries, most of which are skin trauma, abrasions, head trauma, etc. critically injured. The Zhongguo Qingnian Bao (China Youth Daily - August 6) disclosed that the Shandong plain earthquake had caused 24 minor injuries and 213 houses and walls had been damaged.

Aug 2023

CHINA-AGRICULTURE: PEOPLE'S DAILY INTERVIEWS OFFICIAL OF CHINA'S FISHERIES DEPARTMENT
The People's Daily (August 9) published an interview captioned 'Accelerate the construction of the national "blue granary" (Economic Focus) ——Relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs answered reporters' questions on "Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Deep-Sea Aquaculture". Stating that "Food security is the "biggest country", it quoted CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping as pointing out that "To solve the food problem and ensure food security, we must establish a big food concept and ask for food not only from the land, but also from the sea. , Cultivate the sea, animal husbandry and fishery, and build sea pastures and "blue granaries".' It added "The Party Central Committee attaches great importance to the development of deep-sea aquaculture".

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S CHIP IMPORTS DROP BY16.8 PERCENT IN FIRST SEVEN MONTHS OF 2023
The South China Morning Post (August 8) citing data published by the General Administration of Customs on August 8, reported that China imported a total of 270.2 billion units of integrated circuits (IC) in the first seven months of 2023, down 16.8 per cent from the same period last year and showing a modest improving trend despite tougher trade restrictions imposed by the US and its allies. The fall in IC import volume compared with an 18.5 per cent year-on-year drop in import volume in the first half, and a 22.9 per cent decline in the first three months. China imported 42.4 billion units of IC in July alone, up 2.6 per cent from a month earlier.

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: EDUCATION MINISTRY TO CRACKDOWN ON FALSE FIGURES OF GRADUATE EMPLOYMENT
The People's Daily (August 7) published an article titled 'Ministry targets grads' sugar-coated job data', which said the Ministry of Education vowed to crack down on some universities' act of "sugar-coating" or falsifying dissatisfying graduates' employment figures and that it has dispatched teams to inspect the work. In a statement released on August 4, the ministry said the teams are vetting materials provided by universities on graduates' employment. It cited a Beijing Youth Daily report that student counsellors have pushed graduates who were still contemplating their future to sign an employment agreement, often referred to as the "tri-party agreement", a form signed by the graduate, school and employer showing the graduate has landed a formal job. The Beijing Youth Daily report said that supervising teachers are doing all they can, sometimes sugar-coating the figures, to raise the numbers.

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA ALLOWS CHINESE TRAVEL OPERATORS TO RESUME GROUP TRAVEL TO A NUMBER OF COUNTRIES
On August 10, the General Office of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism announced the resumption of outbound group tours and "air ticket + hotel" business for Chinese citizens to relevant countries and regions. The List of countries are: Asia: Oman, Pakistan, Bahrain, South Korea, Qatar, Lebanon, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Japan, Turkey, Israel, India Africa: Algeria, Ethiopia, Benin, Botswana, Equatorial Guinea, Cape Verde, Ghana, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Rwanda, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Seychelles, Sao Tome and Principe, Tunisia Europe: Ireland, Estonia, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Poland, Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Montenegro, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Romania, Malta, Monaco, Norway , Sweden, Cyprus, Slovakia, United Kingdom North America: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Grenada, Costa Rica, United States, Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica South America: Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, French Polynesia, French New Caledonia. (Comment: Searches for outbound travel destinations on Chinese online platforms jumped 20- fold, just hours after the Ministry of Culture and Tourism announcement. This step together with the increase in international flights is to address the sharp drop in foreign tourists coming to China.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: WORKERS DAILY SAYS THAT POLITBURO DECISION TO INCREASE INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS WAS TO FACILITATE CHINESE BUSINESSES
Zhonggong Ribao (Workers Daily - August 8) reproduced a report of the International Business Daily captioned 'All parties gather to further help enterprises expand market and stabilize foreign trade' which listed problems faced by Chinese businessmen like high airfares, lengthy wait for visas etc. It said "in response to these problems, both government departments and related enterprises are actively responding and working hard to resolve them. The Politburo meeting of the CPC Central Committee held a few days ago proposed "to increase international flights." When the Ministry of Commerce will step up efforts to promote the stable scale and optimal structure of foreign trade in the next stage, it also makes it clear that it will "support the marketing of enterprises participating in overseas exhibitions" and "promote the acceleration of visa processing and the resumption and increase of international routes". Many foreign trade companies are also planning in advance, arranging their itineraries reasonably, and using cross-border e-commerce to stabilize orders and expand markets, ensuring orderly and smooth business operations."

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA'S EXPORTS TO US AND EUROPE DROPS BY 20 PER CENT
The Wall Street Journal (August 8) reported that China’s exports to the rest of the world tumbled in July, adding to the challenges for the world’s second-largest economy and offering fresh evidence that a drying up of Western demand is hurting Beijing’s attempts to rekindle growth. The slide has continued since October 2022 when consumers in Western developed countries began shifting their spending away from buying furniture and electronic gadgets, and instead diverted it toward services such as entertainment and dining out. Worsening geopolitical tensions between Beijing and the U.S.-led West have also prompted some Western manufacturers to reduce their reliance on China’s supply chain, which in turn is affecting trade between the two sides. While other Asian countries like South Korea and Vietnam are also affected, China is the hardest hit. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development wrote in a June report that “Overall, the outlook for global trade in the second half of 2023 is pessimistic.” The war in Ukraine will further affect trade. Meanwhile, the report released by China’s General Administration of Customs on August 7 showed that overseas shipments from China slumped 14.5% in July from a year earlier, the steepest year-over-year decline since February 2020. China’s exports to the U.S. and European Union plunged by more than 20% each last month. The lone bright spot for China was that its shipments to Russia soared in July. The latest data also show China is on the brink of falling into deflation, a scenario that many fear could drag the economy into a downward spiral. Chinese goods shipments to the U.S. fell 23% in July compared with a year earlier. Shipments to the European Union and to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, a group of 10 countries that includes Singapore and Indonesia, each dropped by about 21%. The bad news for many Chinese manufacturers and exporters is that rich countries in the West are reducing their reliance on Chinese goods. U.S. officials and their allies in Europe have been prompting firms to move production away from China toward a circle of trusted nations instead.

Aug 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: INSURANCE COMPANIES BECOMING WARY OF INSURING POLITICAL RISK FOR CHINA
The Wall Street Journal (August 7) disclosed that of the nearly 60 insurers that offer politicalrisk insurance, only four or five are still offering it for China. It said Policies still being offered likely would not exceed $50 million coverage, down from around $2 billion a few years ago. Most large companies with operations in China have assets far above $50 million. The German government, too, is shifting its China strategy. In the past few months, it has reduced its investment guarantees for German companies' Chinese operations by more than $5 billion, and Economics Minister Robert Habeck has said he wants to guarantee more German investments elsewhere.

Aug 2023

CHINA-PROPAGANDA: NEW YORK TIMES INVESTIGATION CLAIMS ASIANORIGIN BUSINESSMAN IS AT CENTRE OF CHINA'S PROPAGANDA AND UNITED FRONT OPERATIONS
A New York Times (August 5) investigation of a lavishly funded influence campaign that defends China and pushes its propaganda uncovered what it claims are links between a charismatic American millionaire, Neville Roy Singham, who is known as a socialist benefactor of far-left causes, and the Chinese establishment. Singham, who is based in Shanghai, is reported to have a lavishly funded influence campaign that defends China and pushes its propaganda. He has spent at least US$ 275 to non-profit organisations around the world to push the Chinese point of view. One outlet in his network is co-producing a YouTube show financed in part by the Shanghai City’s propaganda department. Two others are working with a Chinese university to “spread China’s voice to the world.” Last month, Singham joined a Communist Party workshop about promoting the party internationally. The report said the authorities in India raided a news organization tied to Singham during a crackdown on the press, accusing it of having ties to the Chinese government but offering no proof.

Aug 2023

CHINA-PLA: SENIOR LEVEL APPOINTMENTS IN PLA ROCKET FORCE, EASTERN THEATRE COMMAND, SOUTHERN THEATRE COMMAND AND WESTERN THEATRE COMMAND
On July 31, Chinese President Xi Jinping effected major changes in the PLA Rocket force. Xi Jinping promoted Wang Houbin (王厚斌) and Xu Xisheng (徐⻄盛) to the rank of General and appointed them to the positions of Rocket Force Commander and Political Commissar, respectively. Other appointments were also reported on July 31. These were of: Liu Qingsong (刘⻘松) as the Political Commissar of the Eastern Theatre. He had previously held the position of Political Commissar of the Northern Theatre. (Nanjing News; July 31). Wu Junbao (吴俊宝) was promoted to Commander of the Air Force of the Eastern Theatre. Before, he held the position of Deputy Commander. Qiao Xiangji (乔相记) was promoted to Deputy Commander of the Southern Theatre and the Commander of the Air Force of the Southern Theatre. He had been Deputy Commander of the Western Theatre Command before. Zhang Jian (张践) became the Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff of the Western Theatre. He served as the Commander of the Army of the Southern Theatre before. (Comment: These appointments confirm a rumour that has been circulating for the past month: that former Rocket Force Commander Li Yuchao (李⽟超) and former Political Commissar Xu Zhongbo (徐忠波) had been removed from their positions.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA TROOPS BEGIN TRAINING EXERCISES IN KARAKORAM AREA OF XINJIANG MILITARY REGION
i) In the first week of August, troops of a Combined Armoured Regiment marched for several days and arrived at the Karakoram Plateau in the Xinjiang Military Region at an altitude of more than 4,900 m. Participating in mountaineering training the troops were stationed on the plateau for training, and the troops were carrying rocket launchers and issued new plateau equipment. After heavy snowfall, the troops went to an "unfamiliar area at an altitude of more than 5,500 m to conduct two-day live ammunition training and assessment. ii) Recently, a number of actual military exercises organised by a base of the PLA AF of WTC were launched in the areas North and South of Tianshan Mountain. The base united multiple services and arms to carry out systematic joint training and exercises, focusing on the party committee's unified leadership of joint operations, systematic combat tactics and performance verification of new weapons and equipment.

Aug 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA 76TH GROUP ARMY EXERCISED IN QINGHAI PLATEAU LAST WEEK
At noon on August 4, China's state-owned CCTV released a military report on the "Noon Express 76th Group Army A Synthetic Brigade Armoured Infantry Company Tactical Exercise Assessment in the Plateau Hinterland". It said according to reports, a synthetic brigade of the 76th Army recently conducted exercises in the South Pass of Golmud, Qinghai.

Aug 2023

CHINA-PLA: COMMENTS ON THE DISMISSALS AND RESHUFFLE IN THE PLA ROCKET FORCE
China's military has undergone its biggest leadership shake-up in a decade after two top generals overseeing the country's nuclear arsenal vanished from public view and, with little explanation, were removed from their posts. Cercius, a Canada-based consultancy that monitors elite Chinese politics, reported last month that the status of around 10 current and retired officials from the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF) — including its former commander Li Yuchao and his deputy Liu Guangbin — remained unclear. The HongKong based English-language South China Morning Post reported that Li and his current and former deputies were being investigated by the anti-corruption unit of the Central Military Commission (CMC). China's top defense body is chaired by Chinese President Xi Jinping. In late July, ahead of the August 1 anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army (PLA), Xi spoke at different high-level military meetings, stressing "strict discipline" and the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) "absolute leadership" over the military, according to the Communist Party's English-language newspaper, China Daily. Taylor Fravel, an expert on the PLA at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, told Deutsche Welles (DW; August 9) that both incidents highlight the fact that "leadership positions in the party remain precarious, even after more than 10 years of Xi's rule and consolidation of power." "It suggests that events such as these are a feature of Xi's rule and not a bug," he added. Gao Yu, a senior Chinese journalist and dissident, told DW that the upheaval in PLARF "can include issues of power struggles." She added that the death of Wu Guohua, a retired PLARF deputy commander, was probably linked to the Communist Party's latest attempt to remove critics. In early July, Wu's death was reported in the Chinese media as being the result of "medical issues", however, Gao Yu posted on Twitter, that Wu Gaohua's former boss Zhang Xiaoyang had revealed that he had committed suicide at home. A user claiming to be Wu's daughter posted a message on the Chinese social media platform Weibo and attempted to defend her father's reputation by praising him for "punishing the traitors" during his tenure. ii) Lin Ying-Yu, an Assistant Professor at Tamkang University in Taipei, told DW that "China's policy towards Taiwan is unlikely to have a significant change." He said while Xi Jinping appears to "prioritize loyalty over expertise," the force's capabilities are unlikely to diminish solely due to leadership changes, Lin added, explaining that plans for developing the military were mostly pre-established five to 15 years in advance and would likely continue. What deserved more attention, Lin said, was whether Beijing had made real attempts to tackle the corruption in equipment procurement. Last month, the CMC called for the establishment of an "early warning mechanism for integrity risks in the military" to investigate cases of corruption dating back nearly six years. (Comment: The first report about impending changes in the PLARF was spotted by us at the time of the Shangri-la Conference in Singapore in June 2023 when one report mentioned that Lieutenant General Zhang Zhenzhong was under investigation.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-LIAONING: REN ZHENBO APPOINTED DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF LIAONING PUBLIC SECURITY DEPARTMENT
The Liaoning Provincial Public Security Department official website disclosed (August 8) that Ren Zhenbo has been appointed as the deputy director of the Liaoning Provincial Public Security Bureau. Ren Zhenbo of Han nationality was born in November 1969. He has a university degree and is a member of the Communist Party of China.

Aug 2023

CHINA-NINGXIA: PARTY SECRETARY OF NINGXIA-HUI MAKES UNANNOUNCED VISIT TO ZHONGWEI CITY AND HAIYUAN COUNTY
Ningxia Daily (August 10) reported that ten days since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Party Committee of the Autonomous Region ended, on August 9, the Ningxia-Hui Party Secretary Liang Yanshun made an unannounced visit to Zhongwei City to inspect the study and implementation of the spirit of the plenary session, emphasizing the need to thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions and important instructions on production safety. Liang Yanshun also made an unannounced visit to Haiyuan County to supervise the prevention and control of flood and drought disasters, the construction of flood control projects, and the reinforcement of key mountain torrents, material security, personnel transfer and other preparations, to ensure the safety of people's lives and property.

Aug 2023

CHINA-GANSU: MINISTER FOR HUMAN RESOURCES AND SOCIAL SECURITY GANSU PARTY SECRETARY INSPECTS GANSU PROVINCE AND MEETS GANSU PARTY SECRETARY
On August 8 afternoon Gansu Party Secretary Hu Changsheng, and Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor of the Province, Ren Zhenhe met Wang Xiaoping the Secretary of the Party Group and Minister of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security. After the meeting, Wang Xiaoping and Ren Zhenhe signed the "Strategic Cooperation Agreement on Jointly Promoting the High-quality Development of Human Resources and Social Security in Gansu Province" on behalf of the two sides. Hu Changsheng welcomed Wang Xiaoping and his party to Gansu for investigation and research and expressed his gratitude to the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security for its long-term strong support for the development of Gansu. He said that in recent years, the Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government have thoroughly implemented the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions in Gansu's important speech, firmly grasped the primary task of high-quality development, seized opportunities, worked hard, and caught up with progress, so as to promote the province's economy. Social development has made great strides. He hoped that the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will continue to support the development of Gansu and continue to promote the work of human resources and social security to a new level. Wang Xiaoping said that Gansu's human and social work has achieved remarkable results, created a lot of experience, and made positive contributions to the overall economic and social development.

Aug 2023

CHINA-DALIAN: DALIAN DAILY REPORTS INCREASE IN PRICE OF OIL AND GASOLINE
The Dalian Daily (August 10) reported that Oil prices have risen, and 92 gasoline per liter rises by 0.19 yuan.

Aug 2023

CHINA-INDIA: NDRC RESEARCHER WRITES SCATHINGLY CRITICAL ARTICLE ON INDIA'S BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT ESPECIALLY FOR CHINESE COMPANIES
Mao Keji, a research associate at the International Cooperation Centre of the National Development and Research Commission and an emerging India watcher in China, wrote on India recently in The Globe, a bi-weekly magazine under Xinhua News Agency. Mao has written widely about India in Chinese media. Mao Keji has written a number of articles criticising India and arguing that that India is suspicious of multinational corporations, large companies, new technology ventures, and asset-light businesses, and its government and legislature have a history of colluding to hunt foreign investors retrospectively. He recommends that with Indian hostility against China due to a territorial dispute that has unfortunately spilled blood, Chinese companies should think long and hard about the world’s most-populated, young, and emerging economy. His latest article published by The Globe (Guancha) on July 31, titled 'The better the business environment in India, the higher the risk for Chinese companies?' His opening paragraph states "In recent years, the Modi government of India has suppressed Chinese-funded mobile phone companies investing in India, including Xiaomi, vivo, OPPO, Huawei, etc., on the grounds of national security, tax evasion, and illegal remittances. Some Chinese-funded enterprises have suffered heavy losses. "India makes money and Indian flowers, and one wants to take them home" has become a buzzword in the Chinese online world" and he adds that "India's business environment is shrouded in fog". Stating that there is no foreign enterprise that is not afraid, he adds "If reneging on one's promise and retaliating against one's words are still in the category of dishonesty, then the Vodafone incident shows that the Indian government is fully capable of systematically persecuting companies." (Comment: Mao Keji is a Hindi speaker with master’s degrees from Tsinghua University and Johns Hopkins, Mao has written widely about India in Chinese media wrote recently in 环球 The Globe, a bi-weekly magazine under Xinhua News Agency.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: CHINA-PAKISTAN AIR FORCE EXERCISES TO BE HELD IN SEPTEMBER
Pakistan and China are to hold large-scale aerial warfare exercises in September. These will be the tenth iteration of the Shaheen Exercises. The exercises train for sustained and rapid deployment of PLAAF-PAF interoperable, integrated air combat operations through all domains of contemporary aerial combat, against a hypothetical common near-peer adversary.

Aug 2023

CHINA-SRI LANKA: CHINA GRANTS SRI LANKAN RUPEES 11 BILLION FOR COMPREHENSIVE REFURBISHMENT OF SRI LANKA SUPERIOR COURTS COMPLEX
On July 31, the Chinese Embassy in Sri Lanka posted on its official website that the Sri Lanka Superior Courts Complex, built by Chinese grant in 1989 and renovated twice, entered a comprehensive refurbishment project of LKR 11 billion grant by China Aid. It said for 35 years, the Complex has become a symbol of justice, and friendship.

Aug 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINA SENT DELEGATION TO CONFERENCE ON UKRAINE WHILE RUSSIA DOESN'T
China sent its Special Representative for Eurasian Affairs Li Hui to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to participate in Ukraine peace talks (August 5-6) with senior officials from about 40 countries on finding a peaceful settlement to Russia's war on Ukraine. Russia was not invited. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky hopes the initiative will lead to world leaders endorsing his plans for a settlement. Western diplomats said a total endorsement is unlikely. (Comment: Predictably, the meet yielded no results.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE POLITBURO MEMBER AND FOREIGN MINISTER WANG YI TALKED TO LAVROV, HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART ON AUGUST 7
Beijing Daily (August 7) reported that according to the Chinese Foreign Ministry official website on August 7, Politburo Member and Foreign Minister Wang Yi had a phone conversation with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov. 'Wang Yi said that since President Xi Jinping's visit to Russia in March this year, new progress has been made in both strategic coordination and practical cooperation between the two countries. Facts have proved that China and Russia are trustworthy and reliable good friends and good partners. At present, the most important task for both sides is to continue to implement the important consensus reached by the two heads of state and promote the continuous high-level development of China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era. Wang Yi said that on the international and multilateral arenas, China and Russia should continue to maintain close strategic coordination, promote the process of multi-polarization of the world, the democratization of international relations, and safeguard the basic norms of international relations. The proper meaning of strategic partnership. The BRICS mechanism keeps up with the trend of the times and shows full vitality. More than 20 countries have expressed their wish to join, and the expansion process is inevitable and inevitable. China is willing to work with BRICS partners including Russia to jointly support South Africa in successfully hosting the upcoming BRICS Summit and promote the healthy and vigorous development of the BRICS mechanism'. Lavrov replied 'that Russia is willing to work with China to implement the important outcomes of President Xi Jinping's visit to Russia in March this year, strengthen strategic coordination, deepen practical cooperation, and promote bilateral relations to continuously achieve new results. The Russian side is willing to continue to strengthen communication and coordination with the Chinese side under multilateral frameworks such as the United Nations, the BRICS, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, oppose hegemony, resist unilateralism, promote the democratization of international relations, and safeguard international fairness and justice'. The two also discussed the Ukraine crisis.

Aug 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE EMBASSY IN MOSCOW REACTS ANGRILY TO DENIAL OF ENTRY BY RUSSIAN CHECKPOST TO CHINESE NATIONALS HOLDING VALID VISAS
Bloomberg (August 5) reported that consequent to four Chinese tourists holding valid visas being stopped and “repeatedly questioned for four hours” by a check post at the KazakhstanRussia border and denied entry, China’s embassy in Moscow blasted what it called a “brutal” handling by Russian authorities of a denial of entry to the country by several Chinese citizens. The Embassy said in a post on August 4 on WeChat: “Russia’s brutal and excessive lawenforcement activities in this incident have seriously violated the legitimate rights and interests of the Chinese citizens. It goes against the big picture of Sino-Russian friendship and the growing trend of friendly people-to-people exchanges between the two countries.” Bloomberg added that the rare criticism stands in stark contrast with the “no limits” friendship declared by Presidents’ Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin last year. China has been prominent in refusing to condemn Putin’s invasion of Ukraine and has overseen a steady strengthening in bilateral economic ties with its northern neighbour. One of the Chinese citizens posted on Chinese social media that the Chinese Embassy's action and Russian authorities finally allowing the Chinese travellers to enter showed how "powerful China's passport is" and how China stands up for its citizens.

