The US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control imposed sanctions on the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corporation (XPCC), an eco- paramilitary organization that plays a central role in the development of the Xinjiang region, and two associated officials, Peng Jiarui and Sun Jinlong. The order is designed to prevent them from accessing American property and the financial system, as well as to ban any economic transactions between them and American companies and citizens. Steven T. Mnuchin, US Treasury Secretary said: “The United States is committed to using the full breadth of its financial powers to hold human rights abusers accountable in Xinjiang and across the world.” 

(Comment: The XPCC was set up in 1954 as a group intertwined with the PLA to oversee the deployment of large numbers of ethnic Han citizens, many of them military veterans, to Xinjiang to build farms, factories and towns that would allow China to consolidate control of the important border region and the many ethnic minority groups there. Its members were encouraged to inter-marry with the local ethnic minority population like the Uyghurs. As of 2009, the XPCC, which reports directly to Beijing, had an annual output of goods and services of $7 billion, and the settlements and entities are overseen by the 'bingtuan', its soldiers' corps, included five cities, 180 farming communities and 1,000 companies. They also run their own courts, universities and media organizations. On July 9, the United States imposed sanctions on four Chinese officials associated with Xinjiang policy.)

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