Aug 2023

CHINA-US: U.S. PRESIDENT BIDEN SIGNS NEW EXECUTIVE ORDER IMPOSING ADDITIONAL CURBS ON FLOW OF U.S. INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA
Washington Post reported that US President Biden signed an executive order on August 10 aimed at curbing the flow of U.S. investment and management know-how into a limited range of Chinese firms that the administration fears could fuel Beijing’s military ambitions. It said the order is a narrow, initial step that will not take effect until next year, but it is a signal to China’s leadership that Washington — despite a recent warming in diplomatic relations — intends to continue to impose restrictions on Beijing’s access to critical technology. ii) Beijing expressed dissatisfaction and opposition on August 10, to Washington's singleminded rollout of restrictions on investments in China and vowed to resolutely safeguard its rights and interests. A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said, "The U.S. move violates the principles of market economy and fair competition, undermines the international economic and trading order, and destabilizes global industrial and supply chains" and the act hurts the interests of both China and the U.S. and the global business community He added "This is deglobalization and a move to phase China out." (Comment: Analysts say that though this order does not impose many restrictions, it is just the first step.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-US: US-CHINA WORKING GROUPS ESTABLISHED TO TRY AND PRODUCE DELIVERABLES BEFORE BIDEN-XI MEETING AT APEC IN NOVEMBER
The Financial Times (August 5) reported that several new US-China working groups have been established. Diplomats on both sides are trying to produce some deliverables before the BidenXi meeting on the margins of APEC in November. The Financial Times had reported on August 4 that US and China will open new communications channels to discuss IndoPacific regional issues and maritime issues. This followed visit by Chinese official Yang Tao to Washington this week. This is a nascent effort that will be fleshed out over the coming months.

Aug 2023

CHINA-US: STUDY REVEALS INCREASING NUMBERS OF SCIENTISTS OF CHINESE DESCENT ARE LEAVING THE U.S.
Chemistry World (August 2) published a report stating that scientists of Chinese descent were leaving the US even before the US government announced plans to crack down on perceived espionage by China in 2018. Since then, the numbers leaving have only accelerated as both junior and experienced faculty depart. It said a team at Princeton, Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that nearly 20,000 scientists of Chinese descent who began their careers in the US have left for other countries, including China, between 2010 and 2021. ‘The migration has increased during those 12 years, from 900 scientists in 2010 to 2621 in 2021, with an accelerated departure rate (75% higher) in the last three years … coinciding with the launch of the China Initiative in 2018,’ the authors wrote. Among the scientists of Chinese descent who left the US in 2010, 48% moved to China, and 52% relocated to other countries. However, the percentage of those researchers returning to China has been continuing to grow, especially in the past few years. The analysis shows that in 2021 the proportion of scientists of Chinese descent who left the US for China increased to two-thirds. The most significant exodus has been in the life sciences, with over 1000 departing in 2021. For maths and the physical sciences, the figure was around 900. The team also conducted a survey in 2021–2022 of nearly 1400 Chinese Americans in tenured or tenure-track positions at US universities that revealed that 35% of them feel unwelcome, and 72% do not feel safe. Furthermore, 42% are fearful of conducting research in the US, 65% are worried about pursuing collaborations with China and 86% perceive that it is harder to recruit top international students now compared with five years ago. Of the survey respondents who have obtained US federal grants 45% say that they will avoid applying for such awards for fear of making mistakes in the application process that could lead to them being investigated. It quoted the Study's co-author Xihong Lin, a biostatistician at Harvard University, as saying ‘These findings reveal that the widespread fear of conducting routine research and academic activities among scientists of Chinese descent, and the significant risks of losing talent culminated in hesitancy to remain in the US and contributing to federal sponsored research in science and technology. Addressing the fears of scientists of Chinese origin and making the academic environment welcoming and attractive for all will help retain and attract scientific talent and strengthen the US leadership in science and technology in the long run.’ (Comment: Academic and political scientist Cheng Li of Brookings Institute in the US last month announced his decision to leave the US and move to Hongkong because of the racial discrimination he now felt in the US.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-PHILIPPINES: TENSIONS RISE AS CHINESE COAST GUARD SHIP FIRES WATER CANNON AT PHILIPPINES SHIP
The Philippines accused the Chinese coast guard of blocking and water-cannoning a Philippine military supply ship on what it said was a routine troop rotation and resupply mission on August 5 for the Philippine warship, a rusty World War Two-era American ship that a handful of troops live aboard. China's Coast Guard said (August 7) it had earlier told Manila not to send ships to the Second Thomas Shoal and not to send "construction materials used for large-scale repair and reinforcement" to the warship after it learned of this recent supply plan. China also urged the Philippines to restore the Second Thomas Shoal and said it had allowed transport of daily necessities including food to the grounded ship, according to the Chinese statement, adding that it had used the water cannon to avoid collision from a direct interception. China over the weekend said it had "indisputable" sovereignty of the area and urged the Philippines to stop infringing activities in these waters. Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. said on Monday that the country continued to assert its sovereignty and territorial rights despite challenges in the South China Sea. Marcos said the Philippines had relayed its complaint against China. The Global Times (August 8) said that China and the Philippines have been quarrelling over the Philippines' illegal transportation of construction supplies to China's Ren'ai Jiao (also known as Ren'ai Reef), in order to incite Manila to further provoke China to ramp up the tension, several Western countries led by the US have expressed backing for the Philippines' illegal acts in the South China Sea while condemning China's legitimate, restrained and professional responses. The Chinese Foreign Ministry, for the second time in days, urged the Philippines to immediately tow away the military vessel "grounded" at the reef and restore it to its original state of having no personnel or facility on it, according to a Tuesday statement from the ministry, stressing that Ren'ai Reef is part of China's Nansha Qundao(Nansha Islands). Quoting a Chinese Foreign Ministry statement, it said "The Philippines explicitly promised several times to tow away the military vessel deliberately and illegally 'grounded' at Ren'ai Jiao. However, 24 years have passed and instead of towing it away, the Philippines has sought to repair and reinforce it on a large scale in order to permanently occupy Ren'ai Jiao". The Chinese Defence Ministry spokesman Wu Qian warned (August 7) "If the US military gets itself involved and incites Manila to further provoke China to worsen the tension, the Chinese military is also fully prepared for any possible escalated situation to effectively safeguard China's sovereignty and legitimate rights, even though China does not want the tension to escalate." (Comment: The Philippines in 1999 intentionally grounded the warship to stake its claim to the Second Thomas Reef, a submerged reef that is part of the Spratly islands in the South China Sea.)

Aug 2023

CHINA-NORTH KOREA: ENLARGED MEETING OF KWP DECIDES TO FURTHER STRENGTHEN COMBAT READINESS AND ADOPTS 'OFFENSIVE MILITARY RESPONSE PROGRAM'
Xinhua (August 11) reported that the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea held an enlarged meeting on August 9 to discuss further strengthening of combat readiness in response to the severe political and military situation on the Korean Peninsula. It said that according to reports, the meeting analysed military movements that undermine peace and stability on the peninsula and adopted an "offensive military response plan." The meeting also discussed and passed relevant resolutions on actively carrying out actual combat training and strengthening combat readiness. It also said the 'Offensive Military Response Program' was adopted.

Aug 2023

CHINA-AFRICA: MORE THAN 100,000 ADULT CHINESE WORK IN AFRICA
The China Global South Project (August 8) published an article from the Congo Daily which said there are more than 100,000 Chinese adult men living and working in Africa. It said though life in Africa can be quite harsh, yet in recent years, there has been a growing phenomenon where more and more people choose to settle down in Africa. It listed three main reasons why (many) Chinese in Africa are reluctant to return to China: • Firstly, they receive respect from the African people. With China’s economic development, incomes have steadily increased, leading to a significant rise in labor costs for businesses. In order to reduce these expenses, some companies choose to set up factories in Africa. This not only increases the company’s revenue but also provides many job opportunities for the local people in Africa. The wages offered to the local Africans are much higher than the local average, making many Africans welcome Chinese people and take pride in marrying them. This kind of treatment is something they cannot enjoy in their homeland, which makes many Chinese willing to stay abroad. • Secondly, the cost of living in Africa is low. Nowadays, many people, either for business or personal reasons, choose to work in Africa. In Africa, they earn more money than they were in China, but their living expenses are relatively low. This significantly improves their quality of life. In China, buying a house would require a lifetime of savings, but in Africa, it is much easier. This also keeps many to stay. • Lastly, the cost of getting married in Africa is not high. Africans have great admiration for Chinese people, and many locals feel proud to marry Chinese. This makes it easy for Chinese settled in Africa to find spouses. They do not need to spend a large sum of money on bride-price, which is crazily high in China. And in some cases, they do not need to spend a single penny if they have understanding in-laws.

Aug 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING INSPECTS SUZHOU CITY IN JIANGSU AND PLA EASTERN THEATRE COMMAND ON JULY 6
Chinese President Xi Jinping inspected Suzhou in Jiangsu on July 5-6 when he visited the hitech Zijinshan Laboratory and Nanrui Group Co., Ltd. in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, the Suzhou Industrial Park, a historic and cultural block etc. He also inspected the PLA Eastern Theatre Command and took a photograph with officers of the Command. ii) Chinese President Xi Jinping accompanied by General Zhang Youxia, Vice Chairman of the CMC, inspected the PLA Eastern Theatre Command. Meeting PLA officers during the inspection of the PLA Eastern Theatre Command on July 6, Xinhua and CCTV (July 6) said Chinese President Xi Jinping urged the military to deepen war and combat planning to increase the chances of victory in actual combat to safeguard China's sovereignty and territory. China Daily (July 7) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping had urged the People's Liberation Army's Eastern Theatre Command to focus on missions that need to be achieved by 2027, the centenary of the PLA, and "break new ground" for the command's development and combat training. He told the theatre command to follow the resolutions of the CPC's 20th National Congress, the Party's thoughts on strengthening the military and its military strategies in the new era and that the command must also concentrate on the tasks set by the Party for the armed forces to accomplish by 2027. Xi Jinping acknowledged the command's contributions to safeguarding China's sovereignty, marine interests and national unification. Xi Jinping also stressed that the world has entered a new period of turbulence and change, and there are rising uncertainties and instability in China's security situation and ordered that commanders and troops always bear in mind their missions and tasks, adhere to problem-centered thinking, strengthen awareness of potential risks, and fully meet their responsibilities of enhancing combat readiness. He asked the command's officers should improve operational planning, establish a strong interservice command system and conduct more realistic battle training. Commanders must handle military issues with a political perspective, strengthen the work of Party organizations inside their units, and continue to uphold discipline and fight corruption, Xi said. China Daily said the visit was Xi Jinping's first inspection tour of the PLA Eastern Theatre Command headquarters.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CHAIRS POLITBURO MEETING ON JUNE 30
Xinhua (June 30) reported that the Politburo held a meeting on June 30 'to review the "Opinions on Several Policies and Measures to Support the Construction of Xiong'an New Area with High Standards and High Quality". Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over the meeting. The meeting pointed out that 'the establishment of Xiong'an New Area is a major decision made by the "Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core" to relieve Beijing's noncapital functions and further promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei. It is a millennium plan and a national event. At present, the work focus of Xiongan New Area has shifted to high-quality construction, high-level management, and high-quality decommissioning and development. Quality construction of Xiongan New Area is of great significance'. The meeting also studied other matters.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CHAIRS POLITBURO STUDY GROUP SESSION ON JUNE 30
Global Times (Chinese; July 1) disclosed that Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over a group study session of the Politburo on June 30, a day ahead of CPC's 102nd founding anniversary on July 1. In his speech he called for more achievements in the Party's theoretical innovation and said the understanding of the Party's theoretical innovation must be continuously deepened. Xi Jinping said it is the solemn historical responsibility of today's Chinese Communists to open new frontiers in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING SENDS CONGRATULATORY LETTER TO THIRD DIALOGUE ON EXCHANGES AND MUTUAL LEARNING AND WORLD CONFERENCE OF SINOLOGISTS
On July 3, Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the third Dialogue on Exchanges and Mutual Learning among Civilization and the first World Conference of Sinologists. The dialogue was hosted by the Chinese Association for International Understanding in Beijing. President Xi stated that China is willing to work together for the universal values of peace, development, justice, freedom, democracy and implement the Global Civilization Initiative. President Xi Jinping called on sinologists across the globe as a bridge between Chinese and other civilizations to promote friendship and cooperation between China and the rest of the world.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING PUBLISHES ARTICLE IN QIU SHI ON OCCASION OF CCP'S 102ND ANNIVERSARY
Chinese President Xi Jinping published (July 1) an article calling on 'young officials to grow into people capable of shouldering the mission of the times and become people who remain loyal and worthy of the trust of the Party and the people.' The article noted that 'the healthy growth of young officials has a bearing on the cause of the Party and the people, which must be carried forward by future generations'. The article was published in this year's 13th issue of the Qiushi Journal, a flagship magazine of the CPC Central Committee, on the occasion of the CCP's 102nd anniversary.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: XINHUA REPRODUCES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S SPEECH REPORTED IN QIU SHI DELIVERED AT CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL IN MARCH 2022
Xinhua (June 30) republished Qiu Shi's article by Chinese President Xi Jinping of his speech in March 2022 at the Central Party School captioned 'Strive to grow into a pillar of talent who is loyal and reliable to the party and the people and worthy of the heavy responsibility of the times'. Xi Jinping said "Since March 2019, including this class, we have held 6 classes for middle-aged and young people. Every time I open a class, I will give a lecture. The reason why I attach importance to this matter is because the healthy growth of young cadres is related to the successors of the cause of the party and the people. Every time I speak, I focus on something, but the requirements are the same, that is, I hope that young cadres will grow into talents who are loyal and reliable to the party and the people, and can be worthy of the heavy responsibility of the times. Below, I emphasize a few points". In the first sentence itself he emphasised: "against the backdrop of "the rise of the East and decline of the West" and "Chinese stability and Western chaos" Party members and cadres have strengthened their ideals and beliefs". The highlights of his speech are: i) "some people never truly established the ideals and beliefs of a CCP member"; ii) "some individuals are ambivalent and hesitant in their ideals and beliefs"; iii) "some have ..a simple emotional attachment to the Party, but not reached the level of devoutness.. and deep conviction". "Some individuals believe that Marxism is outdated, communism is too far away, and socialism is too long-term. They believe power is what matters, money is real, and personal enjoyment is the ultimate truth. We must clarify and oppose such erroneous words and actions"; iv) some "are obsessed with comparing themselves to others and become mentally unbalanced when they see some bosses squandering money and indulging in extravagant lifestyles". Others "crave pleasure and sigh that life is short". Others "become inflated with self-importance"; v) some officials believe "that those who are caught are just "unlucky eggs," and as long as they are more cunning and covert in their methods, they can deceive others and escape detection"; vi) "Some people believe that wining and dining are part of social etiquette and feel that they cannot afford to lose face....Let me make it clear: when it comes to implementing the..EightPoint Regulations, disciplinary measures must become stricter as time goes on"; vii) "it is evident that there are many instances of "corruption within the entire family." Some individuals themselves engage in misconduct, which negatively influences their relatives and children. Others are unable to resist the temptations and their relatives get caught up"; viii) "some leading cadres have impure motives, tying their work to personal gains and fame...others prioritize visible achievements over substance...others are eager to please their bosses...while disregarding the masses...others are more interested in building their legacy"; ix) some "believe that development means pursuing projects, investments, and scale expansion". Others "excessively rely on debt for construction, engage in blind expansion". Others "adopt simplistic..methods, implementing one-size-fits-all approaches.. leading to power outages" x) some cadres "have become alienated from the masses", others "exhibit serious formalism and bureaucratism", others "are unwilling to interact with the masses", yet others "lack the ability to work with the masses" and some "arrogantly give orders, disrespecting the masses".

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: XINHUA PUBLISHES REPORT ON "22 STORIES ABOUT XI JINPING'S RESEARCH METHODS"
Xinhua (July 4) published 22 stories about Xi Jinping's research methods. It recounted Xi Jinping's visits to different locations and the meetings held there.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG CHAIRS SYMPOSIUM ON ECONOMIC SITUATION
Chinese Premier Li Qiang presided over a symposium on the economic situation on July 6 to listen to the opinions and suggestions of experts and scholars on the current economic situation and doing a good job in economic work. Politburo Standing Committee member and Vice Premier Ding Xuexiang attended the event where more than 8 Chinese experts spoke. Li Qiang said China 'is in a critical period of economic recovery and industrial upgrading. It is necessary to adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability, fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, and accelerate the construction of a new development pattern'.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE VICE PRESIDENT HAN ZHENG ATTENDED THE 11TH WORLD PEACE FORUM IN BEIJING ON JULY 2
Xinhua (June 30) said that Chinese Vice President Han Zheng will attend the opening ceremony of the 11th World Peace Forum and deliver a keynote speech in Beijing on July 2. Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mao Ning announced on June 30 that the forum will be held at Tsinghua University with this year's theme being "Stabilizing an Unstable World through Consensus and Cooperation". In his speech (July 2) Han Zheng said that 'in the face of profound changes in the international situation, President Xi Jinping proposed a series of major initiatives such as the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative, and the Global Civilization Initiative. Contributed Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions, injecting strong positive energy into world peace and development. China is willing to work with other countries to jointly safeguard world peace and security, seek global development and prosperity, advocate exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, and share the achievements of human development, security, and civilization. Han Zheng made four suggestions'. These were: (i) to uphold independence and mutual respect and support all efforts to independently explore the path of democratic development; (ii) to resolve conflicts through dialogue and consultation. The international community, especially influential major powers, should unequivocally promote peace, promote talks, mediate and mediate according to the needs and wishes of the countries concerned, build mutual trust through dialogue, resolve disputes through dialogue, and promote security through dialogue; (iii) to firmly uphold and practice multilateralism; (iv) to promote inclusiveness, mutual benefit and win-win results. Jointly promote global development to a new stage of balance, coordination and inclusiveness, promote international development cooperation, improve the well-being of people in participating countries, and consolidate the social foundation of world peace. Han Zheng also 'emphasized that Chinesestyle modernization is a modernization that follows the path of peaceful development. China is unswervingly an advocate, builder and defender of world peace'. More than 400 people including President of the BRICS New Development Bank, former Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, former Secretary of the Federal Security Council of Russia Ivanov, former Indonesian Foreign Minister Vilayyoda and other foreign dignitaries, diplomatic envoys to China, experts and scholars attended the meeting.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO MEMBER AND HEAD OF CCP CC PROPAGANDA DEPARTMENT LI SHULEI ADDRESSES 'INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BUILDING A COMMUNITY WITH A SHARED FUTURE' IN BEIJING
Politburo member and Head of the CCP CC Propaganda Department Li Shulei, attended and delivered a keynote speech at an international conference on building a community with a shared future for all held in Beijing on July 5. Xinhua (July 5) said "The International Conference on China and the World: Towards Building a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind," gathered more than 200 individuals from foreign political circles, international organizations, Chinese and foreign think tanks and media circles, as well as well-known experts and scholars in the field of social sciences. Li Shulei said the 'international community needed to advance the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative and the Global Civilization Initiative, and to explore the road to modernization together'. The conference was hosted by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO MEMBER AND BEIJING PARTY SECRETARY YIN LI OPENED THE 2023 GLOBAL DIGITAL ECONOMY CONFERENCE ON JULY 4
Beijing Daily (July 5) reported that on July 4, Politburo member and Beijing Party Secretary Yin Li opened and delivered a speech at the 2023 Global Digital Economy Conference at the National Convention Center. Zhuang Rongwen, Vice Minister of the Central Propaganda Department, Director of the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, and Director of the State Cyberspace Administration of China, delivered a speech. Yin Yong, Deputy Secretary of the Beijing Municipal Party Committee and Mayor of Beijing, presided over the opening ceremony.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO MEMBER LI GANJIE ATTENDED SYMPOSIUM ON 'THEME EDUCATION' ORGANISED BY CENTRAL EDUCATION LEADING GROUP FOR STUDYING AND IMPLEMENTING XI JINPING'S NEW ERA OF SOCIALISM
Xinhua (June 26) said that the 'Central Education Leading Group for Studying and Implementing Xi Jinping's New Era of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics Theme Education Leading Group' held a symposium on investigation and research work in Beijing on June 25. Politburo member and Executive Deputy Head of the Leading Group Li Ganjie attended. Jiang Xinzhi, deputy leader of the group, presided over the meeting. The meeting emphasized that all regions, departments and units should thoroughly study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions and important instructions on investigation and research, promote a pragmatic style, and improve the quality and effectiveness of investigation and research work.

July 2023

CHINA LEADERSHIP: QIU SHI PUBLISHED ARTICLE BY SHANXI PARTY SECRETARY LIN WU ON 'THEME EDUCATION'
The CCP's leading theoretical fortnightly magazine Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth, 2023/13; July 1) published an article by Lin Wu, Party Secretary of Shanxi Province and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress on 'Theme Education' titled 'Carry out theme education in a solid manner to accelerate transformation and development'. In his article he recalled that on May 16, 2023, the General Secretary visited Shanxi and gave important instructions, which injected strong impetus into our good theme education and further pointed out the way forward for us to embark on a new journey. The article mentioned Xi Jinping 23 times.

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PAN GONGSHENG APPOINTED NEW SECRETARY OF PARTY COMMITTEE OF PBOC
On July 1, the People's Bank of China and the CCP CC Organization Department announced that Pan Gongsheng was appointed Secretary of the Party Committee of the People's Bank of China. Born in 1963, Pan Gongsheng served from April 2008 to June 2012, as a member of the Party Committee, Vice President and Executive Director of the Agricultural Bank of China (during which he also served as the chairman of the Hong Kong Agricultural Bank International and the chairman of the Agricultural Bank of China (UK) and in the first half of 2009 and the first half of 2011 spent half a year in the Central Party School, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government). In June 2012, he served as a member of the Party Committee and Vice President of the People's Bank of China. (Comment: His appointment as Party Secretary of the PBoC indicates he could take over as Chairman of PBoC in the near future.)

July 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: DING XUEDONG APPOINTED PARTY SECRETARY OF NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL SECURITY FUND
On July 1, the National Council for Social Security Fund and "the responsible" comrades of the CCP CC Organization Department announced that the CCP CC had decided to appoint Ding Xuedong as the Party Secretary of the National Council for Social Security Fund. Ding Xuedong is a member of the 20th CCP Central Committee. In March he was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council (ministerial level). (Comment: His appointment as Party Secretary of the National Council for Social Security Fund indicates he could take over as its Chairman or another senior position in the near future.)

July 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: WANG ZHIJUN APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY GENERAL OF STATE COUNCIL
The official website of China's Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security on July 4, reported the appointment of 1965-born Wang Zhijun as the Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council (in charge of the daily work of the General Office of the State Council, at the ministerial level). Wang Zhijun is a member of the 20th CCP CC. He was earlier the Deputy Secretary of the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee.

July 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: CHINESE CANDIDATE REAPPOINTED FAO CHIEF
At the 43rd session of the FAO Conference held on July 2, 2023, Chinese candidate Qu Dongyu won another term to serve as the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) for the next four years. The conference was held in Rome and Director-General Qu Dongyu won his position with 168 votes.

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCP HAS PUBLISHED MULTI-LINGUAL EDITIONS OF CONCISE HISTORY OF CCP TO MARK 102ND ANNIVERSARY OF CCP
A ceremony was held in Beijing on July 1 to mark the release of A concise history of the Communist Party of China in multiple languages including Russian, French, Spanish, German, Arabic and Italian, commemorating the 102nd anniversary of the CPC's founding. Xi Weidong, President and Chief Editor of CCTP, said at the ceremony that the multilingual editions are published by the Central Compilation and Translation Press (CCTP) as gifts for the 102nd anniversary of the founding of the CPC.

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCES THAT CCP'S MEMBERSHIP HAS GROWN TO 98.04 MILLION
The CCP CC Organisation Department announced (June 30) that the Communist Party of China (CPC) had 98.04 million members at the end of 2022. The number increased by nearly 1.33 million, or 1.4 percent, from 2021, according to figures released by the department ahead of the 102nd founding anniversary of the CPC on July 1. The CPC had about 5.07 million primary-level organizations at the end of 2022, up 129,000 from the previous year. It said workers and peasants continue to make up the majority of the CCP members, accounting for 33.3 percent of the total and that there were about 53.65 million Party members, or 54.7 percent of the overall membership, holding junior college degrees or above. It revealed that there are 3,198 local party committees at all levels across the country. Among them, there are 31 provincial (district, city) committees, 397 city (state) committees, and 2,770 county (city, district, and banner) committees. City streets, townships, communities (neighborhood committees), and administrative village party organizations. Party organizations have been established in 9,062 urban streets, 29,619 townships, 116,831 communities (neighborhood committees), and 490,041 administrative villages across the country, with coverage rates exceeding 99.9%.

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT MAKES CRITERIA FOR RECRUITMENT TO CCP MORE STRINGENT TO WEED OUT THOSE WITH WESTERN VALUES OR HAVE DOUBTS
South China Morning Post (June 30) reported, explaining the surprising drop in the number of members aged under 30, that the Chinese Communist Party has tightened the screening process for new applicants and stepped up oversight of young cadres. The Central Organisation Department, the party’s top personnel office, said the total number of party members aged under 30 dropped to 12.43 million last year – a fall of 189,000 or 1.5 per cent – from 2021. The party’s tightening of its political screening process for new applications and disciplinary supervision of younger cadres were key contributors to the lower recruitment number. Citing an official source familiar with the tally, the South China Morning Post said “There is no shortage of new applications, but we want quality people. We need to weed out those who appreciate Western values, indulge in extravagance, avoid tough duties, or have doubts with the party’s directions. The case files from the anti-corruption agency shows many corrupt officials had wrong motives when they joined the party.” Overall, the party still had a net increase of 1.3 million members, a 1.4 per cent growth, pushing total membership past 98 million last year. But the total growth was much slower than the 3.4 million, or 3.7 per cent, increase seen in 2021.

July 2023

CHINA--CCP: CCP CC ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT RECENTLY ALLOCATED 128 MILLION YUAN FROM PARTY DUES TO 16 PROVINCES AND REGIONS FOR DISASTER RELIEF WORK
Xinhua (July 6) said the CCP CC Organization Department had recently allocated 128 million yuan of special funds to Chongqing, Sichuan and other 16 provinces, regions and municipalities from the party dues managed on behalf of the Central Committee to support flood prevention and disaster relief work.

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: VICE PRESIDENT OF CCP CC PARTY HISTORY AND LITERATURE INSTITUTE PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION IN PEOPLE'S DAILY
People's Daily (July 5) published an article titled 'Building the modern civilization of the Chinese nation while advancing Chinese-style modernization (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)' authored by Huang Yibing, Vice President of the CCP CC Party History and Literature Research Institute. The article said 'Chinese-style modernization is a modernization that continues the ancient civilization, not a modernization that eliminates the ancient civilization', and quoted General Secretary Xi Jinping as pointing out: "Chinese Communists are not historical nihilists, nor are they cultural nihilists." In the long-term historical practice of uniting and leading the Chinese people in modernization, the Chinese Communists have always been faithful inheritors of China's excellent traditional culture and promoters". It reiterated 'Chinesestyle modernization is a modernization that grew out of the land of China, not copying the modernization of other countries' and that 'Chinese-style modernization takes root in the land of China and is in line with China's reality'. It quoted Xi Jinping: "Chinese-style modernization breaks the myth of 'modernization = Westernization', shows another picture of modernization, expands the path choices for developing countries to modernize, and provides human beings with a better social system. Exploration provides a Chinese solution." There is neither a single modernization model nor a universal modernization standard in the world. Chinese-style modernization is deeply rooted in the excellent traditional Chinese culture, embodies the advanced nature of scientific socialism, and draws on all the outstanding achievements of human civilization".

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: XINHUA'S THINK-TANK 'NEW CHINA RESEARCH' CALLS INTEGRATING BASIC TENETS OF MARXISM WITH TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE AS THE 'SECOND INTEGRATION'
People's Daily (July 3) published a Xinhua (July 2) report that a 'new research report from Xinhua News Agency's think tank delves into the Communist Party of China (CPC) concept of integrating the basic tenets of Marxism with fine traditional Chinese culture, known as the "Second Integration." The report by the New China Research analyzes the connotation and global significance of the "Second Integration," saying the integration opens a new frontier in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times. The "Second Integration" serves as a key to unlocking the understanding of China in the new era, providing insight into Chinese modernization and a new model for human advancement, according to the report. It also offers a valuable perspective for observing the relationship between China and the world.' It added that the 'concept was introduced by President Xi Jinping' in his speech commemorating the CCP's 100th anniversary on July 1, 2021.

July 2023

CHINA-CCP: PAPER CRITICISES 'DE-RISKING' AND 'DE-COUPLING' AS BOTH U.S. POLICY TO ESSENTIALLY 'CONTAIN' CHINA
The Shanghai-based 'Paper' (July 5) published an article captioned 'From "decoupling" with China to "de-risking", starting with the "risk control" lies of "political liars" in the United States'. It said 'When the "decoupling theory" was bankrupted by the facts, some politicians in the United States and the West have recently talked about the so-called "de-risking" towards China, peddling their new rhetoric on China policy. "Decoupling" is a blatant anti-China political agitation, while "de-risking" has hidden evil intentions, an attempt to package and contain China's political attempts with subverted and generalized economic concepts.' It explained; 'The essence of the so-called "de-risking" in the United States and the West is to achieve selective "decoupling" through self-defined "risks", which not only covet China's dividends, but also attempt to contain China's development. Its purpose is to pull more countries into the water, soothe confrontation, promote division, and obstruct development to alleviate inner competition panic and maintain self-interest and hegemony; the consequence will be to disrupt the security and stability of the global industrial chain and supply chain, and disrupt the normal international economic exchanges. The root of cooperation with the world hinders the development of the world economy and human progress'. It added that The United States and the West have abandoned "decoupling" and shouted "de-risking". It seems that their stance has "softened" and they have begun to consider issues from the "economic" level. "Decoupling Theory" of "resurrecting the dead". Under the cloak of decency, there has been no substantive change in the direction of the US and the West's China policies. From "decoupling" to "derisking", the trend of "politicization" of the economic issues of the United States and the West towards China has not changed, and ideological considerations have always been a roadblock for them to carry out normal economic exchanges with China. Before being "enabled" by Western countries this time, "de-risking" specifically refers to the offside jurisdiction of financial institutions, which has been criticized by the United States, the European Union, the World Bank and other institutions, and has long been placed in the dark corner of Western economic textbooks as a derogatory term'.

July 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW: CHINA SAYS FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW IS SAFEGUARD AGAINST FOREIGN SANCTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS
A People's Daily (June 30) article captioned 'Law on Foreign Relations to act as safeguard' quoting Politburo member and Director of the CCP CC Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission, Wang Yi clarified that "China's first foreign relations law, which was passed by the nation's top legislature on Wednesday, provides the necessary legal guarantees for the country to safeguard its sovereignty, security and development interests amid increased foreign sanctions and restrictions". He said it 'provides a legal basis for China to exercise its legitimate rights to counter sanctions and interference'. The Law on Foreign Relations comes as the nation's development faces increasing challenges in foreign relations including export restrictions, "long-arm" jurisdiction and sanctions. China, for example, has been subjected to mounting sanctions from the United States over advanced technologies as well as issues related to the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The People's Daily added that 'international law has failed to provide adequate remedies. To protect its national security and interests, China recognized the urgent need for a domestic legal framework to regulate foreign relations'.

July 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW: PROFESSOR OF WUHAN UNIVERSITY CLARIFIES IMPORTANT POINTS IN CHINA'S FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW
Huang Huikang, member of the United Nations International Law Commission, Distinguished Professor of the International Rule of Law Institute of Wuhan University, a national high-end think tank published an article titled 'The Basic Legal Observance of China's Foreign Relations in the New Era' in the Guangming Daily (July 1). The article clarifies that the guiding ideology for developing foreign relations are: 'the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of "Three Represents", the Scientific Outlook on Development, and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to develop foreign relations and promote friendly exchanges'. It reiterates the basic principles for developing foreign relations. Adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace, adhere to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence; adhere to the path of peaceful development, adhere to the basic national policy of opening up, and pursue a mutually beneficial and win-win opening strategy; abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Promote the construction of a new type of international relations; advocate the peaceful settlement of international disputes, oppose the use of force or the threat of force in international relations, and oppose hegemonism and power politics; insist that all countries are equal regardless of size, strength, rich or poor, and respect all countries. The development path and social system independently chosen by the people; and that 'the People's Republic of China adheres to the centralized and unified leadership of the Communist Party of China in its external work'. It also states that 'The Central Leading Agency for Foreign Affairs is responsible for decision-making and coordination of foreign affairs, researches, formulates, and guides the implementation of national foreign affairs strategies and relevant major policies, and is responsible for top-level design, overall coordination, overall advancement, and supervision of implementation of foreign affairs' and that 'Chinese diplomatic missions abroad represent the People's Republic of China. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs unifies the work of diplomatic agencies stationed abroad'.

July 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA PLACES EXPORT CONTROLS ON RARE EARTHS - GALLIUM AND GERMANIUM - AND RELATED ITEMS
On July 3, China's Ministry of Commerce (MofCom) placed two minerals – gallium and germanium – and their related compounds under export control, effective August 1, 2023. Companies must now obtain regulatory approval to export the materials. Wei Jianguo, China's former Vice Minister of Commerce: export controls on Gallium and Germanium are “just the beginning” and China will step up countermeasures if the US imposes more tech curbs. He told the state-run China Daily that he 'expected the controls to exert heavy pain on some countries'. ii) The Jingji Ribao (July 5) published a report titled "Export controls on germanium and gallium benefit the IC sector”, announcing the decision of MofCOM and the General Administration of Customs (GAC) on the evening of 3 July, imposing export controls on gallium and germanium. It added that items meeting relevant criteria, such as gallium-related items (metal gallium, gallium nitride, gallium oxide, gallium phosphide, gallium arsenide, indium gallium arsenide, gallium selenide, gallium antimonide) and germanium-related items (metal germanium, Ingots of molten germanium ingots, phosphorus germanium zinc, germanium epitaxial growth substrates, germanium dioxide, germanium tetrachloride) may not be exported without permission. Jingji Ribao said consequently when the market opened on July 4, non-ferrous metal germanium and gallium resource concept stocks collectively opened higher. IC and component sectors followed suit. By the close, Juchen shares rose by over 15 percent, and stocks such as Zhuoshengwei, Naxinwei, and Puya shares rose by over 8 percent. It observed that Gallium and Germanium are emerging strategic key minerals, which are widely used in IC materials, new energy and other fields. It quoted analysts as saying that export controls on gallium and germanium will have an important impact on industries such as chips and electronic components. The controls will be officially enacted from 1 August 2023. If exporters export without permission, export beyond the scope of permission, or have other violations, MofCOM, GAC or other departments will impose administrative penalties in accordance with relevant laws and regulations and it would constitute a crime and they would be held criminally responsible. Xiang Ligang, Chairman of the Information Consumption Alliance, told reporters that the enactment of export controls on gallium and germanium will have an important impact on industries such as chips and electronic components. (Comment: These minerals are critical inputs for a host of high tech products including semiconductors, solar cells, and LED displays. Everybody from chipmakers to defense companies to automakers needs these materials. China accounted for roughly 86% of worldwide gallium production in 2022 with estimated reserves of 540,000 Kilograms compared with 10,000 Kgs for the rest of the world. China accounted for 68% of worldwide germanium production in 2021. Japan, Germany, and the Netherlands -- the three largest importers of China’s gallium compounds, accounting for around 38%, 30%, and 20% of China’s exports -- will be most affected by the controls.) iii) The US has "firmly" opposed the export controls announced by China on gallium & germanium, metals needed to produce semiconductors and other electronics and has said it will consult its partners and allies to address the issue.

July 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE AUTHORITIES CONSIDERING LOWERING HOUSEHOLD GAS RATES IN FACE OF MOUNTING WINTER GAS SHORTAGES
Caixin (July 4) disclosed that Chinese policymakers are weighing whether to abandon the strict controls that keep household gas rates low, allowing them to float within a controlled range. The move comes amid mounting industry pressure and concerns about another winter of gas shortages. High upstream fuel prices continue to squeeze the nation’s gas distributors, which can only charge residential users lower rates set by local governments under rules intended to prevent price shocks. Some distributors stopped vending gas to residents in winter last year when the cost of procuring it rose well above what they could legally charge. Policymakers are, however, understood to be cautious about taking the step because of potential knock-on effects, which include energy price inflation and potential disquiet over rising household utility prices. (Comment: China has five major gas distributors: China Gas Holdings Ltd., Kunlun Energy Co. Ltd., Towngas Smart Energy Co. Ltd., China Resources Gas Group Ltd. and ENN Energy Holdings Ltd. Analysis of the performance of four of those companies last year shows that only Kunlun Energy, whose major shareholder is PetroChina, registered a year-on-year increase in net profit — and it was a meagre 1.7%.

July 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: FORMER US TRADE AND TREASURY OFFICIAL CLAIMED THAT CHINA IS SITTING ON US$ 6 TRILLION OF UNDISCLOSED MONEY
China is sitting on a $6 trillion pile of money, half of which is “hidden,” and that presents a new kind of risk to the global economy, according to Brad Setser, former US Trade and Treasury official who wrote in a report on The China Project, a New York-based news platform. He said a lot of the country’s foreign-exchange reserves don’t show up in the official books of the People’s Bank of China. Instead, what can be called “shadow reserves” appear among the assets of entities such as state commercial lenders and policy banks. He said “China’s lack of transparency here is a bit of a problem for the world”. “China structurally is so central to the global economy that anything it does, seen or unseen, will eventually have an enormous impact on the rest of the world.” Citing an example of the influence of China's reserves, he pointed to its Belt and Road Initiative and said the Chinese “are powerful enough of an economic force such that an entire, global, decades-long infrastructure plan was in some ways, just a side effect of a 2009 decision to find new ways to manage China’s foreign exchange. Well, China is so big an economy – and such an unbalanced economy – that all its activities just have an outsized global impact.”

July 2023

CHINA-AGRICULTURE: PEOPLE'S DAILY INTERVIEWED VICE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE LIU HUANXIN WHEN HE CLAIMED 'RAPID GROWTH' IN RURAL INCOMES
The People's Daily (July 4) published an interview with China's Vice Minister of Agriculture and Director of the National Rural Revitalization Bureau, Liu Huanxin under the caption: 'Promoting and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation and effectively connecting high-quality development with rural revitalization'. In the interview, Liu Huanxin said: 'After the overall victory in the fight against poverty, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core made a major decision to set up a five-year transition period to realize the effective connection between consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization'. Since then, the National Rural Revitalization Bureau, together with various regions and departments, 'has thoroughly studied and implemented Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, conscientiously implemented the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and solidly promoted the effective connection between the consolidation and expansion of poverty alleviation achievements and rural revitalization'. He claimed 'the income of people in povertystricken areas and people who have been lifted out of poverty has maintained rapid growth. In 2021, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken counties will be 14,051 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 11.6%, and the per capita net income of povertystricken people will be 12,550 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 16.9%. In 2022, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken counties will be 15,111 yuan, a yearon-year increase of 7.5%, and the per capita net income of poverty-stricken people will be 14,342 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.3%. percent'.

July 2023

CHINA-PLA: NEW REGULATIONS DESIGNATE CERTAIN FACILITIES AS PROTECTED 'A' AND AIRSPACE ABOVE THEM AS CONTROLLED
On June 28, 2023, the State Council, and the Central Military Commission (CMC) announced the implementation of the *Interim Regulations on the Mgt of Unmanned Aircraft Flights*, which will begin w.e.f. January 1, 2024. The regulations point out that the airspace above the 'protection A' of important military facilities, the control of nuclear facilities, the production and storage of flammable and explosive dangerous goods, and the large storage of flammable imported materials should be designated as controlled airspace under protection A. Power plants, substations, refuelling (gas) stations, water supply plants, public transportation hubs, navigation and power hubs, major water conservancy facilities, ports, expressways, railway electrification lines and other public infrastructure, as well as a certain range of surrounding areas and drinking water source also as protected A. The airspace above should be designated as controlled airspace.

July 2023

CHINA-PLA: TRAINING ON DRONES AND CONSTRUCTION OF NEW AIRPORTS IN TIBET AND XINJIANG TRAINING ON DRONES IN TIBET:
i) The Guangzhou Civil Aviation Bureau reported that on April 7, the UAV operation training class of CAAC Tibet Regional Bureau was successfully held in Nyingchi. 19 key trainees from 13 departments including CAAC Tibet Supervision Bureau, Tibet Airport Group, and Civil Aviation Tibet Regional Bureau Public Security Bureau participated in an 8-day course. Luo Liangsheng, Dean of the School of Continuing Education of the school ,presided over the opening ceremony. At the opening ceremony, on behalf of the school, President Luo Liangsheng presented the school's first set of school-enterprise cooperation UAV application series and "UAV application basics" textbooks to the CAAC Tibet Regional Bureau and all the students. He pointed out that the school will Continue to carry forward the spirit of aiding Tibet. During the second decade of aiding Tibet, we will explore a new model of school-enterprise aiding Tibet. The holding of this training course will become a useful exploration for cultivating technical and skilled talents of civil aviation drones in Tibet. To ensure the quality of the training, the school sent a team of experienced teachers to give lectures in Tibet. They learned about the drone level of the students of the Civil Aviation Tibet Regional Bureau in advance, and carefully prepared from the teaching content, teaching mode, teaching models and devices, and teaching locations. The course adopts a teaching mode combining theory and practice. The training content covers the introduction of UAV development, the flight principle of multi-rotor UAV, the application of UAV operation, flight aerial photography training, and the practical application of cutting-edge UAV technology. After going to Tibet, the teacher went to a number of practice sites to compare and choose and prepare before class. During the training period, Dean Luo Liangsheng and Teacher Jiang Jun were invited by Linzhi Milin Airport to guide them on the use of drones in the fields of airport security, perimeter inspection, bird repelling, clearance control, surveying and mapping, and discuss school-enterprise cooperation direction. The Guangzhou Civil Aviation Bureau said that holding this UAV training class is another new direction for the school to give full play to the advantages of UAV training and support the high-quality development of civil aviation in Tibet. It demonstrates the school's responsibility in supporting the national strategy and the overall situation. NEW AIRPORTS IN XINJIANG: ii) On March 8, 2023, the Taxkorgan Airport Clearance and Electromagnetic Environment Management Leading Group held the 2023 Annual Work Conference, the main leaders of local governments and relevant functional departments, townships and towns participated in the conference. The purpose of the Conference was to implement the spirit of the "Interim Measures for the Administration of Air Clearance and Electromagnetic Environment Protection of Civil Transport Airports in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region", implement the "Circular on the Clearance and Electromagnetic Environment Inspection and Remediation of Civil Transport Airports in the Autonomous Region", "About the Establishment of Air Clearance and Electromagnetic Environment Protection Management for Civil Transport Airports in Kashgar Area", The Work Leading Group's "Notice" and other work deployments to speed up the clearance protection of Taxkorgan Airport, bird strike prevention, and the rectification of potential safety hazards in drone control. iii) On January 31, 2023, the Xinjiang Airport Group held the 2023 Work Conference. The working meeting said that the Xinjiang Airport Group will accelerate the construction of key projects in the 14th Five-Year Plan. It is estimated that by 2025, it plans to build 8 airports and focus on building a modern airport network system. By the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan, the number of civil airports in Xinjiang will reach 33. In 2022, Xinjiang was to complete and put into operation Zhaosu Tianma Airport, Alar Tarim Airport, and Taxkorgan Hongqirab Airport. There are currently 25 civil transport airports, and the number of civil airports ranks first in China. From 2023 to 2025, the Xinjiang Airport Group plans to build Qitai, Bayinbulak, Balikun, Luntai, Wusu, Hebuxer, Pishan, and the 38th Regiment of the Second Division of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and the last 8 airports. It said in 2023, the Xinjiang Airport Group will cooperate with the local government to accelerate the preparatory work for the construction of three new airports including Wusu, Hebuxer and Pishan. 'At the same time, it will make every effort to promote the construction of Qitai and Bayinbulak Airport projects, and actively strive to start the construction of the new Luntai Airport project within the year, and the reconstruction and expansion projects of the Nalati and Karamay Airports within the year.' It was disclosed that on December 23, 2022, Xinjiang's first high-altitude airport, the Taxkorgan Hongqirab Airport, opened to traffic. On December 23, 2022, Taxkorgan Khunjerab Airport also accepted its inaugural flight.

July 2023

CHINA-TIBET: GLOBAL TIMES SAYS 11TH PANCHEN LAMA PAYS HIS "FIRST VISIT" TO DREPUNG MONASTERY ON JULY 4
Global times (July 5) reported that the 11th Panchen Lama Bainqen Erdini Qoigyijabu "paid his first visit to Drepung Monastery", the largest of the six monasteries of the Gelug School of Tibetan Buddhism and the largest temple in scale in Xizang, on July 4 to encourage the Buddhist monks to make great efforts in studying Buddhism. It said the 11th Panchen Lama, Bainqen Erdini Qoigyijabu, also a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, vice president of the Buddhist Association of China and president of the association’s Tibet branch, presented Hada scarves to the Buddha statue of the fifth Dalai Lama Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617-82). It said according to the 11th Panchen Lama, nowadays, people’s life is getting better and more convenient day by day. In the past, it was very difficult to find a sutra, but now it is easy to get access to paper and electronic sutras. Thus, it depends on individuals themselves whether they can study well. He "admonished people not to waste time, and to cherish the current prosperity and blessings that are difficult to meet, and to work hard". He also taught the monks to practice both their external morality and their inner mind and said, “We learn Buddhism not for the enjoyment of this life or for personal fame, but for all living creatures”. The Global Times claimed an eminent monk from the Drepung Monastery said he was deeply inspired by the 11th Panchen Lama’s teachings and sermons and will remember the teachings and strive to study Buddhism diligently in the future. It described the 11th Panchen Lama Bainqen Erdini Qoigyijabu as "one of the most influential incarnated lamas in Tibetan Buddhism. He was born in Lhari County, Nagqu in Xizang, on February 13, 1990. On November 29, 1995, he was approved and confirmed by the State Council as the reincarnation of the 10th Panchen Lama, being recognized as the 11th Panchen Lama".

July 2023

CHINA-NINGXIA: NINGXIA PARTY SECRETARY LIANG YUNSHUN CONDUCTS UNANNOUNCED VISITS FOR 9 DAYS ACROSS THE AUTONOMOUS REGION
Ningxia Daily (July 6) disclosed that since June 26, Ningxia Autonomous Region Party Secretary Liang Yanshun and Zhang Yupu, Chairman of the Autonomous Region, led officials in charge of relevant departments and experts in the security field for nine consecutive days to adopt the method of "four nos and two straights" to encourage them to "not only make reports, go deep into the "nine small" places such as catering, enterprises, business districts, night markets, hotels, schools, nursing homes, welfare homes, farmhouses, oil refineries, constructions in the five cities and 12 counties" etc. It said such unannounced visits and inspections to key industries and fields found a number of hidden safety risks and outstanding problems and they ordered rectification on the spot. ii) The "Ningxia Politics and Law" WeChat public account on July 5, announced that with the approval of the CCP CC 1968-born Zhu Tianshu was appointed as a member of the Party Committee and Standing Committee of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Secretary of the Political and Legal Committee of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and candidate for the President of the Autonomous Region Law Society. Zhu Tianshu is an Alternate Member of the 20th CCP CC.

July 2023

CHINA-HUNAN: 1971-BORN ZHOU HAIBING APPOINTED MAYOR OF CHANGSHA
Hunan province's "Changsha release" (July 6) reported that at its second plenary meeting the third session of the 16th Changsha People's Congress elected Zhou Haibing as Mayor of the Changsha Municipal People's Government. Zhou Haibing was appointed Vice Governor of Hunan Province in January this year, and concurrently as the acting mayor of Changsha in June this year.

July 2023

CHINA-ZHEJIANG: ZHEJIANG HOLDS PROVINCIAL PLATFORM ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE
Zhejiang province held a provincial platform economy development conference on July 5, with representatives from 100 platform enterprises, including Alibaba and NetEase. Its topic was "Implementation Opinions on Promoting High-quality Development of Platform Economy".

July 2023

CHINA-SHANXI: SHANXI PARTY SCHOOL MARKED THE CCP'S 102ND ANNIVERSARY WITH A FLAG HOISTING
The Shanxi Daily (July 2) reported that on June 30, the Party School of the CCP's Shanxi Provincial Party Committee held a flag-raising ceremony on "July 1" on the occasion of the CCP's 102nd anniversary. It said, 'The socialist ideology concentrates the heart and casts the soul, and has a deeper understanding of the decisive significance of the "two establishments", and builds a "red school and a melting pot of party spirit" with first-class standards'. The faculty and staff of the school, some retired comrades, and all the trainees at the school participated in the flag-raising ceremony.

July 2023

CHINA-YUNNAN: YUNNAN PARTY SECRETARY DELIVERED A SPEECH AT CONFERENCE ON 'WORK STYLE REVOLUTION' AND CEREMONY TO AWARD 10 OUTSTANDING COUNTY PARTY SECRETARIES
The "Yunnan Daily" (June 30) reported that the province's 'Work Conference on Deepening the Work Style Revolution and Efficiency Revolution' was held in Kunming. Yunnan Party Secretary Wang Ning, attended and delivered a speech. Wang Yubo, Deputy Party Secretary and Governor of Yunnan Province, presided over the meeting. Shi Yugang, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, and Liu Xiaokai, Chairman of the Provincial Political Consultative Conference, attended the meeting. At the meeting, a circular was read on the commendation of outstanding county (city, district) Party secretaries in Yunnan Province during the work style revolution and efficiency revolution. The leaders attending the meeting awarded honorary certificates to the 10 outstanding county Party committee secretaries who were commended, and 3 commended representatives made speeches. In his speech Wang Ning emphasized that to continue to deepen the style revolution and efficiency revolution, the Provincial Party Committee advocates and establishes "ten distinct orientations". Listing them, he said 'one is to be loyal and honest to the party, deeply comprehend the decisive significance of the "two establishments", strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four selfconfidence", and achieve the "two safeguards".

July 2023

CHINA-QINGHAI: QINGHAI PARTY COMMITTEE ORGANISED MEASURES TO SPREAD 'THEME EDUCATION'
The "Qinghai Daily" (July 6) reported that a special rectification mobilization and deployment meeting for prominent problems in the province's work style was held on July 6. Qinghai Party Secretary Chen Gang delivered an 'important' speech and Wu Xiaojun, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor of the Province, presided. Chen Gang said 'that the problem of style of work has become a trend, and the key is that they have not implemented strict discipline, stern accountability, and the formation of deterrence. If you engage in formalism, he will cheat; if you are bureaucratic, he will copy; if you have hedonism, he will follow what he likes; The more critical the construction of style of work is, the less we can relax in the slightest'. He also said 'The cadres who are in charge are comfortable and at ease. We will never allow the chain of wind and corruption to revive, and we will never tolerate cadres who do not work hard and do not perform their duties'. Qinghai Governor Wu Xiaojun pointed out 'that it is necessary to improve political awareness, effectively unify thoughts and actions with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the work requirements of the provincial party committee, firmly support the "two establishments" and resolutely achieve the "two maintenances", with the spirit of innovation Spiritual outlook, vigorous and promising work attitude, promote the rectification of work style and achieve tangible results'. The meeting issued the "Special Rectification Work Plan for Prominent Problems in the Province's Work Style". Xining News (June 27) reported that the Qinghai Provincial Party Committee Organization Department has initiated measures to combine learning with practice and promote work with learning and 'promote the theme education to go deeper and more solidly'. It said the theoretical study center group (expanded) of the Provincial Party Committee Organization and Ministry of Affairs had organised the study and implementation of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and had carried out Four high-quality symposiums. It said the 20 party branches of the Ministry of Education carried out a total of 67 concentrated studies and 36 special seminars. The "Provincial Party Committee Organization Department Theme Education Investigation and Research Plan" was formulated, focusing on the key task arrangements of the Provincial Organization Ministers Conference, which determined 29 topics. Members of the Ministry of Affairs led the formation of 9 research groups to carry out special research and the main responsible comrades went consecutively to 7 cities (states), 12 counties (cities, districts) and 6 provincial units to carry out investigations, including random unannounced visits to 3 townships and 4 villages. The party branches of the Ministry and the Ministry of Finance carried out pairing activities with villages and towns in difficult and highaltitude areas and went deep into 25 remote villages and towns in Huangnan, Guoluo, and Yushu to understand the local economic and social development, and deeply grasp the prominent problems that restrict the high-quality local economic and social development.

July 2023

CHINA-JIANGSU: ORGANISATION DEPARTMENT OF JIANGSU PROVINCIAL PARTY COMMITTEE ORGANISED 'THEME EDUCATION' MEETINGS
A lengthy report by the Organization Department of the Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee said (June 27) that a theme education promotion meeting for the department had been organised on May 31. It said the relevant person in charge of the Organization Department of the Provincial Party Committee said that on June 5, the Organization Department of the Provincial Party Committee held a 'rectification and scheduling meeting on the theme of education, centering on outstanding problems in grassroots party building, cadre work, talent work, comprehensive assessment, self-construction, etc., to implement the requirements of "three meetings and three brights".

July 2023

CHINA-HONGKONG: HONGKONG POLICE HAS OFFERED HK$ 1 MILLION FOR INFORMATION ABOUT 8 DEMOCRACY ACTIVISTS WHO FLED TO AUSTRALIA, UK AND US
Hong Kong police has offered bounties worth $HK1 million (AU$192,000) for information about eight activists who fled Beijing’s security crackdown on the territory for Australia, Britain and the US. The bounties were offered by Hong Kong’s chief superintendent Steve Li for information leading to the arrests of Melbourne lawyer Kevin Yam, who is an Australian citizen, and former Hong Kong legislator Ted Hui who has settled in Adelaide with his family. The other activists named by Hong Kong police and who are based in the UK and US include other exiled politicians Nathan Law and Dennis Kwok, activists Finn Lau, Anna Kwok, and Elmer Yuan, and unionist Mung Siu-tat. A government spokesperson said in a statement (July 3) that “The eight persons concerned who have fled overseas are alleged to have continued to commit offences under the national security law. The fugitives should not have any delusion that they could evade their legal liabilities by absconding from Hong Kong.”

July 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING ATTENDED SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION SUMMIT IN DELHI VIRTUALLY
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Putin both attended the SCO Summit in Delhi virtually. A report telecast by the state-owned CCTV (July 5) said that Chinese 'President Xi Jinping attended the 23rd meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Beijing via video on July 4 and delivered an important speech entitled "Keep in Mind the Original Mission and Adhere to Unity and Cooperation to Achieve Greater Development". It described the SCO Summit as an important multilateral diplomatic action China has taken this year towards the Eurasian region. Faced with the question of the times: "Unity or division, peace or conflict, cooperation or confrontation", President Xi Jinping gave a clear and powerful answer, drawing a blueprint for the development and growth of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and pointing out the direction for building the Shanghai Cooperation Organization community with a shared future, Inject more certainty and positive energy into maintaining world peace and development'. Saying that 'From focusing on a single agenda to building a community with a shared future, from six member states to covering more than 20 countries, the influence of the SCO has continued to expand', it added 'In this speech, President Xi Jinping summed up the development experience of the SCO from five aspects, namely, "adhering to the fine tradition of helping each other and helping each other in times of trouble", "practicing a common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security concept", "upholding innovation, coordination and , Green, open, and shared development concepts", "inheriting the spirit of good-neighbourliness and friendship", "maintaining international fairness and justice, and opposing hegemony and bullying".' It said 'Xi Jinping put forward five important cooperation proposals for the development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization' and that 'In his speech, President Xi Jinping also proposed to implement global security initiatives, global development initiatives, and global civilization initiatives'. ii) A lengthy People's Daily (July 6) report claimed, "Through Xi's recent address at the SCO summit, experts and scholars have seen fresh boosts to a closer and stronger SCO community and drawn more confidence in building a better world featuring peace and stability, win-win cooperation, and a more just and equitable international order". It said Chinese President Xi Jinping inquired at the SCO Summit "Unity or split, peace or conflict, cooperation or confrontation?" and he replied: "My answer is this: the people's wish for a happy life is our goal, and peace, development and win-win cooperation are the unstoppable trends of the times." The People's Daily added "China's commitments in Xi's speech are palpable for residents living on the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan. Just one day earlier, they held celebrations for the 1,000-day safe operation of the ±660kV Matiari-Lahore high-voltage direct current transmission project under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, which brought an end to the era of insufficient power supply that had plagued the local area for long. For experts and scholars who have heeded China's efforts to promote world peace and development, the power transmission project is a testament to China's commitment to improving living standards of all people by cooperating with other countries. The People's Daily quoted scholars from Pakistan, Afghanistan and China and referred to the BRI, but made no mention of the differences or India. It sought to portray China as the "Champion of peace and stability". iii) On July 4 the Global Times cited Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi as referring to the SCO as a "big family" in his speech as evidence that SCO members cherish the atmosphere of unity and mutual trust, and they have a tacit understanding not to bring bilateral issues into the organization to affect their unity. (Comment: Neither the CCTV report nor People's Daily referred to any differences at the SCO and neither that India differed on some points. In fact, the two made no mention of India at all in their reports!)

July 2023

CHINA-FOREIGN AFFAIRS: CHINESE POLITBURO MEMBER WANG YI TELLS JAPANESE AND SOUTH KOREAN DELEGATES TO A TRILATERAL FORUM IN QINGDAO TO BE INDEPENDENT
CNN (July 5) said China's top diplomat Wang Yi has urged Japan and South Korea to foster a sense of “strategic autonomy” from the West and cooperate with Beijing to “revitalize Asia,” amid rising tensions between China and the two neighbouring American allies. The comments on July 3 come as Japan and South Korea forge closer relations with the United States – and mend ties with each other – driven by common concerns about Beijing’s growing influence and assertiveness in the region. In a video shared by Chinese state media, Wang told Japanese and South Korean guests attending a trilateral forum in the eastern coastal city of Qingdao that most Americans and Europeans can’t tell China, Japan and South Korea apart. “No matter how blonde you dye your hair, how sharp you shape your nose, you can never become a European or American, you can never become a Westerner,” Wang said. “We must know where our roots lie.” Wang Yi called for Japan and South Korea to work together with China to “prosper together, revitalize East Asia, revitalize Asia and benefit the world.”

July 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: PRO-CHINA JOURNALIST CLAIMS CHINESE INVESTMENTS IN PAKISTAN HAVE PROVIDED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
A pro-Beijing outlet has claimed that a Chinese consortium has bought 40% shares in Pakistan Stock Exchange, Alibaba Group has acquired a 45% stake in Telenor Microfinance Bank, two Chinese companies will be setting up a smartphone manufacturing plant in Faisalabad, and China’s Hui Coastal Brewery and Distillery has started producing beer in Hub, Balochistan. It said these private Chinese investments have created employment and economic opportunities across Pakistan. It said therefore calling the CPEC a debt trap is misrepresentation by and for Western interests.

July 2023

CHINA-JAPAN: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG MEETS DELEGATION LED BY PRESIDENT OF JAPANESE ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTION OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE
People's Daily (July 6) said that Chinese Premier Li Qiang met a delegation led by Yohei Kono, President of the Japanese Association for the Promotion of International Trade (JAPIT), in Beijing on July 5. Chinese Premier Li Qiang said the two countries celebrated the 50th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations last year, and this year marks the 45th anniversary of the signature of the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship. He noted that China-Japan relations are at an important juncture: taking stock of the past and envisioning the future.

July 2023

CHINA-US: US TREASURY SECRETARY JANET YELLEN ON VISIT (JULY 6-9) TO BEIJING
Beijing Daily (July 6) reported the arrival in Beijing of U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen by plane on a long-awaited visit. She will be in Beijing from July 6-9. Global Times (Chinese; July 6). said that 'At the heart of such mixed feelings is the question of the US' sincerity in not only pursuing productive communication with China, but also earnestly addressing each other's core concerns' and recalled that many US officials including Yellen had told Chinese officials that "they do not seek to decouple from China or contain China" but their actions contradict that. It added "Facing such a two-faced approach by Washington, China is well-prepared to respond in kind by maintaining communication with US officials, while also taking necessary measures to firmly safeguard its sovereignty, security and development interests against US aggression". The People's Daily (July 7) quoted Zhu Min, former Deputy Governor of the People's Bank of China and former Deputy Managing Director of the IMF, telling the Global Times recently that the key issues of discussion for both sides during Yellen's visit would be the cancellation of the US' additional tariffs on China, the withdrawal of its "301 investigation" into China, and the review of the first phase of the China-US trade agreement.

July 2023

CHINA-EU: CHINA SUDDENLY CANCELLED SCHEDULED VISIT BY EU FOREIGN POLICY CHIEF JOSEP BORRELL
China has cancelled a trip by European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell scheduled for next week, an EU spokesperson said on July 4. EU spokesperson Nabila Massrali told Reuters in a written statement "Unfortunately, we were informed by the Chinese counterparts that the envisaged dates next week are no longer possible, and we must now look for alternatives." A spokesman for China's foreign ministry declined to say why this visit was cancelled when asked at a daily briefing in Beijing on Wednesday, but did not write off hopes of another attempt at a visit. "We welcome High Level Representative Borrell to visit China at the earliest time convenient to both sides," foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin told reporters.

July 2023

CHINA-UKRAINE: CHINA DID NOT ATTEND COPENHAGEN CONFERENCE CALLED BY UKRAINE ON JUNE 25
Ukraine had organised a conference on June 25 at Copenhagen which brought together states that support Ukraine with those that have not opposed Russia’s invasion to try to reach a consensus on a platform for negotiations. Reports mention that BRICS nations South Africa, Brazil and India participated but China was not present.

July 2023

CHINA-FRANCE: BEIJING DAILY REPORTED THAT SHOP WINDOWS AND VEHICLES ON CHINA STREET IN 13TH ARRONDISSEMENT WERE SMASHED AND BURNED
A report in the Beijing Daily (July 2) captioned 'This is an ominous sign, all of Europe is tense right now' said the local people are frightened at the rioting in many cities across France. It noted that 'The Chinese in France also suffered. According to the European Times report, in the China Street in the 13th arrondissement of Paris, shop windows on both sides were smashed, and vehicles on the roadside were burned, just like a battlefield. Some Chinese tourists who went to France even experienced unexpected shocks. Their bus was attacked in Marseille, windows were smashed, and several tourists were slightly injured. Passengers in the car urgently called the Chinese Consulate General in Marseilles, and our diplomats immediately assisted the police and coordinated with the police to clear up. These Chinese tourists, in the end, did not go to Paris, and hurried to Switzerland. The Chinese Embassy in France issued an urgent notice reminding Chinese citizens in France to pay close attention to the social security situation in France, avoid going to demonstrations and areas of violent conflict, and take practical measures to strengthen the security of individuals, vehicles, residences and shops. Temporary visitors to France should especially be vigilant and travel carefully. In case of emergency, please call the police and contact the Chinese embassy or consulate in France for assistance. ii) The Global Times (Chinese; July 2) reported that a bus carrying 41 Chinese tourists was attacked by a group of black-clad rioters in Marseille as violence persisted in France over recent days. It said a video posted on Chinese social media on June 30 showed a shattered windshield and a tourist on the bus claiming in the video that the black-clad rioters tried to board the bus and pull passengers out.

July 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: NIKKEI ASIA INVESTIGATION REVEALED THAT RUSSIA PURCHASED AT LEAST 37 DRONES FROM CHINA AT AN ESTIMATED COST OF US$ 103,000
A Nikkei Asia (July 1) investigation disclosed that between December 2022 and April 2023, Russian companies imported at least 37 Chinese unmanned aerial vehicles worth around $103,000 that were designated in customs clearance records as being "for use in the special military operation," the Russian government's name for the Ukraine war. It added that since the beginning of the invasion 16 months ago, Beijing has repeatedly denied providing weapons to Moscow for use in the invasion. And while previous reporting has shown that Russia stepped up its imports of Chinese drones after the war began, Beijing has denied that China is exporting drones to the battlefields of Ukraine. Nikkei said its reporting showed that for months, Russian companies have been quietly filling out customs paperwork for the import of drones, including machines manufactured by U.S.-sanctioned DJI, China's biggest drone maker, marking them for use in the war. It is unclear whether the Chinese companies or government is aware of Russia's customs records regarding the drones. Nikkei says it obtained the Russian customs records from multiple sources, including Indian companies Exim Trade Data and Export Genius, and analysed shipments from China to Russia. It said in one case, on February 1, Russian information technology company Status Compliances imported three drones, with take-off weights of between 25 kg and 150 kg, from Shenzhen Kexin Smart Development, an electronic devices manufacturer in Shenzhen, for $28,292. They were made by Shenzhen Jarch Electromechanical Technology, according to Exim Trade Data. Nikkei Asia quoted Professor Tomoyuki Furutani of Keio University, an expert on unmanned aircraft, as saying that "large drones weighing over 25 kg could be used for reconnaissance, and if modified, could be used for attack. They could be made into a self-destruct type, loaded with firepower to attack." Nikkei said according to China's official customs data, from March 2022 to May 2023, China exported at least 30,000 drones to Russia, worth over $32 million.

July 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: RUSSIAN NAVY CORVETTES ON 7-DAY FRIENDLY VISIT TO SHANGHAI
Two corvettes, Gromkiy and Sovershenniy attached to the Russian Pacific Fleet, called at the Shanghai port on July 5 for a seven-day friendly visit. It is the first visit by the two corvettes to Shanghai, and the 7th by a warship detachment of Russian Navy. Following the port call, the Russian ships will conduct joint drill with their Chinese counterparts focusing on maneuver in formation, ship-to-ship communication, and maritime search and rescue.

July 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE VICE PREMIER ZHANG GUOQING MET RUSSIAN DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER AND MINISTER OF INDUSTRY IN BEIJING ON JUNE
Xinhua (July 1) reported that Politburo member and Vice Premier of the State Council Zhang Guoqing met Russian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry and Trade Manturov in Beijing on June 30. Zhang Guoqing said that 'under the strategic guidance of President Xi Jinping and President Putin, the comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination between China and Russia in the new era has maintained healthy and stable development. China is willing to work with Russia, guided by the important consensus reached by the two heads of state, to give full play to the role of the intergovernmental cooperation mechanism, to promote the upgrading of industrial cooperation, and to help the respective development and revitalization of the two countries'. Manturov said that Russia is willing to work together with China to develop a positive and far-sighted Russian Chinese industrial cooperation relationship.

July 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: CHINESE ANALYSTS COMMENT ON THE WAGNER GROUP'S REBELLION AND PUTIN'S POSITION
A number of senior Chinese academics and International Relations experts have commented on the recent developments in Russia. Those noticed are reproduced in brief: (i) Feng Yujun, Director of the Centre for Russian and Central Asian Studies and Deputy Director of the Institute of International Studies, Fudan University, on June 24, wrote on Phoenix that 'The mutiny was not an isolated event but the result of an accumulation of both internal and external “contradictions” exacerbated by the increasingly unfavourable prospects of Russia’s war against Ukraine, and should be understood against the backdrop of both domestic instability and anti-war sentiment in Russia. The war in Ukraine has created deep divisions among Russia’s ruling elite and anti-Putin sentiment has been rising within key Russian business circles. Putin’s base of loyal supporters in the upper echelons of Russian society has been shrinking. “With this Wagner mutiny, political tensions within Russia will be further exacerbated. This [event] will have far-reaching repercussions on Russia's future. This deserves our utmost attention. Even if the Wagner mutiny is put to rest … the uncertainty surrounding Russia's future will remain very high.” The political views held by Russia’s top brass and leading politicians are highly “complex” and “volatile”. To what extent their ultranationalist and anti-Western rhetoric is genuine is impossible to tell. The views they express are often based on political calculations or even financial greed. The volatility of Russian politics is here to stay. “Changes in China's international and peripheral environment depend more on China itself than on the outside. What China thinks and does has a strong regional and international impact … This is very similar to humanity's response to climate change. Climate change is a long-term process. If we want the natural environment in which we live to change from deteriorating to improving, we can only do so by changing our own ways of producing things and lifestyles, by saving energy and reducing emissions, by using less fossil energy and more clean energy, and by gradually reaching [our] carbon peak and [becoming] carbon neutral.” (ii) Zhao Long, Deputy director of the Institute for Global Governance Studies, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, in an article published in the 'Paper' on June 24 wrote: 'Although there are those within Russia who are unhappy with their army’s performance in Ukraine, the country’s elite have remained united around Putin. Nevertheless, this mutiny may be a symptom of the growing “discontent” and “fatigue” among Russian troops and society in general. Moscow’s use of private military companies is a “double-edged sword”. If Putin allows such groups to grow further, this could lead to more factional infighting, political instability and, ultimately, civil unrest. “This ‘rebellion’ will obviously have a direct impact on the morale of Russian troops” and will affect their performance on the front line. Ukraine, for its part, will make sure to seize this opportunity and intensify its counteroffensive. These events may further embolden NATO countries in their support of Ukraine as may be evidenced during the next NATO summit in Vilnius on 11-12 July 2023. “Overall, this ‘rebellion’ is the most significant ‘grey rhino event’ to have taken place since the outbreak of the Ukrainian crisis and could have far-reaching repercussions on the course of the war and the situation in Russia.” (iii) Li Hao, Professor, School of International Studies, Sichuan University, published an article on June 25 in the 'Paper' where he said: No one wanted to see Russia fall into Prigozhin’s hands. “A Russia in turmoil would be a disaster for the whole world.” However short-lived it was, the mutiny has dealt “a major blow to Russia”. “Russia has failed to establish a stable chain of command in Ukraine”, with different factions competing against one another. Thus, when the war is not going favourably for Russia, infighting [内斗] between these different groups “is bound to erupt”. “Allowing such private armed forces to grow is like feeding a tiger. It is bound to backfire.” The mutiny “will have a major impact on the Russo-Ukrainian conflict.” (iv) Wang Siyu, Postdoctoral researcher at the Shanghai Academy of Global Governance and Area Studies, Shanghai International Studies University, in an article published in the Beijing Cultural Review' on June 25 wrote: The fact that Wagner’s march on Moscow was met with little resistance is a sign that a certain number of Russian citizens and soldiers either support Prigozhin or at least agree with his criticism of Russia’s Ministry of Defence. Others are simply not prepared to put their lives at risk in order to defend the Kremlin. This rebellion has seriously weakened the authority of Russia’s Ministry of Defence and undermined the reputation of the country’s armed forces. “The Wagner mutiny crisis has had a negative impact on Russia's position in the Russo-Ukrainian conflict. Regardless of the outcome of this crisis [i.e. the mutiny], it will undoubtedly affect the mindset and willpower of the Russian troops on the front line.” These events are set to “produce more unpredictable results” in the near future. This mutiny and the fact that it has gone unpunished has now set a precedent. Will others in Russia decide to express their dissatisfaction in a similar way? (v) Shen Yi, Professor at Fudan University's School of International Relations and Public Affairs, writing in Guancha (Observer) on June 26: expressed surprise at how easily Prigozhin’s Wagner Group was able to march towards Moscow almost unimpeded and appears to agree with the characterisation of certain officials from Russia’s Ministry of Defence as “stupid” and “corrupt”. He cautions against exaggerating the positive impact that this mutiny may have for Ukraine in its war against Russia. He highlighted the current “complexity” [复 杂性], “subtleties” [微妙性] and “uncertainty” [不确定性] of Russia’s domestic affairs. (He also posted his comments on weixin.)

July 2023

CHINA-ITALY: CHINA'S HEAD OF CCP CC ILD FLIES TO ITALY TO PERSUADE IT NOT TO LEAVE BRI
Liu Jianchao, Director of the Communist Party’s International Department, travelled to Italy on a 3-day visit to try and persuade it not to leave the Belt and Road Initiative. He met Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani, Senate speaker Ignazio La Russa and former prime minister Massimo D’Alema. He also met with the group known as “Friends of China” in Italy’s parliament. Meeting businessmen in Milan, Liu Jianchao said “It was the correct decision for China and Italy to sign the Belt and Road.” (Comment: Italy signed onto China’s BRI in 2019 when Giuseppe Conte was Prime Minister, becoming the only Group of Seven nation to join the pact. The country’s current leader, Giorgia Meloni, favours leaving the infrastructure initiative.) CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CCP NETWORK DISCLOSES THAT XI JINPING CONVEYED "IMPORTANT" INSTRUCTIONS TO NATIONAL ORGANISATION WORK CONFERENCE HELD IN BEIJING ON JUNE 28-29
On June 29, the 'Communist Party Network' published an article titled 'Xi Jinping made important instructions on party building and organizational work, emphasizing a deep understanding of the Party Central Committee's important thoughts on party building, and continuously improving the quality of organizational work'. It disclosed that the National Organization Work Conference was held in Beijing from June 28 to 29. It said, "Important instructions from Xi Jinping were conveyed at the meeting". Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the Central Secretariat, Cai Qi attended the meeting and delivered a speech. Li Xi, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, presided over the meeting. "Cai Qi pointed out that General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions are high-level, far-reaching, highly political, ideological, and guiding, and have pointed out the way forward for the party's construction and organizational work. We must in-depth study and understanding, conscientiously implement. Cai Qi emphasized that the breakthroughs and structural changes in the party's construction and organizational work in the new era in the past ten years are fundamentally due to the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping." Politburo member and Head of the CCP CC Organisation Department Li Ganjie asserted that Party members "must thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, especially the important thoughts on party building, conscientiously implement the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, and firmly support the "Two Establishments" and "Two Maintenances" (and see that they) are resolutely implemented." It said "Comrades from Beijing, Zhejiang Province, Sichuan Province, the Ministry of Commerce, China State Railway Group Co., Ltd., and Tianjin University made exchange speeches" and Politburo members Li Shulei (Head of the CCP CC Propaganda Deptt.), Liu Jinguo (current Director of the National Supervisory Commission and Secretary of the CCP CC Secretariat), Mu Hong (executive Deputy Director of the Office of Deepening Reform (minister-level), and since 2007 as Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission) and Jiang Xinzhi (currently Vice Chairperson of the 14th CPPCC National Committee and Deputy Head of the CCP CC Organization Department) attended the meeting. Members of the Central Leading Group for Party Construction, provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, cities under separate state planning, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, relevant departments of the central and state agencies, relevant people's organizations, financial institutions managed by the central government, some enterprises, universities, and relevant units of the military are responsible Comrades and others attended the meeting. ii) It stressed that since the 18th Party Congress the "the party should manage the party and strictly govern the party in an all-round way, proposed and implemented a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies, and opened up a new realm of self-revolution of the century-old party". It added "in-depth promotion of the new great project of party building in the new era, with the highest principle of adhering to and strengthening the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, the fundamental mission of being loyal to the party and protecting the party, and making every effort to strengthen the party, and solving the unique problems of large parties..." iii) The Gansu Daily and Shanxi Daily (June 29) reported the National organisation Work Conference with the banner headline "Xi Jinping made important instructions on party building and organizational work, emphasizing profound understanding of the Party Central Committee's important thoughts on party building and continuously improving the quality of organizational work". It reproduced the Communist Party Network article.

June 2023

CHINA-CYL: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING HELD A GROUP MEETING WITH CYL'S NEW LEADERSHIP TEAM
On June 26, Chinese President Xi Jinping had a group talk with members of the new leadership team of the Communist Youth League Central Committee in Zhongnanhai and delivered an important speech. Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the Central Secretariat Cai Qi participated in the group talk. Shi Taifeng (CASS President); Li Ganjie (Politburo member and Head of the CCP CC Organization Department); Li Shulei (Politburo member and Head of the Propaganda Department), Chen Wenqing (Politburo member and Secretary of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission), Liu Jinguo (Director of the National Supervisory Commission and Secretary of the CCP CC Secretariat) and Wang Xiaohong (State Councillor and Minister of Public Security) participated in the talk.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: XINHUA PUBLICISES CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S WIFE PENG LIYUAN'S REMARKS AT CHINA-AFRICA WOMENS FORUM
Xinhua (June 29) said that speaking via video link at the China-Africa Women's Forum on June 29, Peng Liyuan, wife of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Special Envoy of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for the advancement of girls' and women's education, called for all round efforts to promote the full development of women. Peng Liyuan said "China and Africa are a community with a shared future, standing together through thick and thin, and women are important members of the big China-Africa family". She said over the years, under the framework of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, women from China and Africa have written a splendid chapter of shared progress through solidarity and cooperation. She added that 'in different places across Africa, women from China are working with African sisters in medical teams, on peacekeeping missions, at infrastructure construction sites and in technical training programs. They work side by side to make a better life and contribute to a stronger China-Africa friendship. Peng Liyuan said she has maintained friendly exchanges and cooperation with the Organization of African First Ladies for Development to offer love and hope'.

June 2023

CHINA--LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG MEETS PRIME MINISTERS OF MONGOLIA AND NEW ZEALAND IN BEIJING ON JUNE 28
i) Chinese Premier Li Qiang on June 28 met visiting Mongolian Prime Minister Luvsannamsrai Oyun-Erdene in Beijing, pledging further efforts to deepen political mutual trust and mutually beneficial cooperation. ii) Chinese Premier Li Qiang held talks on June 28 with Prime Minister of New Zealand Chris Hipkins in Beijing. Li Qiang and Hipkins later witnessed the signing of a series of bilateral cooperation documents on science and technology, education, agriculture, forestry, quarantine, food safety and intellectual property rights.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: POLITBURO MEMBER WANG YI PUBLISHED A LENGTHY ARTICLE ON THE FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW IN PEOPLE'S DAILY
The People's Daily (June 29) published a lengthy article titled 'Implement the Law on Foreign Relations and Provide Strong Legal Guarantee for Major-Country Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era' by Politburo member and Director of the CCP CC Foreign Affairs Commission Office Wang Yi. In the article, which included 17 references to Xi Jinping, he said 'the Foreign Relations Law is the first basic foreign-related law since the founding of the People's Republic of China that focuses on the major policies, principles, positions and institutional systems of my country's foreign affairs, and makes overall provisions on the development of my country's foreign relations. Its promulgation is an important milestone in the construction of China's foreign-related legal system'. He said 'China's comprehensive national strength and international influence have increased significantly, and its relations with the world have undergone unprecedented and profound changes. Under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, we vigorously promote and expand Chinese-style modernization, becoming the mainstay of maintaining world peace and stability and the main driving force for global economic growth'. Stating that ' The formulation of the Foreign Relations Law is a major achievement of implementing Xi Jinping's diplomatic thought in legal form', he added 'Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy is an important part of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. It is a major achievement of the combination of the basic principles of Marxism with the specific reality of China's diplomacy and the combination of China's excellent traditional culture'. He said 'Enacting the Foreign Relations Law is an urgent need to safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests'.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINA'S MINISTER OF PUBLIC SECURITY ADDRESSED CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL PUBLIC SECURITY ORGANS ON JUNE 25
On June 25, Wang Xiaohong, China’s Minister of Public Security addressed a conference of the national public security organs via video conference. The People’s Daily (June 25) reported him as having “called for deepening the fight against infiltration, subversion, terrorism, separatism, and cults. Political security should be resolutely defended. Adhere to and develop the ‘Fengqiao experience’ in the new era, and effectively investigate and resolve all kinds of contradictions and disputes. Make efforts to crack down on telecommunications crimes, Internet fraud and cross-border gambling. Quickly detect and resolve cases such as fighting and picking quarrels and provoking troubles, crack down on crimes against vulnerable groups with a zero-tolerance attitude, and continuously improve the people’s sense of security". He stressed "It is necessary to strengthen overall social prevention and control measures, strictly implement mechanisms such as joint patrols and rapid response by the public security and armed police forces, allowing the public to feel at ease." He added "It is necessary to closely cooperate with relevant departments, carry out in-depth inspections and rectification of public safety hazards, and strictly guard against major public safety accidents. It is necessary to carry out the thematic education in depth, strictly grasp the management of team education, and forge an iron army of public security worthy of the important task". (Comment: Wang Xiaohong delivered his speech when the rebellion against Russian President Putin by the Wagner Group was underway in Russia.)

June 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: NEW SENIOR APPOINTMENTS, INCLUDING OF A NEW VICE MINISTER OF PUBLIC SECURITY
i) Wang Zhizhong (57) is a new Deputy Minister of Public Security (MPS). (Comment: He is a veteran of the MPS Special Duty Bureau (SDB), which oversaw Xi Jinping's security when he was Vice President from 2008-13. Wang Zhizhong worked under Minister Wang Xiaohong from 2019-21 and the current CDIC Chief Li Xi in Guangdong from 2021-22. He is highly trusted and may lead the SDB. Wang Zhizhong, a Han was born in October 1965 in Cangxian County, Cangzhou, Hebei Province, and joined the CCP in June 1989. He graduated from Xuzhou Air Force Academy with a major in battle command, an on- the-job postgraduate degree, and a master’s degree in military science. From 1984-1986 he studied security as a major of the Department of Security and Safety of the People's Police University of China) ii) Lü Yuyin (52) has been promoted and appointed the new Deputy Director of the PRC Liaison Office in Macao. Prior to this he was Deputy Governor of Guangdong. (Comment: Lu Yuyin Is a PhD in Economics from Nankai University, Tianjin, and spent 20 years in the Shenzhen city government. He won promotions when Xinjiang Party Secretary Ma Xingrui was the Party Secretary of Shenzhen in 2015-16. He was Party Secretary of Zhaoqing and Zhuhai before being promoted as Deputy Governor and moving to Macao. iii) Qin Yizhi (57) was promoted and moved last week from his position as Deputy-level in the State Administration for Market Regulation as a Ministerial-level member of the National Ethnic Affairs Commission. (Comment: This position in the National Ethnic Affairs Commission is unusual and may have been created to sideline Qin Yizhi, who led the Communist Youth League (CYL) from 2013- 17. The CYL is seen as affiliated with Xi Jinping's rivals.)

June 2023

CHINA-NPC: NPC STANDING COMMITTEE ADOPTS FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW OF PRC ON JUNE 28
On June 28, China's National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee adopted the 'Foreign Relations Law of the People's Republic of China' which has 44 Articles. The Law comes into force from July 1, 2023. A few of the more interesting Articles are highlighted: Art 4: "China advocates for the peaceful resolution of international disputes, opposes the use of force or the threat of force in international relations, and rejects hegemonism and power politics"; Art 5: "The foreign relations work of the PRC adheres to the centralized and unified leadership of the Communist Party of China"; Art 6: State organs, armed forces, groups, enterprises and institutions, & other social orgs, & citizens, bear the responsibility and obligation to safeguard the sovereignty, security, dignity, honour, and interests of the country in foreign exchanges and cooperation"; Art 16: "Provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government, based on the authorization from the central government, carry out foreign exchanges and cooperation within specific scopes"; Art 18: says "The People's Republic of China promotes the implementation of global development initiatives, global security initiatives, and global civilization initiatives, and promotes an all-round, multi-level, wide-ranging, and three-dimensional external work layout, shout-out to global development initiative, global security initiative, and global civilisation initiative"; Art 19: "promoting democratisation of international relations" and "working towards economic globalisation that is open, inclusive, beneficial to all, balanced, win-win"; Art 20: PRC "adheres to a common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable global security concept, strengthens international security cooperation, and improves mechanisms for participating in global security governance". ... "supports and participates in peacekeeping operations authorized by the United Nations Security Council, adheres to the basic principles of peacekeeping operations, respects the territorial integrity and political independence of sovereign states, and maintains a fair stance" .... "maintains the international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation system, opposes the arms race, opposes and prohibits all forms of WMD-related proliferation activities, fulfils relevant international obligations, and conducts international cooperation in non-proliferation"; Art 22: PRC "respects and guarantees human rights, combines the principle of the universality of human rights with its own national conditions, promotes the comprehensive and coordinated development of human rights..."; Art 25: "seeks to build a global ecological civilization, and promotes the establishment of a fair, reasonable, cooperative and win-win global environmental and climate governance system, shout-out to global climate governance.."; 26: promotes "the high-quality development of the joint construction of the "Belt and Road", and maintaining multilateral trade system, oppose unilateralism and protectionism, and promote the building of an open world economy"; 27: "The PRC conducts foreign aid while adhering to the principles of respecting the sovereignty of other countries, non-interference in their internal affairs, and not attaching any political conditions."; Art 29: State "coordinates the advancement of domestic rule of law and rule of law in foreignrelated matters, strengthens legislation in the field of foreign affairs, and enhances the construction of a legal system for foreign-related matters"; Art 33: "In the case of actions that violate international law and the basic norms of international relations, and harm the sovereignty, security, and development interests of the PRC, the PRC has the right to take corresponding countermeasures and restrictive measures"; Art 37: State takes "measures to protect the safety and legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens and organisations overseas, and to protect the overseas interests from threats and infringements...strengthens the system, work mechanisms, and capacity-building". (Comment: China is the first country to enact such a Law. The Foreign Relations Law clearly places the CCP CC's Foreign Affairs Office above China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Party Centre had decided in October 2021, that the Central Foreign Affairs Office would take the lead in coordinating with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Legislative Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the NPC, the Central Office of Governing the Country by Law, the Supreme People's Court, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of State Security, the Ministry of Justice, and the Ministry of Commerce, for drafting the Law. A Legislative Work Leading Group and special work class were established to carry out research and drafting work. The first is for in-depth study and understanding of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, especially Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy and Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law, and in-depth study and understanding of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions on strengthening legislation in foreignrelated fields. The second is in-depth investigation and research. It invited academic institutions and institutions of higher learning to discuss the situation of foreign legislation. The third is to uphold democratic legislation. It also invited relevant experts, scholars, and departments, to participate. On September 9, the Central Foreign Affairs Office sent the draft foreign relations law and related documents. After deliberation, it was decided to submit the Foreign Relations Law (draft) to this standing committee meeting. ii) Many of the phrases and ideas have been in use for years now, including as part of Xi Jinping's thought, but now they have been given legal backing.)

June 2023

CHINA-NPC: NPC BEGINS DELIBERATIONS ON NEW FOOD SECURITY LAW
People's Daily (June 27) said that China's National People's Congress started deliberating a draft food security law to enhance China's capacity for forestalling and fending off food security risks. The draft, consisting of 11 chapters and 69 articles, focuses on issues vital to China's foundation for food security, such as cultivated land protection, grain production, and grain reserves. The People's Daily said that 'despite an overall favourable situation concerning food security, China, with a growing grain demand, faces multifaceted challenges, including limited and low-quality arable land and increasing difficulty in ensuring stable and high grain output, according to an explanation for the draft'.

June 2023

CHINA-ANTI-CORRUPTION: PUNISHMENTS FOR PARTY/ADMINISTRATIVE VIOLATIONS HAVE DROPPED THUS FAR IN 2023
The trend line for party/administrative punishments of the Eight-point Regulations appears to be going down. Until the end of May 2023, a total of 33,388 people had been punished for violations (compared to 37,719 and 35,056 in the same period in 2022 and 2021). Looking at specific violations, most are down over time, with "receiving and giving cash gifts and other presents" and "acceptance of banquets" being exceptions and others for "violation according to management and service objects", etc..

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL RESEARCH CENTRE FOR XI JINPING THOUGHT PUBLISHED ARTICLE ON SOCIALIST MODERNISATION
The People's Daily (June 29) published an article captioned 'Socialist Modernization Led by the Communist Party of China (People Watch)' authored by the Central Party School (National School of Administration) Research Center for Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: LATEST ISSUE OF HONGQI (RED FLAG) INCLUDES ARTICLES ON EDUCATION CAMPAIGN, TECH SELF-RELIANCE AND CHINESE CIVILISATION
The latest issue of Hongqi (Red Flag; 2023/12 dated June 26 June) included 3 articles on education; 1 selection of articles on "Chinese civilization"; 1 article on "unique challenges" of big parties; 1 on unfolding education campaign; 1 on studying party's self-revolution; and 1 on tech self-reliance.

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: GUANGMING DAILY PUBLISHED ARTICLE BY DIRECTOR OF INSTITUTE OF SINICISATION OF MARXISM OF CENTRAL PARTY SCHOOL ON CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION
Wang Huxue, Director of the Institute of Sinicization of Marxism at the Central Party School, published an article in the Guangming Daily (June 23) titled 'The Unique Value Contained in Chinese-style Modernization'. it described Chinese-style modernization as not only a major theoretical innovation, but "also a magnificent historical practice, a unity of theory and practice". It said, "The unique values contained in it are a distinctive feature of the Chinesestyle modernization theory system". It said that "Chinese-style modernization is not only a transcendence of Western-led modernization, but also an exemplary practice of the common values of all mankind, providing a new choice for mankind to achieve modernization".

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHED AN ARTICLE CALLING FOR SUPPORT FOR CHINESE-STYLE MODERNISATION ON CHINA'S 33RD NATIONAL LAND DAY
The People's Daily (June 25) published an article titled 'Provide solid resource support for Chinese-style modernization' on June 25 on the occasion of the thirty-third National Land Day. The theme of this year's Land Day is "Economic and Intensive Use of Land, Strictly Observing the Red Line of Cultivated Land". It said the theme of this year's Land Day is "Economic and Intensive Use of Land, Strictly Observing the Red Line of Cultivated Land".

June 2023

CHINA-AGRICULTURE: GUANGMING DAILY ARTICLE SAYS THAT CULTIVATED LAND IN CHINA USED FOR CONSTRUCTION HAS REDUCED BY 40.85 PERCENT SINCE 18TH PARTY CONGRESS
Guangming Daily (June 25) published an article captioned 'The reduction of cultivated land in my country has been initially curbed', which said that since the 18th Party Congress the area of land used for construction (land consumption) per unit of GDP has dropped by 40.85%, and the average investment intensity of industrial land has increased by 60%. The continuous and rapid reduction of cultivated land across the country has been initially curbed, and the total cultivated land has stagnated and increased for two consecutive years. It also said that according to the person in charge of the Ministry of Natural Resources, since the 18th Party Congress, "the Party Central Committee and the State Council have made multiple arrangements for implementing the most stringent land conservation system and the most stringent cultivated land protection system around the implementation of a comprehensive conservation strategy. The natural resource system insists on using the strictest system and the strictest rule of law to manage and use every inch of land well. From planning to market allocation, from framing the total amount to revitalizing the stock, from evaluation and incentives to demonstration and guidance, the measures for economical and intensive land use are becoming more and more refined". It said "The hard measures of the party and the government are fully implemented, and the cultivated land protection policy is becoming more and more strict. Strictly adhering to the red line of arable land, stabilizing the total amount, optimizing the layout, and fulfilling responsibilities are the key." CHINA-ECONOMY: NATIONAL AUDITOR SAYS LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ARE PILING UP NEW DEBTS Caixin (June 27) quoted Hou Kai, the Head of the National Audit Office, as stating on June 26 in a report on the implementation of the 2022 budget to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, that local Chinese governments were found to be inflating fiscal revenue, adding new hidden debts, and carrying out poor financial management.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE MEDIA QUOTES WORLD LEADERS AS ADVISING AGAINST DECOUPLING AT WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM SUMMER DAVOS IN TIANJIN
Xinhua (June 27) highlighted the observations of the Prime Minister of Vietnam Pham Minh Chinh at the Summer Davos in Tianjin, warning against decoupling. It quoted him saying decoupling is not going to address global challenges, and that no one country can solve the problems alone. It similarly quoted the Prime Minister of Barbados Mia Amor Mottley as saying at the Summer Davos in Tianjin, that the time is now for world countries to work together, regardless of geographical location and level of development. The People's Daily (June 27) quoted Sri Lanka's Foreign Minister M.U.M. Ali Sabry as saying that "Chinese funding of the developing world is important. Once developing countries have built infrastructure like roads, road networks and railways, they will then move on beyond that to fields like education, digitalization and renewable energy, and funding will become more transparent and accountable". He added "So that it has a direct correlation to job creation and adding assets and value to countries. I'm sure the Chinese will do that." Xinhua and the World Economic Forum highlighted the World Economic Forum's 14th Annual Meeting of the New Champions in Tianjin, on June 27-29 with the theme is "Entrepreneurship: The Driving Force of the Global Economy". Day 2 sessions included spotlights on AI readiness, global debt, China's digital economy and sustainability reporting. The Chinese media publicised that more than 1,500 global leaders from business, government and civil society gathered in Tianjin, at a crucial time for the global economic recovery. The meeting officially opened on June 27, with an address by Chinese Premier Li Qiang.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: ZAMBIA REACHES DEAL WITH CHINA AND WESTERN CREDITORS TO EXTEND REPAYMENT OF US$ 6.3 BILLION ACCUMULATED UNDER BRI
The Wall Street Journal (June 22) citing people familiar with the matter, disclosed that Zambia has reached a deal with China and Western creditors to extend repayment of $6.3 billion in loans, the result of drawn-out negotiations that are seen as a test case for developing nations contending with massive debts accumulated under China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

June 2023

CHINA-PLA: GENERAL LING HUANXIN PROMOTED AS POLITICAL COMMISSAR OF AMS AND GENERAL ZHENG XUAN PROMOTED AS POLITICAL COMMISSAR OF NORTHERN THEATRE COMMAND
In a promotion ceremony at the Bayi Building in Beijing on June 28, attended by CMC Chairman Xi Jinping, CMC Vice Chairman Zhang Youxia read out the promotion orders of Generals Ling Huanxin and Zheng Xuan. CMC Vice Chairman General He Weidong presided over the ceremony. (i) General Ling Huanxin (61), a Han from Jiangsu, has been appointed the new Political Commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Sciences (AMS). Prior to this he was deputy to CMC member General Zhang Shengmin in the CMC Commission for Discipline Inspection. He served in the CMC CDIC from 2017-2023. He was promoted to Lt General in 2019 and General in 2023. (Comment: Ling Huanxin is a PLAA (Ground Forces) General who worked in the old PLA General Political Department and Northern Theatre Command (2016-17). He has studied in Shanxi University and is an Alternate member of the CCP CC. (ii) Zheng Xuan (58), a Han from Fujian, has been appointed the new Political Commissar of the PLA Northern Theatre Command in June 2023. (Comment: He is a PLAA (Ground Forces) General who built a career in the old 14th Group Army in Yunnan (like the current CMC Vice Chairman General Zhang Youxia earlier). He studied in the National Defence University. Prior to this he served as Political Commissar of the 13th Group Army headquartered in Chengdu, Sichuan and Deputy Political Commissar of the Central and Northern Theatre Commands. In Sichuan he was closely involved in relief during the Wenchuan, Yingjiang and Lushan earthquakes.) (Comment: With these promotions Chinese President Xi Jinping has promoted 71 Generals.)

June 2023

CHINA-PAP: 5 OFFICERS OF PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE FORCE PROMOTED AS MAJOR GENERALS
According to the "People's Armed Police" official WeChat public account, the People's Armed Police Force (PAPF) held a promotion ceremony to the rank of Major General on June 28. PAPF Commander General Wang Chunning read out the order, and PAPF Political Commissar General Zhang Hongbing presided over the ceremony. Members of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of the Armed Police Force in Beijing also attended the ceremony. The officers promoted to the rank of Major General are: (i) Xu Yongjin, Deputy Director of the PAPF Logistics Department; (ii) Li Dexin, Commander of the Hebei Corps; (iii) Xu Hu, Commander of the Henan Corps; (iv) Li Xuexue, Chief of Staff of the Tibet Corps; and (v) Zhang Lugang, Deputy Political Commissar and Secretary of the Disciplinary Committee of the Second Mobile Corps.

June 2023

CHINA-PLA: CHINESE SECURITY SCHOLAR DRAWS LESSONS FROM RUSSIAUKRAINE WAR
Zhang Gaoyuan, a security scholar at Peking University, drew some lessons for China amid what she terms the digital transformation of intelligence gathering. Zhang Gaoyuan argues that dual-use technology such as drones and Starlink satellites, open-source social media information, and efforts by non-combatants have been pivotal in guaranteeing Ukraine a steady flow of battlefield intelligence. As a prognosis for China, she recommends greater research into the opportunities and risks digital technologies present for intelligence acquisition and security.

June 2023

CHINA-HAINAN: CHEN YU APPOINTED DEPUTY SECRETARY GENERAL OF POLITICAL AND LEGAL COMMITTEE OF HAINAN PROVINCIAL COMMITTEE
Chen Yu, the former secretary of the Hainan Provincial Committee of the Communist Youth League, has been appointed the Deputy Secretary-General of the Political and Legal Committee of the Hainan Provincial Committee.

June 2023

CHINA-XIAMEN: CHINA INTERNET CIVILIZATION CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN XIAMEN
The 2023 China Internet Civilization Conference will be held in Xiamen, Fujian Province from July 18 to 19.

June 2023

CHINA-GANSU: GANSU PARTY SECRETARY HU CHANGSHENG SUPERVISES THEME EDUCATION WORK & POL PRICES RISE IN LANZHOU
On June 27, Gansu Party Secretary Hu Changsheng 'investigated and supervised the theme education and safety production work in the Provincial Department of Housing and UrbanRural Development'. ii) The Gansu Daily (June 29) reported that on June 28, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) announced that according to the recent changes in oil prices in the international market and in accordance with the current refined oil price formation mechanism, starting from 24:00 on June 28, 2023, domestic gasoline and diesel prices will increase by 70 yuan per ton. So far, Lanzhou No. 92 gasoline has risen to 7.54 yuan per litre. Since the beginning of this pricing cycle, although the market’s confidence in China’s economic growth has increased, the tightening of global monetary policy has aroused market concerns about fuel demand. International oil prices rose first and then fluctuated and fell back. U.S. crude oil fell below the key point of 70 US dollars per barrel. Affected by this, the rate of change of crude oil fluctuated at a low level after turning from negative to positive. According to the calculation of Zhuo Chuang Information, as of the close of June 27, the change rate of domestic reference crude oil on the 10th working day was 1.40%. Diesel was raised by 0.05-yuan, 0.06 yuan, and 0.06 yuan respectively. So far, Lanzhou No. 92 gasoline has risen to 7.54 yuan per litre, No. 95 gasoline has risen to 8.05 yuan per litre, and No. 0 diesel oil has risen to 7.10 yuan per litre. After the implementation of the price adjustment policy, the travel cost of consumers increased slightly. A private car with a fuel tank capacity of 50 liters needs to spend 2.5 yuan more to fill up 92 gasoline. In terms of fuel consumption, taking a small private car with a monthly run of 2,000 kilometres and a fuel consumption of 8 litres per 100 kilometres as an example, before the opening of the next price adjustment window (24:00 on July 12), consumers’ fuel consumption costs will increase by about 4 yuan. iii) Lanzhou Evening News (June 28) said the Provincial Military Region Admissions Office had recently issued an announcement clarifying that, according to the military academies’ plans to enrol ordinary high school graduates in Gansu Province in 2023 and relevant regulations, 1470 students had been shortlisted for enrolment. This includes 150 female students with a science education.

June 2023

CHINA-XINJIANG: XINJIANG APPOINTS ZHOU XUYONG AS SECRETARY GENERAL OF XINJIANG AUTONOMOUS REGION
According to "Xinjiang Daily" (June 25), the third meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th National People's Congress of the Autonomous Region held in Urumqi appointed Zhou Xuyong as Secretary-General of the People's Government of the Autonomous Region. According to the official website, Zhou Xuyong is currently a member of the party group and Secretary General of the People's Government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Secretary of the party group and Director of the General Office.

June 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: 8 PLAAF FIGHTER AIRCRAFT CROSS MEDIAN LINE IN TAIWAN STRAIT ON JUNE 24
Quoting Taiwan's Defence Ministry, Reuters reported (June 24) that eight Chinese war planes crossed the Taiwan Strait's median line and approached close to the island's contiguous zone that is 24 nautical miles (44 km) off its coast on June 24.

June 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING TO ATTEND SCO SUMMIT IN INDIA VIA VIDEOLINK
China announced (June 30) that Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend via video-conference in Beijing the 23rd Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and deliver "important" remarks on July 4. (Comment: Chinese President Xi Jinping seems to have found a new way to avoid a face-toface meeting with India's Prime Minister Modi.)

June 2023

CHINA-INDIA: IN THE WAKE OF PRIME MINISTER MODI'S VISIT TO U.S., GLOBAL TIMES CAUTIONS INDIA AGAINST JOINING U.S. AGAINST CHINA
Commenting on Prime Minister Modi's visit to the US, the Global Times (June 25) observed that officials of both sides had been "creating an atmosphere of a significant escalation in USIndia relations". It added "officials have avoided mentioning China directly, but the issue of China is widely seen as one of the main drivers of deepening US-India relations. And China has been described in the US media as "the ghost at the US-India feast" or "the elephant in the room." In other words, it is well known that the US is now making overtures to India out of a geopolitical need to bring India in to deal with China, and both the US and India are tacitly aware of this. But this utilitarian nature of the "close ties" is temporary, unstable, and unreliable." It said, "Shaping the strategic environment in which China operates" has become a US strategy for China" and "Theoretically, whether India will join in or not is crucial to whether the US can realize this plot. If India joins, the US will have geographically completed its encirclement of China". It said, however, "The more strategically independent a country is, such as India, the less likely it is to strictly follow the script written by Washington, especially when Washington demands actions that go against its own national interests. We believe that New Delhi will make calm and sober choices, as history has proven". It also said "However, becoming a pawn in US' containment of China does not align with India's interests and principles, nor does it preserve its dignity as a major power". Stating that the US "attempt to build an encirclement against China is bound to fail", it cautioned India that it "has always aspired to be a global power and is now striving to become the "leader of the Global South." China and India are neighbouring countries, and the world's two largest developing countries. The US is far away, and China is close. To "become the third-largest economy," India must have diplomatic considerations as a major power, and we believe India understands this point".

June 2023

CHINA-INDIA: CHINESE PEOPLE'S ARMED POLICE PROPAGANDA BUREAU POST REACTS CRITICALLY TO COMMENTS POSITIVELY PORTRAYING INDIA'S GROWTH
A website operated by the People's Armed Police (PAP) carried a post by the PAP Propaganda Bureau reacted on June 26 to what it called a BBC "puff-piece" of 2007 on India's growth. The post said: "India is growing, because their youth population is growing, driving up some low- end consumption and some productivity increase by entering the labor force. But overall, there is not a single standout industry in India's economy. Spending a large % of the income on food means the economy is a low-end consumption economy. Since food is a necessity, not high value added consumption. In the graph above, India is mediocre even among developing countries. While China is approaching developed consumption Look around your house or even your local mall, can you find anything made in India? No, because the Indian GDP is for the large part contributed by the service sector and LOW-END consumption. This is the % of income Indians spend on food. Why is this indicator important? For its population size and stage of development, India is underperforming by a HUGE amount. An erroneous notion is that "India will become x trillion economy by the year 20xx". The problem is, economic growth is not a linear path, you have to look at the content of the growth. So India is a country that: lacks infrastructure, with no manufacturing jobs, a massive low skilled labour and governed by an inefficient system. On top of all that, India has caste discrimination with low women's participation in the labor force. China is going through a transitioning period, from manufacturing to services economy, naturally unemployment spiked. BUT India's youth unemployment is caused by a much deeper and persistent problem; A lack of infrastructure causes a lack of manufacturing Chinese youth unemployment is a combination of higher tertiary education intake rate (creating a smaller base for larger fluctuation) + A transitioning economy, assembly line jobs in China can't even find enough workers. Currently, India has a large, cheap, and young workforce BUT the problem is, many young Indians are unemployed/underemployed. This is much different from youth unemployment in China". It referred to "some very interesting graphs highlighting the growing gap between China and India. India IF managed correctly, should be consistently growing at double digits, but it's not. Why is that?...". (Comment: The post has apparently been prompted by Prime Minister Modi's successful trip to the US.)

June 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG MET PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER SHAHBAZ SHARIF IN PARIS ON JUNE 22
Meeting Pakistani Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif in Paris on June 22, Chinese Premier Li Qiang called for advancing major projects under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to promote the high-quality development of the Belt and Road Initiative. The meeting was on the sidelines of the Summit for a New Global Financing Pact which was held on June 23. Premier Li Qiang said that China and Pakistan have always treated, trusted, and supported each other sincerely. He said China will continue to firmly support Pakistan in safeguarding its sovereignty, national independence, and territorial integrity; in pursuing a development path suited to its national conditions; and in achieving its stability, development and prosperity, Li said. He pointed out that this year marks the 10th anniversary of the BRI proposed by President Xi Jinping and the 10th anniversary of the launch of the CPEC adding that China will, as always, support Pakistan in accelerating its economic development and enhancing its capacity for sustainable development. Premier Li Qiang expressed his hope that Pakistan would take all measures to ensure the safety of the Chinese institutions and personnel in the country. He said both countries should jointly uphold international fairness and justice and safeguard the common interests of China and Pakistan as well as those of the developing countries. Pakistan Prime Minister Sharif called Pakistan and China all-weather friends and "iron-clad brothers," adding that the friendship between the two countries remains unbreakable. he said consolidation of China-Pakistan friendship is the consensus of all political parties in Pakistan. he reaffirmed Pakistan's commitment to adhering to the one-China principle and its firm support for China in safeguarding its national sovereignty and territorial integrity. He added that Pakistan is willing to work with China to promote the high-quality development of the CPEC and deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields and that Pakistan will make every effort to ensure the safety of the Chinese personnel and institutions in Pakistan. Sharif also noted that the Pakistani side opposes any attempt to contain or suppress China and stands ready with China to mutually support each other in multilateral affairs.

June 2023

CHINA-PAKISTAN: CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER MEETS PAKISTAN CHAIRMAN OF JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF AND SAID HE HOPED THE PAKISTAN ARMY WILL CONTINUE TO BE "THE ANCHOR OF STABILITY BY SAFEGUARDING DOMESTIC STABILITY" OF PAKISTAN
The People's Daily (June 21) quoted Qin Gang as telling the Chairman of Pakistan's Joint Chiefs of Staff Sahir, whom he met on June 21, “that the Pakistani army is a staunch defender and promoter of China-Pakistan friendship. He expressed the hope that the Pakistani military will continue to play its role as the anchor of stability by safeguarding domestic stability and contributing to the building of a China-Pakistan community of shared future. He also thanked the Pakistani army for its long-term efforts to ensure the safety of Chinese personnel and projects in Pakistan. Sahir Shamshad Mirza said the Pakistani military will continue to make every effort to ensure bilateral cooperation including the construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and safeguard the Belt and Road cooperation.”

June 2023

CHINA-RUSSIA: XINHUA REPORTS ON DEVELOPMENTS IN RUSSIA ARE CAUTIOUS
(i) Commenting on the defusing of the Wagner rebellion under the mediation of Belarus within about 24 hours, the Global Times (Chinese; June 25) reproducing an article from the China News Service said some Western analysis, "considering this "armed rebellion" as a heavy blow to Putin's power and exposing the weakness of his leadership", has been dismissed by some Chinese experts as "wishful thinking" by the West regarding Russian politics. It said some Chinese experts believe that the withdrawal of the Wagner soldiers is a rational choice as Prigozhin's top priority is to gain more attention, especially from Putin, to bring up his demands rather than launching a real mutiny against the Russian leadership. They said the rebellion being quelled in such a short period of time after Putin vowed to take decisive actions on June 24 morning actually "shows that the Kremlin maintains a strong capability of deterrence, which will further increase its authority". It quoted a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying "as Russia's friendly neighbour and comprehensive strategic partner of coordination for the new era, China supports Russia in maintaining national stability and achieving development and prosperity". It quoted Wang Yiwei, an international relations professor at the Renmin University of China, as telling Global Times on June 25, that "Prigozhin has not actually launched a coup against the Russian government but protesting in such a way to express his dissatisfaction toward top Russian defense officials and to demand better treatment for the Wagner group." Wang Yiwei said, "Thinking that this revolt targets Putin is wishful thinking, as some Western politicians are used to looking at Russian politics in their imagination, showing that they don't understanding the basic conditions of Russia." He added some Western politicians hope to see Putin lose control of the country while Russia falls into chaos so Russian troops will retreat from Ukraine, and some hope to weaken or split Russia, which all led to such exaggeration of the Wagner revolt. He also said "Those events could push Putin to accelerate the end of the Russia-Ukraine conflict to avoid similar risks, and further strengthen ties with neighbouring countries such as Belarus and Kazakhstan." Cui Heng, an assistant research fellow from the Center for Russian Studies of East China Normal University, told the Global Times (June 25) that the West has been paying close attention to the situation, hoping to instigate an anti-Russia sentiment, which is a common tactic and also part of its cognitive warfare since the Ukraine crisis started. "However, quelling the revolt in such a short period of time actually consolidated the authority of the Putin administration, which has little impact on the frontline battlefield between Russia and Ukraine." The Global Times noted that Chinese State Councillor and Foreign Minister Qin Gang met Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Andrey Rudenko in Beijing on June 25, and exchanged views on China-Russia relations and global and regional issues of concern. Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Ma Zhaoxu also met with Rudenko in Beijing on June 25, saying that under the complex and severe international situation, it is necessary to follow the important consensus reached by the two heads of state, communicate in a timely manner, ensure the stable and long-term relationship between China and Russia, and safeguard the common interests of both sides. It added the Chinese and Russian diplomats also exchanged views on the Ukrainian crisis and other international and regional issues of concern. (ii) On June 25, the Chinese Foreign Ministry issued an official statement on Russia's Wagner incident: This is Russia's internal affairs. As Russia's friendly neighbour & comprehensive strategic partner of coordination for a new era, China supports Russia's efforts to safeguard national stability to ensure development and stability. A Russian Foreign Ministry statement (June 25) said “The Chinese side expressed support for the efforts of the Russian leadership to stabilize the situation in the country in connection with the events of June 24 and reaffirmed its interest in strengthening the cohesion and further prosperity of Russia." The official Xinhua News Agency said in a Chinese-language article that Russian “representatives from all parts of the nation, dignitaries and religious leaders strongly condemned the incident, and clearly stated that they stood on the side of the Russian federal government, stability and peace.” (iii) The subject was also a hot topic on China’s social media with nearly 1.5 billion posts and users sharing screenshots of Twitter discussions. Some compared Prigozhin’s moves to the An Lushan Rebellion which began in 755 AD, when a disgruntled general and favourite of the emperor used his troops to capture the eastern capital and proclaim himself emperor. While the rebellion ultimately failed, it led to a weakening of the Tang Dynasty. Many compared it to to the February 26 incident in 1936, where radical elements within the Japanese military tried to overthrow factional rivals with the slogan 尊皇讨奸 (Honour the emperor and banish the traitor ministers). It failed. A Weibo account operated by a part of the People’s Liberation Army published a post by China National Radio about how Mao Zedong revamped the army in 1927 — an event that ensured the party retained absolute leadership over the army. iv) The People's Daily (June 25) published a Xinhua (June 24) report that the PMC Wagner Center in St. Petersburg was cordoned off by security forces on June 24 after the Wagner private military group was accused of attempting to carry out an armed rebellion while its fighters were urged by the Russian Ministry of Defense to surrender. The Russian Ministry of Defense denied information about the Russian Armed Forces striking the rear camps of the Wagner PMC, said Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, stating that Russian President Vladimir Putin was informed about the situation and that all necessary measures were being taken. It said a correspondent of Xinhua News Agency witnessed several police cars parked in or around the compound of the center, with several law enforcement officers on duty. Neighbourhoods are currently calm. Xinhua added that a criminal case is being initiated against Yevgeny Prigozhin, head of the Wagner private military group, for incitement to armed insurrection, the Public Relations Center of the Russian Federal Security Service said on June 24, calling on Wagner PMC fighters not to carry out Prigozhin's orders and to take measures to detain him. v) Xinhua (June 24) reported from Moscow that Russia's National Anti-Terrorism Committee announced on June 24 that a system of anti-terrorist operations has been introduced in the city of Moscow, Moscow Region, and Voronezh Region. China's state-owned CCTV (June 24) said "Russian President Vladimir Putin delivered a nationally televised speech this morning local time (June 24) accusing someone of inciting a rebellion, pointing out that the rebel organizers have betrayed Russia and will be held accountable for it. Putin said that Russia is fighting an arduous battle for its own future, and now is the time to decide the fate of the Russian nation. This battle requires the unity of all forces, and all acts of splitting unity are a betrayal of the Russian people. The Russian Ministry of Defense issued a statement on the 23rd, stating that all the news and videos spread in the name of Prigozhin, the founder of the Wagner mercenary group, that the so-called Russian Ministry of Defense troops attacked the Wagner mercenary camp are not consistent with the facts and are a kind of information. provocative.

June 2023

CHINA-NEW ZEALAND: NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER HIPKINS ARRIVED IN SHANGHAI ON JUNE 26 AT START OF A VISIT TO CHINA
New Zealand Prime Minister Chris Hipkins arrived in Shanghai to a red carpet welcome early on June 26 morning — with a 29-member business delegation — for a five day official visit. He met President Xi Jinping on June 27 at the Great Hall of the People. Before his meeting with Xi Jinping, he met Zhao Leji, Politburo Standing Committee member and Chairman of the National People’s Conference. Hipkins disagreed with Biden’s assertion that Xi is a dictator last week, adding that the shape of China’s government is a matter for the Chinese people. China is New Zealand’s largest trading partner. On June 19, Hipkins said: “China represents nearly a quarter of all our exports, was our second-largest source of tourists pre-COVID and is a significant source of international students, so it's a critical part of our economic recovery." While goods exports to China have held up since the pandemic, services exports - things like tourism and international education - remain well below pre-pandemic levels. Chinese state media said increasing the numbers of international students to New Zealand was likely on the table in terms of talks with China. New Zealand currently has a gaping trade deficit. The current account deficit - the difference between what New Zealand buys and sells overseas - for the year ended March 31, 2023, was $33b (8.5 per cent of GDP). New Zealand’s services exports to China are still well below pre-pandemic levels. Services exports for the March 2023 quarter were $560m, half the $1b in services exports in the March 2019 quarter.

June 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA SUMMONS US AMBASSADOR AND GIVES HIM A DEMARCHE IN RESPONSE TO US PRESIDENT BIDEN CALLING CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING A "DICTATOR"
CNN (June 23) said The White House confirmed on June 23 that an official diplomatic reprimand, known as a démarche, had been given to the US Ambassador to China Nicholas Burns following President Joe Biden’s comments comparing China’s Xi Jinping to a dictator at a political fundraiser in California earlier this week. It said the Chinese government called in Burns for the meeting this week in Beijing to protest Biden’s remarks. The move by Beijing comes as officials are still assessing the potential effect of Biden’s comments on US efforts to repair the fractured relationship between the two countries. National Security Council’s Coordinator for Strategic Communications John Kirby stressed that the White House does not view the move as one with particularly significant consequences and that the US has not seen any further ramifications to the already-precarious relationship with China. Kirby said “If démarche issued by nations against other nations were some sort of bellwether for whether a relationship was collapsing or, or in any danger. I mean, my goodness, I mean, my goodness, Jeremy, a démarche is a démarche that happens all the time. I am not going to get into the specifics. I’m not going to get into the specifics of this one”.

June 2023

CHINA-US: CPAFFC AND FUJIAN PROVINCE HOSTS SINO-US PEOPLE-TOPEOPLE FRIENDSHIP FORUM
The People's Daily (June 29) reported that on June 28, Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the "Guling Fate" Sino-US People-to-People Friendship Forum, which it claimed, "aroused enthusiastic response from the guests". The forum was held in Fuzhou City, Fujian Province on the same day, with the theme of "Inheriting the Torch of Friendship and Creating a Better Future". It was co-sponsored by the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC) and the People's Government of Fujian Province. Some members of the "Friends of Guling" and people from all walks of life in China and the United States participated. Xi Jinping's message said:"Let the friendship between the people of the United States and China thrive and last forever".

June 2023

CHINA-GERMANY: GERMANY'S ECONOMICS MINISTER REJECTS PROPOSALS BY GERMAN COMPANIES FOR NEW INVESTMENTS IN CHINA
Reuters quoting the German news magazine Der Spiegel reported (June 22) that Germany’s Vice Chancellor and Economics Minister, Robert Habeck, has reduced liability for investments by German companies in China by around five billion euros ($5.48 billion) since taking office. Der Spiegel said Habeck's officials have four times rejected new applications from German companies for their investments in China, totalling 101 million euros. Four extension applications worth 554 million euros were not permitted and new applications amounting to four billion euros were not accepted for decision. In addition, the ministry postponed applications for extensions worth 282 million euros because the companies had possible business relationships in the Uyghur province of Xinjiang.

June 2023

CHINA-UK: NEWSWEEK INVESTIGATION REVEALS 400 GROUPS IN BRITAIN LINKED TO CCP CC'S UNITED FRONT WORK DEPARTMENT
An investigation by Newsweek (June 29) revealed that there are nearly 400 groups embedded in British society that are also part of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) networks that aim to spread influence around the world and help China achieve global pre-eminence by 2049. It said the extent of the organizations that are linked—directly or indirectly—to the CCP's United Front system in UK is revealed for the first time just as Washington is pressing its friends to do more to counter growing CCP influence and what is known as transnational repression of Chinese abroad. Newsweek's investigation found 384 groups in the U.K. that are part of United Front networks amplifying the CCP's political line and working to influence public opinion overseas, for example by calling for unification with Taiwan in line with Beijing's policy, supporting party congresses and policies, extolling Chinese leader Xi Jinping, staging proBeijing demonstrations, and building relationships with politicians and businesspeople at every level of society. A breakdown of the groups identified by Newsweek gives 64 chambers of commerce; 52 "hometown associations" based on place of origin in China; 34 professional organizations including three that aim to participate in politics—one for each of Britain's three main political parties—a guild for medical doctors, and some that promote China's "Belt and Road" global infrastructure initiative. There are seven "peaceful reunification" societies, 19 media, and 109 other groups that focus on culture, education or other issues. Some of the individuals identified are: i) Li Jiajia, Honorary President of the qipao (pronounced "chee pow") dress association, has senior positions in 14 other organizations, according to her biography on Facebook. ii) Li Luoan, Chairman of the Confederation of Chinese Associations in Scotland, has been appointed adviser to a front organization in China: the Shenzhen Overseas Exchange Association, official records show. Li Luoan was born in Beijing where she attended the prestigious No. 4 Middle School before graduating from Edinburgh University with a degree in software engineering. iii) Newsweek has confirmed that Lin Ruiyou is a delegate to the Xiamen city branch of the China Overseas Friendship Association, a core, formal United Front organization. iv) Zhang Yuxia, the head of multiple groups in the U.K. including the Chinese Dance and Culture Association, organized a first "British and Chinese Tea Culture Art Festival" in 2018 together with the U.K. parliament, according to media reports and photographs. Invitees included Chinese embassy officials, British politicians, a youth science and technology delegation from Shanghai, and a top United Front official from China's southern Yunnan province. Subsequently Zhang traveled to China to meet with the official to set up joint technology and cultural projects. Zhang Yuxia was also quick to congratulate Chinese leader Xi on his third term last year with a call to "tell the China story well." In April this year, Zhang Yuxia was appointed as a U.K.-based "overseas mediator" assisting courts in southern Hainan province resolve cases involving people from China in the U.K. v) Xiang Jingyi, the co-founder U.K. Hainan Business Association, said by telephone to Newsweek that it also offers connections to "government people" in China without specifying further. vi) William Je, who has been a member of at least two United Front organizations, one in Chongqing in China and one in Hong Kong.has promoted the newly founded Hong Kong People Association in Ealing in west London that offered to help them find jobs, healthcare and education.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: REPORTS CLAIM CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING CELEBRATED HIS 70TH BIRTHDAY ON JUNE 15
Reports circulating in Beijing on June 15-16 claimed that Chinese President Xi Jinping celebrated his 70th birthday at the Culture and Arts Museum which is the earlier Wanshou Temple (the Temple of Longevity) located at the Suzhou Jie (Suzhou Street) in Beijing, on June 15 in violation of one of the cardinal rules framed by Mao Zedong for CCP cadres. The museum was closed to the public for two days (June 14-15) ostensibly for an "important" meeting. These reports also claimed that the Chinese communist authorities paid US$ 6.5 million to Lionel Messi and the Argentinian football team to play in Beijing. Since no Chinese team was willing to play -- for fear of losing 8-0 or 10-0 and thereby causing Xi Jinping to lose face, the authorities paid US$ 750,000 and got an Australian team!

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING MEETS BILL GATES AND SAYS HE IS THE FIRST AMERICAN HE HAS MET IN BEIJING THIS YEAR
CCTV (June 16) telecast a report that on June 16, Chinese President Xi Jinping met Bill Gates, co-chairman of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation of the United States in Beijing. Expressing appreciation for Gates and his foundation's long-term commitment to promoting global poverty reduction, health, development and public welfare and charity, Xi Jinping emphasized that he had proposed global development initiatives, global security initiatives, and global civilization initiatives to provide Chinese solutions to global challenges. Asserting "We will never follow the old path of a strong country seeking hegemony, but will work with other countries to achieve common development and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind", Xi Jinping said to Gates, you are the first American friend I met in Beijing this year. Politburo member Wang Yi, State Councillor Qin Gang and others attended the meeting. (Comment: The meeting has prompted speculation that it could signal the reopening of a dialogue between the US businesses and China.)

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PEOPLE'S DAILY FRONT PAGES FATHER/SON PROFILE OF XI ZHONGXUN AND HIS SON CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING
On June 18, the People's Daily published photographs of Xi Jinping and his father and their sayings. A Chinese observer said People's Daily is doing a "like father, like son" profile of Xi Zhongxun/Xi Jinping, called "from people's leader to people's servant." Xi Jinping's mother Qi Xin and brother Xi Yuanping have also been quoted. It said in conclusion: 'The two generations of father and son, from "the leader of the masses" to "the servant of the people", have inherited a deep love for the people and a heart for the people. No matter when and where, the people are always their common concern and strength'.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: FIRST LABORATORY FOR STUDYING XI JINPING'S THOUGHT OPENS IN MOSCOW
The first-ever "laboratory for studying the ideas of Xi Jinping" outside China opened in Moscow on June 22 in the Institute of China and Modern Asia of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IKSA RAS). "Its research will cover Xi Jinping's ideas about economics, foreign and domestic policy, social policy, culture, art, and ideology." CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING REPLIES TO PRESIDENT OF A ZOO IN BELGIUM URGING HIM TO KEEP PROMOTING CHINA-BELGIUM AND CHINA-EUROPE FRIENDSHIP China Daily (June 21) disclosed that Chinese President Xi Jinping recently replied to Eric Domb, President, and founder of Pairi Daiza Zoo in the Belgian city of Brugelette and a "friend of China", encouraging him to keep promoting China-Belgium and China-Europe friendship.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG TRAVELS TO EUROPE ON HIS FIRST VISIT OVERSEAS AS PREMIER
Chinese Premier travelled to Germany and France on his first visit abroad (June 20-22) after taking over as Premier. On June 22, Premier Li Qiang met President of the European Council Michel in Paris.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: CMC VICE CHAIRMAN GENERAL ZHANG YOUXIA SURFACES ON JUNE 18 AT MILITARY FUNCTION IN TIANJIN
After a long unexplained absence from public view, the senior Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission General Zhang Youxia surfaced on June 18. He attended an Army Basic Training Site Meeting in Tianjin on June 18. Later, on June 20 he received the Pakistan Army Sahir Shamshad Mirza who was visiting Beijing.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: SEMINAR ON RELIGIOUS WORK HELD IN BEIJING ON JUNE 21
The state-owned CCTV (June 21) telecast a report on "General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition seminar on religious work" that was held in Beijing on June 21. PBSC member and CPPCC Chairman Wang Huning attended and delivered a speech. He said 'it is necessary to thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. "Four Consciousnesses", firm "Four Confidences", and "Two Maintenances", adhere to the Party's centralized and unified leadership of religious work, adhere to the Party's basic policy on religious work, and do a good job in the Party's religious work in the new era with a high sense of responsibility and mission Work'. Wang Huning said that 'General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition on religious work has profoundly answered major theoretical and practical issues such as how to understand religion in the new era, how to deal with religious issues, and how to do a good job in the party's religious work. Must master the ideological guidelines and work to follow. It is necessary to study and implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition on religious work'. Shi Taifeng, Head of the Central United Front Work Department, the Head of the Central Propaganda Department, and the 'chief comrades in charge of the United Front Work Department of the Party Committees of Zhejiang Province, Sichuan Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Shandong Province made speeches'.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER AND CPPCC CHAIRMAN WANG HUNING ATTENDS 15TH STRAITS FORUM IN XIAMEN
Politburo Standing Committee member and CPPCC Chairman Wang Huning attended and addressed the 15th Straits Forum Conference that was held in Xiamen on June 17 and read out the congratulatory letter from CCP CC General Secretary Xi Jinping. Wang Huning said that "Taiwan independence" is incompatible with peace in the Taiwan Strait, and we must resolutely oppose "Taiwan independence" separatist activities and interference by external forces. Only by adhering to the "1992 Consensus" and opposing "Taiwan independence" can cross-strait relations return to the correct track of peaceful development. CCTV (June 17) quoted Xia Liyan, KMT as saying in his speech 'that the Chinese Kuomintang will adhere to the "1992 Consensus", oppose the political foundation of "Taiwan independence", continue to promote cross-strait economic, trade and cultural exchanges and cooperation, maintain peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait and push the two sides to return to the broad road of peace and prosperity.' During his stay in Fujian, Wang Huning also visited the 30th Anniversary Achievement Exhibition of Fuzhou's "3820" Strategic Project Implementation, "Common Homeland and Common Memory-Fujian-Taiwan Relations Archive Document Exhibition", and visited members of the CPPCC National Committee in Fuzhou, cadres of Fujian Provincial Committee of the CPPCC, Xiamen Taiwan students at the university, inspected Taiwan-funded enterprises, the historical and cultural district of Sanfang Qixiang in Fuzhou City, Chitu Community in Hongtang Village, Haicang District, Xiamen City, Xiamen Wutong Passenger Terminal, etc.

June 2023

CHINA-LEADERSHIP: PBSC MEMBER AND CDIC CHAIRMAN LI XI VISITS YUNNAN ON INSPECTION
Politburo Standing Committee member and Secretary of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission Li Xi went on inspection to Yunnan from June 14 to 17. CCTV (June 17) reported that he emphasized that the discipline inspection and supervision agencies should carry out indepth study and implementation of Xi Jinping's education on the theme of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the education and rectification of the national discipline inspection and supervision cadres, and further strengthen the political and ideological identification of the "two establishments" and "two maintenances". At the Yunnan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision, Li Xi received a detailed briefing on thematic education and the promotion of education rectification and held a symposium for secretaries of some provincial and regional discipline inspection commissions. Li Xi also visited Wukeshu Village in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Bapai Natural Village in Tengchong City and Jibian Oolong Tea Planting Base to inspect the fruitful achievements of poverty alleviation in Yunnan.

June 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: STATE COUNCIL APPOINTS NEW DEPUTY MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCES AND SOCIAL SECURITY
On June 21, the State Council appointed Wu Xiuzhang as the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security. He was previously the Vice Chairman of the government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and later served as the secretary of the Party Working Committee of Ningdong Energy and Chemical Base. (Comment: Born in July 1966, Wu Xiuzhang won the first prize of the 2017 National Science and Technology Progress Award as one of the main contributors to the project "Development and Application of Large-Scale Modern Coal Chemical Technology from Coal-toOlefins/Olefins" in January 2018.)

June 2023

CHINA-SENIOR APPOINTMENTS: MS GUO FANG APPOINTED MEMBER OF PARTY GROUP OF MINISTRY OF ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT
According to the official website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, (Ms) Guo Fang has been appointed as a member of the Party group of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. Before assuming this new post, she served as a member of the Standing Committee of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and Deputy Mayor. (Comment: Guo Fang is an alternate member of the 20th Central Committee.)

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: CHINA'S COMMUNIST YOUTH LEAGUE (CYL) HOLDS 19TH NATIONAL CONGRESS IN BEIJING
Xinhua (June 19) reported that the Communist Youth League of China (CYLC) held its 19th National Congress (June 19 to 22) in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on June 19. It said Party and state leaders including Xi Jinping, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi, attended the opening to extend their congratulations. President Xi Jinping and "other leaders were greeted by enthusiastic applause when they arrived ahead of the opening". Nearly 1,500 delegates representing 73 million CYLC members from across the country attended. In his address on behalf of the CCP CC, Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC) member Cai Qi said under the strong leadership of the CPC CC, the CYLC has taken Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as its guide since the 18th CYLC national congress. The CYLC has strengthened its political consciousness, advanced nature and ability to represent the people, and enhanced its leadership, organization, and services. Asserting that the central task of the CCP and CYL is to realise China's Second Centenary Goal of building it into a great modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernisation, Cai Qi urged China's youth 'to be the new era's great young generation with ideals, a sense of responsibility, grit, and dedication'. He called on the CYLC to further unite and lead the country's young people and make still greater contributions in the new era. Xu Liuping, Secretary of the leading Party members group of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), extended congratulations to the congress on behalf of the ACFTU, the All-China Women's Federation, the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, and other people's organizations. A Dong, a member of the standing committee of the presidium of the congress presented a report on behalf of the CYLC's 18th Central Committee. The PLA and the PAP sent 72 delegates, representing more than one million members of the CYLC in the PLA and PAP, to attend the congress. The official WeChat account of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League said that the first plenary meeting of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China held in Beijing on June 22, had elected a new leadership of the CYL CC. The plenary session elected A Dong as the First Secretary of the 19th Central Secretariat of the CYL, Xu Xiao, Wang Yi, Hu Baijing, Hu Sheng (temporary), Xiapakti Wushour (temporary), and Yu Jing (part-time) as Secretaries.

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: PARTY MEMBERS STUDY XI JINPING'S SPEECHES EACH MORNING ON SHORT 40-SECOND VIDEOS
Videos of studying Xi Jinping's speeches have been circulated on the Internet this week. The official account of China's state media CCTV, Xiaoyang Video, also releases a video of "Morning Idioms and Golden Sentences" every morning. According to the analysis, this is just like the "early request for instructions and late report" during the Cultural Revolution. Tencent, a Chinese portal website, has also developed a learning platform. The official media Xiaoyang Video publishes a short video with the column "Good Morning China" every day. Each video is about 40 seconds long.

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE BY PRESIDENT OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S ASSOCIATION FOR FRIENDSHIP WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES PRAISING XI JINPING'S GLOBAL CIVILISATIONAL INITIATIVE
The People's daily (June 21) published an article by Lin Songtian, the President of the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, titled 'The Chinese Plan for Promoting the Progress of Human Civilization (In-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)' Saying that 'the Global Civilization Initiative is another major initiative proposed by General Secretary Xi Jinping after the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" initiative, the Global Development Initiative, and the Global Security Initiative. value and historical significance', it called it a new strategy 'to guide Major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics breaks through the waves, and at the same time opens up a new realm of theoretical innovation in international relations in today's world'. It lauded the Global Civilisational Initiative as essential for peace and reducing conflict, respecting diverse cultures etc.

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE URGING CADRES NOT TO LOOK FOR QUICK SUCCESS REPRODUCED BY WORKERS DAILY
The Zhonggong Ribao (Workers Daily; July 23) republished a People's Daily (July 22) article on "General Secretary Xi Jinping's sentiments" captioned "Don't engage in political achievement projects eager for quick success". It quoted Xi Jinping as saying, "Our understanding of time is not measured in terms of ten years or a hundred years, but in terms of a hundred years or a thousand years" and "Success does not have to depend on me, success must depend on me. In the long river of history, everyone has to run their own "this club" well." "To establish and practice the correct view of political achievements, it is necessary to strengthen party spirit and be responsible for the party's cause". The People's Daily article said "In reality, some party members and cadres are keen on "performance projects" and "image projects", but they have actually become "bad performance" and ruined their image. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "Don't engage in political achievement projects that are eager for quick success."

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ARTICLE ON COMPATIBILITY OF MARXISM WITH CHINESE CULTURE
The People's Daily (June 20) published an article by the Guangdong Province Xi Jinping Thought Research Center on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era titled 'Deeply understand and continuously promote the "second combination" (in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)'. It said, in brief, "We must deeply grasp the high degree of compatibility between the basic principles of Marxism and the excellent traditional Chinese culture in terms of ideological content, mission pursuit, and open character, give full play to the main role of the people, adhere to the practice as the test standard, and deeply grasp the characteristics of the times, so that China The modernized Marxism has more distinctive Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, and Chinese style".

June 2023

CHINA-CCP: QIU SHI COMMENTARY STRESSES THAT THE CCP CC WILL NOT RELAX STRICT GOVERNANCE OF THE PART FOR EVEN A BIT
A Qiu Shi (Seeking Truth; June 20) Commentary titled 'Improve the strategic deployment of the comprehensive and strict party governance system' said this was a major proposal" in the New Era and that "the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has sent a series of practical measures and clear requirements to the whole party, sending a clear signal that comprehensive and strict governance of the party will not be relaxed for a moment and will not retreat half a step."

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: BANK OF CHINA RESTRICTS TRANSFER OF RUSSIAN CUSTOMERS' FUNDS TO BANKS IN EU, US, SWITZERLAND, AND UK
Bank of China has restricted Russian customers' transfer transactions related to banks located in the European Union, the United States, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Deutsche Welles (June 21) said it appears that China does not want to get caught up in the diplomatic dilemma caused by Russia's war on Ukraine. It added that it may be a coincidence that US Secretary of State Blinken's visit to China and Bank of China's decision to restrict Russian customers' transfers related to banks located in the European Union, the United States, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. But on the other hand, it could also be a concession made by Beijing to accommodate Blinken's China trip. It is also possible that this reflects Russia's fading importance in China's strategic and economic calculations. Finam Bank, quoted by Russian state media RBC and another country's Frank Media, said Bank of China had begun terminating transfers in renminbi, U.S. dollars, Hong Kong dollars and euros in Russia through its correspondent bank accounts.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINESE PREMIER LI QIANG TELLS GERMAN CEO'S IN BERLIN THAT RISK PREVENTION AND COOPERATION ARE COMPATIBLE
China's Premier Li Qiang told German CEOs in Berlin on June 20: "we understand that all parties have their own security concerns, and the key is how to define and guard against risks reasonably. If mishandled, risks will be amplified, resulting in more and bigger problems. Enterprises have the most direct and acute perception of risks. They know how to avoid and deal with them, so the lead in risk prevention should be given back to the enterprises. Risk prevention and cooperation are not contradictory. Non-cooperation is the biggest risk, and lack of development is the greatest insecurity. Economic globalization has made the world economy interdependent. We should adopt a dialectical view of interdependence and not artificially exaggerate "dependence" or simply equate interdependence with insecurity. For specific issues, they should be analysed specifically, and all parties can negotiate and cooperate to prevent and respond together.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PROVINCES AND CITIES HOLD JOB FAIRS FOR PEOPLE AND GRADUATES SEEKING JOBS
The Zhonggong Daily (Workers Daily, July 23) reported that Fuzhou, Qingdao, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Xiamen had held 'job fairs' to provide employment to people. Liuzhou, Hezhou, and Guilin cities have jointly set up a platform to promote employment to graduates.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: PRIVATE WEALTH MIGRATION FIRM ESTIMATES THAT 13,500 HIGH-NET-WORTH CHINESE WITH WEALTH EXCEEDING US$ 1 MILLION WILL LEAVE CHINA THIS YEAR
According to the Henley Private Wealth Migration Report issued on June 13, China will see the biggest net outflow of millionaires globally this year as the nation’s wealth growth slows. The advisory firm estimates China will lose 13,500 high-net-worth individuals with investable wealth of more than $1 million.

June 2023

CHINA-ECONOMY: CHINA REDUCES PURCHASE OF U.S. CORN BY 1.1 MILLION TONS OR 7.4 PER CENT OF U.S. EXPORTS
Nikkei Chinese reported (June 12) that, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), China’s effort to increase its domestic soybean and corn production will drive down the global grain market price. China has cancelled orders of a cumulative 1.1 million tons of U.S. corn that were scheduled to be imported from late April to mid-May, or 7.4 percent of the U.S. annual exports to China. China’s reduction of purchases and the expected U.S. harvest took the futures price of corn on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange down to around $5 per bushel in mid-May. This was the lowest point since October 2021 and 30 percent down from the peak price in the spring of 2022. Soybean’s price also fell similarly as China also cancelled deals. Among agricultural products, China can roughly stay self-reliant on rice and wheat, but has to import other products. Beijing is the world’s largest importer of soybeans and corn, it imports 59 percent of the global import volume and 14 percent of corn.

June 2023

CHINA-PLA: PLA NAVY TO HOLD EXERCISES IN SOUTH CHINA SEA ON JUNE 23-24
The website of the China Maritime Safety Administration disclosed that the Qinglan Maritime Safety Administration issued a navigation warning on June 22 stating that from 4:00 on June 23 to 18:00 on June 24, military training will be carried out in some waters of the South China Sea, and entry is prohibited.

June 2023

CHINA-PLA: NUMBER OF UAVs SPOTTED AT SHIGATSE AIR FORCE BASE ON JUNE 19
On June 19, a large number of UAVs were seen in the Shigatse Air Force base, including 10 GJ1/2 and one WZ-7. There were also two J-7s. Maxar satellite photos from February, 2023 showed a wing of at least 10 PLAAF J-11/16s and a KJ-500 AWC stationed at the Shigatse Air Force Base.

June 2023

CHINA--PLA: CMC ISSUES STRICT CODE OF CONDUCT FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL FOR SOCIAL INTERACTIONS ON SOCIAL MEDIA
On June 20, China's Central Military Commission (CMC) issued a code of conduct for the social interactions of military officials, including behaviours on social media platforms. Chinese experts believe the code of conduct highlights improving discipline of military personnel and strengthening their sense of confidentiality so as to better protect national security in the big data era. The code of conduct was issued by the Political Work Department and the Discipline Inspection Commission of the CMC with the approval of the CMC. The code includes aspects of social exchanges with local Party and government organs and their personnel; with enterprises or public institutions and their relevant personnel; with social organizations; with media; with theoretical research and academic exchange institutions and their personnel; with ethnic minorities; with religious organizations and religious believers; with overseas organizations and their personnel; with military officials' friends and relatives; and social interactions on social media platforms.

June 2023

CHINA-PLA: ACADEMY OF MILITARY SCIENCES HOLDS 2-DAY HIGH LEVEL FORUM IN BEIJING
The China Daily (July 16) disclosed that the Academy of Military Sciences (AMS) had convened a 2-day (July 15-16) Forum in Beijing, where hundreds of military officials, academics from research institutions and industrial insiders shared their views on promoting military modernization. General Yang Xuejun, President of the PLA Academy of Military Sciences, said in his opening remarks that accelerating the modernization of national defense and the armed forces is the "military chapter" of Chinese modernization. He emphasized that all efforts must be made to meet goals set for the centenary of the PLA, highlighting the leading role of military intellectualization that aims to comprehensively promote the transformation and upgrading of the army. Yang Xuejun also said innovation-driven development must be given more attention and stressed the significance of fully strengthening military governance. Bai Lyu, Political Commissar of the AMS, echoed Yang in his keynote speech, saying that the modernization of national defense and the armed forces is an important component of overall Chinese modernization and also serves as "a strategic support" for the effort. On July 15 afternoon, more than 30 guests from various fields discussed topics such as strengthening the cultivation of military talent and enhancing military governance. (Comment: The two-day forum organized by the PLA Academy of Military Sciences and has been held each year since 2018.)

June 2023

CHINA-WORLD VIEW: DIRECTOR OF FUDAN UNIVERSITY'S CHINA INSTITUTE SAYS RISE OF CHINA IS RISE OF A CIVILISATION
The Beijing Review (21 June) reported Zhang Weiwei, Director of the China Institute at Fudan University, as saying at the 2023 Future Close-up Forum in Beijing on June 20, that the 'rise of China is not just the rise of a country, it is the rise of a civilization. As the world’s longest continuous civilization and a large modern socialist state, it features four “supers”: population, territory, tradition and culture. Each of these supers in se blends ancient and modern, old and new.'

June 2023

CHINA-NINGXIA: CHINESE PRESIDENT ISSUES INSTRUCTIONS FOLLOWING FIRE AFTER GAS EXPLOSION AT FUYANG BARBECUE RESTAURANTIN YINCHUAN CITY, NINGXIA
China's official media reported (June 22) that at least 31 people were killed when an explosion ripped through a restaurant in Yinchuan City, capital of Ningxia-Hui Autonomous region on the eve of a popular local holiday. Quoting the regional Communist party committee, it said “A leak of liquefied petroleum gas … caused an explosion during the operation of a barbecue restaurant”. It said seven more people were receiving medical treatment, with one of them in a “critical condition”. People's Daily (June 22) reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping has ordered all-out rescue and safety overhaul after the deadly barbecue restaurant explosion.

June 2023

CHINA-SICHUAN: CHENGDU MUNICIPAL PARTY COMMITTEE CONVENES ENLARGED MEETING OF STANDING COMMITTEE TO STUDY 'SPIRT' OF THIRD PLENARY SESSION OF 12TH PROVINCIAL PARTY COMMITTEE
On June 21, the Standing Committee of the Chengdu Municipal Party Committee held an (enlarged) meeting to convey and study the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 12th Provincial Party Committee and study the implementation measures in Chengdu. Shi Xiaolin, Member of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee and Secretary of the Chengdu Municipal Party Committee presided over the meeting and delivered a speech.

June 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: PLA NAVY AIRCRAFT CARRIER SHANDONG TRANSITS TAIWAN STRAIT ON JUNE 21
Citing Taiwan's defence ministry, Reuters (June 22) reported that a Chinese aircraft carrier group led by the vessel Shandong sailed through the sensitive Taiwan Strait on June 21. The ministry said the Shandong, commissioned in 2019, had sailed in a southerly direction through the western part of the strait, and it had dispatched "appropriate forces" to monitor the Chinese activities. Meanwhile, a spokesman for the China Coast Guard, said that on June 21, the US Coast Guard gunboat "Stratton" sailed through the Taiwan Strait. Chinese coast guard ships followed and "guarded" it all the way, and dealt with it in accordance with laws and regulations. It said the Chinese coast guard will strengthen patrol law enforcement in waters under China's jurisdiction, and resolutely safeguard national sovereignty, security and maritime rights and interests.

June 2023

CHINA-TAIWAN: CHINA LIFTS IMPORT RESTRICTIONS ON TAIWANESE FRUITS AT REQUEST OF KMT DELEGATES TO 15TH STRAITS FORUM IN XIAMEN, CHINA
On June 20, the State Council’s Taiwan Affairs Office (TAO) announced that China will lift a ban on the import of the Taiwanese 'sugar apples' (tropical fruit which tastes like custard and has a knobby rind) imposed since September 2021. A TAO spokesperson said the decision to lift restrictions came after Kuomintang Vice Chairman Andrew Hsia and Taitung County Magistrate Rao Ching-ling (also of the KMT) took steps to improve the fruit’s safety. Both Hsia and Rao attended the recently concluded 15th Straits Forum in Xiamen as part of a KMT delegation. At the forum, Andrew Hsia called on the mainland to lift bans on several Taiwanese agricultural products including sugar apples and pineapples. (Comment: This easing of restrictions is certainly a move of the United Front to favour the prodialogue KMT and help it to win Taiwan’s presidential election in January 2024. The farming and sale of sugar apples make up 20-30 percent of Taitung’s economy.)

June 2023

CHINA-INDIA: PEOPLE'S DAILY ARTICLE CLAIMS INDIA WILL MAINTAIN STRATEGIC AUTONOMY DURING PRIME MINISTER MODI'S VISIT TO U.S.
People's Daily (June 19) reproduced a Global Times article under the caption: US’ plan to rope in India to serve Washington's purpose wishful thinking'. It cited analysts as saying, "The US' intention to rope in India to counter China and Russia, and even further intensify the regional tensions toward militarization and conflict, is only Washington's own wishful thinking" and that "The US expects a "transformational moment" in India ties during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's upcoming trip to Washington". Stating that India had maintained close cooperation with the US in recent years, particularly in the areas of economy, technology and defense", it added that the two will probably reach new agreements during the visit. But it pointed out that "India has never directly criticized Russia since the start of the Ukraine crisis publicly, but it has consistently called for the "cessation of hostilities" by both sides and the need for a peaceful solution". Commenting on Blinken's visit just days before Prime Minister Modi departed for the US, it said experts had noted "The discrepancy between the US' stated position and its actual actions can be attributed to the fact that one of the key focuses of USIndia cooperation is to contain and exert pressure on China".

June 2023

CHINA-US: PEOPLE'S DAILY PUBLISHES ZHOMG SHENG COMMENTARY ON CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING'S COMMENTS TO BLINKEN
A 'Zhong Sheng' People's Daily (June 22) commentary captioned 'China, U.S. should work together in same direction to stabilize, improve bilateral relations' quoted Chinese President Xi Jinping as telling that Blinked during their meeting on June 19, that "China and the United States should act with a sense of responsibility for history, for the people and for the world, and handle their relations properly". He added that 'in this way, the two countries may contribute to global peace and development, and help make the world, which is changing and turbulent, more stable, certain and constructive'. It said, 'Xi expounded on China's principled position and offered strategic guidance on the stable development of China-U.S. relations, which fully demonstrated China's sense of responsibility as a major country in stabilizing and improving China-U.S. relations'.

June 2023

CHINA-US: BEIJING REVIEW REPRODUCES XINHUA REPORT ON U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE BLINKEN'S TWO DAY VISIT TO BEIJING
The English-language Beijing Review (June 22) republished a Xinhua report of June 21 titled 'U.S. needs to honour commitments with actions to improve ties with China' on Blinken's 2- day visit to Beijing 'to avert the downward spiral of their relationship and bring it back on the track of stable development'. It stated that Blinken said 'Blinken said the United States stands by the commitments made by President Joe Biden, namely that the United States does not seek a new Cold War, it does not seek to change China's system, its alliances are not directed at China, it does not support "Taiwan independence," and it does not seek conflict with China.' It said China stated: 'China respects U.S. interests and does not seek to challenge or displace the United States. In the same vein, the United States needs to respect China and must not hurt China's legitimate rights and interests. The U.S. should stop playing up the so-called "China threat," lift illegal unilateral sanctions against China, stop suppressing China's scientific and technological advances, and stop interfering in China's internal affairs'.

June 2023

CHINA-US: CHINESE REACTIONS TO BLINKEN'S VISIT
1. Well-known Chinese 'influencer Hu Zhanhao, who also serves on the Hubei Provincial Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, is a known militant nationalist voice with local government backing. He observed that the meeting between the Chinese head of state and Blinken is a pleasant surprise! He explained that given the existing atmosphere between the two sides, China would not have promised such a high-level meeting to Blinken unless the US made significant political commitments. Eventually, after two rounds of meetings, China gave Blinken the opportunity to meet China’s highest leader. The core reason for the meeting is that the first two rounds of communication between Blinken and Chinese leaders had a decent atmosphere. More importantly, the US must have given important political assurances; otherwise, Blinken would not have met China’s highest leader. At the same time, he said the US will not truly turn away from evil and pursue a better path? If the US could mend its ways, why would the Sino-US relationship be in the stalemate it’s in now? According to him Blinken’s visit aimed to resolve three issues: Firstly, to maintain good communication between China and the US, and to avoid unforeseeable consequences due to a misjudgment caused by US provocation. The US is very worried about this. They hope their allies will take the brunt of any clash with China and don’t want to become cannon fodder themselves. Therefore, to avoid a China-US conflict triggered by US provocation, Blinken came. He is here to avoid conflict within the context of US provocation, not to stop the provocation. Secondly, the US hopes China will buy US Treasury bonds, that China will not support Russia, that China will not develop advanced technology. All these are things that China can’t deliver. Thirdly, the US wishes to cooperate with China on some issues, such as the Ukrainian crisis, future Israel-Palestine issues, as well as issues like climate change and North Korea’s nuclear program. The US hopes to “bamboozle” China into acting according to the US’s will. He anticipated that next year, which is an election year, American provocations against China will become only more intense, not weaker! He assessed the Democrats as manipulative and subject to influence by members of Congress. 'They are even worse than the Trump administration'. Therefore, don’t expect any good deeds from the Biden administration! However, he said, it was necessary to take this step (of allowing the Blinken visit) to let the world see the US more clearly? How will countries around the world know whose side they should be on? He said China should let the US perform according to their script and China should not play along with the US’s self-directed and self-performed drama of shooting itself in the foot! He concluded that 'on the off chance that the US mends its ways, that is exactly what China hopes will happen. China hopes that everyone can develop harmoniously; just as China’s highest leader says, this vast Earth can totally accommodate the independent development and joint prosperity of both China and the US'. 2. Other senior Chinese experts commented on the visit. (i) Yan Xuetong, Director of the Institute of International Relations, Tsinghua University, said (June 20): “As long as the US maintains its ‘small yard, high fence’ policy, the relationship between China and the US will essentially be characterised by ‘more conflict than cooperation’. (ii) Zhu Feng, Director of the School of International Studies, Nanjing University said (June 20): “Based on the official statements made by both sides, I think Blinken's visit has been, generally speaking, very positive … [However,] it is unrealistic to expect any substantial improvement in Sino-US relations in the short term.” (iii) Wu Xinbo, Director of the Institute of International Studies and Director of the Center for American Studies, Fudan University (since 1992): “Blinken's visit to China has been positive, but no breakthroughs were achieved.” (iv) Ms. Shao Yuqun, Director of the Institute for Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao Studies and researcher at the Centre for American Studies, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS) said: “While the outcomes of Blinken's visit to China exceeded expectations, leading to temporary bilateral tension easing, U.S. strategic goals, policies, and approach to China are still characterized by a zero-sum mentality. This mindset is expected to continue causing various disturbances in China-U.S. relations.” (v) Zhang Zhixin, Associate Researcher, Institute of American Studies, China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), said (June 19): “This visit may go some way to reducing tensions between both countries. However, as long as the hostility between them does not subside, the situation will remain the same, with good talks across the table, but confrontation when away from it.”

June 2023

CHINA-US: CHINA REACTS TO US PRESIDENT BIDEN CALLING CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING A "DICTATOR" A DAY AFTER BLINKEN'S VISIT TO BEIJING, BUT REMARKS DELETED ON MOFA WEBSITE BY JUNE 22 MORNING
A day after US Secretary of State Blinken met Chinese officials and Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing in a bid to ease tensions, US President Biden called Chinese President Xi Jinping a dictator at a fundraising event in California on June 21. Biden also said that Xi was embarrassed after an alleged Chinese spy balloon was shot down by the US. The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mao Nkng reacted sharply and described Biden's comment as “extremely absurd and irresponsible” adding that they “go totally against facts and seriously violate diplomatic protocol, and severely infringe on China’s political dignity". But the comments were wiped from the official transcript on June 22 morning and has been invisible on state media since, indicating that China does not want to pursue the matter further.

June 2023

CHINA-US: US SECRETARY OF STATE BLINKEN BEGINS TALKS WITH CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER QIN QANG IN BEIJING ON JUNE 18
i) US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken arrived in Beijing on June 18 for official talks with the Chinese. He was greeted by the U.S. Ambassador to China Nicholas Burns and Yang Tao, the Chinese official who Heads the Americas Desk at the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA). Blinken and Chinese Foreign Minister Qin Qang shook hands in front of reporters at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse on June 18 afternoon, their first in-person meeting in their current positions. US officials taking part in the meeting include Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Daniel Kritenbrink and US Ambassador to China Nicholas Burns. Prior to his departure from Singapore on June 16, Blinken said “What we’re working to do on this trip is to really carry